1st Marijuana Growers - This site is all about marijuana seeds and marijuana growing, choosing the right cannabis seeds strain for personal gardening skills, grow location, climate and high preferences. Learn about getting free marijuana seeds or how to buy marijuana seeds at good trusthworthy and discreet online shop. Enjoy great free collection of over 97 marijuana growing guides, essential safety tips for growing marijuana, growing equipment recommendations, marijuana seeds strain reviews with high/stone reports and cultivation comments growers shared over the years.
15 Years to Life - Maintained by Anthony Papa, noted advocate against the war on drugs and cofounder of the Mothers of the New York Disappeared.
420 - 420, 4:20 or 4/20 (pronounced "four-twenty") refers to consumption of cannabis and, by extension, a way to identify oneself with cannabis subculture. The date 4/20 is sometimes referred to as "Weed Day" or "Pot Day". The term was coined from a group of teenagers at San Rafael High School in San Rafael, California, United States in 1971. The teens would meet after school at 4:20 p.m. to smoke marijuana outside the school. According to an April 2009 article on the The Huffington Post, the group called itself the Waldos because its members hung out by a wall after school. Writer Ryan Grim, citing interviews with anonymous Waldos, claims that the group met by the statue at 4:20 p.m. to begin a search for a crop of abandoned cannabis growing near Point Reyes that they had heard about. They never found the stash, Grim writes, but smoked plenty of marijuana while looking for it. April 20 ("4/20" in U.S. date notation) has evolved into a counterculture holiday, where people gather to celebrate and consume cannabis. Some events may have a political nature to them, advocating for the decriminalization of non-medical cannabis in the United States.
Adderall - A brand name psychostimulant drug. It belongs to the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes. Like other stimulant drugs, such as methamphetamine and cocaine, Adderall directly affects the mesolimbic reward pathway in the brain. Amphetamine salt preparations are considered to have high abuse potential, and it is classified as Schedule II by the U.S. DEA. Also see:
Albert Hofman Foundation - A nonprofit, educational and research organization, whose purpose is to preserve the earliest records of psychedelic activity, gathering the records of these endeavors to further the understanding and responsible application of psychedelic substances in the investigation of both individual and collective consciousness.
Alcohol Awareness Council (AAC) - Dedicated to informing the public about the use and abuse of alcohol. Find the latest alcohol research, studies and statistical data, brought to you by government agencies, academic institutions, news sources and awareness organizations.
Alcohol Concern - UK's national agency on alcohol misuse. Provides information and encourage debate on public policy issues affected by alcohol, including public health, housing, children and families, crime and licensing.
Alcohol Studies Database - Contains over 50,000 citations for journal articles, books, book chapters, dissertations, conference papers, and audio-visual materials.
All Treatment - Information on addiction, addiction recovery/treatment, and drug rehabilitation centers.
American Alliance for Medical Cannibis (AAMC) - Dedicated to bringing patients, caregivers and volunteers the facts about medical marijuana (Cannabis) as medicine, laws for medicinal marijuana, patient resources, recipes and current research.
Amphetamines - Laevoamphetamine (Benzedrine), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), and methamphetamine (Methedrine) are collectively referred to as amphetamines. The amphetamines are potent psychomotor stimulants. They may be sniffed, swallowed, snorted or injected. They induce exhilarating feelings of power, strength, energy, self-assertion, focus and enhanced motivation. The need to sleep or eat is diminished. The release of dopamine typically induces a sense of aroused euphoria which may last several hours.
Amsterdam Smartshops - Smart shops in Amsterdam are selling herbal i.e. smart drugs, named because they were supposed to stimulate the mind and improve memory. These include energy substances like Guarana, Cola nut, relaxation stuff like Skullcap, Valerian or aphrodisiacs Muira Puama, Gingko Biloba, among others. many shops are selling magic mushrooms, vitamins, weed seeds, grown kits, pipes and various souvenires and arts. Also see:
Anabolic Steroid Abuse - Compilation of scientific information on anabolic steroids and the risks of steroid abuse.
