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Gabriel Garcia
Gabriel Garcia Marquez by Stephen Alcorn, 1983.


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Gabriel, Mary (2011). Love and Capital: Karl and Jennie Marx and the Birth of a Revolution. New York, Little, Brown and Company.
A magisterial account of the lives of Karl Marx and his wife, Jenny von Westphalen, remarkable for the ease with which it moves between the domestic and the political spheres. Gabriel offers the human, family side of a character more usually seen as a calculating theoretician, and in doing so offers an intimate glimpse into the trials, tribulations, and passions of a man who, more than any other thinker, has shaped modern notions of work, money, and social relations.

Gaddis, William (1985). The Recognitions: A Novel
. New York, Penguin Books.
This was Gaddis's first novel published when he was 32 and more than 40 years on it is at the very heart of his enviable literary reputation. It has now come to be seen as a Janus-faced text that looks back in its complexity to the great Modernists of the inter-war years such as Joyce and Faulkner and forward to the post-war American writers such as Barth, Coover, Pynchon, De Lillo and Gass in its taste for black humor, literary play and absurdity. It has established itself as a unique and influential novel, a pivotal work that makes connections between Modernism and what has come to be called Postmodernism, both as a literary style and as a philosophical position.

Gaddis's first novel takes the form of a quest. In a carefully wrought and densely-woven series of plots involving upwards of fifty characters across three continents, we follow the adventures of Wyatt Gwyon, son of a clergyman who rejects the ministry in favor of the call of the artist. His quest is to make sense of contemporary reality, to find significance and some form of order in the world. Through the pursuit of art he hopes to find truth. His initial "failure" as an artist leads him not to copy but to paint in the style of the past masters, those who had found in their own time and in their own style the kind of order and beauty for which Wyatt is looking. His talent for forgery is exploited by a group of unscrupulous art critics and businessmen who hope to profit by passing his works off as original old masters. As the novel develops, these art forgeries become a profound metaphor for all kinds of other frauds, counterfeits and fakery: the aesthetic, scientific, religious, sexual and personal. Towards the end, Wyatt wrenches something authentic from what Eliot called "the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history." The nature of his revelation, however is highly ambiguous and is hedged about by images of madness and hallucination, which disturbs simple distinctions between real and authentic, between faiths and fakes.

A strikingly original novel, it gains a number of its effects from the dense web of literary allusions it employs, drawing upon the religious texts of American Calvinism and European Catholicism and to a wide range of literary and philosophical writings in the western tradition from Aristotle to Goethe and TS Eliot. Ostensibly, the novel charts Wyatt's career as he negotiates the snares of the fallen modern world, but on a further level we see how he is identified with a whole series of literary figures, from Orpheus to Faust. While the novel is an immensely rewarding read at the level of realism, it gains in depth and resonance when the reader can see the allusions at work and the parallels being drawn.

Gaddis, William (1986). Carpenter's Gothic
. New York, Penguin Books.
This story of raging comedy and despair centers on the tempestuous marriage of an heiress and a Vietnam veteran. From their "carpenter gothic" rented house, Paul sets himself up as a media consultant for Reverend Ude, an evangelist mounting a grand crusade that conveniently suits a mining combine bidding to take over an ore strike on the site of Ude's African mission. At the still center of the breakneck action--revealed in Gaddis's inimitable virtuoso dialoge--is Paul's wife, Liz, and over it all looms the shadowy figure of McCandless, a geologist from whom Paul and Liz rent their house. As Paul mishandles the situation, his wife takes the geologist to her bed and a fire and aborted assassination occur; Ude issues a call to arms as harrowing as any Jeremiad--and Armageddon comes rapidly closer. Displaying Gaddis's inimitable virtuoso dialogue, and his startling treatments of violence and sexuality, Carpenter's Gothic "shows again that Gaddis is among the first rank of contemporary American writers" (Malcolm Bradbury, The Washington Post Book World).

Gaddis, William (1993). JR
. New York, Penguin Books.
At the center of this hugely comic tale of "free enterprise" America stands JR - an eleven-year-old capitalist, eagerly following the example of the grasping world around him. Operating through pay phones and post-office money orders, JR inadvertently parlays a shipment of Navy surplus picnic forks, a defaulted bond issue, and a single share of common stock into a vast paper empire embracing timber, miineral and natural gas rights, publishing, and a brewery. At once a novel of epic comedy and a biting satire of the American dream, JR displays the style and extraordinary inventiveness that has made Gaddis one of the most acclaimed writers of our time.

Gaddis, William (1994). A Frolic of His Own: A Novel
. New York, Poseidon Press.
The author of Carpenter's Gothic (and winner of a 1993 Lannan Award) takes a brash, entertaining swipe at the legal profession in his fourth novel. Oscar Crease is a quiet, middle-aged history professor whose father and grandfather were both high-ranking judges. The story begins as Oscar contemplates two lawsuits: one against the Japanese manufacturer of the car that ran over him; the other against a filmmaker Oscar claims stole his play, Once at Antietam, and turned it into a gory, lavish movie. Before long, the legal wranglings, strategic maneuvering and--of course--the whopping bills dominate Oscar's life and wreak havoc on his relationships. There is no description or third-person narrative. Like Carpenter's Gothic, which is rendered wholly in dialogue, this narrative is a cacophony of heard and found voices: Oscar's conversations with his myriad lawyers, his flighty girlfriend, his patient sister and her lawyer husband are all spliced with phone calls, readings from Oscar's play and various legal documents. Rather than slow the action down, these documents add to the grim melee. This is a wonderful novel, aswirl with the everyday inanity of life; it may also be the most scathing attack ever published on our society's litigious ways.

Gaddis, William (2002). Agape Agape
. New York, Viking.
William Gaddis's final work, Agape Agape, is an effective distillation of his philosophy and a powerful personal statement regarding the state of modern culture. The book is written in the form of a disjointed, stream-of-consciousness monologue delivered by a dying elderly man, himself attempting to complete his final work, a social history of the player piano in America. Desperate to complete his work before the onset of madness or death and fighting the effects of medication, the frantic narrator offers a meandering discussion of his work, which explores technology's artistically stifling influence. The narrator has isolated a particularly profound example of this in the player piano, an artistic invention that alternately replaced the artist. Technology, the narrator argues, has heightened the value of passivity, entertainment, and mediocrity, leading to the impending "collapse of everything, of meaning, of language, of values, of art, disorder and dislocation wherever you look." The narrator fervently claims that only through artistic courage can we achieve understanding, transcendence, and discover the uniting spirit of creativity, a brotherly "agape" love.

As Joseph Tabbi explains in his informative afterword, Agape Agape is the result of years of research and consideration by Gaddis, and the novella explores technological advancement and the response to this advancement, both actual and hypothetical, by such figures as Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, and Tolstoy. While an impressive work of scholarship, Agape Agape is foremost an emotional decree, Gaddis's final statement of outrage and sadness at our cultural direction and a plea for change. At less than 100 sparsely punctuated pages, the book is an efficient combustion of energy and an affecting depiction of personal and cultural disintegration. At once a condemnation, warning, and affirmation, it reflects Gaddis's apprehensions but also his enduring faith in the power of creation.

Gaddis, William and Joseph Tabbi (2002). The Rush for Second Place: Essays and Occasional Writings
. New York, Penguin Books.
Criticism is integral to William Gaddis' (1922-98) referential fiction, and he also wrote tonic critical essays spiked with a parodic wit, never-before-collected and invaluable works that Gaddis scholar Joseph Tabbi ably sets in literary and biographical context. Gaddis is particularly rousing in his skewering of the corporate world, a realm he infiltrated while writing for Eastman Kodak and IBM, and he takes on with equal mettle the Protestant work ethic and its shaping of the military-industrial complex, and the plight of art in a culture of pragmatism. Fascinated and appalled by the complexity, hypocrisy, and fever of American life, Gaddis concludes that we're all in this craziness together, "we are all in the same line of business: that of concocting, arranging, and peddling fictions to get us safely through the night."

Galbraith, John Kenneth and Andrea D. Williams (2001). The Essential Galbraith
. Boston, Houghton Mifflin.
Galbraith (economics, emeritus, Harvard) has for more than 50 years stood high at the intersection of academic life and public affairs and made significant contributions to both. This gathering of key selections from many of his writings has new introductions by Galbraith that make clear their relevance for the new century. The hallmark of Galbraith's thought is his insistence that an economy must be judged by the effect it has on the quality of life for current and future generations. His writings show a willingness to re-examine the strongly held beliefs of earlier generations, as when he stresses the need to reevaluate the supply-and-demand nexus by applying the countervailing power of labor unions and consumer coalitions against the great corporations. Another recurring theme is the need for a better balance between public and private outlays. The writing is graceful and often witty.

Galeano, Eduardo H. (1983). Days and Nights of Love and War
. New York, Monthly Review Press.
In this journal and history, Eduardo Galeano movingly records the lives of struggles of the Latin American people, under two decades of unimaginable violence and extreme repression. Alternating between reportage, personal vignettes, interviews, travelogues, and folklore, and richly conveyed with anger, sadness, irony, and occasional humor, Galeano pays loving tribute to the courage and determination of those who continued to believe in, and fight for, a more human existence.

Galeano, Eduardo H. (1985). Memory of Fire
. New York, Pantheon Books.

Part I: Genesis
From pre-Columbian creation myths and the first European voyages of discovery and conquest to the Age of Reagan, here is "nothing less than a unified history of the Western Hemisphere . . . recounted in vivid prose."--The New Yorker . A unique and epic history, Eduardo Galeano's Memory of Fire trilogy is an outstanding Latin American eye view of the making of the New World. From its first English language publication in 1985 it has been recognized as a classic of political engagement, original research, and literary form.

Part II: Faces and Masks
Galeano, a Uruguayan journalist and novelist, continues his imaginative history of the Americas. In this second volume of his Memory of Fire trilogy, he gives us crucial moments of the 18th and 19th centuries: the clash between European and native cultures, the tribulations of slavery and the struggle for freedom, and the rise of the United States. His kaleidoscopic history, blending fact and fiction in short, telling narratives, recounts the actions of explorers, pirates, clergy and monarchs as they play out their fates in the New World. The author's distinctly Latin view, and his insistence on seeing the Americas whole, make this a fresh, jolting, edifying work for readers unfamiliar with the Latin American past.

Part III: Century of the Wind
In 1977 a flabby, reclusive Elvis Presley fired pistols at his six TV sets in Graceland while, a continent away, Brazil's military dictatorship banned Picasso's erotic prints and the U.S. Declaration of Independence. In this Uruguayan journalist's epic tapestry, stitched together from hundreds of historical cameos, the destinies of North and South America are darkly linked by more than drug trafficking, CIA intrusions, cultural imperialism and cynical exploitation. As Galeano replays the obscenities and horrors of modern history, he lays bare the fractured soul of Latin America, a civilization deformed by its unequal relationship with the U.S. Hopping from Thomas Edison's workshop in New Jersey to General Pinochet's bloodbath in Chile, Galeano sums up a century ravaged by progress. This provocative montage is the final volume in a trilogy that includes Genesis and Faces and Masks. Together, they form an unconventional rereading of the history of the Western hemisphere.

Gallant, Mavis and Michael Ondaatje (2002). Paris Stories
. New York, New York Review Books.
Mavis Gallant is a contemporary legend, a frequent contributor to The New Yorker for close to fifty years who has, in the words of The New York Times, "radically reshaped the short story for decade after decade." Michael Ondaatje's new selection of Gallant's work gathers some of the most memorable of her stories set in Europe and Paris, where Gallant has long lived. Mysterious, funny, insightful, and heartbreaking, these are tales of expatriates and exiles, wise children and straying saints. Together they compose a secret history, at once intimate and panoramic, of modern times.

Galloway, George (2006). Fidel Castro Handbook
. London, MQ Publications.
In the year that Fidel Castro turns eighty, this is a fresh look at his life from childhood, through his dramatic conquest of power, and his extraordinary, charismatic leadership of Cuba over forty-seven years - including sharply focused takes on the guerrilla struggle in the Sierra Maestra, life with the Soviet Union, involvement in Third World politics, and survival in the face of the hostility of the United States just ninety miles away. The author has researched archives from Havana, London, Washington, and Madrid and conducted original interviews with Fidel Castro's contemporaries, in Cuba and throughout the world, that provide fascinating insights into his personality and achievements.

Galtung, Johan (2009). The Fall of the US Empire - and Then What? Successors, Regionalization or Globalization? Us Fascism or Us Blossoming?
. Stadtschlaining, Austria, TRANSCEND University Press.
This book explores a global phenomenon now taking place for the eyes of the world: The Fall of the US Empire. Nothing extraordinary about that, all empires so far have had life cycles, and the US Empire is no exception. In no way should that be confused with any fall of the USA; just to the contrary, the fall of the US Empire may lead to the blossoming of the US Republic. And in no way should the book be seen as "anti-American"; just to the contrary. Part I, The Present, explores the why, what, how, when and where of the present decline and fall of the US Empire, based on a theory used in 1980 to predict the fall of the Soviet empire. Part II, The Future, And Then What? explores the world as a whole with three global scenarios, successors, regionalization or globalization, mainly the latter, and the US Republic with two domestic scenarios, US fascism and US blossoming, mainly the latter. Part III, The Past, is dedicated to a study from 1979 comparing the Western Roman Empire processes with Western imperialism millennia later.

Gans, Deborah (2006). The Le Corbusier Guide
. New York, Princeton Architectural Press.
"This is the kind of book I have been waiting for, I think, for the better part of my life. Nothing is more frustrating to architecture buffs than to travel across the continent to see a celebrated building and then, since scholarly histories never deign to offer practical information, not to be able to find it. With Deborah Gans' superb book, life is vastly easier. Her excellent text is detailed and contains excellent maps and photographs." -Paul Goldberger, New York Times

Gardner, Helen Louise (1972). The New Oxford Book of English Verse 1250-1950
. New York, Oxford University Press.
Seven centuries of verse, from 1250 to 1950. Dame Helen Gardner reflects the critical consensus of the day in broadening her choices beyond those of Quiller-Couch's lyrical tastes. The anthology balances poems dealing with public events and historic occasions, poems of private life, and religious, moral.

Gaskell, Elizabeth Cleghorn (1998). North and South
. New York, Oxford University Press.
Mary Gaskell's North and South examines the nature of social authority and obedience and provides an insightful description of the role of middle class women in nineteenth century society. Through the story of Margaret Hale, a southerner who moves to the northern industrial town of Milton, Gaskell skillfully explores issues of class and gender, as Margaret's sympathy for the town mill workers conflicts with her growing attraction to the mill owner, John Thornton. This new and revised expanded edition sets the novel in the context of Victorian social and medical debate.

Gaskell, Elizabeth Cleghorn (2000). Wives and Daughters
. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press.
Wives and Daughters, Elizabeth Gaskell's last novel, is regarded by many as her masterpiece. Molly Gibson is the daughter of the doctor in the small provincial town of Hollingford. Her widowed father marries a second time to give Molly the woman's presence he feels she lacks, but until the arrival of Cynthia, her dazzling step-sister, Molly finds her situation hard to accept. Intertwined with the story of the Gibsons is that of Squire Hamley and his two sons; as Molly grows up and falls in love she learns to judge people for what they are, not what they seem. Through Molly's observations the hierarchies, social values, and social changes of early nineteenth-century English life are made vivid in a novel that is timeless in its representation of human relationships. This edition, the first to be based in the original Cornhill Magazine serialization of 1864-6, draws on a full collation of the manuscript to present the most accurate text so far available.

Garson, Barbara (2001). Money Makes the World Go Around
. New York, Viking.
With the same fresh and fearless inquisitiveness that characterized her classic workplace history, All the Livelong Day, Barbara Garson takes on the marketplace of money. Her quest: to find out who wins and who loses in a world united by the free flow of capital. In a hilarious and instructive tour of the global economy Garson deposits her Viking book advance in a one-branch, small-town bank and in an aggressive mutual fund. From those points of departure, she tracks her money's every stop, talking to the people who touch, use, or are touched by it. Her conversations with Wall Street bankers, Chinese labor contractors and Texas oil company treasurers-all of whom get a piece of her investment-transform our understanding of money.

Gass, William H. (1970). Fiction and the Figures of Life
. New York, Knopf.
In a collection of literary and philosophical essays, Gass treats his characteristic subject, the relationship between language and experience, asserting that the artist's task is not to reproduce reality but to create a self-governing artifice, which must be appreciated on its own terms.

Gassner, John (1940). Masters of the Drama
. New York, Random house.

Gawande, Atul (2002). Complications: A Surgeon's Notes on an Imperfect Science
. New York, Metropolitan Books.
Medicine reveals itself as a fascinatingly complex and "fundamentally human endeavor" in this distinguished debut essay collection by a surgical resident and staff writer for the New Yorker. Gawande, a former Rhodes scholar and Harvard Medical School graduate, illuminates "the moments in which medicine actually happens," and describes his profession as an "enterprise of constantly changing knowledge, uncertain information, fallible individuals, and at the same time lives on the line." Gawande's background in philosophy and ethics is evident throughout these pieces, which range from edgy accounts of medical traumas to sobering analyses of doctors' anxieties and burnout. With humor, sensitivity and critical intelligence, he explores the pros and cons of new technologies, including a controversial factory model for routine surgeries that delivers superior success rates while dramatically cutting costs. He also describes treatment of such challenging conditions as morbid obesity, chronic pain and necrotizing fasciitis the often-fatal condition caused by dreaded "flesh-eating bacteria" and probes the agonizing process by which physicians balance knowledge and intuition to make seemingly impossible decisions. What draws practitioners to this challenging profession, he concludes, is the promise of "the alterable moment the fragile but crystalline opportunity for one's know-how, ability or just gut instinct to change the course of another's life for the better." These exquisitely crafted essays, in which medical subjects segue into explorations of much larger themes, place Gawande among the best in the field.

Gealt, Adelheid M. (1983). Looking at Art: A Visitor's Guide to Museum Collections
. New York, R.R. Bowker.
The first book to classify the various types of art found in museums and to explain the ways in whcih museums collect and organize their displays.

