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Magna Carta - On display at the National Archives, courtesy of David M. Rubenstein, is one of four surviving originals of the 1297 Magna Carta. This version was entered into the official Statute Rolls of England. Magna Carta was written by a group of 13th-century barons to protect their rights and property against a tyrannical king. It is concerned with many practical matters and specific grievances relevant to the feudal system under which they lived. The interests of the common man were hardly apparent in the minds of the men who brokered the agreement. But there are two principles expressed in Magna Carta that resonate to this day: "No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, disseised, outlawed, banished, or in any way destroyed, nor will We proceed against or prosecute him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land." "To no one will We sell, to no one will We deny or delay, right or justice." You can read a translation of the 1297 version of Magna Carta, which was issued as part of Edward I's Confirmation of the Charters. Also see Wikipedia backgrounder.
Margaret Thatcher Foundation - Access the texts of thousands of documents relating to the politics of the last quarter of a century. Provides the full text of every public statement Lady Thatcher has ever made, rendering her political thought and record in office.
Making of America - A digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection currently contains approximately 8,500 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints, representing a major collaborative endeavor in preservation and electronic access to historical texts.
Mississippi Department of Archives and History Collection - Documents the area known today as Mississippi from prehistory through contemporary times: 29,000 cubic feet of records of all type - including government documents, bound volumes, maps and drawings, photographs, oral histories, and video and audio tapes.
Mount Rushmore - High on a granite cliff in South Dakota's Black Hills tower the huge carved faces of four American presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. Together they constitute the world's largest piece of sculpture. The story of Mount Rushmore's creation. Also see the National Park Service Mount Rushmore site.
Mourt's Relation - Written between November 1620 and November 1621, it describes in detail what happened from the landing of the Pilgrims at Cape Cod, though their exploring and eventual settling at Plymouth, to their relations with the surrounding Indians, up to the First Thanksgiving and the arrival of the ship Fortune.
Moving Here - Explores why people came to England over the last 200 years and what their experiences were and continue to be in digitised photographs, maps, objects, documents and audio items from 30 local and national archives.
Nation Archive, The - An assemblage of words and images from some of the most thought-provoking writers, activists and artists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries - from the Civil War through the millennium. Contributors include Henry James, Sinclair Lewis, Willa Cather, H.L. Mencken, Upton Sinclair, Margaret Mead, Edna St. Vincent Millay, Bertrand Russell, I.F. Stone, Jean-Paul Sartre, W. H. Auden, Martin Luther King, Jr., Toni Morrison, Gore Vidal, Alexander Cockburn, Katha Pollitt and many more.
Maintained by The Nation magazine.
National Anthems - Reference tool for 400 national anthems from around the world, many with English translations and accompanying music.
National Constitution Center - The NCC was established by Congress through the Constitution Heritage Act of 1988 to increase understanding of the U.S. Constitution.
National Jukebox - The Library of Congress presents the National Jukebox, which makes historical sound recordings available to the public free of charge. The Jukebox includes recordings from the extraordinary collections of the Library of Congress Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation and other contributing libraries and archives.
National Portrait Gallery - The National Portrait Gallery was founded in 1856 to collect the likenesses of famous British men and women. Today the collection is the most comprehensive of its kind in the world, and constitutes a unique record of the men and women who created (and are still creating) the history and culture of the nation. The Gallery houses a primary collection of nearly ten thousand works, as well as an immense archive. There is no restriction on medium - there are oil paintings, watercolours, drawings, miniatures, sculptures, caricatures, silhouettes and photographs.
National Security Archive (NSA) - An independent non-governmental research institute and library located at The George Washington University, the Archive collects and publishes declassified documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. The Archive also serves as a repository of government records on a wide range of topics pertaining to the national security, foreign, intelligence, and economic policies of the United States. To use the Archive's collections, search www.nsarchive.org, visit its reading room at George Washington University's Gelman Library, or ask your university or public library to subscribe to the Digital National Security Archive published by ProQuest/Chadwyck-Healey. Also read Unredacted, the NSA's blog. Archive projects include:
Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group - Locates, identifies, inventories, and recommends for declassification, currently classified U.S. records relating to Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes. Once declassified, these records are released to the American public. The group, consisting of high-level representatives from federal agencies and public members, was established by the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act and the Japanese Imperial Government Disclosure Act. Since 1999, the IWG has declassified and opened to the public an estimated 8 million pages of documents, including 1.2 million pages of OSS records; 74,000 pages of CIA name and subject files; more than 350,000 pages of FBI subject files; and nearly 300,000 pages of Army intelligence files. The once secret records are helping to shape our understanding of the Holocaust, war crimes, World War II and postwar activities of U.S. and Allied intelligence agencies.