Angel Justice - Coverage of Raich v. Ashcroft, the federal medical cannabis lawsuit.
Beckley Foundation - A charitable trust set up to promote the investigation of consciousness and its modulation, and the science of drug use, from a multidisciplinary perspective. It is one of the few organisations that actively supports and promotes investigations into consciousness and its changing states. In addition to the research programme, the foundation also organises seminars to promote informed debate of the many issues surrounding drugs, and conducts a policy research programme dedicated to providing a rigorous, independent review of global drug policy, and exploring ways in which drug policy can be more effective in reducing the harms associated with the misuse of drugs.
Bibliography of Consciousness Studies - The list of references presented here has been compiled from suggestions provided by members and friends of SAC. Some of the references listed are from the field of the anthropology of consciousness in sensu strictu, others are from related or tangential fields. Many of these works have played a significant role in the development of the field, although they may no longer be regarded as accurate, up to date, or correct. For example, the works of Carlos Castaneda, once thought to be valid anthropological studies, are now more properly viewed as works of fiction. These are nevertheless included here because of the role they played in introducing the notion of "non-ordinary realities" to a wider audience.
Blue Ribbon Commission on Marijuana Policy - Purpose of the commission is to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of various policy questions related to the possibility of legalizing, taxing and regulating marijuana for adults in California. The Blue Ribbon Commission's work includes closely monitoring the implementation of the new tax and regulatory schemes in Colorado and Washington and examining the results of different policy decisions made in each state for the most relevant lessons.
Breaking Open the Head - A companion website for Daniel Pinchbeck's book of the same name, which includes a cultural history of psychedelic use, philosophical and critical perspectives on shamanism, and Pinchbeck's personal explorations, ranging from transcendent to terrifying.
California Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Initiative (2016) - The measure would legalize marijuana and hemp under state law. The initiative is also designed to establish state agencies to oversee the licensing and regulation of the marijuana industry. Moreover, it would enact a sales tax of 15 percent and a cultivation tax of $9.25 per ounce for flowers and $2.75 per ounce for leaves, with exceptions for qualifying medical marijuana sales and cultivation. The initiative would also prevent licenses for corporate or large-scale marijuana businesses for five years in order to deter the "unreasonable restraints on competition by creation or maintenance of unlawful monopoly power." Other provisions relate to rights of employers, driving under the influence and marijuana business locations.
California Proposition 36 - The Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act, also known as Proposition 36, was passed by 61% of California voters on November 7, 2000. This initiative allows first and second time non-violent, simple drug possession offenders the opportunity to receive substance abuse treatment instead of incarceration.
Canadians for Safe Access - Works to pressure Health Canada to free-up access to medicinal cannabis and to defend the rights of all legitimate users, cultivators, and distributors - including compassion clubs and societies - through legislative strategies, media campaigns, and non-violent direct action.
Canna Law Blog - A forum for discussion about the practical aspects of cannabis law and how it impacts those involved in this growing industry.
Cannabis - Find cannabis dispensaries, doctors, lawyers and businesses in your area.
Cannifornian, The - Answering questions about the expanding legal use of marijuana in California.
Carl Hart - Drug researcher at Columbia University, behavioral and neuropharmacological effects of psychoactive drugs in humans. Author of High Price.
Center of Alcohol Studies (Rutgers University) - A multidisciplinary institute dedicated to acquisition and dissemination of knowledge on psychoactive substance use and related phenomena with primary emphasis on alcohol use and consequences. The Center's broad program of basic and applied research is conducted by scientists drawn chiefly from the biological sciences (principally biochemistry and neuropharmacology), psychology (both clinical and experimental), and sociology.
Centre for Addiction & Mental Health (CAMH) - A a public hospital providing direct patient care for people with mental health and addiction problems. The Centre is also a research facility, an education and training institute and a community based organization providing health promotion and prevention services across the province of Ontario, Canada, and is a Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization collaborating centre.
