ABB - A global leader in power and automation technologies that enable utility and industry customers
to improve their performance while lowering environmental impact.
Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company (ADFEC) - In April 2006, Abu Dhabi embraced
renewable and sustainable energy technology by launching the Masdar Initiative, a global cooperative platform for
engaging in the search for solutions to: energy security, climate change and sustainable human development. ADFEC is
the government-owned organization mandated to develop and execute Masdar.
AES Corporate - A leading independent electric power company that owns and operates assets in 28
AFS Trinity - A private company that owns the world's largest portfolio of flywheel technologies.
Alpha Natural Resources - One of America's leading producers of coal, with a diverse network
of mines and coal preparation plants in the eastern and western U.S.
Alyeska Pipeline Service Company - The 800-mile-long Trans Alaska
Pipeline System (TAPS) is one of the largest pipeline systems in the world. It stretches from Prudhoe Bay on Alaska's North Slope,
through rugged and beautiful terrain, to Valdez, the northernmost ice-free port in North America. Since pipeline startup in 1977, Alyeska
Pipeline Service Company, the operator of TAPS, has successfully transported over 15 billion barrels
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation - One of the world's largest independent oil and gas exploration and production
companies, with 2.4 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE) of proved reserves at year-end 2010. Anadarko's portfolio of
assets encompasses positions in U.S. onshore resource plays in the Rocky Mountains region, the southern United States and the Appalachian
Basin. The company also is a deepwater producer in the Gulf of Mexico, and has production in Alaska, Algeria, and Ghana with
additional exploration opportunities in Brazil, China, Indonesia, New Zealand, and East and West Africa. [Note: Acquired Kerr-McGee
Corporation in 2006.]
Anglo American - British multinational mining company Anglo American headquartered in London, UK. Portfolio spans iron ore and manganese, metallurgical and thermal coal, copper, nickel, niobium and phosphates, platinum and diamonds.
Arcadia Power - With Arcadia Power, you have a choice to ensure you're using clean energy. We do this by buying Green-e Energy certified renewable energy certificates (RECs) from wind farms to match your exact monthly usage. This certifies that that when energy that you consume at home is matched with RECs, you are using clean, wind energy. Also see related article Should I source my home power from renewable energy? (Grist, 11 May 2015).
Arch Coal - A top five global coal producer and marketer, with 141 million tons of coal sold in 2012. Represents
15% of America's coal supply from mining complexes in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Illinois, West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia and Maryland. Controls
a vast domestic reserve base totaling 5.5 billion tons.
ArcelorMittal - World's number one steel company, a the leader in all major global markets,
including automotive, construction, household appliances and packaging. The ArcalorMittal is one of the largest producers of iron ore worldwide, for capture consumption, with
mining activities in Algeria, Bosnia, Canada, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Ukraine and the United States.
AREVA - A leader in nuclear energy and a significant, growing player in the renewable energies sector.
AV Environment - Known for product and technology innovation in clean energy and efficient vehicles.
Barrick Gold Corporation - Barrick has mining operations in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Saudi Arabia, United States and Zambia. More than 75 percent of the company's gold production comes from the Americas region.
Battelle - An international science and technology enterprise that explores emerging areas of
science, develops and commercializes technology, and manages laboratories, including several U.S. national laboratories for its Department
of Energy: food product development, national security, solutions lab, laboratory security, formulation development, product stabilization,
protein manufacturing, protein purification, assay development, drug metabolism, efficacy testing, biomarkers, toxicology, safety pharmacology, analytic
chemistry, trace analysis, agrochemical product development, animal health product development, futuregen, homeland security, logistics management,
Berry Metal Company - A leading technology-based designer and manufacturer of injection lances for the
BHP Billiton - Significant positions in major commodity businesses, including aluminium,
energy coal and metallurgical coal, copper, manganese, iron ore, uranium, nickel, silver and titanium minerals' substantial interests in oil, gas,
liquefied natural gas and diamonds.
Black Hills Energy - Provides electric and natural gas service to over 600,000 customers in Colorado,
Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska.
