Airwars - Monitoring the international coalition's airstrikes against Islamic State (Daesh) in Iraq and Syria. Archiving official reports of the war. Verifying claims of non-combatant civilian casualties. Promoting accountability of the US and its allies.
American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) - Advisory Board members include: Muhammad Ali, Her Majesty Queen Noor, several U.S. Congressmen, Edward Said & Casey Kasem among others. ADC has members in all 50 states - and it is the largest Arab American organization of its kind.
Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) in Iraq - CPT initiated a long-term presence in Iraq in October 2002, six months before the beginning of the U.S. led invasion in March of 2003. The primary focus of the team for eighteen months following the invasion was documenting and focusing attention on the issue of detainee abuses and basic legal and human rights being denied them. Issues related to detainees remain but the current focus of the team has expanded to include efforts to end occupation and militarization of the country and to foster nonviolent and just alternatives for a free and independent Iraq.
CIA World Factbook: Iraq - Background, geography, people, government, economy, communications, military, and transnational issues.
CIVIC Worldwide - Working to obtain U.S. Government assistance for communities and families in Afghanistan and Iraq, while helping to shine a spotlight on the human costs of war.
Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) - Provisional governing body in Iraq. [ "Due to the dissolution of the CPA, this site for the CPA-Iraq Coalition will no longer be updated. It will remain available for historical purposes until June 30, 2005."]
Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mental Health Problems, and Barriers to Care - New England Journal of Medicine article by Charles W. Hoge, M.D., et al. This study provides an initial look at the mental health of members of the Army and the Marine Corps who were involved in combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its findings indicate that among the study groups there was a significant risk of mental health problems and that the subjects reported important barriers to receiving mental health services, particularly the perception of stigma among those most in need of such care.
Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan - An independent, bipartisan legislative commission established to study wartime contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Created in Section 841 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, this eight-member Commission is mandated by Congress to study federal agency contracting for the reconstruction, logistical support of coalition forces, and the performance of security functions, in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Collateral Murder - WikiLeaks has released [on 04/05/2010] a classified US military video depicting the indiscriminate slaying of over a dozen people in the Iraqi suburb of New Baghdad -- including two Reuters news staff. Reuters has been trying to obtain the video through the Freedom of Information Act, without success since the time of the attack. The video, shot from an Apache helicopter gun-site, clearly shows the unprovoked slaying of a wounded Reuters employee and his rescuers. Two young children involved in the rescue were also seriously wounded.
Costs of War - The goal of the Costs of War project has been to outline a broad understanding of the domestic and international costs and consequences of the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. Documented by the Eisenhower Study Group at Brown University's Watson Institute for International Studies.
Council on Foreign Relations: Iraq - Related readings on Iraq. Compiled within the following sections: Background, The Bush Administration Case for Iraq, Iraq's Response, the U.S. Congress and Iraq, United Nations and Iraq, U.S. allies, Weapons of Mass Destruction, Costs of War with Iraq, Alternatives to War, Aftermath to War.
Country Reports: Iraq - Background information on Iraqi economy, defense, geography, government, history, and people.
Crude Designs - Control of Iraq's future oil wealth is being handed to multinational oil companies through long-term contracts that will cost Iraq hundreds of billions of dollars. Crude Designs: The Rip-Off of Iraq's Oil Wealth reveals that Iraqi oil policy will allocate the development of at least 64% of Iraq's reserves to foreign oil companies. Iraq has the world's third largest oil reserves.
Denis Halliday - Former UN Assistant Secretary General, Halliday headed the UN "oil-for-food" program until he resigned in 1998 in protest over continued sanctions on Iraq. Various interviews.
Downing Street Memo, The - The Downing Street "Memo" is actually a document containing meeting minutes transcribed during the British Prime Minister's meeting on July 23, 2002 - eight months prior to the invasion of Iraq in March 2003. Since that time, much more information has come to light through leaks of secret government documents and the accounts of an increasing number of people who have witnessed the administration's wrongdoing firsthand.
Education for Peace in Iraq Center (EPIC) - Works to improve the human condition in Iraq by educating and mobilizing the American public to affect nonviolent social change as well as a shift in U.S. foreign policy. EPIC's goals are carried out through its three main programs: Advocacy, Media, and Iraq Speakers Bureau.