Club Drugs - Topical resource on club drugs, a general term used for certain illicit substances, primarily synthetic, that are usually found at nightclubs, bars, and raves (all night dance parties). Substances that are often used as club drugs include, but are not limited to, MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate), Rohypnol, Ketamine, and methamphetamine. Archived by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Common Sense for Drug Policy - Organization dedicated to expanding discussion on drug policy by resonating the voices of those raising questions about existing law and educating the public about alternatives to current policies. Includes links page to help you get more involved.
Council on Spiritual Practices - A collaboration among spiritual guides, experts in the behavioral and biomedical sciences, and scholars of religion, dedicated to making direct experience of the sacred more available to more people. There is evidence that such encounters can have profound benefits for those who experience them, for their neighbors, and for the world.
Criminal Policy Justice Foundation (CJPF) - Provides information to policy makers and the public to promote innovative ideas about criminal justice issues, including sentencing, drug policy reform, and police policy.
DanceSafe - A nonprofit, harm reduction organization promoting health and safety within the rave and nightclub community.
Designer Drug - A term used to describe drugs which are created (or marketed, if they had already existed) to get around existing drug laws, usually by preparing analogs or derivatives of existing drugs by modifying their chemical structure to varying degrees, or less commonly by finding drugs with entirely different chemical structures that produce similar subjective effects to illegal recreational drugs.
Banned Substances Control Group (BSCG) - An independent, third-party company specializing in dietary supplement certification. The BSCG Certified Drug Free program is a dietary supplement certification system that utilizes the most up-to-date scientific analysis and testing procedures to ensure that products are free of drugs or other contaminants that can be harmful or lead to positive drug tests.
U.S. Anti-Doping Agency - The national anti-doping organization (NADO) in the United States for Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American, and Parapan American sport. The organization is charged with managing the anti-doping program, including in-competition and out-of competition testing, results management processes, drug reference resources, and athlete education for all United States Olympic Committee (USOC) recognized sport national governing bodies, their athletes, and events. Additionally, USADA contributes to the advancement of clean sport through scientific research and education & outreach initiatives focused on awareness and prevention.
World Anti-Doping Agency - Founded with the aim of bringing consistency to anti-doping policies and regulations within sport organizations and governments right across the world. Also see:
DRCNet Online Library of Drug Policy - Online library of articles, reasearch papers, books, and essays on drugs, drug policy, prohibition, controlled substances, drug abuse, the drug war, marijuana, medical marijuna, LSD, peyote, psilocybin, ibogaine, psychedelic drugs.
Drug Dangers - Keeping the public educated and informed of defective medical devices and dangerous medications currently on the market.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) - Enforces the controlled substances laws and regulations of the U.S. and brings to the criminal and civil justice system of the U.S., or any other competent jurisdiction, those organizations and principal members of organizations, involved in the growing, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illicit traffic in the U.S.
Drug Policy Alliance - A leading organization working to broaden the public debate on drug policy and to promote realistic alternatives to the war on drugs based on science, compassion, public health and human rights.
Drug Policy Foundation (DFP) - DPF believes that current drug policy is not working. It is time to examine reasoned and compassionate alternatives.
Drug Rehab Connections - A group of individuals who want to help those battling addiction by finding them the help they need. Not a treatment center, but a starting point to finding individuals and families helping those that are battling addiction.
Drug War Facts - Provides reliable information with credible citations on criminal justice and public health issues.
DrugRehab - Find effective treatment for any type of drug or alcohol problem.
Drugs - Drug information, side effects and interactions, news and articles, drug interactions checker, pill identifier, drug image search, PDA software.
Drugs: Advanced Search - Search over 24,000 approved medications: Search by drug name/brand, medical condition, care guide, for drug image (to see what a particular tablet or capsule looks like), for interactions, the internet.