BP - With a workforce of nearly 100,000 employees, BP operates globally, with business activities
and customers in more than 100 countries across six continents. BP is organized into three different business segments: exploration and
production; refining and marketing; and gas, power and renewables.
BPL Global - A smart grid technology company dedicated to leading the transformation of energy and information
delivery. The company provides software solutions and services to electric utilities enabling an intelligent grid to more efficiently manage demand,
integrate distributed energy resources, improve service reliability, and optimize cost and capital productivity.
Briggs Group - Marine pollution control and environmental services. Also provides a comprehensive
environmental service package covering pollution control, emergency oil, chemical and fuel response and response equipment packages.
China Shenhua Energy - China's state-owned coal mining enterprise. Its main business includes production and sales of coal, railway and port transportation of coal-related materials, as well as power generation and sales.
Coal India Limited - Indian state-controlled coal mining company. Produces about 80% of the coal production in India.
Deepwater Horizon - An ultra-deepwater, dynamically positioned, semi-submersible
offshore drilling rig which sank on April 22, 2010, causing the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The spill was the result of an explosion two
days earlier where eleven crewmen died. Deepwater Horizon was built in 2001 in South Korea, is owned by Transocean and was leased
to BP plc until September 2013. It was registered in Majuro, Marshall Islands. In September 2009, she drilled the deepest oil well in history
at a vertical depth of 35,050. feet (10,683.2 m) and measured depth of 35,055 feet (10,685 m). The oil spill may is one of the worst environmental
disasters in the United States in decades. Also: See Deepwater Horizon Response page.
Duke Energy - One of the largest electric power companies in the United States, supplying
and delivering energy to approximately 4 million U.S. customers. 35,000 megawatts of electric generating capacity in the Carolinas and the Midwest,
and natural gas distribution services in Ohio and Kentucky. Owns and operates diverse power generation assets in North America and Latin America,
including a portfolio of renewable energy assets.
EDF (Electricite de France) - Electricity supplier for residential clients, small business, major
business and local authorities. One of the leading European energy players with Europe's largest electricity generation assets. Also see Wikipedia
Enbridge - Alberta-based company focused on three core businesses: crude oil and liquids pipelines,
natural gas transportation and distribution, and green energy.
EnviroMission - Developing Solar Tower renewable energy technology on a global scale. EnviroMission,
which owns the global license to Solar Tower technology (excluding China), has shifted its development focus to the South West of the United
States of America . A single power station development will have the capacity to supply renewable energy to more than 100,000 typical American households
or remove the equivalent of 220,000 typical motor vehicles from the roads.
Fortis BC - British Columbia. Provides electricity, natural gas, piped propane and
alternative energy solutions, approximately 21 per cent of the total energy consumed in BC.
Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold - U.S.-based natural resource company headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. Copper, gold mining, smelting, and refining. Producers of copper, gold and molybdenum; a leading manufacturer of copper strip, cadmium copper, copper wire and bars.
Gazprom Neft - Key areas of the company's operations include the exploration, development, production
and sale of crude oil and gas, as well as oil refining and the marketing of petroleum products. Gazprom Neft operates in the largest oil and gas
regions in Russia: Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, and Tomsk and Omsk Regions. The company's major refining facilities
are located in Omsk, Moscow, and the Yaroslavl regions, as well as in Serbia.
GDF Suez - An international industrial and services group. Designs sustainable and innovative solutions
in the management of public utilities as a partner of public authorities, businesses and individuals. The Group's expertise is based on two key forms
of energy: nuclear energy - which is available and efficient with low CO2 emissions - and natural gas, the least polluting fossil fuel.
At the same time, it concentrates its efforts on the development of new production capacities using the most effective solutions emitting the least
amount of CO2, through renewable energy (hydro-electricity, wind power, biomass, solar and biogas).
