African American Literature Book Club - Widely recognized source of author profiles, book recommendations,
on-line discussion boards, writer's resources, articles, and critical reviews of books written by and about African-Americans.
Africans in America - A companion to Africans in America, a six-hour public television series. The Web site chronicles the history of racial slavery in the United States -- from the start of the Atlantic slave trade in the 16th century to the end of the American Civil War in 1865 -- and explores the central paradox that is at the heart of the American story: a democracy that declared all men equal but enslaved and oppressed one people to provide independence and prosperity to another.
African American Women's History -
Uncover the history of African-American women: the history of black women in America, from slavery through Reconstruction, Harlem Renaissance and civil rights. Biographies, organizations, events and movements.
African Burial Ground National Monument - From about the 1690s until 1794, both free and
enslaved Africans were buried in a 6.6-acre burial ground in Lower Manhattan, outside the boundaries of the settlement of New Amsterdam,
later known as New York. Lost to history due to landfill and development, the grounds were rediscovered in 1991 as a consequence of the
planned construction of a Federal office building.
African Journals OnLine (AJOL) - Provides tables of contents and and abstracts from over 180
African-published peer-reviewed journals, with links to the full text if available.
Africana Library - The John Henrik Clarke
Africana Library, also known as the >Africana Library provides a special collection focusing
on the history and culture of people of Africana ancestry. There are over 18,000 volumes in the collection. The library supports the
curriculum of Cornell University's Africana Studies & Research Center. University-wide the
library serves as a bibliographic reference and referral center by providing access to African, African Americans, and Caribbean resources
available either in the Cornell University Library or
collections at other institutions.
Africana Studies Department - Designed to explore African civilizations
and their influences on otherparts of the "Black Diaspora." Issues within the black international communities in Africa, the United States,
and elsewhere will be examined from both historical and contemporary perspectives. Particular attention is focused on political concepts,
cultural development, legal relations, and social theories.
Africans in America - A companion to Africans in America, a six-hour public
television series. The Web site chronicles the history of racial slavery in the United States from the start of the Atlantic slave trade in
the 16th century to the end of the American Civil War in 1865. The site is structured into four parts, corresponding to the periods covered
by the episodes of the companion television series. For each part, there is a Narrative, which relates the history of the period
and provides links to specific entries in the Resource Bank. The Resource Bank is a compilation of over 400 items,
comprised of People and Events entries (in-depth biographies and
historical notes), Historical Documents (annotated visual materials and
texts), and Modern Voices (commentaries excerpted from the original
interviews with experts who appear on-camera in the television series).
Afro-Louisiana History and geneology 1719-1820 - In 1984, a professor at Rutgers
University stumbled upon a trove of historic data in a courthouse in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Over the next 15 years, Dr. Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, a noted New Orleans writer and historian, painstakingly uncovered the background of 100,000 slaves who
were brought to Louisiana in the 18th and 19th centuries making fortunes for their owners.
AfroCubaWeb - Blacks in Cuba: Yoruba, Congo, Old Dahomey, and the Efik/Efo from the Cross River Delta
(Nigeria), giving birth to Abakwa and Brikamo. In addition, Cuba hosts a number of communities from the diaspora, especially the Caribbean
- Jamaica, the Bahamas, and other English speaking islands as well as Haiti.
American Slave Narratives - From 1936 to 1938, over 2,300 former slaves
from across the American South were interviewed by writers and journalists under the aegis of the Works Progress Administration.
This web site provides an opportunity to read a sample of these narratives.
Assata Shakur Speaks - On May 2 1973, Black Panther activist Assata Shakur (fsn) JoAnne
Chesimard, was pulled over by the New Jersey State Police, shot twice and then charged with murder of a police officer. Assata spent six and a half years in prison under brutal circumstances before escaping out of the maximum security wing of the Clinton Correctional Facility for Women in New Jersey in 1979 and moving to Cuba.
Black America Web (BAW) - Internet community and comprehensive source of information for and
Black Archives of Mid-America - An educational resource as well as a repository of every facet
in African-American culture; music, art, theater, education, the military, medicine, sports, religion, and community affairs.