Drugscience - Offers objective information on drugs and drug harms to the public, to educators and to academics. This is the website of the UK's Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs (ISCD).
Drugnews Archive - Searchable library of more than 57,000 drug-related articles.
Drugscope - One of the UK's leading centers of expertise on drugs. Provides quality drug information, promotes effective responses to drug taking, undertakes research at local, national and international levels, advises on policy-making, encourages informed debate.
DrugSense - Drug policy reform news and information.
DRUGTEXT - Center for substance use related risk reduction. The purpose of both Drugtext is to promote the development and dissemination of knowledge, research, education, scholarship and international jurisprudence in the area of drug policy and human rights.
Ecstasy - Gathers and makes accessible objective, authoritative and up to date information about the drug ecstasy (principally MDMA).
Ed Rosenthal - Offical blog of the California horticulturist, author, publisher, and cannabis grower, well-known for his advocacy for the legalization of marijuana (cannabis as a drug) use. Also see Wikipedia entry.
ELISAD - European gateway on alcohol, drugs and addictions.
Entheology - Amassing a carefully-selected database of articles specifically related to entheogens, religion, ethnobotanicals, shamanic cultures and the politics that go with it.
FDAnews - News and analysis on drugs, medical devices, biologics and veterinary medicine.
Fix, The - A leading website about addiction and recovery, featuring a daily mix of breaking news, exclusive interviews, investigative reports, and essays on sober living by some of the top writers in the country, including Maia Szalavitz.
FOI Services Online - Using the Freedom of Information Act, Using the FOI Services has collected over 150,000 documents that record the inner workings of the approval and regulation of medical devices, pharmaceuticals, biologics, veterinary products, foods and cosmetics. FOI maintains a private library of over 150,000 FDA documents in all categories of products regulated by the agency.
Gabor Mate M.D. - A physician and bestselling author highly sought after for his expertise on a range of topics, from addiction and attention deficit disorder (ADD) to mind-body wellness, adolescent mental health, and parenting. Common to all of Dr. Mate's work is a focus on understanding the broader context in which human disease and disorders arise, from cancer to autoimmune conditions like MS, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, or fibromyalgia; childhood behavioral disorders like ADD, oppositionality, or bullying; or addiction, from substance abuse to obsessive gambling, shopping, or even workaholism.
Geopium - Geopgraphy of illicit Drugs in Asia - While the routine smoking of opium is certainly, although indirectly, a Chinese practice, the geographic origin of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum L., is by no means Far Eastern. Indeed, it is thought that the plant first appeared somewhere between the Mediterranean region and Asia Minor. The continuing mystery concerning the poppy's exact origins is equalled only by the opacity which characterises the two largest opium-producing regions in the world today - the Golden Triangle, in Mainland South-East Asia, and the Golden Crescent, in Southwest Asia.
Greater Los Angeles Collective Alliance (GLACA) - A voluntary association of medical cannabis cooperative and collective operators in Los Angeles who have organized around a shared desire to provide safe access to patients with adherence to a strict code of operational guidelines.
Harm Reduction Coalition (HRC) - Committed to reducing drug-related harm among individuals and communities by initiating and promoting local, regional, and national harm reduction education, interventions, and community organizing. HRC fosters alternative models to conventional health and human services and drug treatment; challenges traditional client/provider relationships; and provides resources, educational materials, and support to health professionals and drug users in their communities to address drug-related harm.
Heffter Research Institute - Promotes research of the highest scientific quality with psychedelic substances in order to contribute to a greater understanding of the mind, leading to the improvement of the human condition, and the alleviation of suffering.
High Times - Cannabis cultivation, drug laws, drug tests, legal highs, the legalization of marijuana, the recreational use of marijuana, the medical uses for marijuana and the worldwide impact of the drug war.
International Antiprohibitionist League - Provides an independent assessment of data produced by the UN on drug-related matters that corroborates the thesis that prohibition has failed and continues to create more harms than goods.
