Army Lawyer - Published by Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia. Originally begun in August 1971 as a Department of the Army Pamphlet series (DA PAM 27-50), the publication has been issued monthly since 1974. It is intended primarily for the official use of Army lawyers in the performance of their legal responsibilities.
Article 32 Investigations - The Fifth Amendment constitutional right to grand jury indictment is expressly inapplicable to the Armed Forces. In its absence, Article 32 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (Section 832 of Title 10, United States Code), requires a thorough and impartial investigation of charges and specifications before they may be referred to a general court-martial (the most serious level of courts-martial). However, the accused may waive the Article 32 investigation requirement. The purpose of this pretrial investigation is to inquire into the truth of the matter set forth in the charges, to consider the form of the charges, and to secure information to determine what disposition should be made of the case in the interest of justice and discipline.
Authorization for Use of Military Force (Enrolled Bill - S.J.Res.23) - A joint resolution passed by the United States Congress on September 14, 2001, authorizing the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the attacks on September 11, 2001. The authorization granted the President the authority to use all "necessary and appropriate force" against those whom he determined "planned, authorized, committed or aided" the September 11th attacks, or who harbored said persons or groups. The AUMF was signed by President George W. Bush on September 18, 2001. Also see Wikipedia.
Center for Law and Military Operations (CLAMO) - The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School Library is the official repository of all CLAMO publications. Selected CLAMO publications are now being made accessible in full text PDF versions via the Library of Congress Federal Research Division (FRD) website, including:
Crimes of War - A unique collaboration of leading scholars, journalists, writers, and legal experts on war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and international law as it is developing to confront these atrocities and the social and political crises they engender.
Defense Link - Official website of the DoD with links to all government web sites, defense agencies, organizations and fact files.
GI Rights Hotline - Provides information to servicemembers about military discharges, grievance and complaint procedures, and other civil rights. Provides help in cases of hazing, harassment, discrimination, and sexual assault.
International and Operational Law Practice: Navy JAG - Provides legal services in international agreements, negotiations and programs; air and space law; arms control initiatives; counter-drug operations; foreign criminal jurisdiction; and international maritime environmental law issues affecting U.S. Navy and Department of Defense interests.
Military Law Review - The premier U.S. Armed Forces journal of military legal scholarship. It has been published quarterly by The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia since 1958. The Review is designed for use by military attorneys in connection with their official duties.
Military Legal Resources - The U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School Library in Charlottesville, VA, holds extensive collections of primary source materials and publications in the field of military law. Selections from these collections are now being made accessible in full text PDF versions via this Library of Congress Federal Research Division (FRD) web site, including:
Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) - The federal law enforcement agency charged with conducting investigations of felony-level offenses affecting the Navy and Marine Corps - that is, crimes punishable by confinement for more than one year. NCIS also performs investigations and operations aimed at identifying and neutralizing foreign intelligence, international terrorist, and cyber threats to the Department of the Navy. In addition, it provides warning of threats and specialized defensive force protection support to U.S. naval forces around the world. Also see Report a Crime.
Posse Comitatus Act - The United States federal law (18 U.S.C. § 1385, original at 20 Stat. 152) that was passed on June 18, 1878, after the end of Reconstruction and was updated in 1981. Its intent (in concert with the Insurrection Act of 1807) was to limit the powers of Federal government in using federal military personnel to enforce the State laws. The Bill/Act as modified in 1981 refers to the Armed Forces of the United States. It does not apply to the National Guard under state authority from acting in a law enforcement capacity within its home state or in an adjacent state if invited by that state's governor. The U.S. Coast Guard, which operates under the Department of Homeland Security, is also not covered by the Posse Comitatus Act, primarily because the Coast Guard has both a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency mission.
Procedural Guide for Article 32(b) Investigating Officer (U.S. Army) - This guide is published for use by officers who have been appointed as investigating officers under article 32(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). This guide should be used in conjunction with the DD Form 457 (Investigating Officer's Report) and the applicable Rules for Courts-Martial (R.C.M.) in the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States, 1984 (hereafter referred to as MCM, 1984). The investigating officer's functions are: To make a thorough and impartial investigation into the truth of the allegations; to consider the correctness and the form of the charges; and to make recommendations as to the disposition of the charges in the interest of justice and discipline.
S.J.Res. 23 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force - Authorizes the president to "use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons."
Tribunal Forum - FindLaw's Writ columnists discuss the use of military tribunals to try suspected terrorists.
U.S. Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals - Information regarding cases presently before the Court, the Court's rules, review the Court's published opinions and memorandums of opinions, current calendar of the Court, and additional links.
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (CAAF) - The United States Court of Military Appeals, which was redesignated on October 5, 1994, as the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces by the National Defense Authorization Act for 1995, Pub. L. No. 103-337, was created by Congress in the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), enacted on May 5, 1950. Thus, this Federal Court is established under Article I of the Constitution which gives to Congress the power to make rules for the government and regulation of the armed forces. Since its establishment in 1951, the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces has reviewed more than 78,000 cases and has published more than 6,500 opinions. See Opinons & Digests.
U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims - The Court can review final decisions of the Board of Veterans' Appeals (BVA). Only the claimant may seek such review. Most cases deal with entitlement to disability or survivor benefits, or the amount of those benefits, but a few deal with education benefits, life insurance, home loan foreclosure, or waiver of indebtedness.
War Powers Act of 1973 - A federal law intended to check the power of the President in committing the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of Congress.
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