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4StruggleMag - Views, thoughts, and analysis from
the hearts and minds of North American political prisoners and friends.
15 Years to Life - Maintained by Anthony Papa, advocate against the war on drugs and cofounder
of the Mothers of the New York Disappeared.
Abolitionist Law Center - A public interest law firm inspired by the struggle of political and politicized prisoners, and organized for the purpose of abolishing class and race based mass incarceration in the United States. The Abolitionist Law Center engages in litigation on behalf of people whose human rights have been violated in prison, produces educational programs to inform the general public about the evils of mass incarceration, and works to develop a mass movement against the American penal system by building alliances and nurturing solidarity across social divisions.
Addamer - A Palestinian non-governmental,
civil institution which focuses on human rights issues. Offers support for Palestinian prisoners, advocating the rights of political prisoners. Works
to end torture through monitoring, legal procedures and solidarity campaigns.
All of Us or None - A grassroots civil rights organization fighting for the rights of formerly-
and currently- incarcerated people and their families.
Amnesty International - Amnesty International campaigns to free all prisoners of conscience;
ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment of prisoners; end political killings
and "disappearances "; and oppose human rights abuses by opposition groups. This website contains news; features; actions; video and audio; information
about countries, campaigns and issues. Amnesty International also produces hundreds of reports, press releases, appeals for action and newsletters
each year and these are available in the Library.
Anarchist Black Cross Federation (ABCF) - Focuses on the support and defense of political prisoners
and prisoners of war (PP/POWs). Different PP/POWs have participated in progressive and revolutionary movements in varying levels.
Some in educational and community organizing, others in clandestine armed and offensive people's armies. All are in prison as a result of conscious
political action, for building resistance, building and leading movements and revolution for making change.
Anarchist Black Cross Network (ABCN) - A decentralized and egalitarian network of
organizations committed to the original ideals of the Anarchist Black Cross movement of seeing prisons and the poverty, racism and genocide
that accompanies them, to be symptoms of a social order whose last days are near.
Arizona Justice Project - Examines claims of innocence and manifest injustice, and
provides legal representation for inmates believed to have been failed by the criminal justice system.
Assata Shakur - On May 2 1973, Black Panther activist Assata Shakur (fsn)
JoAnne Chesimard, was pulled over by the New Jersey State Police, shot twice and then charged with murder of a police officer. Assata spent
six and a half years in prison under brutal circumstances before escaping out of the maximum security wing of the Clinton Correctional Facility
for Women in New Jersey in 1979 and moving to Cuba. Forty years later, on 2 May 2013, Assata Shakur became the first woman named
to the FBI's Most Wanted Terrorists list. A professor of criminal justice
at Rutgers University, Lennox Hinds has represented Shakur since 1973.
"This is a political act pushed by the state of New Jersey, by some members of Congress from Miami, and with the intent of putting pressure on the
Cuban government and to inflame public opinion," Lennox Hinds says. "There is no way to appeal someone being put on the terrorists list." See Democracy
Now's Angela Davis and Assata Shakur's Lawyer Denounce
FBI's Adding of Exiled Activist to Terrorists List. Also see:
Bard Prison Initiative (BPI) - Creates the opportunity for incarcerated men and women to earn a Bard College degree while serving their sentences. The academic standards and workload are rigorous, based on an unusual mix of attention to developmental skills and ambitious college study. The rate of post-release employment among the program's participants is high and recidivism is stunningly low.
Board of Parole Hearings (BPH) - California's
adult parole board. Conducts parole consideration hearings, parole rescission hearings, parole revocation hearings and parole progress hearings for
adult inmates and parolees under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. The duties of the BPH also
include, but are not limited to, mentally disordered offender and sexually violent predatory screenings and hearings, investigation of requests for
pardons, reprieves and commutation of sentences, foreign prisoner transfer requests and the duties of the former Narcotic Addict Evaluation Authority.
Books to Prisoners - A volunteer not-for-profit project bringing free books to men
and women behind bars.
Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice and Fairness - The W. Haywood Burns Institute (BI) is
a San Francisco-based national nonprofit. It is a leading organization in the field of juvenile justice and ethnic and racial disparities reduction,
which helps to protect and improve the lives of youth of color and poor youth by promoting and ensuring fairness and equity in youth-serving systems
across the country.
CAGE - A human
rights organisation that exists to raise awareness of the plight of the prisoners at Guantanamo Bay and other detainees held as part of the 'War on
Terror'. Seeks to improve the circumstances and situation of political detainees worldwide, specifically those interned as a result of the War on
Terror and its side campaigns.
Campaign for Youth Justice - Dedicated to ending the practice of trying, sentencing and
incarcerating youth under the age of 18 in the adult criminal justice system.
Campaign to End the New Jim Crow - Grassroots, bottom-up human rights movement committed to ending
mass incarceration entirely. Challenges the culture of racism, repression and retribution that sustains mass incarceration.