International Centre for Science in Drug Policy - An international network of scientists and academic physicians committed to improving the health of communities and individuals affected by illicit drugs. The network is comprised of leading drug policy experts from around the globe who have come together in an effort to reduce drug-related harms by informing international drug policies with the best available scientific evidence.
Join Together - A collaboration of the Boston University School of Public Health and The Partnership at Drugfree.org, dedicated to advancing effective drug and alcohol policy, prevention and treatment.
Just Say Now - A campaign for marijuana legalization, made of a transpartisan alliance of organizations seeking to improve our nation's drug laws.
Khat - Khat leaves are chewed for stimulant and euphoriant effects and are used to treat obesity and prevent hunger in areas with meager food supplies. Some users experience dysphoria and sedation. Khat is prohibited in the US, France, Switzerland, and Sweden. Also see Wikipedia.
Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP) - A 10,000-member organization representing police, prosecutors, judges, FBI/DEA agents and others from around the world who fought on the front lines of the "war on drugs" and who learned firsthand that making drugs illegal only serves to make drug addiction and drug market violence problems worse.
Mexico Voices - Speaks to the crisis of Mexicans building their democracy, the rule of law, justice and protection of human rights in the face of violence, corruption and impunity magnified by the U.S.enforced drug war.
Michael's House - A nationally recognized for providing integrated treatment for drug and alcohol addiction and co-occurring mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, trauma, grief/loss, personality disorders and similar conditions. Also see:
Drug Detox - A great guide that addresses the most common obstacle between the addicted individual and treatment: the uncomfortable and much-feared detoxification process. This guide explains how the process works, the various options, common myths and also makes a strong case long-term care after the detox process.
Modafinil - An analeptic drug. It is approved by the United States' Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Modafinil is currently classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance under U.S. federal law; it is illegal to import by anyone other than a DEA-registered importer without a prescription. Also see:
Narcosphere - A participatory, online, forum, where readers and journalists come together to discuss, correct, add new information and relevant links, and debate the work of the journalists who publish on NarcoNews.com.
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) - An advocacy organization addressing alcoholism and drug dependence. There are NCADD Affiliates across the United States offering critical recovery support services and providing a powerful network of support for those suffering from alcoholism and addiction -- friends and family members alike.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) - Working to further understanding of how drugs of abuse affect the brain and behavior and to ensure the rapid and effective transfer of scientific data to policy makers, drug abuse practitioners, other health care practitioners and the general public.
Also see Research Reports, including:
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) - Working to reform marijuana laws. NORML serves as an informational resource to the national media on marijuana-related stories; lobbies state and federal legislators to permit the medical use of marijuana and to reject recent attempts to treat minor marijuana offenses more harshly; and serves as the umbrella group for a national network of citizen activists committed to ending marijuana prohibition. Also visit local affiliate California NORML.
November Coalition - Educating the public about the destructive increase in the prison population in the United States due to current drug laws and federal and state government assaults on civil rights and freedoms in the U.S.
Oaksterdam University - Oaksterdam University was founded in November 2007. Richard Lee, the founder, placed an advertisement in the East Bay Express proclaiming Cannabis Industry Now Hiring. Lee had wanted to open a trade school for the cannabis since visiting the cannabis college in Amsterdam. Rather than emulate the college in Amsterdam where curriculum mainly surrounds horticulture, Lee decided to create a curriculum that focuses on the entire cannabis trade. Lee's school quickly gained the attention of local, national, and even international media. With demand continually growing, in celebration of its 2 successful years, in November of 2009, Oaksterdam University moved to its current location at 1600 Broadway, Oakland. A sprawling 30,000 sqft campus, the new location features multiple classrooms, 2 auditoriums, a grow lab, and a theater.
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) - Establishes policies, priorities, and objectives for the U.S. drug control program, the goals of which are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking; drug-related crime and violence; and drug-related health consequences.