Gehring, Abigail R., editor (2008). Back to Basics: A Complete Guide to Traditional Skills
. New York, NY, Skyhorse Publishing.
This book, first published in 1981 and recently updated, was probably many folks' first in-depth exposure to the idea of a simpler life, making things by hand, and enjoying a stronger sense of control over personal budgets, home projects, and lifestyles. Hundreds of projects are listed, illustrated in step-by-step diagrams and instructions: growing and preserving your own food, converting trees to lumber and building a home from it, traditional crafts and homesteading skills, and having fun with recreational activities like camping, fishing, and folk dancing without spending a lot of money. This may be the most thorough book on voluntary simplicity available. 2,000 color photos and 200 black-and-white illustrations.

Geiskopf-Hadler, Susann and Mindy Toomay (2001). The Complete Vegan Cookbook: Over 200 Tantalizing Recipes, Plus Plenty of Kitchen Wisdom for Beginners and Experienced Cooks
. Roseville, Calif., Prima Health.
The vegan diet consists exclusively of foods from the vegetable kingdom and excludes all animal products - meat, poultry, fish, seafood, eggs, dairy, and honey - as well as products which are processed using animal ingredients.

Geist, Sidney (1988). Interpreting Cezanne
. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.
Geist proposes a new interpretation of Cezanne's paintings based on verbal/visual puns, rebuses, hidden images, and symbolic representations referring to Cezanne's family, friends, and his own erotic fantasies. He is strongest when discussing the puns, which have been scrupulously researched and are based on words taken from French, occasionally from Latin or Provencal, and more frequently from the sexual slang of the period. Also intriguing is his complex theory of the symbolism present in Cezanne's repeated use of certain objects and figural poses to represent specific individuals, but his reasons for insisting that these are unconscious products are unconvincing. Fascinating speculations to supplement the standard formal studies.

Gellhorn, Martha (2001). Travels with Myself and Another
. New York, Tarcher.
A brilliantly witty and intelligent memoir of the adventures, discoveries, rescues, and narrow escapes of Martha Gellhorn, one of America's most important war correspondents and the third wife of Ernest Hemingway. Now including a foreward by Bill Buford and photographs of Gellhorn with Hemingway, Dorothy Parker, Madame Chiang Kai-shek, Gary Cooper, and others, this new edition rediscovers the voice of an extraordinary woman and brings back into print an irresistibly entertaining classic.

Gelpi, Albert (1987). A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910-1950
. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York, Cambridge University Press.
In this book Professor Gelpi traces the emergence of American Modernist poetry as a reaction to, and outgrowth of, the Romantic ideology of the nineteenth century. He focuses on the remarkable generation of poets who came to maturity in the years of the First World War and whose works constitute the principal body of poetic Modernism in English. This large historical argument is developed through monographic chapters on the poets which include close readings of their major poems. Comprehensive in scope and subtle in its analysis, Gelpi's book promises to be one of the major studies of American poetry for years to come.

Genet, Jean (1954). The Maids and Deathwatch: Two Plays by Jean Genet
. New York, Grove Press.
Genet's printed dramas have a shocking power and fascination. It lies in the impression they create that here is the complete and unshackled expression of an utterly evil and decadent mind, set down with a kind of grotesque pride and in entire honesty.

Genet based 'The Maids' on an actual event, one he felt a certain kin-ship with. In 1933 french police found Madame Lancelin and her daughter face down, in their living room, utterly mutilated. The eyes had disappeared, all teeth had been knocked out, fragments of bone and flesh were strewn about the floor, walls covered in blood. Upstairs the two servant-maids, the Papin sisters, were found naked, huddled together in one of two single beds. Immediately they confessed. Immediately, also, the papers picked up the story. The public was facinated how these two soft-spoken, mild-mannered girls, without provocation could have acted with such wild brutality. Senseless, irrational violence - Genet's speciality. He uses this story as a means to attack conformaty. A massive revolt against obedience, servitude, and the upperclass. A bloody triumph of individuality . Like other of Genet's works, it primaraly is concerned with Man's free will, or lack there-of. It is an existential story, revealing the darker sides of freedom, and the horror of the responsibility that comes with it. A tale worthy of Genet's genious. Exellent translation.

Deathwatch centers around three men -- Green Eyes, Georgie, and Maurice. Green Eyes (Peter Klaus) is an illiterate, muscled hulk of a man who rules the cell by virtue of his hyper-masculinity and brawn, although he is not as dense as his cell mates believe. George Lefranc (Christopher Henley), known as Georgie, is the intellectual who reads Green Eyes' girlfriend's letters and then responds back to the unseen woman for the bigger man. While he ostensibly does this to ingratiate himself to Green Eyes, it becomes apparent that he has an ulterior motive for his assistance. Maurice (Jeffrey Johnson) is a slender and handsome youth, who relies on his wit, charm, and good looks to get by in life. The most recent addition to the cell, he is drawn to Green Eyes' masculinity for sex and protection, but is also emotionally infatuated with the man. The story is a look into how prison mates vie for status and power via their crimes and how that status is determined by the type and circumstance of the crime. It's also a look into human nature under extreme conditions showing to what lengths people will go to survive and determine their own destinies.

Genovese, Eugene D. (1976). Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made
. This landmark history of slavery in the South—a winner of the Bancroft Prize—challenged conventional views of slaves by illuminating the many forms of resistance to dehumanization that developed in slave society. Roll, Jordan, Roll covers a vast range of subjects, from slave weddings and funerals, to the language, food, clothing, and labor of slaves, and places particular emphasis on religion as both a major battleground for psychological control and a paradoxical source of spiritual strength. Displaying keen insight into the minds of both slaves and slaveholders, Roll, Jordan, Roll is a testament to the power of the human spirit under conditions of extreme oppression.

Georgakas, Dan and Lenny Rubenstein (1983). The Cineaste Interviews: On the Art and Politics of the Cinema
. Chicago, Lake View Press.
Cineaste, America's leading magazine on the art and politics of the cinema, has become known for its in-depth interviews with filmmakers and film critics of international stature. The best of these interviews are now collected in this volume.
The interviews: Constantin Costa-Gavras, Glauber Rocha, Miguel Littin, Bernardo Bertolucci, Ousmane Sembene, Elio Petri, Dusan Makavejev; Gillo Pontecorvo; Alain Tanner, Jane Fonda, Francesco Rosi, Lina Wertmuller, Roberto Rossellini, Tomas Gutierrez Alea, Gordon Parks, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, John Howard Lawson, Paul Schrader, Agnes Varda, Bertrand Tavernier, Andrew Sarris, Bruce Gilbert, Jorge Semprun, Vincent Canby, John Berger, Andrzej Wajda, John Sayles, Krzysztof Zanussi, Molly Haskell, Budd Schulberg, Satyajit Ray.
 
Among the subjects of these wide-ranging talks are: the choice between popular and experimental forms of narrative; the filmmaker's responsibility to society; blacks and women in the movies; the rise of third world filmmaking; Hollywood's left and progressives; the conditions of filmmaking in different societies; the challenges of independent production; different forms of censorship, from the U.S. to Poland; trends in criticism-auteur theory to feminism; the power of the reviewer.

Gettleman, Marvin E. and Stuart Schaar (2003). The Middle East and Islamic World Reader
. New York, Grove Press.
The many facets of Middle Eastern history and politics are admirably represented in this far-ranging anthology. The editors include excerpts from the Quran and medieval Islamic philosophers, but the bulk of the book focuses on the complex response of the Islamic world to modernity and Western hegemony. Ataturk's efforts to reform Turkey along modern, secular lines are covered, as is Nasser's program of "Arab socialism" in Egypt, Michel Aflaq's Baathist program of pan-Arab nationalism and Jinnah's championing of a Muslim state before the partition of India. The fundamentalist backlash against modernization and Western influence is also well represented in several jeremiads by conservative clerics, Osama bin Laden's infamous call to Muslims to "kill American's and plunder their money wherever and whenever they find it," and a Taliban decree banning, among other things, music, kite-flying and "tight and charming clothes" for women. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is given an even-handed treatment based on seminal documents from the Balfour declaration to the ill-fated peace proposals that preceded the most recent intifada. In addition to original documents, speeches, interviews and manifestos, the editors also reprint academic studies on the economic and social history of the region, and an exchange between Bernard Lewis and Edward Said on the theme of "the clash of civilizations." The editor's own ample introductory material places each selection in its historical and political context, and by itself constitutes a stimulating guide to the subject.

Ghosh, Amitav (1993). In an Antique Land: History in the Guise of a Traveler's Tale
. New York, Vintage.
Amitav Ghosh set out to find an Indian slave who some seven hundred years before had traveled to the Middle East. The journey took him to a small village in Egypt, where medieval customs coexist with twentieth-century desires and discontents. But even as Ghosh sought to re-create the life of his Indian predecessor, he found himself immersed in those of his modern Egyptian neighbors.

Ghosh, Amitav (2005). Incendiary Circumstances: A Chronicle of the Turmoil of Our Times
. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co.
The novelist and journalist Amitav Ghosh has offered extraordinary firsthand accounts of pivotal world events over the past twenty years. He is an essential voice in forums like The Nation, The New York Times, the New Republic, Granta, and The New Yorker. Incendiary Circumstances brings together the finest of these pieces for the first time--including many never before published in the States--in a compelling chronicle of the turmoil of our times.

Gibbon, Edward and Hans-Friedrich Mueller (2003). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
. New York, Modern Library.
Historical work by Edward Gibbon, published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. A continuous narrative from the 2nd century AD to the fall of Constantinople in 1453, it is distinguished by its rigorous scholarship, its historical perspective, and its incomparable literary style. The Decline and Fall is divided into two parts, equal in bulk but different in treatment. The first half covers about 300 years to the end of the empire in the West, about 480 AD; in the second half nearly 1,000 years are compressed. Gibbon viewed the Roman Empire as a single entity in undeviating decline from the ideals of political and intellectual freedom that had characterized the classical literature he had read. For him, the material decay of Rome was the effect and symbol of moral decadence.

Gibler, John (2011). To Die in Mexico: Dispatches from inside the Drug War
. San Francisco, CA, City Lights Books.
To Die in Mexico shows all the horror of Mexico's current turmoil over drugs - but goes beyond the usual pornography of violence to its critically-informed broader context. Gibler also reveals the brave civic resistance to death cults and official silencing by, among others, some of the remarkable Mexican journalists trying to tell the drug war's hidden story.

Gibson, Ian (1983). The Assassination of Federico García Lorca
. New York, N.Y., Penguin Books.

Gibson, Ian (1989). Federico García Lorca: A Life
. New York, Pantheon Books.
More has been written about Lorca (1898-1936) than about any other Spanish writer except Cervantes, but this detailed biography--originally published in Spanish in two volumes (1985, 1987) and based on hundreds of interviews and on hitherto unavailable manuscripts and letters--is the major work on the great Andalusian poet and playwright. Gibson, literary historian, explores the hidden, tormented side of Lorca's character, but because family and friends were unwilling to discuss or even acknowledge his homosexuality, much remains unrevealed. Too often, Gibson relies on "must have" and "might have." He explores Lorca's background, schooling, affairs, loves and friendships, with Bunuel, Dali, Falla and Neruda, among others), his trips to New York, Cuba and Argentina, his involvement with the Popular Front, his fascination with and terror of death and, most important of all, the development of his creative work in poetry, prose, drama, music, folklore and painting. The last chapter is given over to details of Lorca's death by shooting by Nationalist thugs, a subject to which Gibson has devoted a prize-winning book, The Assassination of Federico Garcia Lorca.

Gibson, William (1999). All Tomorrow's Parties
. New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons.
Colin Laney, the "netrunner" of Gibson's Idoru (1996), is hiding in a hovel in a cardboard city in the heart of Tokyo, with his eyes seemingly permanently attached to eyephones connecting him to the console on which he scans information from around the world. Attuned to subtle alterations in the data flow, he can sense an approaching paradigm shift, one of the "nodal points in history." "Last time we had one like this was 1911," he remarks. In Gibson novels, change happens not in small increments but massively, in a cataclysm, an apocalypse. The approaching change here is somehow linked to Rei Toei, the idoru (a virtual being), who is at large in San Francisco; Berry Rydell, a former security guard at the Lucky Dragon convenience store on Sunset, who first appeared in Gibson's Virtual Light (1993) and is now in Laney's employ; Chevette the bike messenger, also from Virtual Light; and Cody Harwood the "uncharismatic billionaire," whose plans to network his Lucky Dragon stores with the aid of a device that transmits objects across space are at the crux of everything. Gibson's protagonists are misfits. Their disparate stories get woven together in time for a showdown of sorts on the Bay Bridge, which has become a community of outsiders since the earthquake that made it unsuitable for automobiles but ideal for squatters.

Gibson, William (2006). Count Zero
. New York, Ace Books.
Turner, corporate mercenary, wakes in a reconstructed body, a beautiful woman by his side. Then Hosaka Corporation reactivates him for a mission more dangerous than the one he's recovering from: Maas-Neotek's chief of R&D is defecting. Turner is the one assigned to get him out intact, along with the biochip he's perfected. But this proves to be of supreme interest to certain other parties--some of whom aren't remotely human.

Bobby Newmark is entirely human: a rustbelt data-hustler totally unprepared for what comes his way when the defection triggers war in cyberspace. With voodoo on the Net and a price on his head, Newmark thinks he's only trying to get out alive. A stylish, streetsmart, frighteningly probable parable of the future and sequel to Neuromancer.

Gibson, William (1996). Idoru
. New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons.
The founding father of cyberpunk again returns to the techno-decadent 21st century mapped in his other major works (Virtual Light, Neuromancer). As usual, Gibson offers a richly imagined tale that finds semi-innocents wading hip-deep into trouble. Colin Laney has taken a job in Japan to escape the revenge of his former employer, Slitscan, a kind of corporate gossip-mongerer on the Net that he has crossed out of scruples. Meanwhile, Chia Pet McKenzie is active in the fan clubs for Lo/Rez, a Japanese superstar rock duo; while visiting Japan to investigate some new rumors about the group, she is used to smuggle illegal nanoware to the Russian criminal underground. Both Laney and Chia get caught up in the intrigues swirling about the plans of Rez, one half of the band, to marry Rei Toei, an "idoru" (idol) who exists only in virtual reality. Gibson excels here in creating a warped but comprehensible future saturated with logical yet unexpected technologies. His settings are brilliantly realized, from high-tech hotel rooms and airplanes to the infamous Walled City of Kowloon. The pacing is slower than Virtual Light, but Gibson exhibits his greatest strength: intense speculation, expressed in dramatic form, about the near-term evolution and merging of cultural, social and technological trends, and how they affect character. Dark and disturbing, this novel represents no new departure for Gibson, but a further accretion of the insights that have made him the most precise, and perhaps the most prescient visionary working in SF today. - Publishers Weekly

Gibson, William (2000). Neuromancer
. New York, Ace Books.
Here is the novel that started it all, launching the cyberpunk generation, and the first novel to win the holy trinity of science fiction: the Hugo Award, the Nebula Award and the Philip K. Dick Award. With Neuromancer, William Gibson introduced the world to cyberspace--and science fiction has never been the same.

Case was the hottest computer cowboy cruising the information superhighway--jacking his consciousness into cyberspace, soaring through tactile lattices of data and logic, rustling encoded secrets for anyone with the money to buy his skills. Then he double-crossed the wrong people, who caught up with him in a big way--and burned the talent out of his brain, micron by micron. Banished from cyberspace, trapped in the meat of his physical body, Case courted death in the high-tech underworld. Until a shadowy conspiracy offered him a second chance--and a cure--for a price.

Gibson, William (2003). Pattern Recognition
. New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons.
The first of William Gibson's usually futuristic novels to be set in the present, Pattern Recognition is a masterful snapshot of modern consumer culture and hipster esoterica. Set in London, Tokyo, and Moscow, Pattern Recognition takes the reader on a tour of a global village inhabited by power-hungry marketeers, industrial saboteurs, high-end hackers, Russian mob bosses, Internet fan-boys, techno archeologists, washed-out spies, cultural documentarians, and our heroine Cayce Pollard--a soothsaying "cool hunter" with an allergy to brand names.

Pollard is among a cult-like group of Internet obsessives that strives to find meaning and patterns within a mysterious collection of video moments, merely called "the footage," let loose onto the Internet by an unknown source. Her hobby and work collide when a megalomaniac client hires her to track down whoever is behind the footage. Cayce's quest will take her in and out of harm's way in a high-stakes game that ultimately coincides with her desire to reconcile her father's disappearance during the September 11 attacks in New York.

Although he forgoes his usual future-think tactics, this is very much a William Gibson novel, more so for fans who realize that Gibson's brilliance lies not in constructing new futures but in using astute observations of present-day cultural flotsam to create those futures. With Pattern Recognition, Gibson skips the extrapolation and focuses his acumen on our confusing contemporary world, using the precocious Pollard to personify and humanize the uncertain anxiety, optimistic hope, and downright fear many feel when looking to the future. The novel is filled with Gibson's lyric descriptions and astute observations of modern life, making it worth the read for both cool hunters and their prey.

Gibson, William (2007). Spook Country
. New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons.
Set in the same high-tech present day as Pattern Recognition, Gibson's fine ninth novel offers startling insights into our paranoid and often fragmented, postmodern world. When a mysterious, not yet actual magazine, "Node", hires former indie rocker-turned-journalist Hollis Henry to do a story on a new art form that exists only in virtual reality, Hollis finds herself investigating something considerably more dangerous. An operative named Brown, who may or may not work for the U.S. government, is tracking a young, Russian-speaking Cuban-Chinese criminal named Tito. Brown's goal is to follow Tito to yet another operative known only as the old man. Meanwhile, a mysterious cargo container with CIA connections repeatedly appears and disappears on the worldwide Global Positioning network, never quite coming to port. At the heart of the dark goings-on is Bobby Chombo, a talented but unbalanced specialist in Global Positioning software who refuses to sleep in the same spot two nights running. Compelling characters and crisp action sequences, plus the author's trademark metaphoric language, help make this one of Gibson's best.

