Air Quality Monitoring Networks in Canada - Provides
information on Environment
Canada's air quality measuring and monitoring networks.
Many of these networks are managed in co-operation with provincial
or territorial governments, or university researchers. These stations measure pollutants and other chemicals in the atmosphere which may
originate in Canada, or from international sources.
Information from these networks is used by scientists to track and
understand changes in our air quality, determine the effectiveness
of air quality regulations, and identify new concerns.
Researchers also depend on these measurements to develop and test
complex air-quality models, which can be used to produce
air-quality forecasts for major Canadian centers, or to understand
the potential effects of proposed regulations, new technologies,
and other changes in the environment.
Inconvenient Truth - With wit, smarts and hope, An
Inconvenient Truth ultimately brings home Al Gore's persuasive
argument that we can no longer afford to view global warming as a
political issue - rather, it is the biggest moral challenges facing
our global civilization.
Arctic Program (NOAA) - Synergizes the work of five NOAA line offices, each leading sustained efforts in the Arctic.
Card - Issued annually since 2006, the Arctic Report
Card is a timely and peer-reviewed source for clear, reliable
and concise environmental information on the current state of the Arctic relative to historical records.
Arctic Theme Page -
Provides access to widely distributed Arctic data and
information for scientists, students, teachers, academia, managers,
decision makers and the general public. Studies now underway in the Arctic should lead to more reliable forecasts of weather
over the Arctic and in heavily populated mid-latitude
Experiment (ABoVE) - Climate change in the Arctic and Boreal
region is unfolding faster than anywhere else on Earth, resulting
in reduced Arctic sea ice, thawing of permafrost soils,
decomposition of long- frozen organic matter, widespread changes to
lakes, rivers, coastlines, and alterations of ecosystem structure
and function. NASA's ABoVE's science objectives
are broadly focused on (1) gaining a better understanding of the
vulnerability and resilience of Arctic and boreal ecosystems to
environmental change in western North America, and (2) providing
the scientific basis for informed decision-making. Research for ABoVE will link field-based, process-level studies with
geospatial data products derived from airborne and satellite
sensors, providing a foundation for improving the analysis, and
modeling capabilities needed to understand and predict ecosystem
responses and societal implications.
Atlantic Oceanographic and
Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) - One of the Oceanic and
Atmospheric Research (OAR) facilities of the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA/AOML is a part of the U.S. Department of Commerce
(DOC) and is located in Miami, Florida. AOML's
mission is to conduct basic and applied research in oceanography,
tropical meteorology, atmospheric and oceanic chemistry, and
acoustics. The research seeks to understand the physical
characteristics and processes of the ocean and the atmosphere, both
separately and as a coupled system.
Composition Data and Information Services Center (ACDISC) -
Ozone research. ACDISC provides convenient access to AC data and information from various remote-sensing
missions, from heritage TOMS, UARS, MODIS, and AIRS datasets, to the most recent data from Aura OMI,
MLS, HIRDLS as well as AC datasets residing at other
remote archive sites.
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement
(ARM) - Program created in 1989 with funding from the U.S.
Department of Energy (DOE). Sponsored by DOE's Office of Science and managed by the Office of
Biological and Environmental Research, ARM is a
multi-laboratory, interagency program, and is a key contributor to
national and international research efforts related to global
climate change. A primary objective of the program is improved
scientific understanding of the fundamental physics related to
interactions between clouds and radiative feedback processes in the
atmosphere. ARM focuses on obtaining continuous field
measurements and providing data products that promote the
advancement of climate models.
Avalanche - A
collective group of dedicated professionals engaged in the study,
forecasting, control and mitigation of snow avalanches.
Bering Climate -
Developing ecological and climatic indices for the Bering
Sea which will serve as measures of climate and ecosystem
status for the Bering Sea. The Bering Sea is one of the world's
major fisheries, and fisheries from Alaskan waters represents half
of the landed U.S. catch of fish and shellfish.
Berkeley Earth Surface
Temprerature - Researches global warming based on extensive
analysis of available historical data. The study has reviewed data
from over 39,000 temperature measurement stations across the globe.
This is more than five times the 7,280 stations found in the Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly data set
(GHCN-M) that has served as the focus of many climate
studies to date. Team members include former climate change
skeptics Richard Muller, Elisabeth Muller and Robert Rohde.
