BosniaLINK - The official Department of Defense information system about U.S. military activities in Operation JOINT FORGE, the NATO peacekeeping mission in Bosnia.
Bosnian Institute - Organization providing education and information on the history and culture of Bosnia-Herzegovina.Through its programmes it actively encourages and supports the growth of a pluralist democratic society in Bosnia-Herzegovina and its neighbours. Supported by the Packard Humanities Institute and a number of other donors. Also see Bosnia Report, its bi-monthly magazine.
Center for Transatlantic Relations - Research center that engages opinion leaders on contemporary challenges facing Europe and North America. The Center serves as the coordinator for the American Consortium on European Union Studies (ACES), which is a partnership among five national-capital area universities - American, George Mason, George Washington, Georgetown and Johns Hopkins - to improve understanding of the European Union and U.S-EU relations.
Centre for Peace in the Balkans - March 24th, 1999 marks a sad day in the history and political framework of the world. On this day, against their own charter and without debate or a directive from the United Nations, the U.S. led NATO military alliance bombarded Serbia and Montenegro for 78 days. NATO's deadly armada left the civilian infrastructure of Yugoslavia in ruins, millions of innocent civilians homeless and thousands dead. The effects of the NATO aggression will be felt by the people of Southeastern Europe for decades to come. How did this come about? In actuality, an illegal air war was waged on Yugoslavia, an independent nation, a founding member of the United Nations and a Western Ally in two World Wars because it refused foreign troops on its soil. Any other justifications are post facto rationalizations. The Centre for Peace in the Balkans is a non profit Toronto based corporation whose members are actively engaged in the collection of information and materials related to the region with the goal of scrutinizing the reasoning and assumptions, both cultural and geopolitical, behind the West's flawed Balkan strategy and providing support and alternative solutions to the conflict management process in the Balkans. In addition to sections on analysis, security, Balkans, reconstruction, publications, and archives, see following backgound information:
Chechnya - A federal subject of Russia (a republic). It is located in the southeastern part of Europe in the Northern Caucasus mountains.
Kavkaz Center - A Chechen internet agency which is independent, international and Islamic. Provides reporting of events in the Islamic world, the Caucasus, and Russia.
CSIS: Eastern Europe - Research and published analysis on U.S. policy toward Central, Southeast and Eastern Europe. The project is also engaged in the analysis of broader political trends encompassing twenty states and aspiring states in Eastern Europe, including the political and security impact of NATO and European Union enlargement.
CSIS: Europe Program - Research and published analysis on U.S. policy toward Europe as well as perspectives of nation-states and the institutions to which these states belong or wish to join, including the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
ENPI Info Center - This portal is one of the main communication tools of the ENPI Information and Communication Support Project, launched by the European Commission in January 2009 to make more known the relationship between the EU, its nine partner countries in the Mediterranean and seven neighbours and partners in the East.
EuroNews - Covers world news and broadcasts in 13 different languages 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in Arabic, English, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish and Ukrainian.
EuropaWorld Plus - The online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series. First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.
European External Action Service (EEAS) - Serves as a foreign ministry and diplomatic corps for the EU, implementing the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy and other areas of the EU's external representation. The EEAS is under the authority of the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR), a post also created by the Treaty of Lisbon, whom it assists.
European Leadership Network (ELN) - Works to advance the idea of a cooperative and cohesive Europe and to develop collaborative European capacity to address the foreign, defence and security policy challenges. Does this through its active network of former and emerging European political, military, and diplomatic leaders and through its research, publications and events.
European Union Gateway (EUROPA) - Provides links to the main governmental sites for each country, usually including the sites for Head of State, Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and sometimes a portal site for the national civil service.
European Statistics (EUROSTAT) - The statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions.
Eurozine - A network of European cultural journals, linking up more than 80 partner journals and just as many associated magazines and institutions from nearly all European countries. Eurozine is also a netmagazine publishing articles from its partner journals with additional translations into one of the major European languages.
Eurozone Portal - Official gateway to the Euro area (also known as the eurozone), consisting of 17 European Union countries that have adopted the euro as their currency.
France.fr - Official website of France. Provides multilingual web site of reference about France intended for the international general public.
La France Insoumise - Variously translated as "Unbowed France", "Unsubmissive France", or "Untamed France". A left-wing populist and democratic socialist political party in France, launched on 10 February 2016 by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, then Member of the European Parliament and former co-president of the Left Party (PG). It aims to implement the ecosocialist programme L'Avenir en commun (English: "A Shared Future").
