Cosmic Calendar - A method to visualize the vast history of the universe in which its 13.8 billion year lifetime is condensed down into a single year. In this visualization, the Big Bang took place at the beginning of January 1 at midnight, and the current moment is mapped onto the end of December 31 at midnight. Also see The Cosmic Calendar in a Google Calendar format.
Geo Guide - Subject gateway to scholarly relevant information in earth science, geography and mining.
Geoscience Information Society (GIS) - Facilitates the exchange of information in the geosciences through cooperation among scientists, librarians, editors, cartographers, educators, and information professionals.
Office of Polar Programs OPP) / National Science Foundation - Recognizes the uniqueness of the polar regions as a premier natural laboratory for conducting research that can only or best be undertaken in the polar regions. Examples include the importance of the poles in Earth' climatic heat balance and the thermohaline circulation of the polar oceans; the special adaptations of polar organisms, such as ice algae and ice fish; and the unique contributions of the two regions to understanding global systems, such as the more than 400,000-year climate record contained in ice cores. In both polar regions unique conditions provide a window for astrophysical study of the origins of the universe.
U.S. Geological Society (USGS) - U.S. federal agency provides reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; to minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; and to manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources.
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - Information on biological resources, on natural hazards, on ground-water availability, and more - the USGS stands as the sole science agency for the Department of the Interior.
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research - A consortium of more than 100 member colleges and universities focused on research and training in the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences. Provides research, observing and computing facilities, and a variety of services for the atmospheric and related Earth sciences community.
American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database - This site is an interface to a crystal structure database that includes every structure published in the American Mineralogist, The Canadian Mineralogist, and the European Journal of Mineralogy.
Artefacts Canada: Natural Sciences - A database of approximately 1 million specimen records representing more than 28,000 different species based on the collections information provided by contributing museums. Images are displayed when available, Have a look and you will find treasures from disciplines including Botany, Earth Sciences, Herpetology, Ichthyology, Invertebrate Zoology, Mammalogy, Ornithology, and Palaeontology.
Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) - ASTIS covers all aspects of northern Canada, including the earth sciences, the life sciences, engineering and technology, renewable and non-renewable resources, co-management, politics and government, economic and social conditions, land use, indigenous peoples, archaeology, history, art and literature.
Atlas of the Ice Age Earth - Ecosystem maps compiled by Jonathan Adams, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge.
Atlas of Speleothem Microfabrics - An attempt to systematically present images of all known microfabrics found in stalagmites, stalactites, flowstones, and other chemically precipitated cave deposits. Microfabric is a term for the appearance of rocks and minerals as viewed by a petrographic microscope or by an electron microscope. Variation in the mineralogy, shape, size, clarity, orientation, and layering of crystals in speleothems provides a vast array of microfabrics in speleothems.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) - An international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and public discussion of high-quality studies investigating the Earth's atmosphere and the underlying chemical and physical processes. It covers the altitude range from the land and ocean surface up to the turbopause, including the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere.
Biosphere2 - An Earth systems science research facility, owned by the University of Arizona since 2011.
Biomes - Habitats - A complex community of plants and animals in a region and a climate is called a biome. Some of the biomes on Earth covered at this site include: desert, tundra, chaparral or scrub, taiga or coniferous forest, temperate deciduous forest, grassland, tropical rain forest, temperate ponds, coral reef, littoral or intertidal zones and more.
British Antarctic Survey (BAS) - BAS undertakes a world-class program of science in the Antarctic and related regions, addressing key global and regional issues through research, survey and monitoring. BAS also helps to discharge the UK's international responsibilities under the Antarctic Treaty System.
Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Mapping Project - An international effort to map the vegetation and associated characteristics of the circumpolar region, using a common base map. The base map is a false color infrared image created from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satellite data.
Circumpolar Geobotanical Atlas Index - A collection of maps throughout the Artic Regions. Map themes range from NDVI of the entire Circumpolar Artic to landscape cover of the Russian Taimyr to the nesting bird density at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Vegetation, geology, soils, hydrology, topography, biological surveys and a variety of other themes are all available in map form. Select maps also capture changes over time, such as the history of land use in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.