Board on Atmospheric
Sciences and Climate (BASC) - Seeks to advance understanding of
the Earth's atmosphere and climate, to help apply this knowledge to
benefit the public, and to advise the federal government on issues
within the Board's areas of expertise.
California Drought - A
project of the Pacific
Institute in Oakland, California, one of the world's
leading independent nonprofits researching and finding solutions to
freshwater issues. The website compiles tools, research, and
information on the California drought to facilitate the work at
every level to understand, plan for, and find sustainable water
management solutions in the face of a drier future for the western
United States with changing conditions from climate change.
Association (CAA) - Dedicated to bringing together
professionals to develop knowledge and understanding of avalanches,
to encourage communication and promote industry standards, and to
provide high quality avalanche education.
National Climate Data and Information Archive - Official
climate and weather observations for Canada. Climate elements, such
as temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, atmospheric
pressure, wind speed, wind direction, visibility, cloud types,
cloud heights and amounts, soil temperature, evaporation, solar
radiation and sunshine as well as occurrences of thunderstorms,
hail, fog or other weather phenomena are warehoused in a digital
Science Program - Provides scientific information on the fate
of carbon dioxide in the environment and a scientific foundation
for estimating the capacity of the land and the ocean to sequester
and store the considerable quantities of carbon dioxide anticipated
from human activities in the future.
Footprint - Carbon footprint is a measure of the
impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the
amount of green house gases produced, measured in units of carbon
dioxide. How big is yours ? Find out, and then do something about
International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo
(CICERO) - Conducts research and provides information about
issues of climate change. CICERO's four main areas of
research are (1) Atmospheric and climatic effects of emissions and
emissions reductions (2) Impacts of climate change: Vulnerability,
adaptation and costs, (3) Climate agreements: Design,
implementation and costs, and (4) Climate policy: Instruments for
Climate Ark - Climate
change news and information portal.
Care - Organized to tackle climate change by
reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by offsetting - making CO2 reductions on behalf of individuals and
Climate Institute - Works
to protect the balance between climate and life on earth by
facilitating discussion among scientists, policy makers, business
executives and citizens. The Institute strives to be a source of
objective, reliable information.
Climate Intervention - Two books from The National Academies Press. National Research Council; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate; Ocean Studies Board; Committee on Geoengineering Climate: Technical Evaluation and Discussion of Impacts:
Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (2015) - As one of a two-book report, this volume of Climate Intervention discusses CDR, the carbon dioxide removal of greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere and sequestration of it in perpetuity. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration introduces possible CDR approaches and then discusses them in depth. Land management practices, such as low-till agriculture, reforestation and afforestation, ocean iron fertilization, and land-and-ocean-based accelerated weathering, could amplify the rates of processes that are already occurring as part of the natural carbon cycle. Other CDR approaches, such as bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration, direct air capture and sequestration, and traditional carbon capture and sequestration, seek to capture CO2 from the atmosphere and dispose of it by pumping it underground at high pressure. This book looks at the pros and cons of these options and estimates possible rates of removal and total amounts that might be removed via these methods.
Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth (2015) - As one of a two-book report, this volume of Climate Intervention discusses albedo modification - changing the fraction of incoming solar radiation that reaches the surface. This approach would deliberately modify the energy budget of Earth to produce a cooling designed to compensate for some of the effects of warming associated with greenhouse gas increases. The prospect of large-scale albedo modification raises political and governance issues at national and global levels, as well as ethical concerns. Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth discusses some of the social, political, and legal issues surrounding these proposed techniques.
Center - The home of the official U.S. climate outlooks.
Popular products: El Nino/La Nina Advisories, U.S. Hazards
Assessment and Drought Assessment.
Project - Bringing the facts about the climate crisis into the
mainstream and engaging the public in conversation about how to
solve it. Founded and chaired by Al Gore, Nobel Laureate
and former Vice President of the United States.
Registry - A nonprofit partnership developing an accurate,
complete, consistent and transparent greenhouse gas emissions
measurement protocol that is capable of supporting voluntary and
mandatory greenhouse gas emission reporting policies for its
members and reporters. Provides a verified set of greenhouse gas
emissions data from its reporters supported by a robust accounting
and verification infrastructure.
Climate Research Unit
(CRU) - One of the world's leading institutions concerned
with the study of natural and anthropogenic climate change.
A climate prediction model organizaed by researchers at the University of Oxford to be run on home/ school/ work
computers. By getting data from thousands of climate models, it
plans to generate the world's largest climate prediction
DataRefuge - An initiative committed to identifying, assessing, prioritizing, securing, and distributing reliable copies of federal climate and environmental data so that it remains available to researchers.