Nuremberg Trials Project: A Digital Document Collection - The Harvard Law School Library has approximately one million pages of documents relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to the twelve trials of other accused war criminals before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT). To preserve the contents of these documents - which are now too fragile to be handled - and to provide expanded access to this material, the Library has begun a digital project to create and present images or full-text versions of its Nuremberg documents on the Internet, along with analytical information about each document and general information about the trials.
Toward "Thorough, Accurate, and Reliable": A History of the Foreign Relations of the United States Series - traces the evolution of the Foreign Relations of the United States documentary history series from its antecedents in the early republic through the implementation of its current mandate, the 1991 Foreign Relations statute. This book traces how policymakers and an expanding array of stakeholders translated values like "security," "legitimacy," and "transparency" into practice as they debated how to balance the government's pursuit of security with its commitment to openness. Determining the "people's right to know" has fueled lively discussion for over two centuries, and this work provides important, historically informed perspectives valuable to policymakers and engaged citizens as that conversation continues.
Official Documents UK - Official Documents contains the full text of selected UK Government reports, Command Papers and House of Commons Papers covering a broad range of topics including the economy, work and welfare, health, transport and the environment.
Old Pictures - Extensive collection of historical photographs from the years 1850 to 1940.
Paper of Record - An historical archive of full-page newspaper images that you can search for unique coverage of past events. The archive is created from newspaper collections on microfilm, preserving the original format of the paper, but saving you hours, even days, of research time. Over 7.5 million digitized searchable pages.
Paperless Archives - Access once secret and historical documents, recordings, photos, video and audio. Materials cover Presidencies, Historical Figures, Historical Events, Celebrities, Organized Crime, Politics, Military Operations, Famous Crimes, Intelligence Gathering, Espionage, Civil Rights, Serial Killers, World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, and more. Material from Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), National Security Agency (NSA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Secret Service, National Security Council, Department of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Justice, National Archive Records Administration, Presidential Libraries, and more.
Parallel History Project - Provides new scholarly perspectives on contemporary international history by collecting, publishing, and interpreting formerly secret governmental documents. Collections include:
Parliamentary Archives (UK) - Provides access to the archives of the House of Lords, the House of Commons and to other records relating to Parliament.
Peace Agreements Digital Collection - Strives to contain the full text of agreements signed by the major contending parties ending inter- and intra-state conflicts worldwide since 1989. It is a collection constantly under development as a means to strengthen worldwide access to information on peaceful means to end international conflict.
Pecora Commission Hearings - Pecora Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97.: 1932-1934. This series of hearings, also known as the Pecora Commission hearings, was conducted by a subcommittee of the United States Senate Banking and Currency Committee between 1932 and 1934. The hearings investigated stock exchange practices and their effect on American commerce, the national banking system, and the government securities market. They also addressed issues of tax evasion and avoidance. The record of the hearings includes more than 12,000 printed pages with more than 1,000 exhibits received in evidence. The work of this committee set the stage for the Banking Act of 1933, the Securities Act of 1933, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Also see Wikipedia article.
Pentagon Papers: Secrets, Lies and Audiotapes - The secret briefs, Supreme Court briefs, White House telephone conversations, memoirs, copies of the specific documents in the Pentagon Papers that were cited by the government in various public and secret legal papers as creating immediate harm to U.S. national security. Presented by the National Security Archive.
Pentagon Papers (via NARA) - On the 40th anniversary of the leak to the press, the National Archives, along with the Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon Presidential Libraries, has released the complete report with no redactions. There are 48 boxes and approximately 7,000 declassified pages. Approximately 34% of the report is available for the first time. This release includes the complete account of peace negotiations, significant portions of which were not previously available either in the House Armed Services Committee redacted copy of the report or in the Gravel Edition.
