Alliance for Nuclear Accountability (ANA) - A network of more than 30 local, regional and national peace and environmental groups representing the concerns of communities in the shadows of the U.S. nuclear weapons sites and radioactive waste dumps.
Back from the Brink - A campaign to remove nuclear weapons from high-alert status is comprised of over 40 national arms control and disarmament organizations and hundreds of local and regional groups.
Ballistic Missle Defense Review - A review conducted pursuant to guidance from the President and the Secretary of Defense, while also addressing the legislative requirement to assess U.S. ballistic missile defense policy and strategy. The BMDR evaluates threats posed by ballistic missiles and develops a missile defense posture to address current and future challenges.
Beyond Nuclear - Aims to educate and activate the public about the connections between nuclear power and nuclear weapons and the need to abandon both to safeguard our future. Provides extensive list of links, including:
British American Security Information Council (BASIC) - BASIC is an independent research organization that analyzes government policies and promotes public awareness of defense, disarmament, military strategy and nuclear policies in order to foster informed debate. Note: BASIC has set up an independent, cross-party commission to examine the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons policy and the issue of Trident renewal. The Trident Commission is publishing a series of background briefings that will inform the final report of the Commission due in late 2012.
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists - Informing the public about threats to the survival and development of humanity from nuclear weapons, climate change, and emerging technologies in the life sciences.
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) - Campaigns non-violently to rid the world of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and to create genuine security for future generations.
Canadian Pugwash - National affiliate of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. It has offices in Rome, London and Washington. The purpose of the Pugwash Conferences is to provide scholarly insights into the prevention and resolution of armed conflict, including nuclear abolition and nuclear and conventional disarmament, control of the arms trade, the peaceful resolution of ethnic and other disputes within and among states, and to contribute to the solutions for socioeconomic and environmental threats to human security. Canadian Pugwash participates annually in the international conference, and on the Pugwash Council.
Citizens Awareness Network (CAN) - Volunteer organization concerned with environmental pollution and health issues surrounding exposure to toxins. The scientific community and the nuclear industry have undermined citizen's confidence in their ability to understand atomic power and its effects. CAN seeks to demystify these issues, with the goal of enabling citizens to reclaim democratic control over their environment and develop strategies for the prevention and elimination of pollution.
Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the U.S. Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruciton - Established by Executive Order 13328 and signed by President George W. Bush on February 6, 2004, the Commission was charged with assessing whether the Intelligence Community is sufficiently authorized, organized, equipped, trained, and resourced to identify and warn in a timely manner of, and to support United States Government efforts to respond to, the development and transfer of knowledge, expertise, technologies, materials, and resources associated with the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, related means of delivery, and other related threats of the 21st Century and their employment by foreign powers (including terrorists, terrorist organizations, and private networks). Read the Commission's report submitted to the President on March 31, 2005.
Council for a Livable World - Arms control organization focusing on halting the spread of weapons of mass destruction, opposing a national missile defense system, cutting Pentagon waste and reducing excessive arms exports.
CTBTO Preparatory Commission - The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO Preparatory Commission) is an international organization established by the States Signatories to the Treaty on 19 November 1996. It carries out the necessary preparations for the effective implementation of the Treaty, and prepares for the first session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty. The Commission's main task is the establishment of the 337 facility International Monitoring System and the International Data Centre, and the development of operational manuals, including for on-site inspections.
DOE Nevada - Publicly released photos in the Nevada Test Site Office photo archive. The Nevada Test Site is a massive outdoor laboratory and national experimental center. It is larger than the state of Rhode Island, approximately 1,375 square miles, making this one of the largest restricted access areas in the United States. The Nevada Test Site has seen more than four decades of nuclear weapons testing.
Don't Bank on the Bomb (March 2012) - Global report on the financing of companies that manufacture, modernize and maintain nuclear weapons and their delivery vehicles. It identifies more than 300 banks, insurance companies, pension funds and asset managers from 30 countries that invest significantly in 20 major nuclear weapons producers.
Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Communications Program - The ELF frequency range is critically important to the Navy because of its value in providing a way to communicate with submerged submarines. As a result of the high electrical conductivity of sea water, signals are attenuated rapidly as they propagate downward through it. In effect, the sea water "hides" the submarine from detection while simultaneously preventing it from communicating with the outside world through normal radio transmissions.
Faslane Peace Camp - Opposes the presence of nuclear weapons at Faslane Naval Base on the Clyde, 30 miles from Glasgow.
Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS - Germany) - Works for the safety and protection of man and the environment against damages due to ionising and non-ionising radiation. In the field of ionising radiation there are, e. g., X-ray diagnostics in medicine, safety in the handling of radioactive substances in nuclear technology and the protection against enhanced natural radioactivity.
Federation of American Scientists (FAS) - FAS is engaged in analysis and advocacy on science, technology and public policy concerning global security. Several arms and nuclear weapons related sections appear on the FAS site, including:
Fissile Material Talks (Fissban) - Proposed treaty for prohibition of the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
Fissile Materials Working Group (FMWG) - A non-governmental coalition of 75 U.S. and international organizations committed to improving fissile material security through the development of actionable policy proposals and advocacy for government adoption and implementation of improved policies.
Frequency of ELF Transmissions - From The Physics Factbook. Extremely Low Frequencies (ELF) transmissions are electromagnetic waves used mainly for naval strategic communications. In general, the frequency of ELF waves range from 3 Hz to 3000 Hz. This particular range is important to the U.S. Navy because of its capability in providing a communication system for submerged submarines during covert operations.
Global Security Institute - GSI targets influential stakeholders, networks and decision-makers to promote incremental steps that enhance security and lead to the global elimination of nuclear weapons. GSI was founded by Senator Alan Cranston (1914-2000) who considered it unworthy of civilization to base security on terror, on the threat to annihilate millions of innocent people.
Global Zero - International movement working for the phased, verified elimination of all nuclear weapons worldwide.
Greater Manchester CND - Working for a nuclear free future since 1958, and remains one of the largest membership organisations in the UK.
Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) - Dedicated to informing the public about science and policy issues affecting international security. Its efforts focus on stopping the spread of nuclear weapons, bringing about greater transparency of nuclear activities worldwide, and achieving deep reductions in nuclear arsenals.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) - Established as an autonomous organization under the United Nations (UN) in 1957, the IAEA serves as the world's foremost intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology. Also see:
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) - A federation of national medical groups in 62 countries, representing tens of thousands of doctors, medical students, other health workers, and concerned citizens who share the common goal of creating a more peaceful and secure world freed from the threat of nuclear annihilation.
Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) - Dedicated to informing the public about science and policy issues affecting international security. Its primary focus is on stopping the spread of nuclear weapons and related technology to other nations and terrorists, bringing about greater transparency of nuclear activities worldwide, strengthening the international non-proliferation regime, and achieving deep cuts in nuclear arsenals. ISIS is widely recognized both as a source of authoritative information on nuclear programs in states that seek or possess nuclear weapons and an important contributor to efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.
Khan, A.K. (Wikipedia article) - Pakistani scientist and metallurgical engineer widely regarded as the founder of Pakistan's nuclear program. In January 2004, Khan confessed to having been involved in a clandestine international network of nuclear weapons technology proliferation from Pakistan to Libya, Iran and North Korea. On February 5, 2004, the President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, announced that he had pardoned Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, who is widely seen as a national hero.
LLNL Atmospheric Nuclear Tests - The U.S. conducted 210 atmospheric nuclear tests between 1945 and 1962, with multiple cameras capturing each event at around 2,400 frames per second. These are the declassified films of tests conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
Los Alamos Study Group - Seeks nuclear disarmament, environmental protection and enhancement, social justice, and economic sustainability.
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) - Official site. The Missile Technology Control Regime is an informal and voluntary association of countries which share the goals of non-proliferation of unmanned delivery systems for weapons of mass destruction, and which seek to coordinate national export licensing efforts aimed at preventing their proliferation. The MTCR was formed in 1987 by Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since that time, the MTCR has grown to include thirty-three countries, all of which have equal standing within the Regime.
Mothers for Peace - A non-profit organization concerned with the local dangers involving the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, and with the dangers of nuclear power, weapons and waste on national and global levels. Additionally, Mothers for Peace concerns itself with issues of peace, social justice and a safe environment.
National Ignition Facility and Photon Science (NIF) - The National Ignition Facility (NIF) Programs Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) enables key programs and technologies that support Department of Energy Defense Programs and LLNL missions of ensuring that U.S. nuclear weapons remain safe, secure, and reliable.
National Military Command Center (NMCC) - GlobalSecurity.org backgrounder: located in the Joint Staff area of the Pentagon. The NMCC is responsible for generating Emergency Action Messages (EAMs) to launch control centers, nuclear submarines, recon aircraft and battlefield commanders worldwide.
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) - The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation, and naval reactor programs.