Gibson, William (1993). Virtual Light
. New York, Bantam Books.
The author of Neuromancer takes you to the vividly realized near future of 2005. Welcome to NoCal and SoCal, the uneasy sister-states of what used to be California. Here the millennium has come and gone, leaving in its wake only stunned survivors. In Los Angeles, Berry Rydell is a former armed-response rentacop now working for a bounty hunter. Chevette Washington is a bicycle messenger turned pick-pocket who impulsively snatches a pair of innocent-looking sunglasses. But these are no ordinary shades. What you can see through these high-tech specs can make you rich--or get you killed. Now Berry and Chevette are on the run, zeroing in on the digitalized heart of DatAmerica, where pure information is the greatest high. And a mind can be a terrible thing to crash.

Gifford, Barry (1991). Sailor's Holiday: The Wild Life of Sailor and Lula
. New York, Random House.
With considerable, if uneven, success, the four novellas in this volume trace the intersecting paths of characters met in Gifford's Wild at Heart. In the best and longest, "59 and Raining: The Story of Perdita Durango," Gifford adapts real-life incidents to his fictional purpose as his "weird and dangerous" heroine with "8-ball black eyes" and a Caribbean-born, drug-dealing santeria priest whose rituals require human sacrifice team up to kidnap two American teenagers in Mexico and take them along on a crime spree in Texas and California. This story leads back to Louisiana and Lula's mother, Marietta Fortune, who announces, "There's a Devil and he don't never quit," the lietmotif of these violence-ridden tales. Amid the usually abortive and often fatal activities of crime lords and small-time losers, Sailor and Lula Ripley prosper in both love and fortune, in the final story proud of their 30-year-old son, Pace, who's been in trouble and out, now leading trekking expeditions in Nepal. Gifford's sharp characterization, of people with names like Coot Veal, Dalceda Delahoussaye, the Rev. Goodin Plenty, is generally well served by on-pitch dialogue, though Sailor and Lula, in their 50s still sounding like adolescent runaways, provide an unconvincing center for the wild careenings elsewhere on stage.

Gifford, Barry and Lawrence Lee (1994). Jack's Book: An Oral Biography of Jack Kerouac
. New York, St. Martin's Press.
Here, in what has become a classic of its kind since its publication in 1978, is the fascinating story of an American literary legend, recorded through the voices of the friends and lovers of Jack Kerouac, "King of the Beats." Authors Barry Gifford and Lawrence Lee retraced Keoruac's life at home and on the road, and talked with the prophets, musicians, poets, socialites, and working people who knew Jack Kerouac. Some are famous (Allen Ginsberg, Gore Vidal, William Burroughs, Gary Snyder, among others), some are not (Jack's boyhood buddies, his lovers, his barroom companions). All have contributed to a remarkably vibrant, riveting portrait of a life. We see Jack at Columbia University and on the scene of Greenwich Village; speeding across the tarmac of America with Neal Cassidy ("Dan Moriarty" in Keorac's classic novel, On the Road); at home with his possessive mother; in California, drinking wine and talking Buddhism; and finally, in Florida, where his life ends tragically at age forty-seven. Jack's Book, like Kerouac's novels, makes a unique contribution to our understanding of a man and a generation that shaped the dreams and visions of those who followed.

Gifford, Don and James Joyce (1982). Joyce Annotated: Notes for Dubliners and a Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Dubliners, in fact, in spite of the presence of subjective revelatory moments in the single stories, can be seen as a sequence of multiple objective epiphanies because what actually emerges from the book as a whole is the revelation of the city itself, perceived in its spiritual, intellectual and moral paralysis.

Gilbert, Mark and K. Robert Nilsson (2007). Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy, 2nd Edition
. Lanham, Md., Scarecrow Press.
The second edition of Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy is an attempt to introduce the key personalities, events, social developments, and cultural achievements of Italy since the beginning of the 19th century, when Italy first began to emerge as something more than a geographical entity and national feeling began to grow. This is done through a chronology, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, an introductory essay, a map, a bibliography, and some 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries on prominent individuals, basic institutions, crucial events, history, politics, economics, society, and culture.

Gilly, Adolfo (2005). The Mexican Revolution
. New York, New Press: Distributed by W.W. Norton & Company.
First published in Spanish in 1971, The Mexican Revolution has been praised by Mexico's Nobel Prize-winning author Octavio Paz as a notable contribution to history and is widely recognized as a seminal account of the Mexican Revolution. Written during the author's time as a political prisoner in the famous penitentiary of Lecumberri in Mexico, it sold thousands of copies in its first edition, becoming widely accepted as the official textbook by history faculties in Mexico despite Gilly's continued incarceration. It has gone through more than thirty editions in Mexico and been translated into French and Greek.

Gilman, Richard (1999). The Making of Modern Drama: A Study of Buchner, Ibsen, Strindberg, Chekhov, Pirandello, Brecht, Handke
. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press.
This highly acclaimed critical exploration of modern drama begins with Buchner and Ibsen and then discusses the major playwrights who have shaped modern theater - Strinberg, Chekhov, Pirandello, Brecht, Beckett, and Handke. A new introduction by the author assesses developments of recent years.

Gilmour, David (2011). The Pursuit of Italy: A History of a Land, Its Regions, and Their Peoples
. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
David Gilmour's exploration of Italian life over the centuries is filled with provocative anecdotes as well as personal observations, and is peopled with the great figures of the Italian past-from Cicero and Virgil to Dante and the Medicis, from Garibaldi and Cavour to the controversial politicians of the twentieth century. Gilmour's wise account of the Risorgimento, the pivotal epoch in modern Italian history, debunks the nationalistic myths that surround it, though he paints a sympathetic portrait of Giuseppe Verdi, a beloved hero of the era.

Ginger, Ray (2007). The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs
. Chicago, IL, Haymarket Books.
This moving biography presents the definitive story of the life and legacy of the most eloquent spokesperson and leader of the US labor and socialist movements. With a new introduction by Mike Davis.

Ginsberg, Allen (1956). Howl, and Other Poems
. San Francisco, City Lights Pocket Bookshop.
The epigraph for Howl is from Walt Whitman: "Unscrew the locks from the doors!/Unscrew the doors themselves from their jambs!" Announcing his intentions with this ringing motto, Allen Ginsberg published a volume of poetry which broke so many social taboos that copies were impounded as obscene, and the publisher, poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti, was arrested. The court case that followed found for Ginsberg and his publisher, and the publicity made both the poet and the book famous. Ginsberg went on from this beginning to become a cultural icon of sixties radicalism. This works seminal place in the culture is indicated in Czeslaw Milosz's poetic tribute to Ginsberg: "Your blasphemous howl still resounds in a neon desert where the human tribe wanders, sentenced to unreality ".

Ginsberg, Allen (1966). Reality Sandwiches, 1953-60
. San Francisco, City Lights Books.
"Scribbled secret notebooks, and wild typewritten pages for yr own joy." Many of Ginsberg's most famous poems.
Wake-up nightmares in Lower East Side, musings in public library, across the U.S. in dream auto, drunk in old Havana, brooding in Mayan ruins, sex daydreams on the West Coast, airplane vision of Kansas, lonely in a leafy cottage, lunch hour on Berkeley, beer notations on Skid Row, slinking to Mexico, wrote this last night in Paris, back on Times square dreaming of Times Square, bombed in NY again, loony tunes in the dentist chair, screaming at old poets in South America, aethereal zigzag Poesy in blue hotel room in Peru-a wind-up book of dreams, psalms, journal enigmas & nude minutes from 1953 to 1960 poems scattered in fugitive magazines here collected.

Ginsberg, Allen (1972). The Fall of America; Poems of These States, 1965-1971
. San Francisco, City Lights.
Beginning with "long poem of these States," The Fall of America continues Planet Notes chronicle tape recorded scribed by hand or sung condensed. the flux of car bus airplane dream consciousness Person during Automated Electronic War years. newspaper headline radio brain auto poesy & silent desk musings. headlights flashing on road through these States of consciousness.

Ginsberg, Allen (1982). Plutonian Ode: Poems, 1977-1980
. San Francisco, City Lights Books.
Plutonian Ode: Title poem combines scientific info on 24,000-year cycle of the Great Year compared with equal half-life of Plutonium waste, accounting Homeric formula for appeasing underground millionaire Pluto Lord of Death, jack in the gnostic box of Aeons, and Adamantine Truth of ordinary mind inspiration, unhexing nuclear ministry of fear. Following poems chronologies Wyoming grass blues, a punk-rock sonnet, personal grave musing, Manhattan landscape hypertension, lovelorn heart thumps, mantric rhymes, Neruda's tearful Lincoln ode retranslated to U.S. vernacular oratory, Nagasaki Bomb anniversary haikus, Zen Bluegrass raunch, free verse demystification of sacred fame, Reznikoffian filial epiphanies, hot pants Skeltonic doggerel, a Kerouackian New Year's eve ditty, professional homework, New Jersey quatrains, scarecrow haiku, improvised dice roll for high school kids, English rock-and-roll sophistications, an old love glimpse, little German movies, old queen conclusions, a tender renaissance song, ode to hero-flop, Peace protest prophecies, Lower East Side snapshots, national flashed in the Buddhafields, Sapphic stanzas in quantitative idiom, look out at the bedroom window, feverish birdbrain verses from Eastern Europe for chanting with electric bands, Beethovinean ear strophes drowned in rain, a glance at Cloud Castle, Poems 1977-1980 end with International new wave hit lyric Capitol Air.

Ginsberg, Allen (1984). Collected Poems, 1947-1980
. New York, Harper & Row.
Tortured by the paranoia and mental illness of his immigrant mother, and by his own homosexuality in a society that was homophobic, Allen Ginsberg's early work was as much a measure of his self-loathing as his detestation of social hypocrisy and injustice. His poems reached depths of humiliation and shame that presaged a mental breakdown, followed by recovery with the help of Buddhist philosophy. Ginsberg's political commitment was fired by his involvement with Jack Kerouac, Gary Snyder and others in the Beat movement, a poetry of social protest that refused perceived elitist boundaries. Despite a tendency toward propaganda, Ginsberg's best poetry is infused with satiric comedy and cheerful self-parody, and is most readily appreciated when read aloud.

Ginsberg, Allen (1996). Indian Journals, March 1962-May 1963: Notebooks, Diary, Blank Pages, Writings
. New York; Emeryville, Calif., Grove Press; Distributed by Publishers Group West.
This collection of diary entries, pieces of poems, personal reflections, and other notations written by Allen Ginsberg (poet + prophet) reveals a lot not only about Ginsberg, but about India. The conditions on the streets of Calcutta, Bombay, and other Indian cities are presented in stark clarity; many of the images he invokes are startling (like the burning ghats, or burial mounds), and sometimes even disturbing, but they are always described in a way that is at once personal and human. Ginsberg frequently writes about different Hindu gods and goddesses, reflecting his deep interest in and knowledge of Indian culture. A series of photographs compliment the written words. Several new photographs included.

Ginsborg, Paul (1990). A History of Contemporary Italy: Society and Politics, 1943-1988
. London, England ; New York, N.Y., USA, Penguin Books.
"A work of major importance. It has a moral grandeur and a coherence of interpretation and approach that in all likelihood will ensure it classic status. No future account of the Italian republic will be able to ignore it." -- Christopher Duggan, The Times Literary Supplement

Ginsborg, Paul (2006). Italy and Its Discontents: Family, Civil Society, State, 1980-2001
. New York ; Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
Paul Ginsborg's account of this most recent and dynamic period in Italy's history is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand contemporary Italy. Ginsborg chronicles a period that witnessed a radical transformation in the country's social, economic and political landscape, creating a fascinating and definitive account of how Italy has coped or failed to cope as it moves from one century to the next. With particular emphasis on its role in italian life, work and culture Ginsborg shows how smaller families, longer lives and greater generation crossover have had significant effects on Italian society. Ginsborg looks at the 2000 elections, the influence of the Mafia, the decline of both Communism and Catholicism, and the change in national identity.

Ginsborg, Paul (2005). Silvio Berlusconi: Television, Power and Patrimony
. London ; New York, Verso.
Having had the misfortune of more than 50 governments in the postwar era, Italy is often seen as the politically bumbling least of the great powers, thus obscuring the significance of its current prime minister. With his newest volume, Ginsborg offers an excellent exegesis of the Berlusconi phenomenon. Ginsborg, who teaches history at the University of Florence, is also the author of A History of Contemporary Italy: Society and Politics, 1943-1988 and Italy and Its Discontents: Family, Civil Society, State, 1980-2001. Here he does readers a service in pointing out that the Berlusconi phenomenon is not only unprecedented but also a mortal threat to democracy. Ginsborg's short book proceeds chronologically from Berlusconi's shadowy beginnings in the Milan construction business to his leap into television. As Ginsborg convincingly demonstrates, it was Berlusconi's revolutionary rethinking of the staid medium in the 1980s that laid the base for his political trajectory. Most brilliant is chapter five, "Berlusconi's Project," where Ginsborg lays bare the political and theoretical underpinnings of what some might call a more benign form of fascism. A concluding chapter examines the possibility and methods of resisting such a regime. This volume offers a succinct explanation of contemporary Italy by a man who has been in the forefront of a new movement, not formally allied to any political party, to restore and reinvigorate democracy in that country.

Gioia, Ted (2008). Delta Blues: The Life and Times of the Mississippi Masters Who Revolutionized American Music
. New York, W.W. Norton.
From the field hollers of nineteenth-century plantations to Muddy Waters and B.B. King, Delta Blues delves into the uneasy mix of race and money at the point where traditional music became commercial and bluesmen found new audiences of thousands. Combining extensive fieldwork, archival research, interviews with living musicians, and first-person accounts with 'Gioia's own calm, argument-closing incantations to draw a line through a century of Delta blues,' this engrossing narrative is flavored with insightful and vivid musical descriptions that ensure 'an understanding of not only the musicians, but the music itself.' Rooted in the thick-as-tar Delta soil, Delta Blues is already 'a contemporary classic in its field.'

Gioia, Ted (1997). The History of Jazz
. New York, Oxford University Press.
Jazz is the most colorful and varied art form in the world and it was born in one of the most colorful and varied cities, New Orleans. From the seed first planted by slave dances held in Congo Square and nurtured by early ensembles led by Buddy Belden and Joe "King" Oliver, jazz began its long winding odyssey across America and around the world, giving flower to a thousand different forms--swing, bebop, cool jazz, jazz-rock fusion--and a thousand great musicians. Now, in The History of Jazz, Ted Gioia tells the story of this music as it has never been told before, in a book that brilliantly portrays the legendary jazz players, the breakthrough styles, and the world in which it evolved. Here are the giants of jazz and the great moments of jazz history--Jelly Roll Morton ("the world's greatest hot tune writer"), Louis Armstrong (whose O-keh recordings of the mid-1920s still stand as the most significant body of work that jazz has produced), Duke Ellington at the Cotton Club, cool jazz greats such as Gerry Mulligan, Stan Getz, and Lester Young, Charlie Parker's surgical precision of attack, Miles Davis's 1955 performance at the Newport Jazz Festival, Ornette Coleman's experiments with atonality, Pat Metheny's visionary extension of jazz-rock fusion, the contemporary sounds of Wynton Marsalis, and the post-modernists of the Knitting Factory. Gioia provides the reader with lively portraits of these and many other great musicians, intertwined with vibrant commentary on the music they created. Gioia also evokes the many worlds of jazz, taking the reader to the swamp lands of the Mississippi Delta, the bawdy houses of New Orleans, the rent parties of Harlem, the speakeasies of Chicago during the Jazz Age, the after hours spots of corrupt Kansas city, the Cotton Club, the Savoy, and the other locales where the history of jazz was made. And as he traces the spread of this protean form, Gioia provides much insight into the social context in which the music was born. He shows for instance how the development of technology helped promote the growth of jazz--how ragtime blossomed hand-in-hand with the spread of parlor and player pianos, and how jazz rode the growing popularity of the record industry in the 1920s. We also discover how bebop grew out of the racial unrest of the 1940s and '50s, when black players, no longer content with being "entertainers," wanted to be recognized as practitioners of a serious musical form.

Gioia, Ted (2016). How to Listen to Jazz
. New York, Basic Books.
Jazz is the great American art form, its very essence is predicated on freedom and creativity. Its sound unequivocally calls forth narratives of past struggles and future dreams. Yet jazz can be as inscrutable as it is mesmerizing, especially to outsiders who don't know what to make of improvisation or unexpected shifts in melody or tempo. How does a casual listener learn to understand and appreciate the nuances between the unapologetic and innovative sounds of Louis Armstrong, the complexity of Coleman Hawkin's saxophone, and the exotic and alluring compositions of Duke Ellington? How does Thelonius Monk fit in alongside Benny Goodman and John Coltrane? In How to Listen to Jazz, award-winning music scholar Ted Gioia presents a lively, accessible introduction to the art of listening to jazz. Covering everything from the music's structure and history to the basic building blocks of improvisation, Gioia shows exactly what to listen for in a jazz performance. He shares listening strategies that will help readers understand and appreciate jazz for the rest of their lives, and provides a history of the major movements in jazz right up to the present day. He concludes with a guide to 150 elite musicians who are setting the tone for 21st century jazz.

Gioia, Ted (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire
. Oxford ; New York, Oxford University Press.
Many books recommend jazz CDs or discuss musicians and styles, but this is the first to tell the story of the songs themselves. The fan who wants to know more about a jazz song heard at the club or on the radio will find this book indispensable. Musicians who play these songs night after night now have a handy guide, outlining their history and significance and telling how they have been performed by different generations of jazz artists. Students learning about jazz standards now have a complete reference work for all of these cornerstones of the repertoire.

Gioia, Ted (2015). Love Songs: A Hidden History
. New York, NY, Oxford University Press.
Drawing on two decades of research, Gioia presents the full range of love songs, from the fertility rites of ancient cultures to the sexualized YouTube videos of the present day. The book traces the battles over each new insurgency in the music of love--whether spurred by wandering scholars of medieval days or by four lads from Liverpool in more recent times. In these pages, Gioia reveals that the tenderest music has, in different eras, driven many of the most heated cultural conflicts, and how the humble love song has played a key role in expanding the sphere of individualism and personal autonomy in societies around the world.

Giovacchini, Saverio (2001). Hollywood Modernism: Film and Politics in the Age of the New Deal
. Philadelphia, Temple University Press.
In this probing account of how a generation of industry newcomers attempted to use the modernist art of the cinema to educate the public in anti-Fascist ideals, Saverio Giovacchini traces the profound transformation that took place in the film industry from the 1930s to the 1950s. Rejecting the notion that European emigres and New Yorkers sought a retreat from politics or simply gravitated toward easy money, he contends that Hollywood became their mecca precisely because they wanted a deeper engagement in the project of democratic modernism.