Pentagon Proposed Pretexts for Cuba Invasion in 1962 - In his expose of the National Security Agency entitled Body of Secrets, author James Bamford highlights a set of proposals on Cuba by the Joint Chiefs of Staff codenamed OPERATION NORTHWOODS. This document, titled Justification for U.S. Military Intervention in Cuba was provided by the JCS to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara on March 13, 1962, as the key component of Northwoods. Written in response to a request from the Chief of the Cuba Project, Col. Edward Lansdale, the top secret memorandum describes U.S. plans to covertly engineer various pretexts that would justify a U.S. invasion of Cuba. These proposals - part of a secret anti-Castro program known as Operation Mongoose - included staging the assassinations of Cubans living in the United States, developing a fake "Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington," including "sink[ing] a boatload of Cuban refugees (real or simulated)," faking a Cuban airforce attack on a civilian jetliner, and concocting a Remember the Maine incident by blowing up a U.S. ship in Cuban waters and then blaming the incident on Cuban sabotage. Bamford himself writes that Operation Northwoodsmay be the most corrupt plan ever created by the U.S. government."
Picture History - An on-line archive of images and film footage illuminating more than 200 years of American history. Included in its holdings is the acclaimed Meserve-Kunhardt Collection of 19th century photography as well as thousands of images that have been researched and acquired by Kunhardt Productions for use in historical documentaries over the past fifteen years.
Powell Memo (also known as the Powell Manifesto) - In 1971, Lewis Powell, then a corporate lawyer and member of the boards of 11 corporations, wrote a memo to his friend Eugene Sydnor, Jr., the Director of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The memorandum was dated August 23, 1971, two months prior to Powell's nomination by President Nixon to the U.S. Supreme Court. The Powell Memo did not become available to the public until long after his confirmation to the Court. It was leaked to Jack Anderson, a liberal syndicated columnist, who stirred interest in the document when he cited it as reason to doubt Powell's legal objectivity. Anderson cautioned that Powell "might use his position on the Supreme Court to put his ideas into practice…in behalf of business interests." Read it here.
Plymouth Colony Archive Project - A collection of searchable texts, including court records, colony laws, 17th century texts, research and seminar analysis of various topics, biographical profiles of selected colonists, probate inventories, wills, maps, town and fort plans, architectural and material culture studies. Also published here are a Glossary and Notes on Plymouth Colony, Seventeenth Century Timber Framing, and Vernacular House Forms in Seventeenth Century Plymouth Colony: An Analysis of Evidence from the Plymouth Colony Room-by-Room Probate Inventories 1633-85.
FDsys: GPO's Federal Digital System - In 1993, Congress passed the U.S. Government Printing Office Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act (Public Law 103-40), which expanded GPO's mission to provide electronic access to Federal electronic information. FDsys provides free online access to official Federal Government publications.
Project on Government Secrecy - The FASProject on Government Secrecy works to challenge unwarranted secrecy and to promote reform of national security information policy and practice.
Proliferation Watch: U.S. Intelligence Assessments of Potential Nuclear Powers, 1977-2001 - The Soviet Union assisted the United States in its effort to curb South Africa's nuclear program in August 1977 when Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev sent President Jimmy Carter a message that Moscow's spy satellites had noticed signs of nuclear weapons test preparations at a site in the Kalahari Desert. Very quickly the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) directed spy satellites to photograph the site which intelligence analysts later agreed was geared to nuclear testing. The U.S. government has declassified some of those satellite photographs for the first time. Published by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project, the photographs of the Kalahari site appear in a declassified article from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's Special Projects Division, later known as the Z Division. This and other reports by the Special Projects Division are also published for the first time by the National Security Archive in a collection of intelligence studies and articles on nuclear proliferation issues.
Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States - The Public Papers of the Presidents, which is compiled and published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, began in 1957 in response to a recommendation of the National Historical Publications Commission. Volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush are included in the Public Papers series. Currently, GPO Access contains the Public Papers for Presidents George H.W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush. Additional volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan will be made available from GPO in the future. Currently, volumes are published approximately twice a year, and each volume covers approximately a 6-month period.
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University - Holdings range from ancient papyri to records of modern advertising, numbering more than 200,000 printed volumes and more than 9,500,000 items in manuscript and archival collections and supporting research in a wide variety of disciplines and programs, including African-American studies, anthropology, classics, economics, history, literature, political science, religion, sociology, and women's studies. Manuscript and rare book holdings, broadsides, pamphlets, sheet music, maps, photographs, films, videotapes, and sound recordings.