Center on Wrongful Convictions (CWC) - CWC's efforts not only free innocent people, they reveal mistakes and missteps at every juncture of our justice system-from the moment the yellow crime tape goes up until the last appeal.
Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice - Offers model programs, public education, and policy research
around alternatives to incarceration, sentencing and reentry issues, drug policy reform, and social justice issues.
Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons - For roughly a year, beginning
in March 2005, the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons explored violence and abuse in America's prisons and jails and how
to make correctional facilities safer for prisoners and staff and more effective in promoting public safety and public health. The Commission's
findings and a set of 30 practical recommendations for operating correctional facilities that reflect America's values and serve our best interests
are captured in the report, Confronting Confinement.
Committee to Free Lori Berenson - Lori Berenson is a U.S. citizen, human rights activist,
and free-lance journalist who currently is serving a life sentence in Perú following her conviction by a secret, hooded military tribunal,
in violation of international law.
Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics - Better known as SPACE (Statistiques Penales Annuelles du Conseil de l'Europe), it include two related projects. SPACE I provides data on imprisonment and penal institutions in Council of Europe Member States. Information on non-custodial sanctions and measures are collected under the project SPACE II.
Critical Resistance - Building an international movement to end the Prison Industrial
Curb Prison Spending - A broad-based coalition of over 65 organizations seeking to curb prison spending by reducing the number of people in prison and the number of prisons in the state.
Families Against Mandatory Minimums (FAMM) - FAMM is
a national organization of citizens working to repeal federal and state mandatory sentencing laws that remove judicial discretion. To ensure equity
and fairness at all stages of the sentencing process, FAMM also works to improve sentencing guidelines.
Federal CURE - A leading advocate for America's ever growing federal inmate population, working
to reinstate parole; increase good time allowances; and promote a system that incarcerates fewer people and provides humane conditions for those
who are incarcerated or under post-incarceration supervision via parole or supervised release.
Guantanamo (ACLU) - After hundreds of detentions and two Supreme Court decisions
rejecting the administration's detention policies at Gitmo, the legal status of the detainees there remains unresolved and the fight continues
to end unlawful detention and the denial of due process. The ACLU is one of four organizations that have been granted status as human rights
observers at the military commission proceedings. When the tribunals began in 2004, ACLU Executive Director Anthony Romero and two ACLU international
human rights lawyers attended the proceedings and blogged about the experience so Americans could know the truth of Guantánamo. The ACLU has
continued to hold government leadership accountable by filing Freedom of Information Act requests for documents that reveal systemic torture to prisoners
held in U.S. custody. So far, more than 100,000 pages of government documents detailing the torture and abuse of detainees.
Guantanamo: Beyond the Law - An eight-month McClatchy investigation of
the detention system created after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks has found that the U.S. imprisoned innocent men, subjected them to abuse, stripped
them of their legal rights and allowed Islamic militants to turn the prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba into a school for jihad.
Guantánamo Detainees - Of the 779 people who have been detained at Guantánamo,
at least 525 have been transferred and approximately 250 remain, according to the U.S. Department of Defense. The Pentagon has
declined to release a list of the detainees currently at Guantánamo. By reviewing thousands of pages of government documents, court records
and media reports, The Times was able to compile its own approximate list.
Guantanamo Human Rights Commission - The Commission's long term objective is
to achieve an end to all forms of internment without trial, whether in Guantanamo, or in Britain in Belmarsh and Woodhill, or on the island of Diego
Guantánamo Testimonials Project - A long
term research project of UC Davis Center for the Study of Human Rights to assess the effects of the U.S. war on terror on human rights in
Human Rights Coalition (HRC) - A group of predominately prisoners' families,
ex-prisoners and some supporters, whose ultimate goal is to abolish prisons.
The - The Innocence Project at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, created by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J.
Neufeld in 1992, is a non-profit legal clinic that handles cases only where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive
proof of innocence.
International Leonard Peltier Defense Committee - Leonard Peltier has been incarcerated
for twenty three years, despite the clear indications of misconduct, including the falsification of evidence, by various U.S. officials which lead
to his conviction. He is now fifty-four years of age and his health is beginning to deteriorate. The Defense Committee seeks Peltier's
prompt and unconditional release from prison.
Janet Hamlin - Guantanamo Bay Naval Base court sketch
Just Detention - Seeks to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. SPR has
three goals for its work: to push for policies that ensure institutional accountability, to change society's attitudes toward prisoner rape, and
to promote access to resources for survivors of sexual assault behind bars.
Just Leadership USA - Dedicated to cutting the US prison population in half by 2030 while reducing crime.
Justice: Denied - The magazine for the wrongly convicted, devoted to helping people
who have been wrongly convicted in the United States of America.
Justice for Yassin - Yassin Aref is a Kurd from Iraq. He was a resident of Albany,
New York. He was unfairly accused of supporting terrorists and sent to a special prison in Terre Haute, Indiana. The purpose of this site is to tell
you who Yassin Aref really is and his interesting story; his struggle as a Kurd in Iraq, how he survived the Anfal genocide, his struggle
for freedom, his journey to America with his family; and above all, how he ended up in prison.