GE Energy - Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S., GE Energy is one of the world's
leading suppliers of power generation and energy delivery technologies. Our 82,000 global employees serve the energy sector by developing and deploying
technology that makes efficient use of natural resources. Comprised of GE Oil & Gas, GE Power &
Water, and GE Energy Services, GE Energy's business units work together to provide integrated products, services, and solutions
in all areas of the energy industry, including coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear energy; renewable resources such as wind, solar, and biogas; and
other alternative fuels.
GenOn - One of the largest competitive generators of wholesale electricity in the United States, with a generation
portfolio of approximately 24,200 megawatts. Headquarted in Houston, TX.
Glencore PLC - Worldwide activities in the production, sourcing, processing, refining, transporting,
storage, financing and supply of metals and minerals, energy products and agricultural products. Headquartered in Baar, Switzerland.
Gunvor - Provides integrated trading products and logistics services to oil and energy market participants
and clients in the world's major markets, connecting suppliers upstream to clients and markets downstream.
Halliburton - Halliburton, founded in 1919, is one of the world's largest providers
of products and services to the energy industry. With over 50,000 employees in approximately 70 countries, the company serves the upstream oil
and gas industry throughout the life cycle of the reservoir - from locating hydrocarbons and managing geological data, to drilling and formation
evaluation, well construction and completion, and optimizing production through the life of the field.
Hess Corporation - Engaged in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, as well
as in refining and in marketing refined petroleum products, natural gas, and electricity. The company has operations in the United States, United
Kingdom, Norway, Denmark, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Azerbaijan, Thailand and Indonesia.
Integrys Energy Group, Inc. - A holding company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. Subsidiaries provide
products and services in both regulated and nonregulated energy markets.
Intergen - A global power generation firm. The company is operating or building a total of
20 power stations representing 16,220 megawatts (MW). The company has projects operating, under construction and/or in active development
in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, Colombia, Mexico, China, Egypt, Turkey, Brazil, Australia, the Netherlands, Spain, and
Singapore. InterGen is a Shell-Bechtel venture.
James River Coal Company - Operations are located in the Central Appalachian coal basin. Mines, processes
and sells thermal and metallurgical coal through eight operating subsidiaries located throughout eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia, and southern
Indiana. As of December 31, 2012 its eight mining complexes included 18 underground mines, 9 surface mines and 13 preparation plants. Also
have access to the CSX, NS, and Indiana Railroads.
Kinder Morgan - The largest midstream and the third largest energy company (based on combined
enterprise value) in North America. Owns an interest in or operate approximately 80,000 miles of pipelines and 180 terminals.
Koch Industries - Koch Industries owns a diverse group of companies in core industries such
as trading, petroleum, asphalt, natural gas, gas liquids, chemicals, plastics and fibers, chemical technology equipment, minerals, fertilizers, ranching,
securities, and finance, as well as in other ventures and investments.
Linde Group - Supports customers in 50 countries with industrial and medical gases.
Mercuria - A privately-owned international group of companies active over a wide spectrum of global energy
markets including crude oil and refined petroleum products, natural gas (including LNG), power, coal, biodiesel, vegetable oils and carbon
emissions. It is one of the world's five largest independent energy traders and has a longstanding sector expertise.
MISO - An essential link in the safe, cost-effective delivery of electric power across all or parts of 15 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba.
National Grid - An international energy delivery business, whose principal activities
are in the regulated electricity and gas industries. In the UK it owns and operates the high-voltage electricity transmission network in
England and Wales, and Britain's natural gas transportation system. In the U.S. it is one of the top ten electricity companies, with the largest
electricity transmission and distribution network in the New England/New York region.
National Grid UK - An international electricity and gas company
and one of the largest investor-owned energy companies in the world.
National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) - Directs and makes policies for exploration, drilling, production,
research and development, refining, distribution and export of oil, gas, petroleum products in Iran.
Niagara Mohawk - A National Grid USA company, provides electric service to
approximately 1.5 million customers and natural gas to approximately 540,000 customers in upstate New York. The company is based in Syracuse.