Repertorium Chronicarum: Bibliography of the Manuscripts of Medieval Latin Chronicles - An attempt, at Mississippi State University, to record in a single reference work the location of every known Latin manuscript of every known Latin chronicle of the Middle Ages. Included are all Latin narratives of public (national, civic, political, military, corporate, ecclesiastical) events: chronicles, annals, histories, chronologies, notes on events; and the implied narratives of such events: catalogues of popes, emperors, and kings, and genealogies of kings; works composed from the beginning of the fourth century to the end of the fifteenth century.; and translations into Latin of works composed in other languages (e.g. Eusebius).
Room 6527 - Long before the NSA started its worldwide assault on communications channels and data storage systems, the USA was already systematically recording and deciphering diplomatic cables. Reports on intercepted messages from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) confidential file room show that Switzerland was one of many countries the Americans snooped on. Thanks to a Freedom of Information Act request, the SonntagsZeitung and Le Matin Dimanche have gained access to these historic and previously unpublished intercept records.
Scottish Documents - A searchable index of over 520,000 Scottish wills and testaments dating from 1500 to 1901.
Selected Works of Henry A. Wallace - Secretary of Agriculture from 1933 to 1940, during the difficult years of the Great Depression, and Vice President from 1941 to 1945, at the height of World War II, Henry Agard Wallace was one of FDR's most trusted lieutenants, a man whose faith in the New Deal and determination to fashion a better world out of the ashes of war made him, in the words of John Kenneth Galbraith, "second only to Roosevelt as the most important figure of the New Deal. An original thinker and a prolific writer, Henry Wallace's speeches and articles have long been out of print and unavailable to the general public. This website is meant to address that situation. The Documents section contains 33 selected speeches and articles by Henry Wallace, from his first public radio address as FDR's new Secretary of Agriculture to his 1948 campaign as Progressive Party candidate for the Presidency. The speeches reflect Wallace's interests in agricultural policy, public planning, anti-fascism, internationalism, and civil rights, and include The Price of Free World Victory (Wallace's famous Century of the Common Man speech), and The Way To Peace, his anti-Cold War address that led to his dismissal as Secretary of Commerce by President Truman. The site also includes an Essay by Professor David Woolner and a Resources page.
Sixth Floor Museum at Dealy Plaza - Contains a permanent historical exhibition dealing with the life, times, death, and legacy of John F. Kennedy. The subject is documented through the use of 400 photographs, documentary films, artifacts, graphs, charts, and other materials. Two evidentiary areas associated with the President's alleged assassin are preserved including the alleged sniper's perch. Artifacts include the Zapruder camera, the FBI model of Dealey Plaza used by the Warren Commission and personal items from the Kennedy years. The early 1960's, the events of November 22-25, l963, the capture of a suspect, world response, major investigations, and the president's legacy are among the topics discussed.
Sixties Project - Explore primary and secondary sources on this turbulent period.
Social Networks and Archival Context (SNAC) - SNAC is addressing a longstanding research challenge: discovering, locating, and using distributed historical records. Scholars use these records as primary evidence for understanding the lives and work of historical persons and the events in which they participated. These records are held in archives and manuscript libraries, large and small, around the world. Scholars may need to search scores of different archives one by one, following clues, hunches, and leads to find the records relevant to their topic. Furthermore, descriptive practices may differ from one archive or library to another. The research is time consuming and inefficient: clues and leads may be easily overlooked and important resources undiscovered. SNAC is addressing this issue. Explore its Prototype Research Tool.
South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) - Set up by the Government of National Unity to help deal with what happened under apartheid. The conflict during this period resulted in violence and human rights abuses from all sides. No section of society escaped these abuses.
Spain, United States, & the American Frontier: Historias Paralelas - This site features maps, rare books, manuscripts, prints and photographs, and motion pictures from the Library of Congress. These selected items relate to Spanish influence and interaction with other cultures existing in the geographic areas of North America, the Caribbean, and present-day Mexico between 1492-1898.
Stalin Digital Archive (SDA) - Stalin's personal papers, many accessible only at the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI), more than 28,000 documents in all. The SDA is a result of collaboration between the RGASPI and Yale University Press to create an electronic database of finding aids, to digitize documents and images, and to publish in different forms and media materials from the recently declassified Stalin archive in the holdings of RGASPI.
Supreme Court Historical Society - The Society supports important historical research including the Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the U.S.. This project is to reconstruct the historical records of the Court's first decade. The Society also works closely with the Court Curator's Office to identify and acquire historically significant items including portraits and period antiques which create a rich historical panorama for the nearly one million annual visitors to the Supreme Court building.
