X, Malcolm and George Breitman (1990). Malcolm X Speaks : Selected Speeches and Statements. New York, Grove Weidenfeld.
These are the major speeches made by Malcolm X during the last eight tumultuos months of his life. In this short period of time, his vision for abolishing racial inequality in the U.S. underwent a vast transformation. Beginning with his break from the Black Muslims, he moved increasingly away from the dogmas of black nationalism, separatism, and violent revolution as the only means to achieve freedom. Although he continued to believe that the African-American community must be entirely committed to its own liberation, excluding all others not equally devoted to this goal, he had come to take a broader view of human rights, and to accept at least the possiblitity of alliances with other groups. As I.F. Stone wrote in his review, "In these pages one can begin to understand Malcolm X's power as a speaker and to see the political legacy he left his people in thieir struggle for full emancipation."
X, Malcolm and Alex Haley (1992). The Autobiography of Malcolm X. New York, Ballantine Books.
Biography, published in 1965, of the American black militant religious leader and activist who was born Malcolm Little. Written by Alex Haley, who had conducted extensive audiotaped interviews with Malcolm X just before his assassination in 1965, the book gained renown as a classic work on black American experience. The Autobiography recounts the life of Malcolm X from his traumatic childhood plagued by racism to his years as a drug dealer and pimp, his conversion to the Black Muslim sect (Nation of Islam) while in prison for burglary, his subsequent years of militant activism, and the turn late in his life to more orthodox Islam.
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