American Society of International Law (ASIL) - ASIL's purpose is to educate and engage the public in international law and to expand its frontiers as a vehicle for resolving disputes and international conflict. Full-text materials and resources; publications and activities information.
Asylumlaw - Find information about seeking asylum, including finding an agency or lawyer to help you, in 35 countries around the world.
Audiovisual Library of International Law - Consists of three pillars: (1) the Historic Archives containing documents and audiovisual materials relating to the negotiation and adoption of significant legal instruments under the auspices of the United Nations and related agencies since 1945; (2) the Lecture Series featuring a permanent collection of lectures on virtually every subject of international law given by leading international law scholars and practitioners from different countries and legal systems; and (3) the Research Library providing an on-line international law library with links to treaties, jurisprudence, publications and documents, scholarly writings and research guides. The Audiovisual Library is available to all individuals and institutions around the world for free via the Internet.
Australian Law Reform Commission - The ALRC conducts inquiries - known as references - into areas of law reform at the request of the Attorney-General of Australia.
Cornell Legal Research Encyclopedia - The law librarians at the Cornell Law Library are creating this compilation of U.S. and International legal resources. The Legal Research Encyclopedia is a topical and jurisdictional arrangement of all available formats, including print, microform, CD-ROM, WESTLAW, LEXIS and the Internet. Citation to research tools and direct links are provided.
European Arrest Warrant (EAW) -The EAW, applied throughout the EU, replaced lengthy extradition procedures within the EU's territorial jurisdiction. It improves and simplifies judicial procedures designed to surrender people for the purpose of conducting a criminal prosecution or executing a custodial sentence or spell in detention. Also see:
FLAG Foreign Law Guide - Contains collection descriptions of primary materials in print format for foreign jurisdictions held in UK libraries.
FLARE Project: Foreign Law Research - A collaboration between the major libraries collecting law in the United Kingdom - Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Bodleian Law Library, Squire Law Library, British Library, and School of Oriental and African Studies - working to improve the accessibility of foreign legal materials.
Global Competition Forum (GCF) - International trade law: national competition authorities and international organisations, articles, speeches, and commentary by experts in competition law enforcement, regulation and reform.
Global Legal Monitor - An online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources.
International Court of Justice (IJC) - The principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). The Court has a dual role: to settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized international organs and agencies.
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) - The ICTY, established by Security Council resolution 827, and national courts have concurrent jurisdiction over serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the former Yugoslavia. However, the ICTY can claim primacy over national courts, and may take over national investigations and proceedings at any stage if this proves to be in the interest of international justice.
International Development Law Organization (IDLO) - Provides technical legal assistance and capacity development at the national and local level, often in the poorest and most insecure parts of the world. We work in partnership with local actors and with different legal systems in an enabling and empowering - rather than prescriptive or directive - way. IDLO was granted Observer Status by the United Nations General Assembly in 2001. It is supported financially by voluntary contributions from governments, multilateral organizations, private foundations and the private sector.
International Law Commission - Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1947 to promote the progressive development of international law and its codification. The Commission meets annually. It is composed of 34 members elected by the General Assembly for five year terms who serve in their individual capacity, not as representatives of their governments.
International Law - United Nations international law site: Treaties, International Court of Justice, Law of the Sea, International Criminal Court, International Trade Law, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Codification, Development and Promotion of International Law, International Law Commission, United Nations Documentation Research Guide.
International Law Aspects of the Iraq War and Occupation - Examines the legality of the US-UK war on Iraq. Many legal experts describe the US-UK attack as an act of aggression, violating international law. Experts also point to illegalities in the US conduct of the war and violations of the Geneva Conventions by the US-UK concerning the responsibilities of an occupying power.
International Legal Materials - Published bimonthly since 1962. Each 250-page issue contains the full texts of important treaties and agreements, judicial and arbitral decisions, national legislation, international organizations resolutions and other documents.