La République En Marche! - Possible translation: "The Republic on the move!"; sometimes called by its old name En Marche ! (French: [ɑ̃ maʁʃ]; English translation: "Forward!", "Onward!", "Working!" or "On The Move!", is a centrist and social-liberal political party in France. It was founded on 6 April 2016 by Emmanuel Macron, a former Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs, who was later elected President of France in the 2017 presidential election with 66.1% of the second-round vote.
Germany.info - German information source: politics, business, arts and culture, country profile, news and publications.
Goethe-Institut - A non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with 159 institutes, promoting the study of the German language abroad and encouraging international cultural exchange and relations. The Goethe-Institut fosters knowledge about Germany by providing information on German culture, society and politics.
Spiegel Online - English language international edition of the German news source Der Spiegel also includes in-depth special reports, weblog and summaries of what the other German publications are reporting.
Suddeutsche Zeitung International - Founded 1945, also known as SZ. Germany's largest broadsheet newspaper. Its online news web site Suddeutsche.de collects major articles of international relevance on this tumblr weblog.
Global Balkans Network - An activist research, media, and organizing network that works in solidarity with Balkan social movements to investigate, publicize and impact political, social and economic struggles in the former Yugoslav and wider Balkan region.
Coalition of the Radical Left - Commonly known by its Greek abbreviation ΣΥΡΙΖΑ (SYRIZA), is a coalition of left political parties in Greece. Its parliamentary leader is Alekos Alavanos, former president of Synaspismos, the largest of the parties that form the coalition.
Georgios Papandreou - Greek of Greek-American origin, has been leader of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) party since February 2004. The son and grandson of Greek prime ministers, he was Minister for National Education and Religious Affairs two times (1988-1989 and 1994-1996) and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2004. In 2006 he became President of the Socialist International. See Wikipedia article.
Greek Reporter - Portal for Greek people and people of Greek descent that live and work outside of their homeland and Greek news source for what matters to Greeks abroad.
Hellenic Resources Network (HR-Net) - A leading source of information on and about Greece. News and information from over 30 news sources. Important documents, treaties and reports on Greece and Cyprus. Bulletin boards for announcing employment opportunities, cultural events, talks and presentations and upcoming conferences.
Kathimerini English Edition - A conservative daily newspaper published in Athens and distributed exclusively with the International Herald Tribune in Greece and Cyprus.
Yanis Varoufakis - Blog from Greek-Australian economist who served as Minister of Finance of Greece in 2015. The iconoclastic academic, who made international headlines with his brusque negotiating tactics and unusual fashion sense, led the negotiations up until the morning after the referendum of July 5. Both Varoufakis and prime minister Alexis Tsipras urged Greeks to vote against it-and about 60% of the country did so, handing them a victory. But the next morning, Varoufakis abruptly resigned as finance minister [ostensibly to help smooth his country's negotiations with creditors on a restructuring deal who objected to his participation at the talks], while retaining his parliamentary seat. Varoufakis maintains that the conditions imposed on Greece by creditors in the agreement reahed soon thereaft will "go down in history as the greatest disaster of macroeconomic management ever."
Inside Europe - A guide to life inside the European Union provided by the BBC. News, reference guides, timelines, interactive maps, key institutions, EU budget, information on the Euro, and other EU coverage.
Northern Ireland Legislation - This site contains the full text of Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Explanatory Notes to the Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly and Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland Office Online - The role of the Northern Ireland Office is to support the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in securing a lasting peace, based on the Good Friday Agreement, in which the rights and identities of all traditions in Northern Ireland are fully respected and safeguarded and in which a safe, stable, just, open and tolerant society can thrive and prosper.
Online Research Bank - A bibliography (over 900 references) of key research documents focused on social policy in Northern Ireland with, in many cases, a summary of the work.
Ulster Unionist Party - Committed to the Union and British citizenship and opposed to any form of nationalism.
Article 41-bis of the Prison Administration Act - A provision of Italian law (also known as Italy's "hard prison regime").that allows the Minister of Justice or the Minister of the Interior to suspend certain prison regulations. Currently it is used against people imprisoned for particular crimes: Mafia involvement; drug-trafficking; homicide; aggravated robbery and extortion; kidnapping; importation, buying, possession or cession of huge amounts of drugs; and crimes committed for terrorism or for subversion of the constitutional system. It is suspended only when a prisoner co-operates with the authorities, when a court annuls it, or when a prisoner dies. The Surveillance Court of Rome is the court competent on nationwide level on appeals against the 41-bis decree.