Seeing Hollywood as a forcefield, Giovacchini examines the social networks, working relationships, and political activities of artists, intellectuals, and film workers who flocked to Hollywood from Europe and the eastern United States before and during the second world war. He creates a complex and nuanced portrait of this milieu, adding breadth and depth to the conventional view of the era's film industry as little more than an empire for Jewish moguls or the major studios. In his rendering Hollywood's newcomers joined with its established elite to develop a modernist aesthetic for film that would bridge popular and avant-garde sensibilities; for them, realism was the most effective vehicle for conveying their message and involving a mass audience in the democratic struggle for progress.

Girouard, John E. (2007). The Ten Truths of Wealth Creation
. Washington D.C., John E. Girouard.
Investment pioneer John E. Girouard exposes how the investment industry (Wall Street, mutual fund companies, banks with CDs, online trading houses, and so on) offer investors hope, but not much more. Misleading statistics and hidden conflicts of interest are common and help rob people of opportunities to create wealth and achieve financial independence, however one defines it. The solution, he shows, is to always invest in things you own, including old-fashioned participating whole life insurance. Girouard mathematically and entertainingly explodes a series of myths, proving, for example, that it can cost more to pay cash for a car than to finance it and invest the money elsewhere. He shows how people can become their own banks, pay themselves interest, earn untaxed income, stop paying taxes on income that's already been taxed before, all without taking excessive risks. The Ten Truths are the basic rules Girouard has learned over a quarter-century showing thousands of clients how investment industry hype and practices rob people of their money goals, and how financial peace of mind can be achieved with less confusion and worry. Wealth Creation Truth No. 10: Minimize future decisions. Girouard challenges us to rethink our relationship with money, and to remember that wealth should serve life, not the other way around.

Giroux, Robert and William Shakespeare (1983). The Book Known as Q: A Consideration of Shakespeare's Sonnets
. New York, Vintage Books.

Glantz, Aaron (2005). How America Lost Iraq
. New York, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin.
The failure of the American adventure in Iraq is all the more tragic for its promising beginnings, according to this engrossing memoir of the occupation and insurgency. Glantz, a correspondent for the progressive Pacifica radio network, arrived in Iraq immediately after the fall of Baghdad. Against his editors' expectations, he discovered that, although tried by the chaos and lack of basic services, most Iraqis applauded the United States for overthrowing Saddam Hussein. Returning in 2004, he found that goodwill squandered, as Iraqis grew increasingly angry at the continuing absence of electricity and clean water, high unemployment, anarchy in the streets and mass imprisonment of innocent people by American soldiers who couldn't tell insurgents from civilians. With the brutal sieges of Fallujah and Najaf in April 2004, Glantz contends, the transformation of the United States in the eyes of Iraqis from liberator to oppressor was complete. Glantz's account is full of interviews with ordinary Iraqis, and from their evolving thoughts and experiences he builds a critique of the many American misconceptions about Iraq, one that castigates equally the left's knee-jerk preconceptions, the occupation authorities' cluelessness and heavy-handed misrule and the media's lack of interest in the suffering of Iraqis. The result is a nuanced and hard-hitting indictment.

Glanz, James and Eric Lipton (2003). City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center
. New York, Times Books.
This is not a book only about September 11; the towers' collapse begins on number 236 of 337 pages of narrative text. New York Times reporters Glanz (science) and Lipton (metropolitan news) instead deliver a thoroughly absorbing account of how the World Trade Center developed from an embryonic 1939 World's Fair building to "a city in the sky, the likes of which the planet had never seen." In this lively page-turner, intensively researched and meticulously documented, a world of international trade, business history, litigation, architecture, engineering and forensics comes clear-a political and financial melodrama with more wheeling and dealing than Dallas, touched lightly with the comedic and haunted by tragedy. The authors move a Robert Altman-sized cast (engineers, architects, iron workers, builders, demolitionists, lawyers, mobsters, mayors, mathematicians, critics, activists, real estate dealers, biochemists, union organizers, an aerialist, an arsonist) through the design, construction, destruction and memorializing. Faceless entities like the Port Authority acquire names, personal histories and diverse agendas. Bureaucratic reports and public hearings, reduced with clarity and balance, become comprehensible, even readable.

Glassgold, Peter (2001). Anarchy!: An Anthology of Emma Goldman's Mother Earth
. Washington, D.C., Counterpoint.
Founded by Emma Goldman, Mother Earth magazine presented articles covering social, political, cultural, and historical issues from an anarchist perspective from 1906 to 1917, when it was stifled by wartime censorship. The journal also advocated action on such topics as women's rights, birth control, civil liberties, and social and economic justice. Glassgold (Angel Max) presents 95 articles, letters, poems, essays, stories, and other pieces from the journal. The articles are arranged in six sections covering anarchism, feminism, literature, civil liberties, social issues, and World War I and the Russian Revolution. Goldman, Max Baginski, Alexander Berkman, Margaret Sanger, Voltairine de Cleyre, Leo Tolstoy, and Eugene O'Neill are among the wide range of authors featured in this collection, which Glassgold opens with an excellent brief history of the publication. This anthology provides an exceptional presentation of early 20th-century anarchist ideas.

Gleason, Ralph J.; Toby Gleason, editor (2016). Conversations in Jazz: The Ralph J. Gleason Interviews
. New Haven, Yale University Press.
During his nearly forty years as a music journalist, Ralph J. Gleason recorded many in-depth interviews with some of the greatest jazz musicians of all time. These informal sessions, conducted mostly in Gleason's Berkeley, California, home, have never been transcribed and published in full until now. This remarkable volume, a must-read for any jazz fan, serious musician, or musicologist, reveals fascinating, little-known details about these gifted artists, their lives, their personas, and, of course, their music. Bill Evans discusses his battle with severe depression, while John Coltrane talks about McCoy Tyner's integral role in shaping the sound of the Coltrane quartet, praising the pianist enthusiastically. Included also are interviews with Dizzy Gillespie, Sonny Rollins, Quincy Jones, Jon Hendricks, and the immortal Duke Ellington, plus seven more of the most notable names in twentieth-century jazz.

Gleick, James (1993). Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman
. New York, Vintage Books.
When Nobel laureate Feynman died in 1988, the world lost one of the most creative, idiosyncratic, and important minds of the 20th century. From "Feynman Diagrams" to the Manhattan Project to the Challenger investigation, Feynman left his mark on everything and every life that he touched. Gleick, author of Chaos, does a masterful job of capturing Feynman as both a scientist and as a mind at work: No better primer on Feynman's accomplishments will be written. Gleick is clear without condescension, accurate without being fussy, and thorough without being pedantic. As regards the personal minutiae of Feynman's life, this book is somewhat less comprehensive: Feynman's checkered history of personal relationships, for example, is not treated in the same exhaustive manner as his professional relationships. Feynman's personality, though, comes through in every word of this marvelous book. Although, astonishingly, Gleick never even met Feynman, he has written one of the most touching, affecting, and important works of scientific biography to have been produced in the last 30 years, a fine book that deserves a place in every collection.

Gleick, James (2016). Time Travel: A History
. New York, NY, Harper Collins.
From the acclaimed author of The Information and Chaos, here is a mind-bending exploration of time travel: its subversive origins, its evolution in literature and science, and its influence on our understanding of time itself.

The story begins at the turn of the previous century, with the young H. G. Wells writing and rewriting the fantastic tale that became his first book and an international sensation: The Time Machine. It was an era when a host of forces was converging to transmute the human understanding of time, some philosophical and some technological: the electric telegraph, the steam railroad, the discovery of buried civilizations, and the perfection of clocks. James Gleick tracks the evolution of time travel as an idea that becomes part of contemporary culture—from Marcel Proust to Doctor Who, from Jorge Luis Borges to Woody Allen. He investigates the inevitable looping paradoxes and examines the porous boundary between pulp fiction and modern physics. Finally, he delves into a temporal shift that is unsettling our own moment: the instantaneous wired world, with its all-consuming present and vanishing future.

Gleijeses, Piero (2002). Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976
. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.
This is a compelling and dramatic account of Cuban policy in Africa from 1959 to 1976 and of its escalating clash with U.S. policy toward the continent. Piero Gleijeses's fast-paced narrative takes the reader from Cuba's first steps to assist Algerian rebels fighting France in 1961, to the secret war between Havana and Washington in Zaire in 1964-65--where 100 Cubans led by Che Guevara clashed with 1,000 mercenaries controlled by the CIA--and, finally, to the dramatic dispatch of 30,000 Cubans to Angola in 1975-76, which stopped the South African advance on Luanda and doomed Henry Kissinger's major covert operation there. "With the publication of Conflicting Missions, Piero Gleijeses establishes his reputation as the most impressive historian of the Cold War in the Third World. Drawing on previously unavailable Cuban and African as well as American sources, he tells a story that's full of fresh and surprising information. And best of all, he does this with a remarkable sensitivity to the perspectives of the protagonists. This book will become an instant classic." --John Lewis Gaddis

Gleijeses, Piero (2013). Visions of Freedom: Havana, Washington, Pretoria and the Struggle for Southern Africa, 1976-1991
. Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press.
During the final fifteen years of the Cold War, southern Africa underwent a period of upheaval, with dramatic twists and turns in relations between the superpowers. Americans, Cubans, Soviets, and Africans fought over the future of Angola, where tens of thousands of Cuban soldiers were stationed, and over the decolonization of Namibia, Africa's last colony. Beyond lay the great prize: South Africa. Piero Gleijeses uses archival sources, particularly from the United States, South Africa, and the closed Cuban archives, to provide an unprecedented international history of this important theater of the late Cold War. These sources all point to one conclusion: by humiliating the United States and defying the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro changed the course of history in southern Africa. It was Cuba's victory in Angola in 1988 that forced Pretoria to set Namibia free and helped break the back of apartheid South Africa. In the words of Nelson Mandela, the Cubans "destroyed the myth of the invincibility of the white oppressor and inspired the fighting masses of South Africa."

Glezer, Maggie (2005). Artisan Baking: Recipes, Techniques, Science, Craft, People, Places
. New York, Artisan.
Winner of the James Beard Foundation Award for Best Baking Book of the Year. A book to bake from and learn from, and to read for the sheer pleasure of meeting the amazing men and women who dedicate themselves to furthering the bread-baking craft. First published in hardcover as Artisan Baking Across America in 2001.

Godard, Jean Luc (1986). Godard on Godard: Critical Writings by Jean-Luc Godard
. New York, N.Y., Da Capo Press.

Goddard, Harold Clarke (1951). The Meaning of Shakespeare, Volume 1
. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
In this first of two magnificent and authoritative volumes, Harold C. Goddard takes readers on a tour through the works of William Shakespeare, celebrating his incomparable plays and unsurpassed literary genius.

Goddard, Harold Clarke (1960). The Meaning of Shakespeare, Volume 2
. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
In this second of two magnificent and authoritative volumes, Harold C. Goddard takes readers on a tour through the works of William Shakespeare, celebrating his incomparable plays and unsurpassed literary genius.

Godtland, Eric and Dian Hanson (2008). True Crime Detective Magazines, 1924-1969
. Los Angeles, Taschen.
True Crime Detective Magazines follows the evolution and devolution of this distinctly American genre from 1924 to 1969. Hundreds of covers and interior images from dozens of magazine titles tell the story, not just of the 'detectives,' but also of America's attitudes towards sex, sin, crime and punishment over five decades. With texts by magazine collector Eric Godtland, George Hagenauer and True Detective editor Marc Gerald, True Crime Detective Magazines is an informative and entertaining look at one of the strangest publishing niches of all time.

Gossel, Peter (2007). Modern Architecture A-Z
. Koln, DE, Taschen.
Unlike most architecture encyclopedias, which tend to concentrate more on buildings and floor plans than their designers, this tome puts the architects in the spotlight, profiling individuals so that readers can get a clear overview of their bodies of work. Each architect's entry features a portrait, quote, and short biography as well as a description of important works, historical context, and general approach; illustrations include numerous drawings, photographs, and floor plans. The book's A to Z entries cover not only architects but also groups, movements, and styles from the 18th to the 21st centuries. With 600 entries, 5200 illustrations, and a glossary of architectural terms, Modern Architecture A-Z is a comprehensive resource that no architecture profession, fan, or student should be without.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von and Stuart Pratt Atkins (1994). Faust I & II
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Goethe's most complex and profound work, Faust was the effort of the great poet's entire lifetime. Written over 60 years, it can be read as a document of Goethe's moral and artistic development. Faust is made available to the English reader in a completely new translation that communicates both its poetic variety and its many levels of tone. The language is present-day English, and Goethe's formal and rhythmic variety is reproduced in all its richness.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Eric A. Blackall, et al. (1995). Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, a novel of self-realization greatly admired by the Romantics, has been called the first Bildungsroman and has had a tremendous influence on the history of the German novel. The story centers on Wilhelm, a young man living in the mid-1700s who strives to break free from the restrictive world of economics and seeks fulfillment as an actor and playwright. Along with Eric Blackall's fresh translation of the work, this edition contains notes and an afterword by the translator that aims to put this novel into historical and artistic perspective for twentieth-century readers while showing how it defies categorization.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Jane K. Brown, et al. (1995). Conversations of German Refugees; Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years, or, the Renunciants
. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
Goethe was a master of the short prose form. His two narrative cycles, Conversations of German Refugees and Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years, both written during a high point of his career, address various social issues and reveal his experimentation with narrative and perspective. A traditional cycle of novellas, Conversations of German Refugees deals with the impact and significance of the French Revolution and suggests Goethe's ideas on the social function of his art. Goethe's last novel, Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years, is a sequel to Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and to Conversations of German Refugees and is considered to be his most remarkable novel in form.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von and John Gearey (1994). Essays on Art and Literature
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
The reflections on art and literature that Goethe produced throughout his life are the premise and corollary of his work as poet, novelist, and man of science. This volume contains such important essays as "On Gothic Architecture," "On the Laocoon Group," and "Shakespeare: A Tribute." Several works in this collection appear for the first time unabridged and in fresh translations.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Cyrus Hamlin, et al. (1995). Early Verse Drama and Prose Plays
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Goethe's early plays bear witness to his urgent desire to enliven German theater--an ambition that followed him to the National Theater in Weimar, where he was named director in the early 1790s. This volume contains eight of these plays, written between 1771 and 1787. Not only do they demonstrate Goethe's unprecedented versatility in experimenting with new forms of dramatic expression, but they also give insight into his development from Sturm und Drang to classicism. These works include prose plays (Goetz von Berlichingen with the Iron Hand and Egmont), tragedies and comedies (Clavigo, Stella, and Brother and Sister), and dramatic verse forms (Prometheus, Jery and Betty, and Proserpina).

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Cyrus Hamlin, et al. (1995). Verse Plays and Epic
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
This volume presents the four plays and the narrative poem that, along with Faust, established Goethe as one of the masters of European verse drama and epic. These works in particular display a balance between poetic form and ethical sensibility that characterizes much of Goethe's work during the era of Weimar Classicism. Here we are offered new translations of the dramas Iphigenia in Tauris, Torquato Tasso, The Natural Daughter, and Pandora and of the epic poem Hermann and Dorothea.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Robert R. Heitner, et al. (1994). From My Life
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Campaign in France 1792 -Siege of Mainz, Goethe's narrative of the unsuccessful campaign and the siege, has become a classic text for the history of Franco-German relations during the revolutionary period. A product of recollection, historical hindsight, and considerable study of other published sources, it is a fascinating document of the military catastrophe exposing the decline of Prussian power since the death of Frederick II, which eventually culminated in Napoleon's devastating 1806 victory at Jena and Auerstedt.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Christopher Middleton, et al. (1994). Selected Poems
. Princeton, N.J., Princton University Press.
This edition, selected from over 140 volumes in German, is the new standard in English, and contains poetry, drama, fiction, memoir, criticism, and scientific writing by the man who is probably the most influential writer in the German language. The executive editors of this collection are Victor Lange of Princeton University, Eric Blackall of Cornell University, and Cyrus Hamlin of Yale University.

Goethe, the founder of the poetry of experience, created a body of poetry that is unsurpassed in lucidity of speech and imagery and in instinct for melody and rhythm. Nonetheless, many of his poems are relatively unknown to English-speaking audiences, partly because of the difficulties they have posed to translators. This volume contains translations, side by side with the German originals, of Goethe's major poems--all prepared by eminent American and English writers, and all attesting to his poetic genius.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von and Douglas Miller (1995). Scientific Studies
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Goethe's scientific work is less familiar to the reading public than his poetry, yet his understanding of natural phenomena displays the same sensitivity and brilliance as his depictions of human relationships. Based on Goethe's research in anatomy, botany, physics, chemistry, zoology, meteorology, and geology, these forty selections call upon scientists to devlop their perceptions both inwardly and outwardly in pursuing the continuum of nature through an interconnected and living world.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, David E. Wellbery, et al. (1995). The Sorrows of Young Werther; Elective Affinities; Novella
. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.
Containing three of Goethe's major prose works, this volume explores a range of themes: unfulfilled love, infidelity, divorce, tragic love, fantasy, and moral rebirth. One of Goethe's best known works, The Sorrows of Young Werther, explores the extremes of the subjective experience through the novel's depiction of a sensitive young man caught up in a love impossible to fulfill. In Elective Affinities, a novel of tragic love, Goethe employs all the requisites of sentimental romance to give a deeply ironic perspective to the idea of love. As the title indicates, Novella examines the possibilities inherent in this genre.

Goff, Stan (2000). Hideous Dream: A Soldier's Memoir of the US Invasion of Haiti
. New York, Soft Skull Press.
After a distinguished career in elite Ranger, Airborne and Special Forces counter-terrorist units, Stan Goff refused to turn away from the implications of his own experience. He chose to defy the contradictions between what the foreign policy establishment said and what the US military did. He took sides with Haitian democratic forces over the US supported death squads. Conflict escalated with his men, who were steeped in racist, anti-Haitian propaganda, as well as with commanders who depended on him to "read between the lines" and support a massive campaign of deception aimed at both the Haitian and American people.