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea - The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea establishes a comprehensive legal framework to regulate all ocean space, its uses and resources. It contains, among other things, provisions relating to the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the continental shelf, the exclusive economic zone and the high seas. It also provides for the protection and preservation of the marine environment, for marine scientific research and for the development and transfer of marine technology. One of the most important parts of the Convention concerns the exploration for and exploitation of the resources of the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (the Area). The Convention declares the area and its resources to be "the common heritage of mankind ". The International Seabed Authority, established by the Convention, administers the resources of the Area. The Convention provides for four alternative means for the settlement of disputes: the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the International Court of Justice, an arbitral tribunal constituted in accordance with Annex VII to the Convention, and a special arbitral tribunal constituted in accordance with Annex VIII to the Convention.
Nations - Guide to law in nations and associated jurisdictions worldwide.
Lex Mercatoria - Primary areas of interest include international commercial law and international trade law, and electronic commerce and net technologies, with additional coverage of international environmental law, the bio-sciences, international criminal law. Provides information and links related to international commerce and trade law. Presents the full texts and where relevant country implementation details of several of the most important conventions and other documents used in international trade and commerce.
Market Access Sectoral and Trade Barriers Database - Country reports in the sectoral database have a similar structure, consisting of: a general description of the country's trade policy, two different parts for goods (tariff and non-tariff barriers), and three separate sections for investment, services and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
Multilaterals Project: International Multinational Conventions - International multilateral conventions and other instruments. Although the project was initiated to improve public access to environmental agreements, the collection today also includes treaties in the fields of human rights, commerce and trade, laws of war and arms control, and other areas.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Secretariat - On January 1, 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico entered into force. All remaining duties and quantitative restrictions were eliminated, as scheduled, on January 1, 2008. NAFTA created the world's largest free trade area, which now links 450 million people producing $17 trillion worth of goods and services.
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) - An intergovernmental organization with 117 member states. The PCA provides services for the resolution of disputes involving various combinations of states, state entities, intergovernmental organizations, and private parties.
v|lex - Resource for foreign and international law. A legal research mega-site providing thousands of primary and secondary law sources from dozens of publishers around the world. 128 jurisdictions, including:
VERTIC - Promotes effective and efficient verification as a means of ensuring confidence in the implementation of international agreements and intra-national agreements with international involvement. Programs concerning peace agreements, arms control and disarmament, and the environment.
War and International Humanitarian Law - International humanitarian law is the body of rules which, in wartime, protects people who are not or are no longer participating in the hostilities. Its central purpose is to limit and prevent human suffering in times of armed conflict. The rules are to be observed not only by governments and their armed forces, but also by armed opposition groups and any other parties to a conflict. The four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their two Additional Protocols of 1977 are the principal instruments of humanitarian law. Maintained by the ICRC.
WTO/GATT Research - World Trade Organization and General Agreement Trade and Tariff (GATT) information and research resources provided by Jeanne Rehberg, a reference librarian for international and foreign law at New York University School of Law Library.
Article 41-bis of the Prison Administration Act - A provision of Italian law (also known as Italy's "hard prison regime").that allows the Minister of Justice or the Minister of the Interior to suspend certain prison regulations. Currently it is used against people imprisoned for particular crimes: Mafia involvement; drug-trafficking; homicide; aggravated robbery and extortion; kidnapping; importation, buying, possession or cession of huge amounts of drugs; and crimes committed for terrorism or for subversion of the constitutional system. It is suspended only when a prisoner co-operates with the authorities, when a court annuls it, or when a prisoner dies. The Surveillance Court of Rome is the court competent on nationwide level on appeals against the 41-bis decree.
Best Guide to Canadian Legal Research - Strategies and techniques for Canadian legal research, finding and using secondary sources, finding and analyzing cases, updating your research, legal writing, legal research FAQs.
Canada: Justice Laws - Consolidated Acts and regulations of Canada. The consolidations are generally updated on a weekly basis.