Satellite Program (DMSP) - The DMSP program designs,
builds, launches, and maintains several near polar orbiting, sun
synchronous satellites monitoring the meteorological,
oceanographic, and solar-terrestrial physics environments.
Global Warming - The history of scientific work on climate
change from the 19th century to 2001, told in a set of hyperlinked
Earth Observatory -
Showcases NASA's latest Earth science research, focusing
on global climate change, remote sensing, and unusual events.
Division - Providing information on atmospheric constituents
that drive climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and
baseline air quality.
Division - Conducts research and development to provide NOAA and the nation with observing, prediction, computer,
and information systems that deliver environmental products ranging
from local to global predictions of short-range, high impact
weather and air quality events to longer-term intraseasonal climate
Division - Conducts weather and climate research to observe and
understand Earth's physical environment, and to improve weather and
climate predictions on global-to-local scales.
Niño Theme Page - Introduction to El Niño, a
disruption of the ocean-atmosphere system in the tropical Pacific
having important consequences for weather around the globe.
Canada - Employs over 7000 employees from a broad range of
fields including biology, chemistry, meteorology, climatology,
engineering, commerce, communications, engineering, law
enforcement, environmental sciences, hydrology, informatics, law,
library science, policy, and more. Provide the science and
technology information needed so that Canadians can make informed
decisions about the environment. Involved in climate change
research, meteorlogical and weather research, air quality research,
water research, and nature and natural ecosystems research.
Climate - Works to stabilize Earth's climate by reducing the
emission of greenhouse gases. Global and regional air quality is
another major area of action.
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Laboratory - Research to expand scientific understanding of the
physical processes that govern the behavior of the atmosphere and
the oceans as complex fluid systems. These systems can then be
modeled mathematically and their phenomenology studied by computer
Project - The growing realization that anthropogenic climate
change is a reality has focused the attention of the scientific
community, policymakers and the general public on the rising
concentration of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide
(CO2) in the atmosphere, and on the carbon cycle in
general. The scientific goal of this project is to develop a
complete picture of the global carbon cycle, including both its
biophysical and human dimensions together with the interactions and
feedbacks between them.
Facility (GEF) - Helps developing countries fund projects and
programs that protect the global environment. GEF grants support projects related to
biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land
degradation, the ozone layer, and persistent organic
Emissions Calculator - A software tool that: allows you to
estimate your personal co2 emissions, compares your emissions to
the average for your province or territory, offers hints and tips
to reduce emissions, shows specific reductions acheived for
different steps taken, provides up-to-date information on climate
change and links to other important sites.
Ice2Sea - Working to improve
projections of the contribution of ice to future sea-level
Antarctica - IceBridge, a six-year NASA mission, is the largest airborne survey of Earth's polar ice ever
flown. It will yield an unprecedented three-dimensional view of
Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets, ice shelves and sea ice. These
flights will provide a yearly, multi-instrument look at the
behavior of the rapidly changing features of the Greenland and
Jenifer Clark's Gulfstream -
Using infrared imagery, satellite altimetry data, and surface
isotherm data, oceanographic analyses are produced and available
for the Gulf Stream area and all the major currents of the
Laboratory of Tree Ring Research -
University of Arizaona, Tucson. The primary mission of the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research is to apply
dendrochronology (the study of tree rings) to improve understanding
of natural environmental variability in climatic, hydrologic,
geomorphic, and ecological systems and their interactions with
Live Weather Images - Current weather images in general, current regional images,
forecast maps, satellite imagery, European images, bodies of water
data, seismic activity, city and regional doppler radars, movie
loops, surf information, aviation information, and weather cams.
Also: Calculate sunrise/sunset times, calculate heat index and wind
chill values, get up to the minute National Weather
Service forecasts for your local area, and check tide
NASA Earth Observatory - New satellite imagery and scientific information with a focus on
the Earth's climate and environmental change.
NASA Goddard Institute for
Space Studies (GISS) - GISS is primarily engaged in
studies of global climate change. Current research at GISS emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an
interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made
changes in our environment that occur on various time scales - from
one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal/annual
effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages -
and that affect the habitability of our planet.