Taft-Hartley Act (1947) - Full text. A United States federal law that monitors the activities and power of labor unions. The act, still effective, was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative Fred A. Hartley, Jr. and legislated by overriding President Harry S. Truman's veto on June 23, 1947; labor leaders called it the "slave-labor bill" while President Truman argued it would "conflict with important principles of our democratic society," though he would subsequently use it twelve times during his presidency. The amendments enacted in Taft-Hartley added a list of prohibited actions, or "unfair labor practices", on the part of unions to the NLRB, which had previously only prohibited "unfair labor practices" committed by employers. The Taft-Hartley Act prohibited jurisdictional strikes, wildcat strikes, solidarity or political strikes, secondary boycotts, secondary or "common situs" picketing, closed shops, and monetary donations by unions to federal political campaigns. It also required union officers to sign non-communist affidavits with the government. Union shops were heavily restricted, and states were allowed to pass "right-to-work laws" that outlawed union shops. Furthermore, the executive branch of the Federal government could obtain legal strikebreaking injunctions if an impending or current strike "imperiled the national health or safety," a test that has been interpreted broadly by the courts. See Wikipedia.
Tangled Roots - A collection of primary documents from the 17th century to the present provides portraits of people and events from the history of African and Irish Americans. A project of the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Abolition, Resistance and Slavery at Yale University.
Testimony of Paul Robeson Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (06/12/1956) - Many African-American witnesses subpoenaed to testify at the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) hearings in the 1950s were asked to denounce Paul Robeson (1888-1976) in order to obtain future employment. Robeson, an All-American football player and recipient of a Phi Beta Kappa key at Rutgers, received a law degree at Columbia. He became an internationally acclaimed concert performer and actor as well as a persuasive political speaker. In 1949, Robeson was the subject of controversy after newspapers reports of public statements that African Americans would not fight in "an imperialist war." In 1950, his passport was revoked. Several years later, Robeson refused to sign an affidavit stating that he was not a Communist and initiated an unsuccessful lawsuit. In his testimony to a HUAC hearing, ostensibly convened to gain information regarding his passport suit, Robeson refused to answer questions concerning his political activities and lectured bigoted Committee members Gordon H. Scherer and Chairman Francis E.Walter about African-American history and civil rights. In 1958, the Supreme Court ruled that a citizen's right to travel could not be taken away without due process and Robeson' passport was returned.
Thomas Jackson Letters - The author had been born and spent his early years in England but emigrated to USA in 1829 and spent the rest of his life in Reading. He became a fervent abolitionist and, as the war progressed, wrote back to his cousins asking that they try to get his letters published in the English newspapers. For this reason, many of the letters contain virtually no reference to family matters but concentrate instead on reporting his first hand experiences of the civil war and the injustices of slavery. By following Thomas Jackson's passionate descriptions, you can now re-live a little history and become a witness through his eyes to some of the key events of the American civil war.
Thomas Jefferson Papers - The complete Thomas Jefferson Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents. This is the largest collection of original Jefferson documents in the world. Truth commissions and reports include: Argentina, Bolivia, Chad, Chile, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Nepal, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Uruguay, Zimbabwe.
Trump Archive - Collects TV news shows containing debates, speeches, rallies, and other broadcasts related to President-elect Donald Trump. This evolving non-commercial, searchable collection is designed to preserve the historical record for posterity.
U.S. Supreme Court: Historic Decisions by Justice - This page lists all justices who have served on the Supreme Court. The justices whose names are linked are represented by one or more opinions in this historic collection. Clicking on a linked name will retrieve all the opinions by that justice included in the collection (including concurring and dissenting opinions). Following each justice's name is a link to a brief biography. The source for most of these notes is a publication of the Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, entitled The Supreme Court of the United States: Its Beginnings and Its Justices 1790-1991. Maintained by Cornell Law School's Legal Information Institute (LII).
U.S. v. Reynolds (1953) - "In 1953, the U.S. Supreme Court decision in U.S. v. Reynolds asserted the "state secrets privilege." For more than fifty years, the state secrets privilege has enabled the military and its commander in chief to exempt themselves from the scrutiny of the democratic society their duty it is to protect. It's one of the things that has helped the military-industrial complex to grow its way into U.S. society to such an extent that, today, anti-militarism has come to seem anti-American to most of our fellow citizens." - Mark Jensen, Guarding the Guardians.