Black Art in America (BAIA) - A leading online social network focused on African-American art. BAIA provides member artists with global exposure by connecting them to collectors, arts enthusiasts, arts institutions and professionals.
Black Lives Matter - Rooted in the experiences of black people in the U.S. who actively resist de-humanization, #BlackLivesMatter is a call to action and a response to the virulent anti-Black racism that permeates U.S. society.
Breaking Racial Barriers - Harmon Foundation collection recognizing
African American achievements in the fine arts, business, education, farming, literature, music, race relations, religious service and
Chimurenga - A publication, of arts, culture and politics from and about Africa and its
City Press - A Sunday newspaper that is aimed at black readers and is the third biggest selling
newspaper in South Africa. City Press is distributed nationally and in neighboring countries including Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia
Clarke, John Henrik - Pan-Africanist, author, poet, historian, journalist,
lecturer and teacher. Biographical information, selected writings and lectures. Also see Wikipedia backgrounder, the John Henrik Clarke Virtual Museum, and the video
chronicling his life and times: John Henrik Clarke: A Great
and Mighty Walk. The latter film offers a provocative look at the past through the eyes of this leading proponent of an
Afrocentric view of history. From ancient Egypt and Africa's other great empires, Clarke moves through Mediterranean borrowings, the
Atlantic slave trade, European colonization, the development of the Pan-African movement, and present-day African-American history.
DuSable, The - Museum promoting appreciation of the achievements, contributions, and experiences of African Americans through exhibits, programs, and activities illustrating African and African American history, culture and art.
Eyes on the Prize - A critically acclaimed 14-part series on the dealing with
the American Civil Rights Movement, was broadcast nationally by the PBS. The first six programs, Eyes on the Prize: America's
Civil Rights Years (1954-1965) was aired in January and February of 1987. The eight-part sequel, Eyes on the Prize II: America at
the Racial Crossroads (1965-1985) was broadcast in 1990. Eyes on the Prize is the most important documentary ever made about
the Civil Rights Movement--but copyright restrictions have kept it from the public for the past 10 years.
Farrakhan, Louis - Leader
and the Supreme Minister of the Nation of Islam (NOI) as the national
representative of Elijah Muhammad. He is also well-known as an advocate for African-American interests and a critic of American
society. Farrakhan currently resides in Kenwood, an affluent neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, and part time at a Nation of Islam
farm in New Buffalo, Michigan. Also see Final Call.
Free Africa Foundation - Engages in many activities that further the cause of freedom in Africa and
propagate ideas on liberty. The Foundation publishes a newsletter, Freedom Bulletin, which is distributed to members and The Free Africa Review. This quarterly journal examines the progress made on economic and political reform in Africa, the nature
of obstacles encountered and how to overcome them.
History Month - Resources from Gale, including: black history month activities,
biographies of significant African-American individuals, African-American literature resources, black history timeline.
HistoryMakers - Dedicated to preserving African American history as the missing link in
American history. Focused on American history, oral history and education in general and more specifically on African American history,
education, music, law, the arts, science, technology, media, medicine, entertainment, fashion and beauty, business, the military, politics
Incognegro, A Memoir of Exile and
Apartheid - Frank B. Wilderson, III is an award-winning writer, poet, scholar, activist and emerging filmmaker. Dr.
Wilderson spent five years in South Africa as an elected official in the African National Congress during the country's
transition from apartheid and was a member of the ANC's armed wing Umkhonto We Sizwe. His books
include Incognegro: a Memoir of Exile and Apartheid (South End Press) and Red, White, & Black: Cinema and
the Structure of U.S. Antagonisms (Duke University Press). Novelist Ishmael Reed called Incognegro "an
important contribution to the African and African-American canons and a rare American work that bridges two cultures, Black American and
Black South African."
Institute of the Black World 21st Century (IBW21) - Seeks to rekindle the historic legacy of
scholar-activists , women and men, who founded the original IBW in 1970. In that spirit, through research, analysis and
advocacy, IBW 21st Century is committed to building the capacity of the Black Community to struggle against racism,
sexism and oppression of any form, to work for the social, political, economic and cultural uplift and development of Black America
and the Global Black Community and an enhanced quality of life for all oppressed people. The objective of the struggle is to acquire and
maintain power, to reconstruct our communities, to build viable and vital nations, to create greater unity among people of African descent
and to transform our condition as oppressed people inspired by the vision of a new, non-exploitative social order.