Hideous Dream is a revealing look inside US foreign policy, behind the mystique of Special Forces, and inside the racist history of American imperial domination of Haiti. It is also a deeply personal account of a man trapped between his emerging political consciousness and the cynical mandates of his life as a professional soldier.

Gold, Michael (1996). Jews Without Money
. New York, Carroll & Graf Publishers.
As a writer and political activist in early-twentieth-century America, Michael Gold was an important presence on the American cultural scene for more than three decades. Beginning in the 1920s his was a powerful journalistic voice for social change and human rights, and Jews Without Money-the author's only novel-is a passionate record of the times. First published in 1930, this fictionalized autobiography offered an unusually candid look at the thieves, gangsters, and ordinary citizens who struggled against brutal odds in lower East Side Manhattan. Like Henry Roth's Call It Sleep and Abraham Cahan's The Rise and Fall of David Levinsky, Jews Without Money is a literary landmark of the Jewish experience.

Goldberg, Harvey (1962). The Life of Jean Jaurès
. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.
Jean Leon Jaurès was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. Both parties merged in 1905 in the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO). An antimilitarist, Jaurès was assassinated at the outbreak of World War I, and remains one of the main historical figures of the French Left. 'It is the accomplishment of this biography to make these ideas from another world and another time and the man who championed them with peerless eloquence come alive again. So thoroughly has the author done his job and so well has he organized his rich material that . . . this reviewer has no hesitation in saying that Mr. Goldberg has produced the definitive biography on Jean Jaurès.' - New York Times Book Review

Goldfarb, Ronald L. (1995). Perfect Villains, Imperfect Heroes: Robert F. Kennedy's War Against Organized Crime
. New York, Random House.
When the newly elected president John F. Kennedy appointed his younger brother attorney general, there was a firestorm of criticism. Not only was the nepotism blatant, but Robert Kennedy had never tried a case in court and was considered ruthless, highly politicized and intemperate. Nevertheless, he went on to become one of the most active and effective attorneys general in American history. This book examines his four-year tenure and the concerted war on crime he launched during that time. Written by one of the bright young lawyers he recruited to work as part of the special rackets prosecution team, Perfect Villains, Imperfect Heroes is an insider's view of one of the Kennedy administration's most exciting and largely untold stories. In this account of the historic battle between law breakers and law enforcers, Goldfarb shows that these cases had a profound impact on public consciousness that the mob's leaders, even if they did not directly cause the murder of John F. Kennedy, might well have been tried and convicted of conspiring to do so, since they had both the means and motive, took steps toward that end, and left an abundance of incriminating evidence.

Goldhammer, Arthur (editor); Phillippe Ariès (Series Editor); Georges Duby (Series Editor) (1987). History of Private Life
. Cambridge, MA, Belknap Press.
These volumes, edited by Philippe Aries and Georges Duby, are aimed at both the scholar and layperson who wonder how people lived and behaved from ancient times to the present: "their thoughts, their feelings, their bodies, their attitudes, their habits and habitations, their codes, their marks, and their signs." The focus is on western European life, primarily French.

Goldin, Frances, Debbie Smith, et al., editors (2014). Imagine: Living in a Socialist U.S.A.
. New York, Harper Perennial.
At once an indictment of American capitalism as the root cause of our spreading dystopia and a cri de coeur for what life could be like in the United States if we had economic as well as a real political democracy. This anthology features essays by revolutionary thinkers, activists, and artists - including Academy Award-winning filmmaker Michael Moore, civil rights activist Angela Davis, incarcerated journalist Mumia Abu Jamal, and economist Rick Wolff - addressing various aspects of a new society and, crucially, how to get from where we are now to where we want to be, living in a society that is truly fair and just.

Golding, William (1997). Lord of the Flies: A Novel
. New York, Riverhead Books.
William Golding's classic tale about a group of English schoolboys who are plane-wrecked on a deserted island is just as chilling and relevant today as when it was first published in 1954. At first, the stranded boys cooperate, attempting to gather food, make shelters, and maintain signal fires. Overseeing their efforts are Ralph, "the boy with fair hair," and Piggy, Ralph's chubby, wisdom-dispensing sidekick whose thick spectacles come in handy for lighting fires. Although Ralph tries to impose order and delegate responsibility, there are many in their number who would rather swim, play, or hunt the island's wild pig population. Soon Ralph's rules are being ignored or challenged outright. His fiercest antagonist is Jack, the redheaded leader of the pig hunters, who manages to lure away many of the boys to join his band of painted savages. The situation deteriorates as the trappings of civilization continue to fall away, until Ralph discovers that instead of being hunters, he and Piggy have become the hunted: "He forgot his words, his hunger and thirst, and became fear; hopeless fear on flying feet." Golding's gripping novel explores the boundary between human reason and animal instinct, all on the brutal playing field of adolescent competition. -- Jennifer Hubert

Goldman, Emma (1982). Living My Life: An Autobiography of Emma Goldman
. Salt Lake City, Utah, G.M. Smith.
Candid, no-holds-barred account by America's foremost anarchist; her life, the anarchist movement, famous contemporaries, ideas and their impact.

Goldman, Emma and Alix Kates Shulman (1983). Red Emma Speaks: An Emma Goldman Reader
. New York, Schocken Books.
Unlike any other collection of Goldman's work, Red Emma Speaks presents in a single, handy volume the full sweep of her opinions and personality. In addition to nine essays from Goldman's own 1910 collection Anarchism and Other Essays, three dramatic sections from her 1931 autobiography Living My Life, and the Afterword to her My Disllusionment in Russia (which the collapse of the Soviet Union has revealed as prescient), this book contains sixteen more pieces covering a great range of subjects, assembled here for the first time to offer a rich composite of Goldman's life and thought. Red Emma Speaks on: anarchism, sex, prostitution, marriage, jealousy, prisons, religion, schools, violence, war, communism, and much more.
The first edition of Red Emma Speaks (1972), with a biographical sketch, introduced Goldman to a new generation. The second edition (1985), enlarged to serve an exploding interest in women's studies, added three more essays plus an assessment of Goldman's feminism by Alix Kates Shulman. The present, third edition, containing a new Foreword by Shulman and more accessible source listings, has been revised to situate the works more precisely in light of a burgeoning Goldman scholarship.

Goldstein, Paul (2003). Copyright's Highway: From Gutenberg to the Celestial Jukebox
. Stanford, Calif., Stanford Law and Politics.
Goldstein, a Stanford law professor and copyright expert, here makes what can be a dry subject positively sparkle. Writing with humor, color and lucidity, he offers laypeople and professionals alike a swift history of copyright, its philosophies in different nations (a matter of great importance in the current GATT talks with Europe) and zeroes in keenly on the recent controversies surrounding it. There is an account of the 30-year-old, epochal Williams & Wilkins case against government medical libraries for excessive copying of journals that, improbably, has the dash of a courtroom thriller; and a brilliant examination of Congress's reluctance to become involved in the vexed question of private, at-home copying on tape recorders and VCRs. Throughout, Goldstein is careful to make clear the radically different philosophies of intellectual property that often sunder such otherwise sound allies as publishers and librarians: the copyright optimists, seeking to expand its sway, and the pessimists, seeking to limit it.

Gombrich, E. H. (1977). Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation
. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
Considered a great classic by all who seek for a meeting ground between science and the humanities, Art and Illusion examines the history and psychology of pictorial representation in light of present-day theories of visual perception information and learning. Searching for a rational explanation of the changing styles of art, Gombrich reexamines many ideas on the imitation of nature and the function of tradition. In testing his arguments he ranges over the history of art, noticing particularly the accomplishments of the ancient Greeks, and the visual discoveries of such masters as Leonardo da Vinci and Rembrandt, as well as the impressionists and the cubists. Gombrich's triumph in Art and Illusion arises from the fact that his main concern is less with the artists than with ourselves, the beholders.

Gombrich, E. H. (1982). The Image and the Eye: Further Studies in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation
. Oxford, Phaidon.
These absorbing and stimulating essays on the psychology of pictorial representation form a companion volume to the author's immensely influential Art and Illusion. Writing on the problems of perspective, on 'Visual Discoveries of Art', on the representation of movement, expression, gesture and action, on the role of visual images in communication, on standards of truth in representation, Professor Gombrich combines the insights of the art historian with the rigorous approach of the perceptual psychologist. Art and Illusion has long been an inspiration to sicentists as well as students of art. In thee complementary essays the fruitful dialogue between art history and science is continued, with the author's usual clarity and enthusiasm.

Gombrich, E. H. and Richard Woodfield (1987). Reflections on the History of Art: Views and Reviews
. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Essays discuss Greek and Chineese art, Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Dutch genre painting, Rubens, Rembrandt, art collecting, museums, and Freud's aesthetics.

Goodale, Mark, editor (2009). Human Rights: An Anthropological Reader
. Chichester, U.K.; Malden, MA, Wiley-Blackwell.
For decades, anthropologists have drawn on a range of intellectual and methodological approaches in order to reveal both the ambiguities and tremendous potential of the postwar human rights project. This volume synthesizes these different approaches and demonstrates how anthropologists have engaged with human rights as committed activists, empirical researchers, and cultural critics. By examining and drawing out the broader implications of this continuing legacy for the twenty-first century, this text serves as an essential resource for researchers, practitioners, and students of human rights.

Goodis, David (1997). The Blonde on the Street Corner
. London; New York, Serpent's Tail.
'She took a final drag at the cigarette, flipped it away, and said, I don't get this line of talk. It's way over my head. Maybe you're waiting for some dream girl to come along in a coach drawn by six white horses, and she'll pick you up and haul you away to the clouds, where it's all milk and honey and springtime all year around. Maybe that's what you're waiting for. That dream girl."'

But the dream girl doesn't come. In the meantime Ralph must deal with the yearnings of everyday life and take what's offered.

Written in 1954, The Blonde on the Street Corner is full of the passions and desires that are the hallmarks of a David Goodis novel.

Goodis, David (2001). Of Tender Sin
. London, Serpent's Tail.
'It began with a shattered dream.' Alvin Darby is a 29 year old insurance clerk, with a comfortable apartment, a beautiful wife and enough money in the bank not to have to worry. So why does he wake up in the middle of the night tortured by the image of a woman with platinum blonde hair? And why is he suddenly convinced that his wife is having an affair?

Consumed by jealousy, Alvin leaves his comfortable life to walk the streets of Skid Row intent on murder. Caught up in an underworld of drugs and crime, Alvin is soon out of his depth, and back with his old girlfriend Geraldine, whose seductive silver yellow hair and orange lips seem to hold the key to unlock the dark and terrible sin of his past.

Goodman, Amy and David Goodman (2004). The Exception to the Rulers: Exposing Oily Politicians, War Profiteers, and the Media That Love Them
. New York, Hyperion.
Journalist and radio host Goodman brings her hard-hitting, no-holds-barred brand of reporting to an array of human rights, government accountability and media responsibility issues, and the result is bracing and timely.

Goodman, Melvin A. (2013). National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism.
. San Francisco, City Lights Books.
Melvin A. Goodman, a twenty-four-year veteran of the CIA, brings authority to his argument that U.S. military spending is making Americans poorer and less secure while undermining our political standing in the world. Drawing from firsthand experience with war planners and intelligence strategists, Goodman offers an insider's critique of the U.S. military economy from Eisenhower's farewell warning to Barack Obama's expansion of military power. He outlines a vision for how to alter our military policy, practices, and spending in order to better position the U.S. globally and enhance prosperity and security at home.

Goodman, Paul (1978). The Break-up of Our Camp: Stories, 1932-1935
. Santa Barbara, Black Sparrow Press.

Goodman, Paul and Taylor Stoehr (1978). A Ceremonial: Stories, 1936-1940
. Santa Barbara, Black Sparrow Press.
Volume 2 of the collected stories and sketches of Paul Goodman.

Goodman, Paul and Taylor Stoehr (1979). The Facts of Life: Stories, 1940-1949
. Santa Barbara, Calif., Black Sparrow Press.
In these stories and sketches, written when he was undergoing rigorous Reichian psychoanalysis and establishing himself as a young man of letters in Greenwich Village, the mature Goodman begins to emerge - here, at last, is the storyteller as critic of society, the first-person essayist as pilgrim of the soul. Plot, character, and setting now become secondary to the narrator's criticism of American life and insights into personal psychology - this is fiction as the record of an inward search toward hard-won self-understanding. In these stories, writes Stoehr, "Goodman found a new way to cope with the old problem of alienation, of the relations of the ego to the soul and to the world: accept the world, in which natural powers and beautiful human virtues do exist (no matter what other intellectuals think); accept the ego as that part of the self which makes daring formulations about the world; accept the soul, from whose depths come song."

Goodman, Paul and Taylor Stoehr (1980). The Galley to Mytilene: Stories, 1949-1960
. Santa Barbara, CA, Black Sparrow Press.
This final collection of Goodman's short fiction contains many of his best-known stories, including the much-anthologized "Our Visit to Niagra" and "Adam." After the egoistic rage and alienation of the Thirties and Forties come these "dialectic tales" of the Fifties, stories in which Goodman explores the archetype of the divided self--Theseus and the Minotaur, man and boy, Adam in exile and Adam in the Garden--and attempts to reconcile the two. Here Society ("the only world have," carrying the weight of history and the responsibilities of culture) is in compelling dialogue with the Artist (innocence and instinct, the source of energy, imagination, and life). No longer enemies, they try to heal each other."Relent, remedy," is the refrain of these tales, which are mythic, American, subtle, and beautiful, never dry, shrill, or schematic. Even after the success of Growing Up Absurd and his late essays, Goodman considered his stories of the Fifties his best work, not only in fiction but in any genre.

Goodwyn, Lawrence (1978). The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America
. New York, Oxford University Press.
"A history of Populism that will be the new standard against which all future efforts must be measured." --The Progressive

Gopal, Anand (2014). No Good Men among the Living: America, the Taliban, and the War through Afghan Eyes
. Metropolitan Books, New York.
As U.S. troops prepare to withdraw, the shocking tale of how the American military had triumph in sight in Afghanistan--and then brought the Taliban back from the dead. In the popular imagination, Afghanistan is often regarded as the site of intractable conflict, the American war against the Taliban a perpetually hopeless quagmire. But as Anand Gopal demonstrates in this stunning chronicle, top Taliban leaders were in fact ready to surrender within months of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, renouncing all political activity and submitting to the new government. Effectively, the Taliban ceased to exist--yet the American forces were not ready to accept such a turnaround. Driven by false intelligence from corrupt warlords and by a misguided conviction that Taliban members could never change sides, the U.S. instead continued to press the conflict, resurrecting the insurgency that persists to this day. Gopal's dramatic narrative, full of vivid personal detail, follows three Afghans through years of U.S. missteps: a Taliban commander, a U.S.-backed warlord, and a housewife trapped in the middle of the fighting. With its intimate accounts of life in small Afghan villages, and harrowing tales of crimes committed by Taliban leaders and American-supported provincial officials alike, No Good Men Among the Living lays bare the workings of America's longest war and the truth behind its prolonged agony. A thoroughly original expose; of the conflict that is still being fought, it shows just how the American intervention went so desperately wrong.

Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich (1996). Memoirs
. New York, Bantam Books.
Gorbachev's memoirs constitute a definitive statement of his views concerning domestic and international events that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. His account contains three different types of information. First, Gorbachev shares personal events he deems important to his development as a political leader. Second, he provides details of his rise to power, including the personalities who shaped it. Third, he reconstructs in detail decisions that restructured global politics, his attempt to reform the Soviet Union, and the momentous events of 1991 that resulted in the defeat of his strategy. Gorbachev's perspective--that of an individual who had supreme confidence in the correctness of his course of action and places blame for failures and shortfalls on those who misunderstood or conspired against him--pervades the volume. It includes a foreword that gives a brief historical overview of the Soviet Union, footnotes, a glossary, and biographies that provide background information.

Gorey, Edward and Karen Wilkin (2001). Ascending Peculiarity: Edward Gorey on Edward Gorey: Interviews
. New York, Harcourt.
Will Gorey's curious Victorian households scenes of disconcerting, dastardly deeds and "crypto-Edwardian" characters fade into obscurity with his death? Not a chance. Cultish popularity has yielded to international fascination with this fecund author-artist's carefully crosshatched drawings, quaint enchiridions and fey fiction. Curator/art critic Wilkin expands on The World of Edward Gorey (1996), which she coauthored, with this illustrated collection of 21 interviews that reveal Gorey's interests, foibles and habits. Gorey (1925-2001) studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, was drafted in 1943 (training in Utah, he began his writing career with "unpresentable, closet dramas") and majored in French at Harvard. He initially published his books through his own Fantod Press. More than 100 titles followed The Unstrung Harp (1953), and his readership expanded in 1972 with the first of the Amphigorey anthologies. Interviews culled from magazines (Cats, Dance, Vanity Fair), newspapers, NPR and TV (Dick Cavett) reveal Gorey's cultural influences and inspirations (cats, crime narratives, Louis Feuillade, Buster Keaton, the New York City Ballet, Ivy Compton-Burnett) along with minutiae and insights into his erudite, eccentric humor. Best of all, readers glimpse Gorey's creative processes: the texts almost always preceded the drawings, for instance. On his work he was characteristically irreverent: "I get a certain enjoyment out of doing it; but after it's done, I have no feeling for it at all." Stephen Schiff's 1992 "Edward Gorey and the Tao of Nonsense" (from the New Yorker) provides an outstanding overview. This is an exhilarating excursion into an extraordinary imagination, with numerous artistic tips and resources). 8 photos, 150 drawings.

Gott, Richard (2000). In the Shadow of the Liberator: Hugo Chávez and the Transformation of Venezuela
. London; New York, Verso.
'Many people thought if I became president it would mean the return of Hitler and Mussolini rolled into one . . . the imagined disaster has not taken place.' -- Hugo Chavez, President of Venezuela. The spectre of Simon Bolivar hovers once again over Latin America as the aims and ambitions of the Liberator are taken up by Comandante Hugo Chavez, the charismatic and controversial President of Venezuela. Welcomed by the inhabitants of the teeming shanty towns of Caracas as their potential saviour, and greeted by Washington with considerable alarm, this former golpista-turned-democrat has already begun the most wide-ranging transformation of oil-rich Venezuela for half a century, and dramatically affected the political debate throughout Latin America. In a first-hand report from Venezuela veteran correspondent Richard Gott places the Comandante in historical perspective, and examines his plans and programmes. He describes the support and opposition that these attract, and argues that this unique experiment may prove a new way forward for Latin America.

