Bush v. Gore (U.S. Supreme Court, 12 Dec 2000) - According to the per curium opinion: "The petition presents the following questions: whether the Florida Supreme Court established new standards for resolving Presidential election contests, thereby violating Art. II, §1, cl. 2, of the US Constitution and failing to comply with 3 U.S.C. § 5 and whether the use of standardless manual recounts violates the Equal Protection and Due Process clauses. With respect to the equal protection question, we find a violation of the Equal Protection Clause. The question before the Court is not whether local entities, in the exercise of their expertise, may develop different systems for implementing elections. Instead, we are presented with a situation where a state court with the power to assure uniformity has ordered a statewide recount with minimal procedural safeguards. When a court orders a statewide remedy, there must be at least some assurance that the rudimentary requirements of equal treatment and fundamental fairness are satisfied." According to legal scholar David Strauss: Bush v. Gore went on to hold that the recount procedures mandated by the Florida Supreme Court 'do not satisfy the minimum requirement for non-arbitrary treatment of voters.' The Court identified a number of aspects of the ruling that seemed arbitrary to it - for example, that the lower court included in the vote totals partial recounts from some counties, and manually recounted overvotes from some jurisdictions but not others. But those problems could have been cured by directing the Florida Supreme Court to modify the vote totals; they did not justify the US Supreme Court in holding that the recount could not go forward.SeeStrauss' essay, The Vote: Bush, Gore, and the Supreme Court.
Cornell University Collection of Political Americana - The central goal of the project is to preserve, digitize, and catalog all items in the Susan H. Douglas Collection of Political Americana. Acquired from an individual collector between 1957 and 1961, the Douglas collection includes approximately 5,500 items of American political campaign memorabilia and commemorative items dating to between 1789 and 1960. Mrs. Douglas characterized them as: ballots, bric-a-brac (larger three-dimensional objects), broadsides, buttons, cartoons, maps and charts, pamphlets, paper miscellaneous, parade items, posters, prints, ribbons, sheet music, songbooks, textiles, trinkets, and wearing apparel.
Elections 2000 - Backgrounder to contest between Republican candidate George W. Bush, then-governor of Texas and son of former president George H. W. Bush (1989-1993), and Democratic candidate Al Gore, then-Vice President. The election was noteworthy for a controversy over the awarding of Florida's 25 electoral votes, the subsequent recount process in that state, and the unusual event of the winning candidate having received fewer popular votes than the runner-up. It was the fourth election in which the electoral vote did not reflect the popular vote.
Finding Precedent: Hayes vs. Tilden - HarpWeek has created this Website, primarily from the pages of Harper's Weekly, to familiarize students and the general public with the historic events of the U.S. Electoral College controversy of 1876-1877.
FindLaw: Election 2000 - Coverage of the 2000 presidential election, including Florida recount, law suits, petitions, court decisions, and compilation of related resources.
Recount - Kevin Spacey leads an outstanding cast in this illuminating, entertaining film that pulls back the veil on the headlines to explore the human drama surrounding the most controversial presidential election in U.S. history. Recount chronicles the 2000 United States Presidential Election Bush v. Gore case between Governor of Texas George W. Bush and Vice President Al Gore. It begins with the election on November 7 and ends with the Supreme Court ruling which stopped the Florida election recount on December 12. Key points depicted include Gore's retraction of his personal telephone concession to Bush in the early hours of November 8; the decision by the Gore campaign to sue for hand recounts in Democratic strongholds where voting irregularities were alleged, especially in light of the statistical dead heat revealed by the reported machine recount; Republican pressure on Florida's Secretary of State Katherine Harris in light of her legally mandated responsibilities; the attention focused on the hand recounts by media, parties, and the public; the two major announcements by Florida Supreme Court spokesman Craig Waters extending the deadline for returns in the initial recount (21 Nov 2000) and ordering a statewide recount of votes (08 Dec 2000), and later overturned by the United States Supreme Court; and finally the adversarial postures of the Supreme Courts of Florida and the United States, as well as the dissenting opinions amongst the justices of the higher court.
Southern Strategy - In American politics, the Southern strategy refers to methods of winning elections in the South in the latter decades of the 20th century by exploiting racial anxiety among white voters.
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