James, C.L.R. Archive -
Author of The Black Jacobins (1938), Breaking a Boundary (1963), and volumes of essays involving class and race
antagonism, West Indian self-determination, cricket, Marxism, and aesthetics, C.L.R. James passed away in May, 1989. James' materialist
intervention into the issues of civil rights, race, class, Communism, cultural production and reception positions him at the center of the
leading Marxist interpretors of colonialism and anticolonial struggle in the twentieth century. James' encyclopedeic knowledge of
literature, cricket, and politics enabled him to write a prolific body of work over his lengthy career--works including the drama Toussaint
Louverture, the novel Minty Alley, and a Trotskyist analysis of the Third International entitled World Revolution. Although James was
ideologically to part ways with Trotsky the late 1940's, he continued to insist upon a class analysis of race and culture from the extreme
left. See "C.L.R. James: an Introduction." Also see
bio "C.L.R. James: A Revolutionary Vision for the 20th
Century", the C.L.R. James Institute, and Wikipedia article on James.
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies - Founded in 1970 by black intellectuals and
professionals to provide training and technical assistance to newly elected black officials, the Joint Center is recognized today as one of
the nation's premier think tanks on a broad range of public policy issues of concern to African Americans and other communities of color.
Joseph, Peniel J. - A leading scholars of African-American history, with formal expertise in
the Black Radial Tradition, Pan-Africanism, Black Social Movements, African American feminism, and the Black Power Movement.
Jeune Afrique - A weekly newsmagazine published in Paris, founded in Tunis by Bechir Ben Yahmed
on October 17, 1960. It covers the political, economic and cultural spheres of Africa, with an emphasis on Francophone Africa and the
Melville J. Herskovits Library of
African Studies - Northwestern University. The largest separate Africana collection in existence. Its scope is as wide as the
continent of Africa itself; its subject matter ranges from art, history, literature, music, and religion to communications, management, and
cooking. The Africana collection is a resource for the entire university, and most of Northwestern's disciplinary
programs are reflected in the collection.
Monticello African American Oral History Project: Getting Word - Monticello,
the residence of Thomas Jefferson for almost sixty years, was also home to a vital African-American community. This project
locates and records the oral histories of the descendants of Monticello's enslaved African-American community.
Movement for Black Lives, The - In response to the sustained and increasingly visible violence against Black communities in the U.S. and globally, a collective of more than 50 organizations representing thousands of Black people from across the country have come together with renewed energy and purpose to articulate a common vision and agenda. For each of the 30+ policies in the document, policy briefs describe the steps that must be taken to get closer to liberation.
Museum of the African Diaspora - One of the only museums in the world focused exclusively on African Diaspora culture and on presenting the rich cultural products
of the people of Africa and of African descendant cultures across the globe.
Nation of Islam (NOI) - Official site. The NOI is a religious and
social/political organization founded in Detroit, Michigan, by Wallace Fard Muhammad in July 1930 with the self-proclaimed goal of
resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of the black man and woman of America. NOI also promotes the
belief that Allah will bring about a universal government of peace. Also see Final Call and Wikipedia article.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - The oldest and largest civil
rights organization in the U.S., whose legacy includes the work of pioneers such as W.E.B DuBois, Thurgood Marshall and Roy Wilkens. From investigations of mob brutality, protests of mass murders, segregation and discrimination, to testimony before
congressional committees on tactics used to bar African-Americans from the ballot box, the tenacity of NAACP members has saved
lives and changed many negative aspects of American society. Also see NAACP Legal Defense and
National Conference of Black Lawyers (NCBL) - An association of lawyers, scholars, judges, legal
workers, law students and legal activists. Its mission is to serve as the legal arm of the movement for Black Liberation, to protect human
rights, to achieve self-determination of Africa and African Communities and to work in coalition to assist in ending oppression of all
New Jim Crow, The: Mass
Incarceration in the Age of Color Blindness - "In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we have not ended racial caste in America: we have
simply redesigned it. Alexander shows that, by targeting black men and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system
functions as a contemporary system of racial control, even as it formally adheres to the principle of color blindness. The New Jim
Crow challenges the civil rights community-and all of us-to place mass incarceration at the forefront of a new movement for racial
justice in America." Also see Democracy Now!
interview with Alexander.