Ultrasensitive Bay of Pigs - Shortly after the CIA's botched paramilitary invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, President John F. Kennedy established a commission to investigate the failure and to consider whether the U.S. should conduct similar covert operations in the future. The commission - chaired by General Maxwell Taylor, but also including the president's brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, Admiral Arleigh Burke and DCIAllen Dulles - produced a highly critical series of narratives and memoranda. This Electronic Briefing Book provides excerpted passages from eight key documents, substantial portions of which were previously unavailable in the censored versions of the Taylor Commission report released in 1977 and 1986.
UK Official Publications (UKOP) - Home of official publications, UKOP is the authoritative UK catalogue of the output of government spanning 20 years of government information. The service is updated daily, allowing you to access the most recent publications from any given government body, including the devolved administrations.
UK Public Record Office (PRO) - The repository of the national archives for England, Wales and the United Kingdom. The PRO is the treasure house of the nation's memory. Included on its 90 miles of shelving are a hugely diverse range of historical documents including returns for parliamentary elections in 1275, lists of Elizabeth I's jewels, Shakespeare's will, Guy Fawkes' confession, and the first American newspaper. There is Captain Bligh's account of the mutiny on The Bounty, Napoleon's post mortem, decrypts of the British Ambassador's despatches describing the start of the Russian Revolution, the abdication instrument signed by Edward VIII, minutes of Churchill's war cabinet and and 617 squadron's account of the busting of the Mohne and Eder dams. The PRO is an invaluable resource for academic researchers, local historians, genealogists and many other groups of readers.
USDA History Collection - Most of the photographs on display in this section were taken between 1937 and 1943 during the Farm Security Administration (FSA) era. The entire FSA collection of almost 300,000 pictures are housed at the Library of Congress and the National Archives and Records Administration.
Venona Project - Evidence of spying and espionage in the files of the National Security Agency.
Veterans History Project - The Library of Congress to collect and preserve audio- and video-taped oral histories, along with documentary materials such as letters, diaries, maps, photographs, and home movies, of America's war veterans and those who served in support of them.
Warren Report - The complete Warren Report, investigating the assassination on November 22, 1963, of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the U.S.
Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents - Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. Contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. Weekly Compilation documents from 1993 to the present can be found by performing key word searches.
Western History and Geneology - The Denver Public Library's celebrated collection of Western Americana officially opened to the public in 1935, though it built upon a pre-existing Colorado authors collection of books and a Colorado history collection of pamphlets. Today the western subject specialty reflects all phases of development of the trans-Mississippi West. The collection continues to grow and presently includes 200,000 cataloged books, pamphlets, atlases, maps, and microfilm titles. In addition, it offers 600,000 photographs, 3,700 manuscript archives, and a remarkable collection of Western fine art and prints to researchers across the world. The Genealogy Collection is the second largest between the Mississippi River and the West Coast and the largest in the Rocky Mountain area. Family history researchers find material spanning dozens of generations and covering a wide spectrum of ethnic and geographic categories. Sixty-thousand books, 75,000 pieces of microform, and hundreds of magazine and newsletter titles, charts, clippings, atlases and manuscripts constitute the collection.
Wilson Center Digital Archive - International history declassified. Contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering new sources and providing fresh insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy. It collects the research of three Wilson Center projects which focus on the interrelated histories of the Cold War, Korea, and Nuclear Proliferation.
Woodward and Bernstein Watergate Papers - Between 1972 and 1976, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein emerged as two of the most famous journalists in America and became forever identified as the reporters who broke the biggest story in American politics. Beginning with the investigation of a "third-rate burglary" of the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex, Woodward and Bernstein uncovered a system of political "dirty tricks" and crimes that eventually led to indictments of forty White House and administration officials, and ultimately to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.
Working Class Movement Library - A national collection of British and Irish radical/labour/socialist movements with archives that stretch from Thomas Paine in the 1790s to the present day. Much of this information is held in books, pamphlets or leaflets. Many more stories are told by photos, banners and tape recordings.
World History Archives - Documents for teaching and learning about world history from a working-class and non-eurocentric perspective.
World History Sources - A guide to 100 primary source archives in world history with a review of each site's merits, limitations, and teaching potential.
World War I Document Archive - Conventions, treaties, official papers, documents, personal reminiscences, image archive, and biographical dictionary.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
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My Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to My Zotero Library RSS content for the latest updates.
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KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.