Canada's Constitution - The Constitution of Canada (La Constitution du Canada in French) is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions. It outlines Canada's system of government, as well as the civil rights of all Canadian citizens. See Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom - A bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada. It forms the first part of the Constitution Act, 1982. The Charter guarantees certain political rights to Canadian citizens and civil rights of everyone in Canada from the policies and actions of all levels of government. It is designed to unify Canadians around a set of principles that embody those rights. The Charter was signed into law by Queen Elizabeth II of Canada on April 17 1982. See Charter's full text.
China Law Center - Yale Law School's China Law Center has two missions: first, to assist the legal reform process within China; and, second, to increase understanding of China's legal system outside of China.
Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea - The functions of the Constitutional Court include deciding on the Constitutionality of Laws, ruling on Competence Disputes between governmental entities, adjudicating Constitutional Complaints filed by individuals, giving final decisions on Impeachments, and making judgments on Dissolution of Political Parties.
Search for a Case - Search for a case before the Court of Justice, General Court, or Civil Service Tribunal.
Council of Europe - An intergovernmental organisation which aims to protect human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law. The Council of Europe covers all major issues facing European society other than defence. Its work programme includes the following fields of activity: human rights, media, legal co-operation, social and economic questions, health, education, culture, heritage, sport, youth, local democracy and transfrontier co-operation, the environment and regional planning.
CURIA - Transit page for European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, national and international law and case law.
Europa - Europa is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the treaties.
International Law Dictionary and Directory - Definitions of words and phrases used in private and public international law with linked cross-references to related words and phrases. Descriptions of international organizations with links to their on-line home pages and to other important materials describing the organizations. Acronyms of international organizations with links to the definitions for those organizations. Descriptions of countries with links to their official on-line home pages and to other important materials.
International Law Observer - A blog dedicated to reports, commentary and the discussion of topical issues of public international law as well as EC/EU-law.
Mexican Law - Electronic resources from the U.S., Mexico, and international organizations.
Multilaterals Project - An ongoing project at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts to make available the texts of international multilateral conventions and other instruments. Although the project was initiated to improve public access to environmental agreements, the collection today also includes treaties in the fields of human rights, commerce and trade, laws of war and arms control, and other areas, including:
Researching U.S. Treaties and Agreements - Research information advice provided by Marci Hoffman, International & Foreign Law Librarian at the E.B. Williams Law Library, Georgetown University Law Center.
Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) - Primary mandate is to hold trials for the people accused of carrying out the attack of 14 February 2005 which killed 22 people, including the former prime minister of Lebanon, Rafiq Hariri, and injured many others.
Supreme Court of Canada - Rules, policies, cases, library, additional resources. Also see the Lexum collection, which contains Supreme Court of Canada judgments since 1907 and judgments in leave applications since 2006. The collection is updated within minutes of the public release of the judgments by the Court.
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - The highest court in the United Kingdom. The Court hears appeals on arguable points of law of the greatest public importance, for the whole of the United Kingdom in civil cases, and for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in criminal cases. Additionally, it hears cases on devolution matters under the Scotland Act 1998, the Northern Ireland Act 1988 and the Government of Wales Act 2006. Also see Live Hearings TV Coverage.
Supreme People's Court Monitor - Susan Finder has been observing the Supreme People's Court for over 20 years. She is a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the School of Transnational Law of Peking University (Shenzhen) and in the fall of 2015 was an Adjunct Professor with the Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong and is affiliated with its Centre of Chinese Law.
U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement - On August 5, 2004, the United States signed the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) with five Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) and the Dominican Republic. The CAFTA-DR is the first free trade agreement between the United States and a group of smaller developing economies.
Union List of Holdings of European Legal Gazettes - Official gazettes are basically the medium by which national and sub-national governments officially disseminate new legislation, regulations, orders and decisions of government bodies, and official announcements, although not always in full text. Some gazettes also contain the texts of international agreements, court decisions and legislative debates.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet Twitter provides news, culture, environment, media, politics, sci-tech, society, #art, #comics, #politicalcartoon, #illustration, #botd, #obit, but KWSnet is taking an extended leave of absence from the social networking service; it is not posting there at this time.
My Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero – a powerful, easy-to-use research tool – can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to My Zotero Library RSS content for the latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.