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) - Established by Congress in 2000, NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency within the U.S. Department of Energy responsible for enhancing national security through the military application of nuclear science. NNSA maintains and enhances the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile without nuclear explosive testing; works to reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provides the U.S. Navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and responds to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S. and abroad.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 507 - Comments and selected documents related to the book Building the H Bomb: A Personal History by Kenneth W. Ford, bringing to light intriguing pieces of the H-bomb's early history, including personal aspects such as the brittle relationship between physicists Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam and their feud over who came up with one of the central theories leading to the H-bomb's development.
National Security News Service: DC Bureau - Public Education Center (PEC) investigative journalism. Award-winning investigative reporters whose mission is to investigate previously overlooked news stories about significant issues-chief among them the environment and national security.
Nautilus Institute - Working to avoid renewed first-use of nuclear weapons, to halt the proliferation of nuclear weapons, to de-institutionalize and de-legitimate nuclear weapons as an instrument of coercive diplomacy, and to develop long-term cooperative problem-solving capacities capable of reducing global insecurity comprehensively and fostering realistic progress toward nuclear disarmament.
NTI - Co-chaired by former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn and philanthropist and CNN founder Ted Turner. Facts about and analysis of the threats from nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, missile development programs and terrorist activities.
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF) - Promotes and supports new ways of thinking and actions that increase the possibilities for peace. Offers research and information, educational programs, and policy-making guidance on critical issues of peace and global survival. Also, publishes The Sunflower.
Nuclear Chemistry and the Community - Introduction to: the relationship of energy and matter; the origins of nuclear energy; the use of nuclear energy for power and weapons; high energy radiation; how spent nuclear power fuels are potential sources of nuclear weapons; and insight into questions about nuclear issues that are in the news.
Nuclear Control Institute (NCI) - An independent research and advocacy center specializing in problems of nuclear proliferation. Monitors nuclear activities worldwide and pursues strategies to halt the spread and reverse the growth of nuclear arms.
Nuclear Disarmament Partnership - Promotes effective nuclear disarmament measures leading toward the elimination of nuclear weapons by linking education and action between U.S. citizen advocates for nuclear disarmament and Washington, DC policy makers.
Nuclear Free Planet - Focusing on the danger posed to public health by radiation, by the contribution of nuclear power to global warming, and by the real capacity of nuclear weapons, technology, and waste, to render parts or all of the earth uninhabitable forever.
Nuclear Information Service - Promotes public awareness and fosters debate on nuclear disarmament and related safety and environmental issues.
Nuclear Matters Handbook - This revised and expanded handbook can be read cover to cover for those who seek to understand the U.S. nuclear program in its entirety, and can also be used as a reference source to look up useful facts and information concerning specific areas. The book is divided into chapters and appendices; the chapters present an overview of the U.S. nuclear program as a whole, while the appendices provide supplementary information on related topics for those less familiar with the subject matter. The content of The Nuclear Matters Handbook is the sole responsibility of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs.
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) - The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also referred to as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), obligates the five acknowledged nuclear-weapon states (the United States, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, France, and China) not to transfer nuclear weapons, other nuclear explosive devices, or their technology to any non-nuclear-weapon state. Non-nuclear-weapon States Parties undertake not to acquire or produce nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices. They are required also to accept safeguards to detect diversions of nuclear materials from peaceful activities, such as power generation, to the production of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. This must be done in accordance with an individual safeguards agreement, concluded between each non-nuclear-weapon State Party and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Nuclear Policy Research Institute (NPRI) - The mission of the NPRI is to produce massive, effective, ongoing public education campaigns in major U.S. media about the often-underestimated dangers of nuclear weapons and power programs and policies.
Nuclear Posture Review - A legislatively-mandated review that establishes U.S. nuclear policy, strategy, capabilities and force posture for the next five to ten years.
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) - A group of nuclear supplier countries which seeks to contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons through the implementation of Guidelines for nuclear exports and nuclear related exports.
Nuclear Technologies - A leading supplier of professional engineering and scientific consultancy services to the nuclear industry.
Nuclear Watch of New Mexico - Provides timely and accurate information on nuclear issues in New Mexico and the Southwest. Nuclear Watch of New Mexico seeks to promote both greater safety and environmental protection at regional nuclear facilities and federal policy changes that genuinely encourage international efforts to curb the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
NukeFree - Committed to preventing the construction of new nuclear reactors and helping to pave the way for an energy economy based on renewables, efficiency and conservation.