Hans von Sponeck - Served as a UN Assistant Secretary-General and UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq. After Denis Halliday resigned as UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq in October 1998, von Sponeck took over, heading all UN operations in Iraq and managing the Iraqi operations of the Oil-for-Food program. Von Sponeck together with Jutta Burghardt, head of the UN World Food Programme in Iraq, resigned in February 2000 for the same reason as Halliday, to protest UN's Iraq sanctions policy. Von Sponeck and Halliday wrote an article in The Guardian (The Hostage Nation) explaining their position, accusing the sanctions regime of violating the Geneva Conventions and other international laws and causing the death of thousands of Iraqis.
Honor the Fallen - A photo tribute to the men and women of Operation Irai Freedom.
Humanitarian Information Centre for Iraq (HIC) - An initiative of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). A central location for data and information to assist co-ordination of humanitarian response activities.
icasualties - Monitors US and UK fatalities in Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts.
Iraq Inquiry, The (UK) - The purpose of the Inquiry is to examine the United Kingdom's involvement in Iraq, including the way decisions were made and actions taken, to establish as accurately and reliably as possible what happened, and to identify lessons that can be learned. The Inquiry is considering the period from 2001 up to the end of July 2009.
International Advisory and Monitoring Board (IAMB) - An audit oversight body for the Development Fund for Iraq (DFI). The DFI was established pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483 and holds the proceeds of petroleum export sales from Iraq, as well as remaining balances from the UN Oil-for-Food Program and other frozen Iraqi funds. Disbursements from the DFI must be used for the benefit of the Iraqi people, and are directed by the Coalition Provisional Authority, in consultation with the Iraqi interim administration. The IAMB will continue to function after the dissolution of the Coalition Provisional Authority on June 30, 2004 and will work with the Interim Government of Iraq, as set out in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546.
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Iraq - Special section on the war in Iraq includes news, operational updates and background material, information on the Geneva Conventions and the treatment of prisoners of war, and information on international humanitarian law.
International Law Aspects of the Iraq War and Occupation - Examines the legality of the US-UK war on Iraq. Shortly before the outbreak of hostilities, UN Secretary General stated that the use of force without Council endorsement would "not be in conformity with the Charter and many legal experts now describe the US-UK attack as an act of aggression, violating international law. Experts also point to illegalities in the U.S. conduct of the war and violations of the Geneva Conventions by the U.S.-UK of their responsibilities as an occupying power. The section also looks at wartime violations on the Iraqi side.
Iraq Body Count - A project to establish an independent and comprehensive public database of civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military actions by the USA and its allies in 2003. Results and totals are continually updated and made immediately available on this page. Casualty figures are derived from a comprehensive survey of online media reports. Where these sources report differing figures, the range (a minimum and a maximum) are given.
Iraq Facilities - Camps, forward operating bases, air bases and airports, former presidential palaces, other locations in Iraq.
Iraq Foundation - A a non-profit, non-governmental organization working for democracy and human rights in Iraq, and for a better international understanding of Iraq's potential as a contributor to political stability and economic progress in the Middle East.
Iraq Index (The Brookings Institution) - A statistical compilation of economic and security data. Provides updated information on various criteria, including crime, telephone and water service, troop fatalities, unemployment, Iraqi security forces, oil production, and coalition troop strength.
Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 - H.R. 4655. Public Law: 105-338 (10/31/98). Declares that it should be the policy of the United States to seek to remove the Saddam Hussein regime from power in Iraq and to replace it with a democratic government.
Iraq Memory Foundation - Engaged in a long-term effort to provide Iraqi society and the world a view of the inner workings of the Ba'thist institutions of repression and social control that dominated all aspects of Iraqi life between 1968 and 2003.
Iraq Oil-for-Food Programme: Independent Inquiry Committee Report - On 07 Sep 05, the Independent Inquiry Committee issues its definitive report on the overall management and oversight of the "temporaryOil for Food Programme, a programme which stretched to seven years with more than $100 billion in transactions (over $64 billion in oil sales and almost $39 billion for food).
Iraq on the Record - Prepared at the direction of Rep. Henry A. Waxman, the Iraq on the Record Database is a searchable collection of 237 specific misleading statements about the threat posed by Iraq made by the five Administration officials most responsible for providing public information and shaping public opinion on Iraq: President Bush, Vice President Cheney, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Powell, and National Security Advisor Rice and the Iraq on the Record Report is a comprehensive examination of these statements.
Iraq Reconstruction (Global Security.org) - Cost of Reconstruction, Economic Stability, Food and Humanitarian Assistance, Government Contracts, Highway and Road Security, Iraqi Governing Council, Justice and Reconciliation, Military Reconstruction, Oil, Post-Conflict Security, Role of UN, Sanctions, Transitional Administration, Who's Who, Women in Democracy Building.