Dynamic Earth - National Museum of Natural History multimedia presentation on rocks and mining, tectonics and volcanoes, gems and minerals, and the Solar System.
Earth as Art - View our planet through images taken by the Landsat-7 satellite.
Earth Impact Database - Tracks data on the impacts by extraterrestrial bodies upon the earth. To-date, over 160 impact craters have been identified on Earth. Almost all known craters have been recognized since 1950 and several new structures are found each year.
Earth Institute at Columbia University - Earth sciences, biological sciences, engineering sciences, social sciences and health sciences -- placing special emphasis on the needs of the world's poor.
Earth Observatory - NASA site where you can monitor regional and global changes almost as they happen. Explore with NASA scientists the causes and effects of climatic and environmental change through the use of real satellite data.
Earthquake Information Network (EQNET) - Sponsored by a consortium of state and national organizations in the United States that disseminate earthquake-related information. Provides links to authoritative Internet resources about earthquakes and the issues surrounding them.
FLOODsite - Integrated flood risk analysis and management methodologies. Brings together managers, researchers and practitioners from a range of government, commercial and research organisations, all devoted to various, but complementary, aspects of flood risk management. The FLOODsite project covers the physical, environmental, ecological and socio-economic aspects of floods from rivers, estuaries and the sea.
Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington - Engages in basic research and advanced education in the earth sciences. The Geophysical Laboratory has been one of the world's foremost laboratories in the science of petrology, and it remains at the forefront of high-pressure and high-temperature research.
Geophysical Research Letters (GRL) - Short, concise geophysical science research letters presenting scientific advances likely to have immediate influence on the research of other investigators.
Index to Marine Geological Samples - A cooperative effort between 19 oceanographic institutions and government agencies that maintain marine sample repositories to provide information on the contents of their collections to help researchers locate marine sediment and rock material for further analysis.
Induced Earthquake Database - Induced seismicity refers to seismic events (usually earthquakes) caused partially or completely by human (anthropogenic) activities.
Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) - Develops scientific knowledge of physical and biogeochemical environmental processes at local, regional and global scales, and applies this knowledge to improve society's awareness and understanding of natural and anthropogenic environmental change. The world's high-altitude and high-latitude regions are the Institute's traditional focus due to their sensitivity to environmental change.
International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) - A non-governmental organisation whose aim is to encourage and facilitate cooperation in all aspects of arctic research, in all countries engaged in arctic research and in all areas of the arctic region.
Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) - High resolution satellite view of Antarctica. Researchers and the general public can download LIMA and all of the component Landsat scenes at no charge. LIMA covers the entire continent except from the South Pole at 90 degrees south to 82.5 degrees south latitude, where Landsat has no coverage because of its near-polar orbit.
Mars Meteorites - Of the 22,000 or so meteorites that have been discovered on Earth, 30 have been identified as originating from the planet Mars.
Michigan Technological University Volcanoes Page - Information about current global volcanic activity, research in remote sensing of volcanoes and their eruptive products, hazard mitigation, links to government agencies and research institutions
Minerals Information - Statistics and information on the worldwide supply, demand, and flow of minerals and materials essential to the U.S. economy, the national security, and protection of the environment.
Nature Geoscience - A monthly multi-disciplinary journal aimed at bringing together top-quality research across the entire spectrum of the Earth sciences along with relevant work in related areas.
Oil and Gas Online - Topics and equipment covered on Oil and Gas Online include oil and gas concessions, exploration and completion technology, deepwater drilling, drilling platforms, platform abandonment, floating production, offshore production, geophysical data, seismic technology, subsea pipelines, visualization technology, subsurface modeling and interpretation software, drilling software, and more.
Our Amazing Planet - Explores the wonder and beauty of Earth through news, features and images.
Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) - Investigators from over 20 universities, several consulting companies, plus researchers at various State and Federal government agencies contribute to research programs focused on performance-based earthquake engineering in disciplines including structural and geotechnical engineering, geology/seismology, lifelines, transportation, risk management, and public policy. Headquarters at the University of California, Berkeley.
Paleomap Project, The - Illustrates the plate tectonic development of the ocean basins and continents and changing distribution of land and sea during the past 1100 million years.
PBS Voyage of the Odyssey - A five-year program designed to gather the first ever baseline data on levels of synthetic contaminants throughout the world's oceans. It uses whales and pelagic fish as indicator species for measuring the health of the seas.
Remote Sensing of Environment - An Interdisciplinary journal that serves the remote sensing community with the publication of results on theory, science, applications and technology of remote sensing of Earth resources and environment. Thoroughly interdisciplinary, this journal publishes on terrestrial, oceanic, and atmospheric sensing. The emphasis of the journal is on biophysical and quantitative approaches to remote sensing at local to global scales.
Secrets of the Ice - A group of scientists based at the University of New Hampshire have embarked on a four year expedition to better understand how humans have affected Antarctica's environment and what the lasting effects on the world might be. Through this web site you can learn more about the research being conducted there.
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) - One of the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) in the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. SEDAC focuses on human interactions in the environment. Its mission is to develop and operate applications that support the integration of socioeconomic and Earth science data and to serve as an "Information Gateway" between the Earth and social sciences.
TERRA - NASA's Earth Observing System has begun an international study of planet Earth that is comprised of three main components: 1) a series of satellites specially designed to study the complexities of global change; 2) an advanced computer network for processing, storing, and distributing data (called EOSDIS); and 3) teams of scientists all over the world who will study the data.
U.S. Antarctic Resource Center (USARC) - The USARC at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Reston,Virginia, maintains the Nation's most comprehensive collection of Antarctic maps, charts, satellite images, and photographs produced by the U.S. and other member nations of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - A bureau of the Department of the Interior providing scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy and mineral resources.
U.S. Geological Society (USGS): Earthquake Hazards Program - Goals include: improving earthquake hazard identification and risk assessment methods and their use; Maintaining and improving comprehensive earthquake monitoring in the U.S. with focus on "real-time" systems in urban areas; improving the understanding of earthquakes occurrence and their effects and consequences.
U.S. Geological Society (USGS): National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) - The NEIC determines, as rapidly and as accurately as possible, the location and size of all destructive earthquakes that occur worldwide and disseminates this information immediately to concerned national and international agencies, scientists, and the general public. The NEIC is the national data center and archive for earthquake information. Pursues an active research program to improve its ability to locate earthquakes and to understand the earthquake mechanism.
U.S. Geological Society (USGS): Science Education - Pprovides scientific information intended to help educate the public about natural resources, natural hazards, geospatial data, and issues that affect our quality of life. Discover selected online resources, including lessons, data, maps, and more, to support teaching, learning, education (K-12), and university-level inquiry and research.
Virtual Cave - Enter the extensive underground worlds of solution caves, lava tubes, sea caves, and others.
Visible Earth - NASA's searchable directory of images, visualizations and animations of Earth.
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report - A cooperative project between the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and the U.S. Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program.
Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling (WISSARD) - An integrative study of ice sheet stability and subglacial geobiology in West Antarctica, funded in 2009 by the Antarctic Integrated System Science Program of National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs, Antarctic Division. There are 13 principal investigators at eight different US Institutions, with additional US and International collaborators. Antarctic field work began in austral summer 2010/11, and continues through the 2013/14 season.
World of Oil - Industry-sponsored site providing background to petroleum geology.
Yellowstone Volcano Observatory - Collaborative study and monitoring of active geologic processes and hazards of the Yellowstone Plateau volcanic field, site of the largest and most diverse collection of natural thermal features in the world and the first U.S. National Park.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet's Twitter Account provides over 20 curated lists/groupings of Twitter accounts -- from Architecture to Travel -- to assist you in your social networking experience.nbsp;
KWSnet's Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to RSS content for the latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.