Camorra - An Italian Mafia-type crime syndicate, or secret society, which arose in the region of Campania and its capital Naples. It is one of the oldest and largest criminal organizations in Italy, dating back to the 17th century.
Organized crime centered in Calabria, Italy. Despite not being as famous abroad as the Sicilian Mafia, and having been considered more rural than the Neapolitan Camorra and the Apulian Sacra Corona Unita, the 'Ndrangheta became the most powerful crime syndicate in Italy in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Sacra Corona Unita - A Mafia-type criminal organization from Apulia (in Italian Puglia) region in Southern Italy. Especially active in the areas of Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto.
Sicilian Mafia - Also known as simply the Mafia or Cosa Nostra ("Our Thing"), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association of criminal groups that share a common organisational structure and code of conduct. The mafia's core activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.
Kosovo Specialist Chambers & Specialist Prosecutor's Office - Part of the judicial system of Kosovo. The Chambers are attached to each level of the Kosovo court system. They were established by a Constitutional Amendment and a Law adopted by the Kosovo Assembly to conduct trials for allegations stemming from the 2011 Council of Europe report, which alleges serious violations of international law. They are of temporary nature with a specific mandate and jurisdiction, namely over certain crimes against humanity, war crimes and other crimes under Kosovo law which allegedly occurred between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2000. The Law allows for the relocation of the proceedings outside Kosovo. The Specialist Chambers have a seat in The Hague, the Netherlands, and are to be staffed with international judges, prosecutors and staff.
Krakow - Comprehensive information on the city of Krakow (Cracow) in Poland.
Nereus - An international network of leading European economics information providers and brokers. One of the key objectives of Nereus is to create integrated access to the content-rich economics resources of key libraries, academic publications and e-resources in Europe via one www portal, making it the starting point for the academic community for economic information and knowledge.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - Official site. Access to information on NATO's policies and structures, official documents, press releases, speeches and publications and provides links to other relevant sites.
Government.no - Information from Norweigian Government and the Ministries about Norway in English.
Poland.pl - Official information portal of the Republic of Poland, run by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Politica Critique - A European online magazine for democracy, equality and culture beyond the nation-state. Based in Warsaw, Poland.
Publications Office of the European Union - The official publisher of the institutions and other bodies of the European Union:European Parliament,Council of Ministers, European Commission, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, Economic and Social Committee (ECSC), Committee of the Regions, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP), European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, European Investment Bank (EIB) and other agencies.
REESWeb - Russian and East European Studies Virtual Library.
Revolting Europe - Tom Gill's blog on Europe, the Left, labor and social movements.
Swedish Prosecution Authority - Prosecution areas consist of the country's 32 public prosecution offices, with a geographical sphere of operation that is approximately equivalent to a county. In the Stockholm and Malmö there are several local public prosecution offices. The authority also has international public prosecution offices with specialist competence in order to combat organised cross-border crime and to permit international co-operation between prosecutors. The international prosecution offices in Malmö and Göteborg are part of South and West Public Prosecution Area, respectively.
Liechtenstein - The Principality of Liechtenstein is a tiny, doubly landlocked alpine country in Western Europe, bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Mountainous, it is a winter sports destination, although it is perhaps best known as a tax haven. Also see Wikipedia article.
Yoodle - The search index of Switzerland. Yoodle lists thousands of Swiss and Swiss-related Web sites in an online index organized by category and/or canton.
Transitions Online - A leading Internet magazine covering Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and the former Soviet Union.
Brexit Negotiations - The Article 50 negotiation process and principles for the United Kingdom's departure from the European Union. On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom notified the European Council of its intention to leave the European Union, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. On 29 April 2017, the European Council – made up of the heads of state or government of the 28 EU countries – adopted a set of political guidelines, which define the framework for the negotiations and set out the EU's overall positions and principles. The EU is represented by Michel Barnier, as Chief Negotiator for the 27 EU countries. His taskforce at the European Commission coordinates the work on all strategic, operational, legal and financial issues related to the negotiations.
CAP Payments Search - The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union. It implements a system of agricultural subsidies and other programs.This page allows you to view amounts received by beneficiaries.
CBI - The UK's top business lobbying organisation, represetning more than 240,000 companies of every size, including many in the FTSE 100 and FTSE 350, mid-caps, SMEs, micro businesses, private and family owned businesses, start ups, and trade associations.