Gott, Richard (2004). Cuba: A New History
. New Haven, Yale University Press.
Events in Fidel Castro's island nation often command international attention and just as often inspire controversy. Impassioned debate over situations as diverse as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Elián Gonzáles affair is characteristic not only of modern times but of centuries of Cuban history. In this concise and up-to-date book, British journalist Richard Gott casts a fresh eye on the history of the Caribbean island from its pre-Columbian origins to the present day. He provides a European perspective on a country that is perhaps too frequently seen solely from the American point of view.

The author emphasizes such little-known aspects of Cuba's history as its tradition of racism and violence, its black rebellions, the survival of its Indian peoples, and the lasting influence of Spain. The book also offers an original look at aspects of the Revolution, including Castro's relationship with the Soviet Union, military exploits in Africa, and his attempts to promote revolution in Latin America and among American blacks. In a concluding section, Gott tells the extraordinary story of the Revolution's survival in the post-Soviet years.

Gottlieb, Robert (1996). Reading Jazz: A Gathering of Autobiography, Reportage, and Criticism from 1919 to Now
. New York, Pantheon Books.
Edited by Robert Gottlieb, former New Yorker editor, this amazing anthology on jazz music and musicians collects over 150 excerpts from monographic and serial publications, including several pieces long out of print or otherwise unavailable. It provides a broad and varied look at the history of this indigenous American art form, from the heights of artistic achievement to the sad realities of struggles with drug abuse and racism. There are fascinating autobiographical essays from such significant figures as Louis Armstrong, Mary Lou Williams, and Miles Davis and reportage and criticism sections featuring insightful and challenging work from noted jazz writers like Gene Lees, Gary Giddins, and Dan Morgenstern. An essential purchase for every music collection.

Gottlieb, Robert (2001). Environmentalism Unbound: Exploring New Pathways for Change
. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.
In Environmentalism Unbound, Robert Gottlieb proposes a new strategy for social and environmental change that involves reframing and linking the movements for environmental justice and pollution prevention. According to Gottlieb, the environmental movement's narrow conception of environment has isolated it from vital issues of everyday life, such as workplace safety, healthy communities, and food security, that are often viewed separately as industrial, community, or agricultural concerns. This fragmented approach prevents an awareness of how these issues are also environmental issues.

After tracing a history of environmental perspectives on land and resources, city and countryside, and work and industry, Gottlieb focuses on three compelling examples of this new approach to social and environmental change. The first involves a small industry (dry cleaning) and the debate over pollution prevention approaches; the second involves a set of products (janitorial cleaning supplies) that may be hazardous to workers; and the third explores the obstacles and opportunities presented by community or regional approaches to food supply in the face of an increasingly globalized food system.

Gøtzsche, Peter C. (2013). Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime: How Big Pharma Has Corrupted Healthcare
. New York, CRC Press.
Peter C. Gøtzsche exposes the pharmaceutical industries and their charade of fraudulent behaviour, both in research and marketing where the morally repugnant disregard for human lives is the norm. He convincingly draws close comparisons with the tobacco conglomerates, revealing the extraordinary truth behind efforts to confuse and distract the public and their politicians. The book addresses, in evidence-based detail, an extraordinary system failure caused by widespread crime, corruption, bribery and impotent drug regulation in need of radical reforms.

Gover, Robert (2005). One Hundred Dollar Misunderstanding
. Titusville, NJ, Legacy Classic Books.
Jimmy is a college boy who thinks he knows all about sex-until he meets Kitten. She is dazzled by the hundred-dollar wad he is carrying in his pocket and is prepared to go to any lengths for it. This is the story of a riotous, crazy weekend for two young people from different ends of the American social scale.

Goytisolo, Juan and Peter R. Bush (1999). The Marx Family Saga
. San Francisco, City Lights Books.
Surreal fiction from Juan Goytisolo, Spain's greatest living writer. A resurrected Karl and Jenny Marx sitting on their sofa in Hampstead watching a television documentary about the landing of Albanian refugees on a private Italian beach, flourishing photocopies of dollar bills in search of paradise Dallas. Find out how Karl reacts to the demise of the systems Josef Visionariovitch and Co. built on his word! Read all about the family life of the Marxes, moving upmarket from Dean Street to Highgate and beyond, yet never free of the hock shop. Marx visits scenes of former triumphs in Moscow, where MacLenin T-shirts and harmburger freedom are all the rage, and returns to a Hampstead housewarming reception and ball filmed by the cameras for a Merchant-Ivoryish Red Baroness-which subsequently becomes the subject of a Saturday-night talk show featuring a feminist sexologist from UCLA, an anarchist from the Spanish Civil Bar, Bakunin. But the narrator's publisher, the urbane pipe-smoking Mr. Faulkner, wants a best-selling novel, a proper story with real facts and heart-rending descriptions of the Marx menage. Some hope!

Goytisolo, Juan and Peter R. Bush (2000). Landscapes of War: From Sarajevo to Chechnya
. San Francisco, City Lights Books.
Landscapes of War: From Sarajevo to Chechnya is an incisive examination of the tensions that exist between the West and Islamic societies of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. These essays, originating in Goytisolo's travels in the late 1990s, provide rich historical analysis and moving first-person reportage of life in four explosive war-zones: Sarajevo, Algeria, the West Bank and Gaza, and Chechnya. From the 17th century to the Gulf War, the West has regarded Islam as the enemy on the doorstep, and this book elucidates how relations between Islam and the West continue to be shaped in a climate of ideological, political, and cultural confrontation.

Graham, Benjamin and Jason Zweig (2003). The Intelligent Investor
. New York, HarperBusiness Essentials.
Among the library of investment books promising no-fail strategies for riches, Benjamin Graham's classic, The Intelligent Investor, offers no guarantees or gimmicks but overflows with the wisdom at the core of all good portfolio management.

The hallmark of Graham's philosophy is not profit maximization but loss minimization. In this respect, The Intelligent Investor is a book for true investors, not speculators or day traders. He provides, "in a form suitable for the laymen, guidance in adoption and execution of an investment policy" (1). This policy is inherently for the longer term and requires a commitment of effort. Where the speculator follows market trends, the investor uses discipline, research, and his analytical ability to make unpopular but sound investments in bargains relative to current asset value. Graham coaches the investor to develop a rational plan for buying stocks and bonds, and he argues that this plan must be a bulwark against emotional behavior that will always be tempting during abrupt bull and bear markets.

Grahame, Kenneth (2009). The Annotated Wind in the Willows
. New York, W.W. Norton & Co.
A beautiful and fascinating book which surely must become the definitive edition for any lovers of Kenneth Grahame. Annie Gauger has produced a lavish and scholarly work which still allows us to enjoy the original story without all the incredible research feeling unnecessarily intrusive.

Gramsci, Antonio and Derek Boothman (1995). Further Selections from the Prison Notebooks
. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
Brings together much of Gramsci's writing on religion, science, philosophy and economic theory. Explores ideology in all its levels and the concepts of subalternity, corporate consciousness, hegemony and anti-hegemony.

Gramsci, Antonio, Amadeo Bordiga, et al. (1977). Selections from Political Writings (1910-1920)
. London, Lawrence and Wishart.
Traces Gramsci's development as a revolutionary socialist during the first World War, the impact of the Russian revolution and his involvement in the foundation of the Italian Communist Party.

Gramsci, Antonio and Joseph A. Buttigieg (1992). Prison Notebooks
. New York, Columbia University Press.
Antonio Gramsci was born in Arles, Sardinia into the impoverished household of a disgraced petty official. Permanently crippled from his fourth year, he became a dwarf hunchback and was subject to periodical attacks of illness throughout his life. He won a scholarship that enabled him to study philology in Turin, the 'red centre' of Italy. He joined the Socialist Party (PSI) in 1913, and became involved in the militant workers' movement. In 1919 he and Palmiro Togliatti founded the L'Ordine Nuovo, a socialist weekly newspaper. In 1921 Gramsci participated in the foundation of the Italian Communist Party (PCI). From 1923, and under the shadow of the victory of fascism, Gramsci served for three years as its leader. Despite the immunity he should have gained by being a Member of Parliament, Gramsci was arrested in 1926 by the fascist government and sentenced to twenty-years' imprisonment. He spent the last ten years of his life in prison, under Mussolini's personal supervision. He suffered a number of unpleasant and incapacitating diseases but succeeded filled up thirty-two notebooks (over 2,350 printed pages) which come to be regarded as an unfinished classic of Marxist thought.

Gramsci, Antonio and David Forgacs (1988). An Antonio Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings, 1916-1935
. New York, Schocken Books.
Forgacs has produced a significant one-volume collection of most of the important writings of Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), a political thinker who has gained great influence in recent years. Forgacs stresses the "complexity and vitality" of Gramsci's views on hegemony, war, art, education, and popular culture, as well as politics. The book is divided into two parts--the first covers the period from 1916-26, the second comes from Gramsci's notebooks written while imprisoned by the Fascists. Particularly valuable are the chapter introductions and a glossary of key terms which facilitate an understanding of Gramsci's philosophy.

Gramsci, Antonio and Quintin Hoare (1978). Selections from Political Writings (1921-1926)
. New York, International Publishers.
Covers the momentous years from the foundation of the Italian Communist Party, led by Gramsci 1924-6, to the ascendency of the Russian Communist International and the rise of Italian fascism.

Gramsci, Antonio, Quintin Hoare, et al. (1972). Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci
. New York, International Publishers.
Contains many of the key elements of Gramsci's writings, including 'The Modern Prince' and 'Americanism and Fordism' and observation on the state, Italian history and the role of intellectuals.

Grandin, Greg (2006). Empire's Workshop: Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism
. New York, Metropolitan Books.
Most Americans pay little attention to our southern neighbors; however, according to NYU Latin American history professor Grandin, the U.S. government has indeed been paying attention to the region. Grandin contends that Latin America has been a testing ground--a laboratory, if you will--for the U.S. government to exercise its imperialistic tendencies. Grandin argues that U.S.-Latin American relations, from the administration of Thomas Jefferson up to the present Bush presidency, should be seen as sure indication the U.S. has always harbored imperial intentions. Our interventions in Latin America, both military and economic, have gone on repeatedly over the decades and reveal that the current administration's foreign policy, built on the concept of using military action to spread and establish our "ideals," is nothing new; it's been practiced in Latin America again and again.

Grandin, Greg (2015). Kissinger's Shadow: The Long Reach of America's Most Controversial Statesman
. New York, Metropolitan Books.
A tour de force. Greg Grandin exposes Kissinger's vaunted approach to statecraft as little more than compulsive activism, typically relying on the threat or use of force, ignorant of history, devoid of any moral or ethical component, and discounting serious analysis in favor of intuition. Some realism. The field of Kissinger studies begins here, with this book. --Andrew J. Bacevich

Grant, Gail (1967). Technical Manual and Dictionary of Classical Ballet
. New York, NY, Dover Publications.
From adagio to voyage, over 800 steps, movements, poses, and concepts are fully defined. A pronunciation guide and cross-references to alternate names for similar steps and positions that vary from the Russian to the French or Italian schools are also invaluable aids.

Grant, Ulysses S., Brian Thomsen, et al. (2002). The Civil War Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant
. New York, Forge.
The two greatest firsthand accounts of the Civil War together in a boxed collector's edition. The extraordinary memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman evoke the Civil War with a vividness unparalleled in American writing. Annotated by distinguished historians and filled with detailed maps, battle plans, and facsimiles reproduced from the original editions, these lavish volumes offer a unique vantage on the most terrible, moving, and inexhaustibly fascinating event in American history." Anyone who wishes to know how and why the North won the Civil War can do no better than to read these volumes." - James McPherson

Grant, Ulysses S. (1990). Memoirs and Selected Letters: Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, Selected Letters 1839-1865
. New York, N.Y., Library of America.
This volume presents the text of the Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, published in two volumes by Charles L. Webster & Company, 1885-86, and a selection of 175 letters, orders, and reports, written by Grant from 1839 to 1865, taken from the first 14 volumes of The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, edited by John Y. Simon and published by Southern Illinois University Press, 1967-85.

Granville-Barker, Harley (1972). Prefaces to Shakespeare
. London, Batsford.
"Harley Granville-Barker's Prefaces to Shakespeare originally published in five series between 1927 and 1947 covering ten plays are collected in four volumes.

Vol. I. Hamlet: Foreword. I. Introduction: 1. The study and the stage. 2. Shakespeare's stagecraft. 3. The convention of place. 4. The speaking of the verse. 5. The boy-actress. 6. The soliloquy. 7. Costume. 8. The integrity of the text. II. Hamlet: The nature of the play: 1. The nature of the action. 2. A first movement. 3. A second movement. 4. A third movement. 5. A note on the first quarto. 6. The verse and the prose. 7. The characters.

Vol. II. King Lear, Cymbeline and Julius Caesar: Foreword. I. King Lear: 1. The main lines of construction. 2. The method of the dialogue. 3. The characters and their interplay. 4. Staging and costume. 5. The music. 6. The text. II. Cymbeline: 1. The nature of the play. 2. The blackfriars and its influence. 3. The play's first staging. 4. The style of the play. 5. The music. 6. The play's construction. 7. The verse and its speaking. 8. The characters. III. Julius Caesar: 1. The characters. 2. The play's structure. 3. Staging and costume. 4. The music. 5. A stumbling block in the text.

Vol. III. Anthony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus: Foreword. I. Anthony and Cleopatra: 1. The play's construction. 2. The question of act-division. 3. A digression: meaning of 'scene'. 4. The play's construction, continued. 5. Cleopatra against Caesar. 6. The staging. 7. Costume. 8. The music. 9. The verse and its speaking. 10. The characters. II. Coriolanus: 1. The characters. 2. The action of the play. 3. The verse. 4. The question of act-division. 5. The stage directions. 6. A question of pronunciation.

Vol. IV. Love's Labour's Lost, Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice and Othello: Foreword. I. Love's Labour's Lost: 1. The producer's problem. 2. The method of the acting. 3. The staging, costume and casting. 4. The text, and the question of cutting it. 5. The music. II. Romeo and Juliet: 1. The conduct of the action. 2. The question of act-division. 3. Staging, costume, music and text. 4. The characters. III. The Merchant of Venice: 1. The construction of the play. 2. Shakespeare's Venice. 3. The characters, and the crisis of the action. 4. The return of comedy. 5. Act-division and staging. IV. Othello: 1. The story and the play. 2. The shaping of the play. 3. The ambiguity in time: a parenthesis. 4. Examination of the play's shaping, resumed. 5. A parenthesis: the use of Ludovico. 6. Analysis of the action, resumed. 7. A parenthesis: the play's finishing. 8. Analysis of the action concluded. 9. Act and scene-division. 10. The characters. 11. The verse. 12. Notes: Othello's colour and Christianity.

An actor, dramatist, producer and a profound Shakespearean scholar, Granville-Barker brought about a revolution in his Shakespearean productions in the first decade of the twentieth century by recapturing, with his experience and expertise, the spirit and vitality of the plays as they were produced on the Elizabethan stage. He saw Shakespeare as a man of the theatre and gave a lie to Lamb that the plays of Shakespeare 'were less calculated for performance on a stage than those of any dramatist whatsoever'. About the productions G.B. Harrison remarks that they were 'the most important productions for a hundred years not only because they were beautiful in themselves, but because for the first time since the seventeenth century Shakespeare's plays were played just as they were written, and not cut and rearranged to suit the scene-shifter'.

The prefaces are elaborate explications of what shape the productions, and how and why Granville-Barker's alert attention to the minutiae of a text and threadbare discussions of various aspects of the plays reveal the dramatic wealth of a Shakespearean play. The prefaces with their focus on the integrity and vitality of a play have become a landmark in Shakespearean criticism. T.S. Eliot has rightly remarked: 'P erhaps more than any other single writer, H. Granville-Barker by his prefaces, illuminating the plays with the understanding of the producer, has suggested the need for a synthesis of the several points of view from which Shakespeare can be studied'.

Grass, Gunter (1966). The Plebeians Rehearse the Uprising; a German Tragedy
. New York, Harcourt.
The Plebeians Rehearse the Uprising is set in East Germany in 1953. It shows the dramatist, Bertolt Brecht, rehearsing his adaptation of Shakespeare's Coriolanus, while, outside the theatre, the workers rise in revolt against oppressive measures. When a workers' delegation asks Brecht to support their demand, he is unable to resolve his dilemma and becomes guilty of betraying both workers and his own self.

Graves, Robert (1957). Good-Bye to All That: An Autobiography
. New York, Anchor Books.
Poet Robert Graves traces the monumental and universal loss of innocence that occurred as a result of the First World War. Written after the war and as he was leaving his birthplace, he thought, forever, Good-Bye to All That bids farewell not only to England and his English family and friends, but also to a way of life. Tracing his upbringing from his solidly middle-class Victorian childhood through his entry into the war at age twenty-one as a patriotic captain in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, this dramatic, poignant, often wry autobiography goes on to depict the horrors and disillusionment of the Great War, from life in the trenches and the loss of dear friends, to the stupidity of government bureaucracy and the absurdity of English class stratification. Paul Fussell has hailed it as "the best memoir of the First World War" and has written the introduction to this edition that marks the eightieth anniversary of the end of the war.

Graves, Robert (1955). The Greek Myths
. Baltimore, Penguin Books.
Endymion, Pelops, Daedalus, Pygmalion -- we recognize the names, but what are the stories behind these and other familiar gods from the Greek pantheon -- names that recur throughout the history of European culture?
Drawing on an enormous range of sources, Robert Graves has brought together elements of these myths in simple narrative form. He retells the adventures of the most important gods and heroes of the ancient Greeks. His work has become the reference for the serious scholar as well as the casual inquirer.

Gray, Mike (1998). Drug Crazy: How We Got into This Mess and How We Can Get Out
. New York, Random House.
Over the last fifteen years, American taxpayers have spent over $300 billion to wage the war on drugs--three times what it cost to put a man on the moon. In Drug Crazy, journalist Mike Gray offers a scathing indictment of this financial fiasco, chronicling a series of expensive and hypocritical follies that have benefited only two groups: professional anti-drug advocates and drug lords.