NukeNet Anti-Nuclear Network - A listserve (email mailing list) for distribution of news, factsheets and action alerts regarding nuclear issues, predominantly nuclear power and nuclear waste.
NukeWatch New Mexico - Through comprehensive research, public education and effective citizen action, seeks to promote safety and environmental protection at regional nuclear facilities; mission diversification away from nuclear weapons programs; greater accountability and cleanup in the nation-wide nuclear weapons complex; and consistent U.S. leadership toward a world free of nuclear weapons.
One Nuclear Place (1NP) - Breaking and nuclear daily news, a place to find answers to your nuclear questions, and a single location to obtain links to the world's nuclear firms, a place to interact with industry specialists.
Oxford Research Group (ORG) - Combines research into nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, UK security policy, and global security in the changing international environment, with an understanding of the people who make those decisions. Our areas of research include: preventing the further spread of nuclear weapons; control of the arms trade; constructive approaches to dealing with international terrorism and the 'war on terror'; and effective non-violent approaches to conflict prevention and resolution.
Peace Action - Peace Action (formerly SANE/FREEZE), its sister organization, Peace Action Education Fund (PAEF), the Student Peace Action Network (SPAN), and the International Office work through national and grassroots citizens' action to promote global nuclear disarmament, cut military spending, and end the international arms trade.
Peace Action West - Works to reduce the threat posed by nuclear weapons, end US arms sales to human rights-abusing governments, cut excessive military spending, and promote international cooperation.
Permissive Action Links (PAL) - Backgrounder. A PAL - Permissive Action Link - is the box that is supposed to prevent unauthorized use of a nuclear weapon."Unauthorized" covers a wide range of sin, from terrorists who have stolen bombs to insane American military officers to our allies who may have some of their own uses for bombs that are covered by joint use agreements. It's supposed to be impossible to "hot-wire" a nuclear weapon. Is it?
PIR Center - Research and publishing projects in international security, arms control, and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Ploughshares Fund - A public grantmaking foundation that supports initiatives for stopping the spread of weapons of war, from nuclear arms to landmines.
Proliferation Watch: U.S. Intelligence Assessments of Potential Nuclear Powers, 1977-2001 - The Soviet Union assisted the United States in its effort to curb South Africa's nuclear program in August 1977 when Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev sent President Jimmy Carter a message that Moscow's spy satellites had noticed signs of nuclear weapons test preparations at a site in the Kalahari Desert. Very quickly the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) directed spy satellites to photograph the site which intelligence analysts later agreed was geared to nuclear testing. The U.S. government has declassified some of those satellite photographs for the first time. Published by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project, the photographs of the Kalahari site appear in a declassified article from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's Special Projects Division, later known as the Z Division. This and other reports by the Special Projects Division are also published for the first time by the National Security Archive in a collection of intelligence studies and articles on nuclear proliferation issues.
Proposition One Committee - Maintained by volunteers of the anti-nuclear vigils in Lafayette Park, at 1601 Pennsylvania Avenue.
Radiochemistry Society - A scientific and professional organization whose members specialize in both applied and fundamental radiochemistry, nuclear sciences and environmental concerns. An international resource that provides governments, agencies, and individuals with the technical support and guidance on issues dealing with radiochemistry, radiometric measurements, medical isotopes, national and international security issues.
RadNet - A U.S. national network of monitoring stations that regularly collect air, precipitation, drinking water, and milk samples for analysis of radioactivity. The RadNet network, which has stations in each State, has been used to track environmental releases of radioactivity from nuclear weapons tests and nuclear accidents. Future uses of this network might include monitoring waste disposal and radioactive cleanup sites. .
Roadmap to Responsible Export Controls: Learning from the Past - Underdeveloped or unenforced export controls lead to the illicit export of sensitive nuclear or nuclear-related equipment, materials, or technology. To prevent nuclear proliferation, states must maintain effective and ever improving export controls. The purpose of export controls is to limit the ability of unauthorized users to obtain unlawful commodities. To minimize exploitation of the system, loopholes in laws and regulations need to be eliminated, corporate internal compliance systems must be improved, and vigilance and political support has to be sustained. The audience for this information is primarily those who are establishing or seeking to improve export controls systems in companies or governments. It is useful to officials and scientists in private companies and nuclear facilities that sell sensitive items, officials from nuclear facilities that are seeking to implement nuclear export controls, government officials, customs officials, members of the academic community, other experts, and the public.