Norilsk Nickel - Produces nickel, copper, cobalt, palladium, platinum and other precious metals
(gold, silver), selenium, tellurium, technical sulfur, hard coal and other materials for industrial needs. MMC Norilsk Nickel's is the world's
largest producer of nickel and palladium and one of the largest producers of platinum.
Northern California Power Agency (NCPA) - A California Joint Action Agency established in 1968 by a consortium of locally owned electric utilities to make joint investments in energy resources to ensure an affordable, reliable, and clean supply of electricity for customers in its member communities. NCPA members include municipalities, a rural electric cooperative, and other publicly owned entities for which the not-for-profit agency provides such services as the purchase, aggregation, scheduling, and management of electrical energy.
Pacific Energy Partners - Engaged in the business of gathering, blending, transporting,
storing and distributing crude oil through two regional operating units: West Coast Business Unit and Rocky Mountain Business Unit, which includes
Peabody Energy - World's largest private-sector coal company. The company has approximately 9 billion
tons of proven and probable coal reserves and owns, through its subsidiaries, majority interests in 28 coal operations located throughout all
major U.S. coal-producing regions and in Australia.
PG&E - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, incorporated in California in 1905, is one
of the largest combination natural gas and electric utilities in the United States. Based in San Francisco, the company is a subsidiary of PG&E
Corporation. Service area stretches from Eureka in the north to Bakersfield in the south, and from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the
Sierra Nevada in the east.
PAMP (Produits Artistiques de Metaux Precieux) - A gold, silver and platinum group metals refinery
based at Castel San Pietro, in Switzerland near its Italian border. Originally established in 1977, PAMP was acquired in 1981by MKS Finance
S.A, one of the world's leading integrated precious metals and foreign exchange trading houses.
Plains All American Pipeline - Owns and operates midstream energy infrastructure and provides logistics services for crude oil, natural gas liquids (NGL), natural gas, and refined products. One of the largest energy companies in North America.
Repsol - An integrated Spanish oil and gas company with operations in 29 countries. The
bulk of its assets are located in Spain and Argentina, as a result of the 1999 takeover of Argentine energy firm YPF by the Spanish conglomerate Repsol
S.A. It is now the 15th largest petroleum refining company according to the Fortune Global 500 list, employing over 40,000 people worldwide.
It is also the largest foreign energy company present in Libya. Repsol-YPF is also initially charged with operating a giant deep-water oil
rig that may find commercially exploitable quantities of oil under Cuba's waters.
Rio Tinto - A leading international mining group providing low-sulphur steam coal to power
stations that supply homes, businesses and industries in the U.S., Australia and elsewhere, and metallurgical coking coal to iron and steel mills
in Asia and Europe. The company also mines uranium oxide which, enriched into fuel rods, raises steam in nuclear power stations to generate electricity
in Europe, the U.S. and the Asia Pacific.
Sakhalin 1 Project - A planned development of
oil and gas on the northeast shelf of Sakhalin Island (Russia). The project area is comprised of the Chayvo, Odoptu and Arkutun-Dagi fields. Total
recoverable reserves are estimated to be 2.3 billion barrels of oil (307 million tons) and 17.1 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (485 billion cubic
meters). See Project Overview.
Saudi Aramco - The world leader in crude oil production, Saudi Aramco also
owns and operates an extensive network of refining and distribution facilities, and is responsible for the gas processing and transportation installations
that fuel Saudi Arabia's industrial sector. An array of international subsidiaries and joint ventures, including one of the world's largest and newest
fleet of supertankers, deliver crude oil and refined products to customers worldwide.
Sempra Energy Resources - Nearly 6,000 megawatts (MW) of generating capacity in operation
or development in the U.S. West and Mid-west and Mexico.
Serious Energy - Develops and manufactures sustainable green building materials that dramatically
reduce the impact of the 'built environment' on the climate: high-performance insulated windows and glass; soundproof drywall and QuietHome Windows;
green alternative to standard drywall.
SHAMS Power Company - The Shams 1 project involves the design, construction, operation and
maintenance of a concentrated solar power (CSP) plant located in Abu Dhabi on a build, own, operate basis.