Iraq Watch - A comprehensive web site devoted to monitoring Iraq's progress in building weapons of mass destruction. Iraq Watch describes key Iraqi organizations and sites, lists their foreign suppliers, and provides access to U.N. and other documents that describe Iraq's activities. Site includes:
Government Documents - US and foreign sources, including official reports, letters, testimonies, legislation, and policy statements.
Iraqi Entities - A searchable database of Iraqi entities - persons, companies, institutes, government agencies - that are thought to be connected to Iraq's nuclear, chemical, biological or advanced conventional weapons programs or to its missile programs.
Iraqi Suppliers - A database of entities - persons, companies, governments - that are thought to have supplied technology, equipment or expertise to Iraq's nuclear, chemical, biological or advanced conventional weapons programs or to its missile programs.
WMD Profiles - Brief histories of the nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs of Iraq.
Iraq Study Group - At the urging of Congress, the United States Institute of Peace facilitated the Iraq Study Group, led by co-chairs James A. Baker, III, former secretary of state and honorary chairman of the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University, and Lee H. Hamilton, former congressman and director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Iraqanalysis - The core of this site is an index of information sources about post-invasion Iraq. This includes a list of opinion polls carried out in Iraq, links to documents about the humanitarian situation, a collection of news sources about Iraq, and much else. This site supercedes the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq which is still maintained as an archive of sanctions-related dociuments and other materials by the Iraq Analysis Group.
Iraqi Governing Council - Backgrounder provided by GlobalSecurity.org. The Iraqi Governing Council was inaugurated in Baghdad on 13 July, marking Iraq's first step toward the formation of a 'democratic government.'
Iraqi News - Breaking news from Baghdad on the U.S. occupation of Iraq from online newspapers and international news sources.
Journalist's Guide to the Geneva Conventions - Online guide from the Society of Professional Journalists. Includes a history of the Geneva Conventions, the full texts of the Conventions, and alphabetical reference guide. Use the Quick Guide to find out what the Geneva Conventions say about everything from access to grave sites to wounded prisoners of war, fully linked to the original treaties.
Lost Treasures from Iraq - In the days following the conquest of Baghdad the Iraq Museum was looted. Reports on the damage vary--the number of lost or stolen objects varies between 50,000 to 200,000. This site contains Oriental Institute images of objects from the Iraq Museum, sorted by categories. Other images were scanned from books and are posted here with permission of the publishers. In addition, several institutions and individuals contributed pictures from their own holdings.
Middle East Librarians Association Committee on Iraqi Libraries - A private, non-profit, non-political organization of librarians and others interested in those aspects of librarianship which support the study of or dissemination of information about the Middle East. The area signified is considered to include those countries from Morocco through Pakistan as well as other areas formerly included in the Arab, Ottoman, or Mughal empires. The MELA Executive Board convened the Committee on Iraqi Libraries to coordinate the organization's response to the damage and destruction suffered by libraries in Iraq during and after the war in March and April 2003.
Muslims, Islam, and Iraq - Information about Islam and Muslims in Iraq, as well as about the relationship of the U.S. war in Iraq to Islam and Muslims, including Shi'ites, Kurdish Sunnis, and Arab Sunnis.
Oil-for-Food Program - Established by the United Nations in 1995 (under UN Security CouncilResolution 986) and terminated in late 2003, was established with the stated intent to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for food, medicine, and other humanitarian needs for ordinary Iraqi citizens without allowing Iraq to boost its military capabilities. The program was introduced by United States President Bill Clinton's administration in 1995, as a response to arguments that ordinary Iraqi citizens were inordinately affected by the international economic sanctions aimed at the demilitarisation of Saddam Hussein's Iraq, imposed in the wake of the first Gulf War. The sanctions were discontinued on November 21, 2003 after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, and the humanitarian functions turned over to the Coalition Provisional Authority. Program head Hans von Sponeck questioned whether such sanctions should exist at all. Speaking at the University of California, Berkeley in late 2001, he decried the sanctions, stating, "What is proposed in fact amounts to a tightening of the rope around the neck of the average Iraqi citizen"; claiming the sanctions were causing the death of 150 Iraqi children per day. He accused the US and Britain of arrogance toward Iraq by refusing to allow Iraq to pay its UN and OPEC dues and in blocking Iraqi attempts at negotiation. As the program ended, there were also revelations of corruption involving the funds.