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator - The Bush administration envisions Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) as a weapon to destroy deep underground targets, while others believe the B-61 Mod 11, a weapon already in the arsenal, accomplishes that goal. The study of a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator will evaluate modifications to existing nuclear weapons that do not require nuclear testing. The outcome of an RNEP study would be a recommendation to proceed with selective modifications to existing weapons that would ultimately strengthen deterrence by improving the credibility of strategic forces against hard and deeply buried facilities.
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator: Nuclear Bunker Busters - The Bush administration and some Members of Congress want to develop a nuclear bunker buster to destroy hardened and deeply buried targets that may contain command and control centers, key leadership personnel and stockpiles of chemical and/or biological weapons. The Department of Energy is currently engaged in a three-year "feasibility study" to research and develop the nuclear bunker buster, costing $15 million per year. The design is based on modified, rather than new, nuclear warheads which have the ability to be given large yields in the hundreds of kilotons or small yields less than 5 kilotons, thereby avoiding the Spratt-Furse prohibition.
Rooting Out Evil - A campaign of resistance to U.S. unilateralism and domination of global affairs. The campaign is aimed at reframing the perception of the U.S.'s role in world politics by turning President Bush's rhetoric and tactics against him. Rooting Out Evil opposes the development, storage, and use of weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, or nuclear) by any country.
Russian Northern Fleet - Operates 67 nuclear submarines with a total of 115 reactors between them, and two nuclear powered battle cruisers, each of which has two reactors. In addition, there are 52 nuclear submarines with a total of 101 reactors which have been retired from service, but that still contain their nuclear fuel.
San Luis Obispo Mothers for Peace - A non-profit organization concerned with the local dangers involving the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, and with the dangers of nuclear power, weapons and waste on national and global levels.
Standing for Truth About Radiation (STAR) - A grassroots organization concerned about the toxic effects of nuclear radiation. Promotes public awareness, medical and scientific investigation, institutional accountability, independent oversight, and responsible public health and environmental policies.
Stop the Bombs - Stop the Bombs campaign is a series of events sponsored by the Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance (OREPA) and other groups throughout the region. The campaign seeks to raise awareness about ongoing nuclear weapons production, and to create a tension in the Oak Ridge community which will make space for change.
Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia - U.S. officials rejected the use of tactical nuclear weapons during the Vietnam War because of the catastrophic effect such a strike would have had on U.S. global interests and the possibility that U.S. forces in Vietnam "would be essentially annihilated" in retaliatory raids by nuclear-armed guerrilla forces, according to participants in this Pentagon study.
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission - U.S. agency regulating commercial nuclear power reactors; nonpower research, test, and training reactors; fuel cycle facilities; medical, academic, and industrial uses of nuclear materials; and, the transport, storage, and disposal of nuclear materials and waste. Also see Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS), an information system that provides access to all image and text documents that the NRC has made public since November 1, 1999, as well as bibliographic records (some with abstracts and full text) that the NRC made public before November 1999.
U.S. Nuclear War Plan: A Time for Change - This June 2001 report from NRDC's nuclear program offers an independent assessment of the U.S. nuclear war planning process and the assumptions and logic of the SIOP, or Single Integrated Operational Plan, a Cold War relic that continues to guide U.S. nuclear war plans. Using customized computer software and a vast aggregation of declassified and open-source data to closely approximate the tools that SIOP planners use, NRDC has simulated a U.S. attack against Russian nuclear forces and attacks against Russian cities. The report includes a description of the history, evolution and working process of SIOP; detailed descriptions of the NRDC nuclear war simulation model and target database; and policy recommendations.
Western States Legal Foundation (WSLF) - Seeks to abolish nuclear weapons, compel open public environmental review of nuclear technologies, and ensure appropriate management of nuclear waste. Grounded in nonviolence and rooted in both international and environmental law, the principle guiding WSLF's activities is democratization of decision making affecting nuclear weapons and related technologies.
Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) - Works to eliminate the testing, production, sale and use of weapons of mass destruction and to clean up the environmental effects of nuclear weapons production.
World Nuclear Association (WNA) - Global private-sector organization promoting the use of nuclear power. WNA is concerned with nuclear power generation and all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, including mining, conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication, plant manufacture, transport, and the safe disposition of spent fuel.
Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) - The project involves extensive scientific study on Yucca Mountain's geology, hydrology, biology, and climate to determine whether Yucca Mountain is suitable for a spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste repository.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet's Zotero Library provides news articles as well as primary and secondary sources and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also, and highly recommended, subscribe to RSS content for latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.