Sierra Energy Corp - Working to waste gasification globally attainable and profitable. SSince 2004,
it's been developing and optimizing its FastOx gasifier which converts waste and recovers energy more economically and on a more appropriate
scale than other conversion technologies.
Soitec - A world leader in generating and manufacturing revolutionary semiconductor materials for electronic
and energy industries with R&D and industrial manufacturing activities in France, Germany, Singapore, and the United States.
Southern Company - A super-regional energy company with more than 38,000 megawatts of
electric generating capacity in the Southeast. It is one of the largest producers of electricity in the United States.
Stillwater Mining Company - One of the world's leading producers of platinum group
metals (PGMs) and the only significant primary producer of palladium in the Western Hemisphere.
Suncor Energy - In 1967, Suncor pioneered commercial development
of the oil sands. Near Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada, Suncor extracts and upgrades oil sands into high-quality
refinery-ready crude oil products and diesel fuel. In Western Canada, Suncor explores for, develops and produces natural
gas. In Ontario and Colorado, Suncor's downstream operations market the company's refined products to industrial,
commercial and retail customers.
Sunoco - An American petroleum and petrochemical manufacturer headquartered in Philadelphia,
PA, formerly known as Sun Company Inc. (1886-1920 and 1976-1998) and Sun Oil Co. (1920-1976). Sunoco is one of the largest
gasoline distribution companies in the United States, with Sunoco brand gasoline being sold in over 4,700 outlets; just over a third of
these outlets are Sunoco gas stations and convenience stores, located in 26 states.
Technikon, LLC - Focuses on accelerating the commercialization of renewable energy technologies. Provides
government and industry with an independent Testing and Validation Proving Ground for evaluating the performance of renewable energy and
renewable fuels technologies with respect to robustness, safety, energy efficiency, environmental effectiveness and other key performance specifications.
Technip - Full-service engineering and construction groups in the field of hydrocarbons and
petrochemicals. Technip's activity covers offshore and onshore field development, gas processing and liquefaction, refining, onshore pipelines
and petrochemicals - which represents its main business.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) - A U.S. federal corporation and the nation's largest public power
company. TVA operates fossil-fuel, nuclear, and hydropower plants, and also produces energy from renewable sources. It manages the nation's
fifth-largest river system to minimize flood risk, maintain navigation, provide recreational opportunities, and protect water quality in the 41,000-square-mile
Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) - A Japanese electric utility servicing Japan's Kantō region, Yamanashi Prefecture, and the eastern portion of Shizuoka Prefecture. This area includes Tokyo. Its headquarters are located in Uchisaiwaicho, Chiyoda, Tokyo, and international branch offices exist in Washington, D.C., and London. Responsible for the continuing debacle at Fukushima.
Total - Fifth largest publicly-traded integrated international oil and gas company in the world.
Trafigura - World's third largest independent oil trader and the second largest independent trader in
the non-ferrous concentrates market. Trafigura handles every element involved in the sourcing and trading of crude oil, petroleum products,
renewable energies, metals, metal ores, coal and concentrates for industrial consumers.
Transocean - The world's largest offshore drilling contractor.
U.S. Steel - Headquartered in Pittsburgh, PA. An integrated steel producer with major production
operations in the United States, Canada and Central Europe and an annual raw steelmaking capability of 31.7 million net tons. The company manufactures
a wide range of value-added steel sheet and tubular products for the automotive, appliance, container, industrial machinery, construction, and oil
and gas industries. U.S. Steel is also involved in several steel finishing joint ventures in the United States, Brazil, Canada and Mexico.
Also see Wikipedia article.
Vale - Brazilian multinational metals and mining company. World's biggest iron ore producer and the second biggest nickel producer.
Wisconsin Energy Corporation - Holding company with a diversified portfolio of subsidiaries
engaged in electric generation; electric, gas, steam and water distribution; pump manufacturing and other non-utility businesses.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science
and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 150,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search
within individual pages.