Gray, Mike (2003). The Death Game: Capital Punishment and the Luck of the Draw
. Monroe, ME, Common Courage Press.
In 1998, Mike Gray changed the political landscape with his book Drug Crazy: How We Got Into This Mess and How We Can Get Out. His book is credited with turning the staunch Republican Governor of New Mexico against the drug war. Now, with The Death Game, he is destined to transform the terrain of criminal justice.

Written with the power of a gritty novel, this documentary on the death penalty shows why justice and capital punishment don't mix. Zeroing in on issues of police brutality, pressures on prosecutors and judges seeking career advancement, and the frailty of eyewitness accounts, Gray puts you in the murder scene on page one and won't let you go until the final riveting paragraph.

Gray, Spalding (1992). Impossible Vacation
. New York, Knopf: Distributed by Random House.
Brewster North needs a vacation. But first he needs to find the stability from which to take a vacation. In this disturbing tale, Gray relays Brewster's quest to reconcile himself to his mother's mental illness and eventual suicide, while his own behavior begins to reflect his mother's as he treks across the planet. Brewster seeks vacations from vacations in this pursuit to find ultimate meaning and contentment. The reader follows him from modeling to acting jobs, from his ascension of the Himalayas to his descent to the depths of the Grand Canyon, where he confronts his own dark psyche. Along the way, Brewster finds Meg and develops the relationship that allows him to recover from his bouts of depression. Through Gray's tale, the reader comes face to face with the disturbing aspects of mental illness and finds the courage to overcome the terrors of that state of mind.

Green, Jonathan (1984). American Photography: A Critical History 1945 to the Present
. New York, H.N. Abrams.
Heavily illustrated (over 330 reproductions) and filled with insightful and intimate detail, the book reaches back briefly to the nineteenth and the first decades of the twentieth century to establish the pantheon of natvie masters (O'Sullivan, Stieglitz, Strand, Evans, Weston, Adams, Steichen) and to define what is truly "American" in the nation's phohtography. But Green focueses on photography since 1945, identifying the dominant forces adn the leading figures within each decade. Among the fifteen highly readable chapters are essays on Minor White, Harry Callahan, and Aaron Siskind; on the impact of Aperture's philosophy and publications in the '50s; on Robert Frank and the Beat poets' alienated eye; and on the profound influence of John Szarkowski and Garry Winogrand. Also: Lee Friedlander, Diane Arbus, Bruce Davidson, and many more.

Green, James R. (2006). Death in the Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement, and the Bombing That Divided Guilded Age America
. New York, Pantheon Books.
As Green thoroughly documents, the bloody Haymarket riot of May 4, 1886, changed the history of American labor and created a panic among Americans about (often foreign-born) "radicals and reformers" and union activists. The Haymarket demonstration, to protest police brutality during labor unrest in Chicago, remained peaceful until police moved in, whereupon a bomb was thrown by an individual never positively identified, killing seven policemen and wounding 60 others. Shortly after, labor leaders August Spies and Albert Parsons, along with six more alleged anarchists, stood convicted of murder on sparse evidence. Four of them went to the gallows in 1887; another committed suicide. The surviving three received pardons in 1893. The Knights of Labor, at that time America's largest and most energetic union, received the blame for the riot, despite a lack of conclusive evidence, and many Knights locals migrated to the less radical American Federation of Labor. Labor historian Green (Taking History to Heart) eloquently chronicles all this, producing what will surely be the definitive word on the Haymarket affair for this generation.

Greenberg, Alan, Werner Herzog, et al. (1976). Heart of Glass
. Munchen, Skellig.
Original text that was adapted for the screen by Achternbusch and filmed by Herzog.

Greenberg, Clement (1984). Art and Culture: Critical Essays
. Boston, Beacon Press.
"Clement Greenberg is, internationally, the best-known American art critic popularly considered to be the man who put American vanguard painting and sculpture on the world map. An important book for everyone interested in modern painting and sculpture." - The New York Times

Greenblatt, Stephen (2011). The Swerve: How the World Became Modern
. New York, W.W. Norton.
In this book the author transports readers to the dawn of the Renaissance and chronicles the life of an intrepid book lover who rescued the Roman philosophical text On the Nature of Things from certain oblivion. In this work he has crafted both a work of history and a story of discovery, in which one manuscript, plucked from a thousand years of neglect, changed the course of human thought and made possible the world as we know it. Nearly six hundred years ago, a short, genial, cannily alert man in his late thirties took a very old manuscript off a library shelf, saw with excitement what he had discovered, and ordered that it be copied. That book was the last surviving manuscript of an ancient Roman philosophical epic, On the Nature of Things, by Lucretius, a beautiful poem of the most dangerous ideas: that the universe functioned without the aid of gods, that religious fear was damaging to human life, and that matter was made up of very small particles in eternal motion, colliding and swerving in new directions. The copying and translation of this ancient book, the greatest discovery of the greatest book-hunter of his age, fueled the Renaissance, inspiring artists such as Botticelli and thinkers such as Giordano Bruno; shaped the thought of Galileo and Freud, Darwin and Einstein; and had a revolutionary influence on writers such as Montaigne and Shakespeare and even Thomas Jefferson.

Greene, B. (1999). The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory
. New York, W. W. Norton.
Superstring theory may provide the long-sought unification of physics for which Einstein sought in vain. Here is a look at the current state of the quest. Greene (a professor of physics and mathematics at Columbia and Cornell) begins by pointing out the central problem of modern physics. Quantum mechanics and general relativity both work perfectly, and they cannot both be right. Relativity works for large, massive objects; quantum theory for tiny ones. Normally, the two realms can be kept separate. Yet increasingly, physics deals with phenomena such as black holes, where the conflicts are impossible to avoid. Out of the search for a more complete explanation came string theory. Its foundations were laid down some 30 years ago by Gabriele Venizano, who found that a two-century-old formula by Leonard Euler described subatomic particles more elegantly than existing theory. The relationships would make sense if elementary particles were not pointlike, but elongated and vibrating, like tiny musical stringsin one sense, a modern version of the ancient metaphor of the music of the spheres. It took a while for physicists to embrace string theory; for one thing, it seemed to predict things nobody had ever seen. And despite its formidable explanatory power, its mathematical expressions were often even more formidableGreene describes some of the equations as nearly impossible to understand, let alone solve. Still, it has the right look about it, and two waves of enthusiasm (one in the mid-1980s, the other ten years later) have convinced many physicists of the theory's probable validity. Greene deftly summarizes these findings, in areas from subatomic-particle theory to cosmology, with occasional forays into deeper waters such as the ten-dimensional structure of the universe, with several dimensions folded undetectably back into themselves. A final chapter forecasts that string theory will become the standard physical model in the next century. Entertaining and well-written -- possibly the clearest popular treatment to date of this complex subject.

Greene, B. (2004). The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality
. New York, A.A. Knopf.
String theory is a recent development in physics that, by positing that all which exists is composed of infinitesimally small vibrating loops of energy, seeks to unify Einstein's theories and those of quantum mechanics into a so-called "theory of everything." In 1999, Greene, one of the world's leading physicists, published The Elegant Universe (Norton), a popular presentation of string theory that became a major bestseller and, last fall, a highly rated PBS/Nova series. The strength of the book resided in Greene's unparalleled (among contemporary science writers) ability to translate higher mathematics (the language of physics) and its findings into everyday language and images, through adept use of metaphor and analogy, and crisp, witty prose. The same virtues adhere to this new book, which offers a lively view of human understanding of space and time, an understanding of which string theory is an as-yet unproven advance. To do this, Greene takes a roughly chronological approach, beginning with Newton, moving through Einstein and quantum physics, and on to string theory and its hypotheses (that there are 11 dimensions, ten of space and one of time; that there may be an abundance of parallel universes; that time travel may be possible, and so on) and imminent experiments that may test some of its tenets. None of this is easy reading, mostly because the concepts are tough to grasp and Greene never seems to compromise on accuracy. Eighty-five line drawings ease the task, however, as does Greene's felicitous narration; most importantly, though, Greene not only makes concepts clear but explains why they matter. He opens the book with a discussion of Camus's The Myth of Sisyphus, setting a humanistic tone that he sustains throughout. This is popular science writing of the highest order, with copious endnotes that, unlike the text, include some math.

Greene, Graham (1958). Our Man in Havana: An Entertainment
. New York, Viking Press.
The novel is set in pre-Castro Cuba. James Wormold, a vacuum cleaner salesman, meets Hawthorne, who offers him work for the British secret service. Wormold lives alone (his wife has left him for another man) with his teenage daughter, Milly. Since Wormold does not make enough money to grant all his daughter's wishes, he decides to take the offer. For lack of any real information to send the secret service, Wormold begins to deceive them by claiming that he has a network of agents, who actually are people that he knows only by sight. He carries his reports to extremes by sending his clients in London a circuit diagram of a vacuum cleaner, telling them that this is a sketch of a secret rocket launching-ramp. In London nobody except Hawthorne, who alone knows that Wormold sells vacuum cleaners, doubts this report. Nevertheless Hawthorne does not tell his boss about his doubts. To help Wormold the secret service sends him a secretary, Beatrice Severn, and other assistants.

Beatrice has to contact his "agent" Raúl. To avoid this, Wormold lies that Raúl is on the way to take more photos of the rocket launchramp. Wormold soon learns that a pilot named Raúl had had an accident and died on the way to the airport. Beatrice and Wormold have to save the other supposed agents because there was an assassination attempt on doctor Cifuentes (also a "spy"). Meanwhile, London finds out that the other side wants to kill Wormold during a trade association meeting. They are going to poison him. Wormold succeeds in unmasking the enemy spy, and spills the whiskey that had been poisoned.

Wormold has to get the list of names of the other enemy spies. Captain Segura, who wants to marry Milly, is in possession of it. Wormold gets Segura drunk in a game of checkers where bottles of Scotch and whiskey are the game pieces. The captain falls asleep and Wormold takes his gun and a microphoto of the list. He wants to take revenge on Carter and kills him at night with Segura's weapon. Wormold sends the photo to London but it is overexposed.

Hawthorne and the secret service find out about the deception. Beatrice who has also learnt the truth, is summoned to London, as well as Wormold. In spite of his invented sketch he is decorated with "the medal of the British Empire ". Wormold and Beatrice want to marry and Milly agrees.

Greene, Graham (1991). Brighton Rock
. New York, Penguin Classics.
Graham Greene's chilling expose of violence and gang warfare in the pre-war underworld.

Greene, Graham (1992). The Human Factor
. New York, Knopf: Distributed by Random House.
Espionage has long attracted some of our greatest writers because of the complexity of human interaction that it allows them to explore. Betrayal, fear, divided allegiance, even love - all are opportunities available for the novelist to plumb in the context of the spy story, which is why authors such as Greene and Le Carre again and again return to the genre. All those human conditions are made vivid in this, one of Greene's most stunning works, which centers on Maurice Castle, a bureaucrat in the British intelligence service, who pays a debt with the ultimate betrayal of his country.

Greene, Graham (1999). The Heart of the Matter
. New York, Penguin Books.
Scobie, a police officer serving in a war-time West African state, is distrusted, being scrupulously honest and immune to bribery. But then he falls in love, and in doing so is forced to betray everything he believes in, with tragic consequences.

Greene, Graham (2000). The Honorary Consul: A Novel
. New York, Simon & Schuster.
Set in a provincial Argentinean town, The Honorary Consul takes place in that bleak country of exhausted passion, betrayal, and absurd hope that Graham Greene has explored so precisely in such novels as The Power and the Glory and The Comedians.

On the far side of the great, muddy river that separates the two countries lies Paraguay, a brutal dictatorship shaken by sporadic revolutionary activity; on the near side, a torpid city whose only visible cultural institution is a brothel. The foreigners of the city are refugees, each washed up on the banks of the Paraná by some inner disaster or defeat: Dr. Eduardo Plarr, a physician, whose English father has vanished into a Paraguayan prison, and for whom "caring is the only dangerous thing "; Humphries, a teacher of English, who has touched bottom and accepted it; Charley Fortnum, the Honorary Consul, who at the age of sixty-one, sustained by drink and his disputed status as British Consul, still retains enough hope and illusion to marry a twenty-year-old girl from Señora Sanchez' brothel.

With gathering force, Graham Greene draws his characters into the political chaos that lies beneath the surface of South American life. Fortnum is kidnapped by Paraguayan revolutionaries who have mistaken him for the American Ambassador. Realizing their error, they threaten to execute him anyway if their demands are not met. Plarr, torn between his instinctive feeling for the revolutionaries -- one of whom is an old friend -- and his ambiguous relationship with Fortnum, whose wife he has taken as a lover, becomes involved in a tragicomedy that leads inexorably to a meaningless death.

At the center of The Honorary Consul is Plarr, a brilliant Graham Greene creation, perhaps the most moving and convincing figure in his fiction. Plarr is a man so cut off from human feeling, so puzzled by the emotional needs of men like Fortnum, that he is paradoxically vulnerable, chillingly exposed, and required in the end to pay with his life for the illusions that other people believe in and that he himself cannot share.

In the men and women who surround Plarr -- Clara, who has moved from the brothel to Charley Fortnum's bedroom; Father Rivas, the revolutionary priest who dominates those near him, despite his unsanctified marriage and belief in political terror; Saavedra, the Argentinean novelist, whose work lugubriously mirrors the world around him; Aquino, the poet-turned-revolutionary; Colonel Perez, the cheerfully efficient chief of police -- Graham Greene has created a world peculiarly his own. It is a world illuminated by that special passion for the complexities of love, faith, compassion, and betrayal that lies at the very heart of his work.

Greene, Graham (2002). The Quiet American
. New York, Penguin Books.
Into the intrigue and violence of Indo-China comes Pyle, a young idealistic American sent to promote democracy. As his native optimism starts to cause bloodshed, his friend Fowler, a cynical foreign correspondent, cannot stand aside and just watch.

Greene, Graham (2003). The Power and the Glory
. New York, Penguin Books.
Set in Mexico during the era of anticlerical violence by revolutionaries, the story depicts the martyrdom of the last Roman Catholic priest, who is being hunted by a police lieutenant. The "whisky priest" is a degraded alcoholic who has broken most of his vows but who nevertheless insists upon performing his duties until the very end, when he is finally captured and executed. The book is a Christian parable, pitting God and religion against 20th-century materialism.

Greene, Graham (2004). The End of the Affair
. New York, Penguin Books.
The novelist Maurice Bendrix's love affair with his friend's wife, Sarah, had begun in London during the Blitz. One day, inexplicably and without warning, Sarah had broken off the relationship.

It seemed impossible that there could be a rival for her heart. Yet two years later, driven by obsessive jealousy and grief, Bendrix sends Pakris, a private detective, to follow Sarah and find out the truth.

"One of the most true and moving novels of my time, in anybody's language."-- William Faulkner

Greene, Graham (2005). The Comedians
. New York, Penguin Books.
Three men meet on a ship bound for Haiti, a world in the grip of the corrupt "Papa Doc" and the Tontons Macoute, his sinister secret police. Brown the hotelier, Smith the innocent American, and Jones the confidence man - these are the "comedians" of Greene's title. Hiding behind their actors' masks, they hesitate on the edge of life. They are men afraid of love, afraid of pain, afraid of fear itself.

Greene, Graham (2005). The Ministry of Fear: An Entertainment
. New York, Penguin.
For Arthur Rowe the charity fete was a trip back to childhood, to innocence, a welcome chance to escape the terror of the Blitz, to forget twenty years of his past and a murder. Then he guesses the weight of the cake, and from that moment on he's a hunted man, the target of shadowy killers, on the run and struggling to remember and to find the truth.

Greenfield, Robert (2016). Bear: The Life and Times of Augustus Owsley Stanley III
. New York, Thomas Dunne Books.
Owsley 'Bear' Stanley was an authentic shaman-alchemist whose production of millions of doses of LSD transformed a tiny San Francisco neighborhood into ground zero for a planet-wide challenge to conventional notions of reality. That he was also ornery, obsessive, and at times just plain odd was merely part of the package. Bear illuminates a fascinating story with insight and panache, and it's essential -- no Owsley, no sixties as we know them; it's that simple.

Greenwald, Glenn (2006). How Would a Patriot Act? Defending American Values from a President Run Amok
. San Francisco; Berkeley, CA, Working Assets.
If we are to remain a constitutional republic, Greenwald writes, we cannot abide radical theories of executive power, which are transforming the very core of our national character, and moving us from democracy toward despotism. This is not hyperbole. This is the crisis all Americans - liberals and conservatives - now face. In the spirit of the colonists who once mustered the strength to denounce a king, Greenwald invites us to consider: How would a patriot act today?

Greenwald, Glenn (2014). No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State
. New York, Metropolitan Books.
In May 2013, Glenn Greenwald set out for Hong Kong to meet an anonymous source who claimed to have astonishing evidence of pervasive government spying and insisted on communicating only through heavily encrypted channels. That source turned out to be the 29-year-old NSA contractor Edward Snowden, and his revelations about the agency's widespread, systemic overreach proved to be some of the most explosive and consequential news in recent history, triggering a fierce debate over national security and information privacy. As the arguments rage on and the government considers various proposals for reform, it is clear that we have yet to see the full impact of Snowden's disclosures.

Now for the first time, Greenwald fits all the pieces together, recounting his high-intensity ten-day trip to Hong Kong, examining the broader implications of the surveillance detailed in his reporting for The Guardian, and revealing fresh information on the NSA's unprecedented abuse of power with never-before-seen documents entrusted to him by Snowden himself.

Greider, William (1989). Secrets of the Temple: How the Federal Reserve Runs the Country
. New York, Simon & Schuster.
In this penetrating study of the Federal Reserve Board in the Reagan era, Greider views the "Fed" chairman (until recently Paul Volcker) as the "second most powerful" officer of government, the high priest of a temple as mysterious as money itself, its processes unknown to the public and yet to be fully understood by any modern president. Controlling the money supply by secretly buying and selling government bonds and thus affecting interest rates, the Fed can manipulate billions in business profits or losses and millions in worker employment and stock, bond or bank account values, the author explains. Greider's conclusions are startling at times. The Fed, he maintains, could have prevented the 1929 crash. He also asserts the "awkward little secret" that the federal government deliberately induces recessions, usually to bring down inflation and interest rates. A time-consuming but extremely informative read.