Deposition Program (NAPD) - A nationwide network of
precipitation monitoring sites and cooperative effort between
different groups, including State Agricultural Experiment
Stations, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, and numerous other governmental and private
National Center for Atmospheric
Research (NCAR) - Established in 1960 to serve as a focus for
research on atmospheric and related science problems. Recognized
for its scientific contributions to our understanding of the earth
system, including climate change, changes in atmospheric
composition, Earth-Sun interactions, weather formation and
forecasting, and the impacts of all of these components on human
National Climate Assessment - The Global Change Research Act of 1990 mandates that the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) deliver a report to Congress and the President no less than every four years that “1) integrates, evaluates, and interprets the findings of the Program…; 2) analyzes the effects of global change on the natural environment, agriculture, energy production and use, land and water resources, transportation, human health and welfare, human social systems, and biological diversity; and 3) analyzes current trends in global change, both human-induced and natural, and projects major trends for the subsequent 25 to 100 years.
National Ice Center -
Quality operational global regional and tactical scale sea ice
analyses and forecasts tailored to meet the requirements of U.S.
national interests and provide selected METOC services to
specified DOD agencies in the Washington D.C. area.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA) - An organization of the Department
of Commerce, NOAA is comprised of the National Ocean
Service, National Weather Service, National Marine Fisheries
Service, National Environmental Satellite Data, and Information
Service, and Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric
Research. Warns of dangerous weather, charts seas and skies,
guides the use of ocean and coastal resources, and conducts
Global Systems Division
(GSD) - Conducts research and development to provide NOAA and the nation with observing, prediction, computer,
and information systems that deliver environmental products ranging
from local to global predictions of short-range, high impact
weather and air quality events to longer-term intraseasonal climate
Division (PSD) - Conducts weather and climate research to
observe and understand Earth's physical environment, and to improve
weather and climate predictions on global-to-local scales.
Geophysical Data Center - Manages environmental data in marine
geology and geophysics, paleoclimatology, solar-terrestrial
physics, solid earth geophysics, and glaciology (snow and
National Snow and Ice Data Center
(NSIDC) - Supports research into our world's frozen realms: the
snow, ice, glaciers, frozen ground, and climate interactions that
make up Earth's cryosphere. Manages and distributes scientific
data, creates tools for data access, supports data users, performs
scientific research, and educates the public about the cryosphere. NSIDC distributes more than 500 cryospheric data sets for
researchers, from both satellite and ground observations. See Data at
NSIDC to browse its holdings, get information, and
download or order data sets.
U.S. Weather- Weather
conditions for the past 24 hours, forecasts, watches, and warnings
for the U.S.
Weather Maps -
Facsimile charts produced by the U.S. National Weather
Operations Center - Airplanes and helicopters of the Aircraft
Operations Center (AOC) are flown in support of NOAA's mission to
promote global environmental assessment, prediction and stewardship
of the Earth's environment.
NOAA Earth System
Research Laboratory (ESRL) - Work includes understanding the
roles of gases and particles that contribute to climate change,
providing climate information related to water management
decisions, improving weather prediction, understanding the recovery
of the stratospheric ozone layer, and developing air quality
NOAA News - From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Significant Event Imagery - Produces high-resolution, detailed
satellite imagery of significant environmental events which are
visible in remotely-sensed data available at the NOAA Science
Center in Suitland, Maryland. Browse the archive of diverse
"Significant Event Imagery" visible in satellite data:
Northern Climate ExChange
(NCE) - Created in response to growing concern over the impacts
of climate change on the land, life, and communities of northern
Canada. The effects of climate change are projected to be greatest
and to come most swiftly to the polar regions of the world, and
there is growing evidence that the impacts of climate change are
already being noticed in these regions. While the focus of the work
of the NCE is on activities within the Yukon, the NCE has received funding to undertake projects that are
relevant across northern Canada.
Weather - Attempting to gather more information about
historical weather variability, to improve our understanding of all
forms of weather variability in the past and so improve our ability
to predict weather and climate in the future.
RealClimate - A commentary site
on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested
public and journalists that provides a quick response to developing
stories and context often missing in mainstream commentary.
Laboratory (RAL) - RAL scientists and engineers work
closely with other centers and agencies, as well as the aviation
industry, to improve the timeliness, accuracy, and presentation of
weather information to better predict, detect and warn of
atmospheric hazards that significantly affect aviation
Mississippi River Basin - Includes National Weather
Service river forecasts and flood information for all of the
Mississippi River and its navigatable tributaries including the
Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, Monongahela, Allegheny, and Kanawha
Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) - Founded in 1920, in Cambridge, as a memorial to Captain Robert Falcon Scott, RN, and his four companions, who died returning from the South Pole in 1912. The Institute is the oldest international centre for Polar Research within a university. A number of other institutes concerned with polar issues have now grown up in Cambridge around the Institute, or are based in SPRI. These are:
Scripps Climate Research
Division - CRD scientists study a broad range of
phenomena spanning time scales from a few weeks to several decades.