On Point II - On Point II is the US Army's first historical study of its campaign in Iraq in the decisive eighteen months following the overthrow of the Baathist regime in April 2003. The book examines both the high-level decisions that shaped military operations after May 2003 as well as the effects of those decisions on units and Soldiers who became responsible for conducting those operations. Critical chapters in this book address the decision to disband the Iraqi Army, detainee operations (including the incidents at the Abu Ghraib prison), reconstruction efforts, and the Army's response to the growing insurgency.
PR Push for Iraq War Preceded Intelligence Findings - The U.S. intelligence community buckled sooner in 2002 than previously reported to Bush administration pressure for data justifying an invasion of Iraq, according to a documents posting on the Web today [08/22/08] by National Security Archive senior fellow John Prados.
Psychoanalysts for Peace and Justice - Psychoanalysts and psychoanalytically-informed citizens gathered, in opposition to the Iraq war, with the goals of participating in the broader peace and justice movements and of bringing psychoanalytic insights to bear on the social issues confronting the U.S. and the world today.
Sir Christopher Meyer: Special Report - Sir Christopher Meyer's book covers the fateful period of the run-up to the war in Iraq in March 2003 - an event which on many counts must now be judged a disastrous failure for British policy. Coverage from the Guadian UK.
Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) - SIGIR is the successor to the Coalition Provisional Authority Office of Inspector General (CPA-IG). SIGIR is charged with the "independent and objective conduct and supervision of audits and investigations relating to the programs and operations funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise made available to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF). It's final audit report, released March 2013, is entitled Learning from Iraq. Also see Final Report to the Congress (9 Sep 2013). Also see these helpful links provided by the SIGIR:
UK's Iraq Inquiry - On 6 May 2016, Sir John Chilcot wrote to the UK's Prime Minister proposing to publish the Iraq Inquiry's report on 6 July 2016. The report will "be considering the UK's involvement in Iraq, including the way decisions were made and actions taken, to establish, as accurately as possible, what happened and to identify the lessons that can be learne.."
UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) - A political mission established by the 2003 UN Security Council Resolution 1500 at the request of the Government of Iraq. Mandated to advise Iraq's government on advancing inclusive, political dialogue and national reconciliation, assisting in the electoral process and in the planning for a national census, facilitating regional dialogue between Iraq and its neighbours, and promoting the protection of human rights and judicial and legal reform.
UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) - Created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. UNMOVIC replaces the former UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) and continues the latter's mandate to disarm Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological weapons and missiles with a range of more than 150 km), and to operate a system of ongoing monitoring and verification to check Iraq's compliance with its obligations not to reacquire the same weapons prohibited to it by the Security Council.
UN Security Council Resolution 986 - Adopted unanimously on April 14, 1995, after reaffirming all resolutions on Iraq and noting the serious humanitarian situation with the Iraqi civilian population, the Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, established a mechanism whereby Iraqi oil exports would finance humanitarian aid to the country, which later became known as the Oil-for-Food Programme.
Vichy on the Tigris (.pdf) - With the now unanimous support of the 'international community', can Washington hope to recoup its gamble in Iraq? Prospects for the resistance and the Occupation, as the UN-approved government is hoisted into place. A New Left Review article (Jul-Aug 2004 issue) by Susan Watkins.
War Crimes - A report on United States war crimes against Iraq to the Commission of Inquiry for the International War Crimes Tribunal by Ramsey Clark and others.
War on Terrorism: Post-Saddam Iraq - This page offers links to selected resources on the political, economic, security, and other aspects of Iraq since the fall of the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein in April 2003.
White House Iraq Group (aka White House Information Group or WHIG) - The marketing arm of the White House whose purpose was to sell the 2003 invasion of Iraq to the public. The task force was set up in August 2002 by White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card and chaired by Karl Rove to coordinate all the executive branch elements in the run-up to the war in Iraq. One example of the WHIG's functions and influence is the "escalation of rhetoric about the danger that Iraq posed to the U.S., including the introduction of the term 'mushroom cloud'"
Winter Soldier: Iran and Afghanistan (2008) - The four-day event brought together veterans from across the country to testify about their experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan and to present video and photographic evidence, providing an accurate account of what has and is really happening day in and day out, on the ground. The hearings were broadcast live on radio and TV.
World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) - The World Tribunal on Iraq is collecting a definitive body of evidence on the illegality of the invasion and occupation that will be indispensable to the global anti-war movement, to conscientious objectors, and to students of history for years to come. Americans who oppose the war have a duty to support and participate in this crucial international effort to stand up to U.S. government lawlessness and impunity.
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