Reality Sandwich - Web magazine whose subjects run the gamut from sustainability to shamanism, alternate realities to alternative energy, remixing media to re-imagining community, holistic healing techniques to the promise and perils of new technologies.
RehabCenter - Committed to helping people recover from addiction by ﬁnding treatment that works. Our free, national helpline provides conﬁdential referrals to respected rehabilitation centers 24 hours a day, seven days a week
RxList - A leading online drug database that lists over 4,000 pharmaceuticals and other medicines, with extensive information on 600 entries and links from over 10,000 Web sites and search engines seeking drug information.
Safe Access Now - Working to ensure safe and legal access to medical cannabis (medical marijuana) for therapeutic uses and research.
Spice (Synthetic Marijuana) - "Spice" refers to a wide variety of herbal mixtures that produce experiences similar to marijuana (cannabis) and that are marketed as "safe," legal alternatives to that drug. Sold under many names, including K2, fake weed, Yucatan Fire, Skunk, Moon Rocks, and others - and labeled "not for human consumption" - these products contain dried, shredded plant material and chemical additives that are responsible for their psychoactive (mind-altering) effects.
State Alcohol Law - Each state has enacted statutes that govern the distribution, taxation, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages within that state, as well as provisions regarding criminal and civil liability for harms resulting from the consumption of alcohol. The state law materials listed here provides inforamtion on alcohol-related law from all 50 U.S. states.
StoptheDrugWar - The Drug Reform Coordination Network, U.S. and global organization advocating legalization and an end to the drug war.
Students for Sensible Drug Policy (SSDP) - An international grassroots network of students who are concerned about the impact drug abuse has on our communities, but who also know that the War on Drugs is failing our generation and our society. SSDP mobilizes and empowers young people to participate in the political process, pushing for sensible policies to achieve a safer and more just future, while fighting back against counterproductive drug war policies, particularly those that directly harm students and youth.
Synthetic Cannabis - A psychoactive herbal and chemical product which, when consumed mimics the effects of cannabis. It is best known by the brand names K2 and Spice, both of which have largely become genericized trademarks used to refer to any synthetic cannabis product.
TNI Drugs and Democracy Program - Promotes evidence-based policies guided by the principles of harm reduction, human rights for users and producers, as well as the cultural and traditional uses of substances.
Transform Drug Policy Foundation (TDPF) - A charitable think tank that seeks to draw public attention to the fact that drug prohibition itself is the major cause of drug-related harm to individuals, communities and nations, and should be replaced by effective, just and humane government control and regulation.
Treating Opiate Addiction - This article was first printed in the December 2004 issue of the Harvard Mental Health Letter. Related links:
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - Federal agency responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary; human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices are safe and effective; cosmetics are safe; and electronic products that emit radiation are safe.
Vancouver Coastal Health: Insite - Supervised Injection Site - Since opening its doors in 2003, Insite has been a safe, health-focused place where people inject drugs and connect to health care services - from primary care to treat disease and infection, to addiction counselling and treatment, to housing and community supports.
Vaults of Erowid, The - Mind-altering drug information, including different techniques, practices, methods, and lifestyles. Traditional uses, other methods of use, experiences, health effects, and current research.
XLR-11 - A drug that presumably acts as a potent agonist for the cannabinoid receptors. It is a 3-(tetramethylcyclopropylmethanoyl)indole derivative related to compounds such as UR-144, A-796,260 and A-834,735, but it is not listed in the patent or scientific literature alongside these other similar compounds,and appears to have not previously been made by Abbott Laboratories, despite falling within the claims of patent WO 2006/069196. XLR-11 was instead first identified by laboratories in 2012 as an ingredient in synthetic cannabis smoking blends, and appears to be a novel compound invented by research chemical suppliers specifically for grey-market recreational use.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet's Twitter Account provides over 20 curated lists/groupings of Twitter accounts -- from Architecture to Travel -- to assist you in your social networking experience.nbsp;
KWSnet's Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to RSS content for the latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.