Race and History - A collection of
resources and links, categorized by continent, for exploring ancient, prehistoric and early people of the world.
Race Traitor - Winner of the 1997 American Book Award from the Before
Columbus Foundation, the Race Traitor anthology contains selections from the first five
issues of the journal which first appeared in the fall of 1992 as well as a comlete listing of back issues and information about their
Research in African Literatures - Journal of African literary studies worldwide. Also provides a forum in English for research on the oral and written literatures of Africa.
Root, The - News and commentary from an African-American perspective.
Sanchez, Sonia -
Sanchez formed a writers' workshop in Greenwich Village, attended by such poets as Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Haki
R. Madhubuti (Don L. Lee), and Larry Neal. Along with Madhubuti, Nikki
Giovanni, and Etheridge Knight, she formed the "Broadside Quartet"
of young poets, introduced and promoted by Dudley Randall. She married and divorced Albert Sanchez, a Puerto Rican
immigrant whose surname she has used when writing, and the poet Etheridge Knight, with whom she had three children. During the early 1960s
she was an integrationist, supporting the philosophy of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). But after considering the ideas of
Black Muslim leader Malcolm X, who believed blacks would never be truly accepted by whites in the United States, she focused more
on her black heritage from a separatist point of view. Sanchez began teaching in the San Francisco area in 1965 and was a pioneer
in developing black studies courses at what is now San Francisco State University, where she was an instructor from 1968 to 1969. In 1971
she joined the Nation of Islam, but by 1976 she had left the Nation, largely because of its repression of women. Sonia Sanchez is the author of more than a dozen books of poetry.
Sertima, Ivan Van - A mild-mannered scholar of British-Caribbean background, Ivan van Sertima unleashed a revolution in the popular historical imagination with his 1977 book They Came Before Columbus:
The African Presence in Ancient America. In that book, van Sertima argued that explorers from the great cultures of ancient
Egypt had traveled to the Western Hemisphere and deeply influenced pre-Columbian cultures there, in contrast with other possible early
visitors such as the Vikings, who left few cultural traces of their presence. Along with van Sertima's later work exploring other
facets of African influence in ancient cultures, the book stands at the center of efforts to develop African-centered models of primary and
secondary education. He is the editor of the Journal of African
Civilizations, which he founded in 1979 and has published several major anthologies which have influenced the development of
multicultural curriculum in the United States.
Souls - A quarterly interdisciplinary journal published by Taylor & Francis. The Institute for Research in African-American Studies (IRAAS), founded by Dr. Manning Marable at Columbia University, initiated Souls in January 1999. The journal is directed by IRAAS's research unit, the Center for Contemporary Black History (CCBH), created by Dr. Marable in 2002. The principal focus of Souls's inquiry is the critical examination of Black American and the African Diasporal experience since 1945, marked by the emergence of the anticolonial struggles across Africa and the Caribbean, and the modern Civil Rights and Black Power movements in the United States.
Souls Grown Deep Foundation - Dedicated to documenting, researching, preserving, and exhibiting this work of these self-taught African American artists. Through the use of its 1,200 artworks and thousands of field photographs, the organization's goal is to bring this vital and quintessentially American art form to a wider audience, to see its inclusion in the "real" American art dialogue, and ensure its recognition as one of the great American contributions to the history of art.
The Root - Thought-provoking commentary on
today's news from a variety of black perspectives.
TransAfrica Forum - A major research, educational, and organizing institution educating the general
public - particularly African Americans - on the economic, political and moral ramifications of U.S. foreign policy as it affects Africa
and the Diaspora in the Caribbean and Latin America.
Transition - African zine with aritcles about literary and racial politics,
sex, stereotypes, and war.
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