Research themes include predicting the natural variability of
climate and understanding the consequences of man-made increases in
the greenhouse effect.
Southern Regional Climate
Center (SRCC) - One of six NOAA Regional Climate
Centers administered by the National Climatic Data Center
(NCDC). The SRCC serves the six-state region that
includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and
Texas. Its services and research help to explain climate and its
impacts in the South, provide practical solutions to specific
climate problems, and allow us to develop information about
climate-sensitive issues such as agriculture, climate change,
energy, tropical storms, the environment, human health, risk
management, transportation, and water resources.
Science news and information about the Sun-Earth environment.
State of the
Climate - A summary of global and US national temperatures and
precipitation, placing the data into a historical perspective.
Provided by NOAA.
State of the
Ocean - Works with the world's leading marine scientists to
consider the cumulative impacts of anthropogenic stressors from
climate change through to the harvesting of marine species and what
the consequences of these are for the ability of the ocean to
function as part of the planet's life support system and to provide
food and other ecosystem services to humankind.
Tara Expeditions - Through
the work of scientists and also artists, Tara Expeditions are observing the Earth's changing environment, and learning more
about its complex and fragile ecosystem. Thanks to the initiative
of the French designer agnès b. and Etienne
Bourgois, Tara has accomplished 8 successful
expeditions - to Greenland, Antarctica, Patagonia, southern
Georgia, the Arctic and all over the world with the lastest
expedition Tara Oceans.
Weather - Presented by the Space Weather Prediction
Center, providing real-time monitoring and forecasting of
solar and geophysical events, conducts research in
solar-terrestrial physics, and develops techniques for forecasting
solar and geophysical disturbances.
Tyndall Centre for Climate
Change Research - Through its research, training and outreach
activities the Tyndall Centre seeks to engage with stakeholders and
to explore and develop new technologies, lifestyles, economic
instruments and regulatory mechanisms that will allow climate
change to be managed.
Assessment Climate Change - This Assessment has begun
a national process of research, analysis, and dialogue about the
coming changes in climate, their impacts, and what Americans can do
to adapt to an uncertain and continuously changing climate.
Change - UNEP raises awareness on climate change
through information and media activities, supports the UNFCCC
Secretariat with its media needs and the IPCC information and outreach activities, including electronic
publishing of IPCC reports, and facilitates sub-regional
and national climate change outreach campaigns.
Atmospheric and related data sponsored the by the National
University Corporation for
Atmospheric Research (UCAR) - As a consortium of universities
dedicated to education and research to enrich understanding of the
earth system. UCAR manages the National Center for
Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the UCAR Office of
Weather Wundergound -
State-of-the-art technology monitors conditions and forecasts for
over 60,000 U.S. and international cities. Also, provides
historical weather data. Also see:
What Could Disappear - These interactive maps from the NYT show coastal and low-lying areas that would be
permanently flooded, without engineered protection, in three levels
of higher seas. Percentages are the portion of dry, habitable land
within the city limits of places listed that would be permanently
Wind Map - This map shows
you the tracery of wind flowing over the U.S.
World Bank Carbon Finance
Unit (CFU) - CFU uses money contributed by
governments and companies in OECD countries to purchase
project-based greenhouse gas emission reductions in developing
countries and countries with economies in transition. The emission
reductions are purchased through one of the CFU's carbon
funds on behalf of the contributor, and within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or Joint Implementation (JI).
World Climate -
Information on what the weather is normally like for tens of
thousands of places worldwide. Contains over 85,000 records of
world climate data (historical weather averages) from a wide range
KWSnet is an
Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S.
national and international news, the arts, computing, culture,
environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and
technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains
over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet Twitter provides news, culture, environment, media, politics, sci-tech, society, #art, #comics, #politicalcartoon, #illustration, #botd, #obit, but KWSnet is taking an extended leave of absence from the social networking service; it is not posting there at this time.
My Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to My Zotero Library RSS content for the latest updates.
completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or
emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes,
research, and personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be
contacted via email with any comments,
suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.