Economic Implications of Brexit - Researchers from the U.S. and RAND Europe explored the economic implications of eight different trade scenarios involving the UK, EU and U.S. after Brexit. The study also aimed to create a better understanding of how a variety of factors might affect the outcome of Brexit negotiations between the UK and EU. Finally, the study explored the potential implications of Brexit for the U.S., including the effects on its economic, political and security interests.The study used an economic model to analyse the potential economic implications of eight different trade scenarios. These scenarios included five "hard Brexit" options. Also see Calculating the Economic Consequences of Brexit. This calculator - based on RAND's After Brexit report - allows users to examine how the negotiations are likely to affect these three economies in the 10 years after Brexit negotiations conclude. It shows the economic effects of the UK's withdrawal from the EU under five proposed "hard Brexit" scenarios - ranging from complete economic separation with a return to World Trade Organization rules to an Atlantic trade partnership that includes the UK, U.S., and remaining European states (EU27).
EU in the United Kingdom - A weekly summary of developments in the European Union, by the European Commission representation in the United Kingdom.
Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) - The conduct regulator for 56,000 financial services firms and financial markets in the UK and the prudential regulator for over 18,000 of those firms.
Judicial Committee of The Privy Council (JCPC) - The court of final appeal for the UK overseas territories and Crown dependencies, and for those Commonwealth countries that have retained the appeal to Her Majesty in Council or, in the case of Republics, to the Judicial Committee.
Labour Lords - Labour's team in the Lords, holding the government to account and addressing issues affecting the lives of people both in the UK and around the world.
Local Government Chronicle (LGC) - News, comment and analysis on local government, including politics and policy, services, the regions, investment and job opportunities.
National Archives (UK) - Access original historical documents, some of them over 1000 years old, and the catalogues that describe them. The national archive of England, Wales and the United Kingdom. It brings together and preserves the records of central government and the courts of law, and makes them available to all who wish to consult them. The records span an unbroken period from the 11th century to the present day. Also see DocumentsOnline.
Resources for Tracking U.K. Legislation - Electronic resources for tracking UK legislation. Presented by Stephen Young is a reference librarian at The Catholic University of America, Kathryn J. DuFour Law Library.
Special Branch Files Project - A live-archive of declassified files focussing on the surveillance of political activists and campaigner. This project is indebted to the journalists and researchers who have generously made their files available and accessible as a matter of public record. The site provides access to the documents themselves, complemented with engaging analysis in background stories. The documents reveal the details recorded by Britain's secret police about a range of protest movements in the UK since 1968.
UK Government Digital Service - Forming networks of people with different skills and from different departments, who will work together to improve end-to-end services that cross departmental boundaries.
UK Home Office - Lead government department for immigration and passports, drugs policy, crime, counter-terrorism and police.
UK Legislation - This website is managed by The National Archives on behalf of HM Government. Publishing all UK legislation is a core part of the remit of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO), part of The National Archives, and the Office of the Queen's Printer for Scotland. The site contains the full text of all Public and Local Acts of the UK Parliament, the Explanatory Notes to Public Acts, Statutory Instruments and Draft Statutory Instruments; and Measures of the General Synod of the Church of England. The site includes the full text of all legislation enacted by the UK Parliament and delegated legislation (Statutory Instruments) whether this applied to the United Kingdom as a whole or only to constituent parts of the UK.
UK Parliament - Official home page. The UK Parliament is based on a two chamber system. The House of Lords and the House of Commons sit separately, and are constituted on different principles.
WhatDoTheyKnow - Make a request for information to a UK public authority: by law, they have to respond. Get answers from the government and public sector.
Voice of Roma (VoR) - It is VoR's mission to promote and present Romani cultural arts and traditions in a way that counters both romanticized and negative Gypsy stereotypes, and in so doing, to contribute to the preservation of Romani identity and culture. VoR also works to heighten awareness of human rights issues faced by Roma in today's world, and to support efforts by Roma to (re)build and maintain their communities, improve their lives, and to strengthen the Romani voice both nationally and internationally.
Prince of Wales - The official website of Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales, The Duchess of Cornwall, Prince William and Prince Harry.
WWW Virtual Library: Russian and East European Studies - A comprehensive index of resources on the Balkans, the Baltic states, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Central Europe, the CIS, Eastern Europe, the NIS, the Russian Federation, and the former Soviet Union, from the University of Pittsburgh.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet Twitter provides news, culture, environment, media, politics, sci-tech, society, #art, #comics, #politicalcartoon, #illustration, #botd, #obit, but KWSnet is taking an extended leave of absence from the social networking service; it is not posting there at this time.
My Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to My Zotero Library RSS content for the latest updates.
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KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.