Grenville, J. A. S. (2000). A History of the World in the Twentieth Century
. Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
As the present century draws to its end, publishers are rushing to record its tumultuous history. Grenville's is a recent example of this trend and of the increasing number of specialized, one-volume reference works issued during the past few years. The author of numerous books in the fields of history and politics, Grenville here presents a chronological and narrative history of our century up to 1993. The book is divided into 18 parts and further into 89 brief chapters. Illustrations (most not seen), maps, and a well-selected, briefly annotated bibliography complement the text. The narrative flows smoothly through such major events as the rise of the United States and Japan as world powers, the two World Wars, Latin America and its continuing struggles, and the dissolution of communism in Eastern Europe and concludes with the post-Cold War era and the dawn of the Clinton presidency. The emphasis is heavily political.

Gresham, William Lindsay (2010). Nightmare Alley
. New York, New York Review Books.
Nightmare Alley begins with an extraordinary description of a freak-show geek - alcoholic and abject and the object of the voyeuristic crowd's gleeful disgust and derision - going about his work at a county fair. Young Stan Carlisle is working as a carny, and he wonders how a man could fall so low. There's no way in hell, he vows, that anything like that will ever happen to him. And since Stan is clever and ambitious and not without a useful streak of ruthlessness, soon enough he's going places. Onstage he plays the mentalist with a cute bimbo (before long his harried wife), then he graduates to full-blown spiritualist, catering to the needs of the rich and gullible in their well-upholstered homes. It looks like the world is Stan's for the taking. At least for now. Note: For fans of vaudeville and magic, the book is a treasure trove of trade secrets. For contemporary audiences who have never strolled through sawdust and tinsel, the carnival chapters of Nightmare Alley offer an unnerving slice of seedy Americana.

Gribbins, Joseph (1998). Classic Sail
. New York, NY, Friedman/Fairfax.
With an authoritative text and striking, full-color photographs, noted boating writer Joseph Gribbins chronicles the evolution of sail, from the early days, when it opened up a world of exploration and trade, to its current popularity as a form of recreation and competition. It's a long and rich story: celebrated wood- and wood-and-metal-hulled sailboats from throughout the ages appear in vivid detail, with discussions of their historical significance. Vintage designs, day sailers, cruisers, racing classics, luxurious yachts, replicas and reinterpretations: each one will set your imagination afire. Includes complete source and kit information for obtaining plans for featured boats.

Griffin, David Ray (2004). The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions About the Bush Administration and 9/11
. Northampton, Mass., Olive Branch Press.
A philosopher at the Claremont School of Theology, Griffin scrutinizes the time line and physical evidence of September 11 for unresolved inconsistencies. Griffin draws heavily on three similarly skeptical examinations, by Nafeez Ahmed, Paul Thompson and Thierry Meyssan, whose The Big Lie was a bestseller in France. Based on these sources, Griffin maintains that a full investigation of the events of that tragic day is necessary to answer such questions as whether American Airlines Flight 77 did crash into the Pentagon (though many will find it impossible to doubt this) and how United Airlines Flight 93 was downed. He claims that if standard procedures for scrambling fighter jets had been followed, the hijacked planes should have been intercepted in time, and that structurally, the collapse of the World Trade Center towers most likely was caused by explosives placed throughout the towers, not from the plane crashes. He strongly implies that the Bush administration had foreknowledge of the attack and sought to conceal what Griffin suggests was the Pakistani intelligence agency's involvement in the planning for the attacks. His analysis is undergirded by the theory that a significant external threat, on the scale of Pearl Harbor, was very much in the interest of the Bush administration, which he believes is intent on self-interested aggressive foreign policies. Even many Bush opponents will find these charges ridiculous, though conspiracy theorists may be haunted by the suspicion that we know less than we think we do about that fateful day.

Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (2004). The Annotated Brothers Grimm
. New York, W.W. Norton.
The Annotated Brothers Grimm celebrates the richness and dramatic power of the legendary fables in the most spectacular and unusual Grimm volume in decades. Containing forty stories in new translations by Maria Tatar - including Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, Snow White, and Rapunzel - the book also features 150 illustrations, many of them in color, by legendary painters such as George Cruikshank and Arthur Rackham; hundreds of annotations that explore the historical origins, cultural complexities, and psychological effects of these tales; and a biographical essay on the lives of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Perhaps most noteworthy is Tatar's decision to include tales that were previously excised, including a few bawdy stories and others that were removed after the Grimms learned that parents were reading the book to their children'stories about cannibalism in times of famine and stories in which children die at the end. Enchanting and magical, The Annotated Brothers Grimm will cast its spell on children and adults alike for decades to come. 75 color, 75 black-and-white illustrations.

Grinspoon, Lester and James B. Bakalar (1983). Psychedelic Reflections
. New York, N.Y., Human Sciences Press.

Grof, Stanislav (1975). Realms of the Human Unconscious: Observations from LSD Research
. New York, Viking Press.
From the preface:
"This volume is the first of a series of books in which I plan to summarize and condense in a systematic and comprehensive way my observations and experiences during seventeen years of research with LSD and other psychedelic drugs. Exploration of the potential of these substances for the study of schizophrenia, for didactic purposes, for a deeper understanding of art and religion, for personality diagnostics and the therapy of emotional disorders, and for altering the experience of dying has been my major professional interest throughout these years and has consumed most of the time I have spent in psychiatric research." -Stanislov Grof

Grof, Stanislav (1994). LSD Psychotherapy
. Alameda, CA, Hunter House.
"One of the most creative and brillant phenomenologies and methodologies of the deeper psychodynamic processes that I know of." - Jean Houston

"I know of no work that so well incorporates the findings of Frued, Jung, and Rank." - Joseph Campbell

Gross, Bertram Myron (1980). Friendly Fascism: The New Face of Power in America
. New York, M. Evans.
Bertram Gross worked as an insider. He taught political science at Hunter College (CUNY) and served as executive secretary of President Truman's Council of Economic Advisors. In this major book he seems resolved to tell all, tell it straight, set down the insights-- and some of the errors--of a career. He acknowledges dozens of students and colleagues. The notes cite 440 quotations and sources.

Gross, John J. (1971). Joyce
. London, Fontana.
James Augustine Joyce (1882 - 1941), one of the most radical innovators of twentieth-century writing, who dedicated himself to exuberant exploration of the total resources of language. He was born at Rathgar, a suburb of Dublin, on Feb. 2, 1882. His father, who took pride in coming of an old and substantial Cork family, had some talent as a musician and much more as a genial lounger, and was little troubled by the economic straits into which is household was drifting during his son's boyhood. Joyce was sent at first to the expensive Jesuit boarding school described in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. But by the time he entered the Faculty of Arts in University College, Dublin, he was already involved in that struggle with dire poverty which was to continue into his middle years. He seems to have inherited something of his father's improvidence; and when benefactions from admirers began to reach him, a good deal of the money was spent in the best restaurants of Paris. But with the son, as not with the father, these indulgences went along with a life of unremitting labor. Joyce was a dedicated artist of the first order.

Gross, John J. (1992). Shylock: A Legend and Its Legacy
. New York, Simon & Schuster.
Shylock--stereotype, archetype, icon--is, according to London Sunday Telegram theater-critic Gross (The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters), the only character in a Shakespeare play to have an autonomous life. By tracing Shylock's origins and forms in literature, theater, and political and social history, Gross emphasizes his chameleonlike nature and what it reveals about the cultures in which he appears. An object of fun, contempt, pity, and rage, Shylock first appeared as the "Satanic Jew''--the evil figure to be overcome--in The Merchant of Venice, written between 1596-98. An archetypal usurer with origins in folklore, politics, and popular culture, he embodied, says Gross, the era's ambiguities toward Jews, money, misers, and, on another level, toward emerging "Economic Man", embodied in Shylock as a tough-minded businessman caught up in the court system and unable to protect his family or what he perceives as his rights. In the 18th century, Shylock was played as a clown, or as wolfish and cunning, until Edmund Kean's consummate interpretation in his London debut in 1814, a performance admired and immortalized by Hazlitt for the sympathy it evoked. A Victorian interpretation by Henry Irving displayed a Shylock possessed, the victim of persecution. Since then, Gross contends, literary critics from A.C. Bradley to Mark Van Doren, novelists from Sir Walter Scott to James Joyce, social theorists including Ruskin and Marx, psychologists from Freud to Reich, and all the great actors- -Gielgud, O'Toole, Olivier--have contributed to the evolution of a subtle, conflicted, mysterious Shylock who has acquired the archetypal dimensions of a Don Quixote or Robinson Crusoe. A lucid, perceptive, and learned guide that makes the familiar interesting and the esoteric familiar.

Grosser, Maurice (1971). Painter's Progress
. New York, C. N. Potter.
"The painter draws with his eyes, not with his hands. Whatever he sees, if he sees it clear, he can put down. The putting of it down requires, perhaps, much care and labor, but no more muscular agility than it takes for him to write his name. Seeing clear is the important thing."

Grossinger, Richard (1973). The Continents
. Los Angeles, Black Sparrow Press.

Grossman, Harold J. and Harriet Lembeck (1983). Grossman's Guide to Wines, Beers, & Spirits
. New York, Scribner.
Turn to Grossman's Guide to Wines, Beers, and Spirits for quick answers to your questions about any alcoholic beverage and for insights into the history and origins of liquor. Whether you're looking for technical advice or interesting conversation pieces, this resource is sure to meet all of your needs.

Grossman, Vasili i Semenovich and Robert Chandler (2006). Life and Fate
. New York, New York Review Books.
Obviously modeled on War and Peace, this sweeping account of the siege of Stalingrad aims to give as panoramic a view of Soviet society during World War II as Tolstoy did of Russian life in the epoch of the Napoleonic Wars. Completed in 1960 and then confiscated by the KGB, it remained unpublished at the author's death in 1964; it was smuggled into the West in 1980. Grossman offers a bitter, compelling vision of a totalitarian regime where the spirit of freedom that arose among those under fire was feared by the state at least as much as were the Nazis. His huge cast of characters includes an old Bolshevik now under arrest, a physicist pressured to make his scientific discoveries conform to "socialist reality" and a Jewish doctor en route to the gas chambers in occupied Russia. Ironically, just as Stalingrad is liberated from the Germans, many of the characters find themselves bound in new slavery to the Soviet government. Yet Grossman suggests that the spirit of freedom can never be completely crushed. His lengthy, absorbing novelwhich rejected the compromises of a lifetime and earned its author denunciation and disgracetestifies eloquently to that spirit.

Grout, Donald Jay and Hermine Weigel Williams (2003). A Short History of Opera
. New York, Columbia University Press.
First published in 1947 and beloved by generations of students, teachers, and opera lovers, A Short History of Opera begins with opera's precursors in the lyric theatre of the Greeks, reveals the genre's beginnings in the seventeenth century, and charts its progress to the present day. An extensive bibliography, musical examples, and illustrations that reveal the importance of stage and scene design enhance the text. For this edition, Williams has added new material on twentieth century music and the American musical, added material on female composers, increased the number of illustrations and examples, and reorganized several chapters for easier reference.

Grubacic, Andrej (2010). Don't Mourn, Balkanize!: Essays after Yugoslavia
. Oakland, CA, PM Press.
Presenting a radical leftist perspective on the recent history of the Balkan region, this collection of essays, commentaries, and interviews argues that the dismantling of Yugoslavia is just another milestone in the long history of colonialism, conquest, and interventionism. Written between 2002 and 2010, this volume addresses significant happenings such as the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, the assassination of Prime Minister Djindjic, the supervised "independence" of Kosovo, and the occupation of Bosnia. In addition to this contemporary look, this exploration reveals the politically progressive traditions of the Balkan peoples as evidenced by their anti-Ottoman, anticrusade, and antifascist actions in addition to their embracing of socialism, feminism, and new social experiments.

Guerin, Daniel (1979). 100 Years of Labor in the USA
. London, New York:, Ink Links; distributed in the U.S.A. by Pathfinder Press.

Guevara, Ernesto (1996). Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1956-1958
. New York, Pathfinder.
Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1965-58 is a firsthand account of the military battles and political campaigns that culminated in the January 1959 mass armed insurrection that overthrew the U. S. -backed Batista dictatorship. Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1965-58 shows how Che Guevara and other Rebel Army combatants were transformed by their experiences into leaders of the working people in Cuba. Written with clarity and humor, Guevara explains how the revolution's social program emerged out of class-struggle experience by workers and peasants themselves, and how the Rebel Army and July 26 Movement grew into a revolutionary force capable of leading millions to carry through a socialist revolution in the years after the 1959 victory. Guevara's complete and unabridged Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1965-58 appears in this Pathfinder Press edition in English for the first time. This edition also contains letters and other documents written by Guevara during the war.

Guevara, Ernesto (2000). The African Dream: The Diaries of the Revolutionary War in the Congo
. London, Harvill.
In June 1960, the Congo gained independence from Belgium following dramatic events led by left-wing Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba. Following the assassination of Lumumba, Cuban revolutionary Guevara traveled incognito to the Congo to put his guerrilla theories and tactics to work for the Congolese people. These brutally honest, unabridged journals illuminate a two-year period (1965-67) during which he trained left-wing soldiers fighting to wrestle the Congo from the imperialists. Trained as a physician and a member of Fidel Castro's government, Guevara understood the limitations that life imposes on humans and the sacrifices demanded in guerrilla warfare. Here he shares his experiences in Congolese training camps, chronicles the challenge (and ultimate failure) of spreading Cuban political ideology, and sheds light on his relationships with fellow revolutionaries, including a young Laurent Kabila and Fidel Castro.

Guevara, Ernesto (2003). The Motorcycle Diaries: Notes on a Latin American Journey
. Melbourne; New York; Havana, Cuba. Ocean Press.
Full of high drama and comedy, The Motorcycle Diaries is the story of a remarkable road journey in the words of a 23-year-old medical student known as "Che ". There are fights, parties, and serious drinking. There are also moving examples of Guevara's idealism and solidarity with the oppressed, in this vivid record of what for others would have been the adventure of a lifetime. No biographical study or understanding of Che Guevara is complete without the reading of his diaries recording his thoughts as he journeyed around South America.

Guilbaut, Serge (1983). How New York Stole the Idea of Modern Art: Abstract Expressionism, Freedom, and the Cold War
. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
"A provocative interpretation of the political and cultural history of the early cold war years. . . . By insisting that art, even art of the avant-garde, is part of the general culture, not autonomous or above it, he forces us to think differently not only about art and art history but about society itself." - New York Times Book Review

Gunther, Gerald (1994). Learned Hand: The Man and the Judge
. New York, Knopf.
Gunther, professor of law at Stanford University Law School and a former law clerk to Judge Learned Hand and Chief Justice Earl Warren, has given us something long overdue-a treasure trove of information and insight into arguably the greatest jurist never to be named to the U.S. Supreme Court. Based in large measure on his access to Hand's private papers, this work provides a critical analysis and evaluation of this "skeptical liberal" who helped shape U.S. law and society for a good portion of this century. Gunther proves convincingly that the demise of first-rate, brilliant judicial biography is exaggerated: in his hands, Judge Hand vividly comes to life not only as an American jurist but as an American philosopher probing the human condition.

Gurney, Alan (1997). Below the Convergence: Voyages toward Antarctica 1699-1839
. New York, Norton.
From astronomer Edmond Halley's 1699 voyage in the Paramore to sealer John Balleny's 1839 excursion in the Eliza Scott, Below the Convergence tells the story of British, American, and Russian expeditions to Antarctica-the fabled Terra Australis Incognita. In search of scientific knowledge, national prestige, and profit, these courageous explorers captured the hearts and attention of their countrymen who longed to hear what lay below the convergence, the sea frontier marking the boundary between the freezing Antarctic waters and the warmer sub-Antartic seas. The stories of their herculean adventures and discoveries makes for riveting reading and offers an abundant history.

Guthke, Karl Siegfried (1991). B. Traven: The Life Behind the Legends
. Chicago, ill., Lawrence Hill Books.
With complete access to archives and Freedom of Information Act reports, this is the first biography of the superreclusive Traven to approach definitiveness. Best known for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Traven was a self-created persona for a man who had at least three identities. Guthke sifts through documented facts and bizarre myths to construct a possible life history for a man who may have been a German anarchist or an American wanderer, whose true story was not even known to his wife.

Gutiérrez, Gustavo (1988). A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, and Salvation
. Maryknoll, N.Y., Orbis Books.
This is the credo and seminal text of the movement which was later characterized as liberation theology. The book burst upon the scene in the early seventies, and was swiftly acknowledged as a pioneering and prophetic approach to theology which famously made an option for the poor, placing the exploited, the alienated, and the economically wretched at the centre of a programme where "the oppressed and maimed and blind and lame" were prioritized at the expense of those who either maintained the status quo or who abused the structures of power for their own ends. This powerful, compassionate and radical book attracted criticism for daring to mix politics and religion in so explicit a manner, but was also welcomed by those who had the capacity to see that its agenda was nothing more nor less than to give "good news to the poor," and redeem God's people from bondage.

Gutiérrez, Pedro Juan and Natasha Wimmer (2001). Dirty Havana Trilogy
. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Testifying to the squalor and sensuality of contemporary Cuba with bold simplicity and sharp humor, Pedro Juan Gutierrez's semi-autobiographical fiction tells the story of Pedro Juan, an ex-radio journalist who wanders from one odd job to the next, half disgusted and half fascinated by the depths to which he has sunk. Survival-and sex-are all that matters in the crumbling city of Havana, and Pedro Juan throws himself wholeheartedly into the pursuit of both. Working as a garbageman, dealing on the black market, clearing undesirables off the streets, selling marijuana, or hustling old lady tourists, Pedro Juan struggles just to feed himself. (Sex comes more easily, since no one has anything better to do.) In between adventures, up in his ramshackle room on the rooftop of a building overlooking the Caribbean, Pedro Juan contemplates his fate and that of the city around him. Chronicling his protagonist's exploits in a novel made up of interconnected short stories, Gutierrez's episodic picaresque brings Havana electrically to life.

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