Justice Now - The first teaching law clinic in the country solely focused on the needs of women prisoners. Interns and staff provide legal services in areas of need identified by women prisoners.
Justice Policy Institute (JPI) - A project of the Tides Center is a Washington, D.C.-based think-tank that is committed to reducing society's reliance on
incarceration. Seek to advance the quality and content of public discourse in the ongoing debate around juvenile and criminal justice system reform.
Juvenile Life Without Parole - Each year in the United States, children as young as 13 are sentenced to spend the rest of their lives in prison without any opportunity for release. Approximately 2,500 children have been sentenced to juvenile life without parole (JLWOP) in the United States. This page from the ACLU tells you more.
Legal Services for Prisoners with Children (LSPC) - Works in partnership with other organizations and grassroots activists to promote change in California's criminal justice system. Engages in impact litigation, as counsel or co-counsel, and occasionally as a plaintiff. Recent cases are in the area of prison conditions, including solitary confinement. Regularly engages in organizing campaigns in collaboration with numerous other organizations, including CURB Coalition partners throughout the state of California.
Los Tocayos Carlos - A book-length monograph and comprehensive website published by the Columbia
Human Rights Law Review. Based on one of the most thorough investigations of a criminal case in U.S. history, this work by Columbia Law School
Professor James Liebman and a team of students uncovers evidence that Carlos DeLuna, a poor Hispanic man with childlike intelligence who
was executed in Texas in 1989, was innocent.
Marshall Project, The - News organization dedicated to covering America's criminal justice system - the U.S. court and prison systems.
Abu-Jamal News - Journalists for Mumia challenge the long history of media bias against
Abu-Jamal's case for a new trial. Through this website and print newspaper they provide up-to-date news about the case.
Free Mumia - The official homepage of the International Concerned Family and Friends of Mumia
Abu-Jamal (ICFFMAJ) and the Free Mumia Abu-Jamal Coalition (NYC). The movement to free Mumia is large, diverse and is
supported by heads of state from France to South Africa, by Nobel Laureates Nelson Mandela, Toni Morrison, Desmund Tutu, by the European Parliament,
by distinguished human rights organizations like Amnesty International, city governments from Detroit to San Francisco to Paris, scholars,
religious leaders, artists, scientists, the Congressional Black Caucus and other members of U.S. Congress, the NAACP, labor unions,
and by countless thousands who cherish democratic and human rights - and justice -the world over. Also see A
Life in the Balance: The Case of Mumia Abu-Jamal (Amnesty International, Feb 2000).
Millions4Mumia (Free Mumia) - Site created by a coalition of groups and individuals in the San
Francisco Bay Area - East Bay, committed to Mumia Abu-Jamal's freedom and freedom for all political prisoners.
National Coalition to Free the Angola
3 - Formed in 1999 to find justice for three innocent and wrongfully convicted men locked down at Angola, the Louisiana
State Penitentiary, for nearly three decades. All three men - Herman Wallace, Albert Woodfox and Robert King Wilkerson -
fought for prison reform in the early 1970s. As a result, they were targeted by prison officials who eventually framed them for crimes they did
National Registry of Exonerations - A joint project of the University of the Michigan
Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law, maintaining an up to date list of all
known exonerations in the United States since 1989.
Nato5Support - A group of activists working to support political prisoners, most
notably the NATO 5 who face trumped up terrorism charges, collecting their work
here in stories, poems, press releases and more.
Natural Life - A threefold experimental documentary comprised of a 77-minute, single-channel video, a gallery installation and an interactive online archive. The piece challenges inequities in the U.S. juvenile justice system by depicting, through documentation and reenactment, the stories of five individuals of different age, gender, economic background and race, who were sentenced to Life Without Parole (Natural Life) for crimes they committed as youth. The youthful status and/or lesser culpability of these youths, their background and their potential for rehabilitation, were not taken into account at any point in the charging and sentencing process. The five will never be evaluated for change, difference or growth. They will remain in prison till they die.
New Jim Crow, The: Mass Incarceration
in the Age of Color Blindness - In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we have not ended racial caste in America: we have simply
redesigned it. Alexander shows that, by targeting black men and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as
a contemporary system of racial control, even as it formally adheres to the principle of color blindness. The New Jim Crow challenges
the civil rights community-and all of us-to place mass incarceration at the forefront of a new movement for racial justice in America. Also see Democracy
Now! interview with Alexander.
No More Guantanamos - A coalition of concerned U.S. residents, communities, organizations, and attorneys
who are working together to ensure justice for the prisoners at Guantánamo Bay, Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan, and other offshore
prison sites maintained by the CIA and the Pentagon around the world.
Office of the Pardon Attorney (U.S.) - The U.S. President relies on the Department of Justice, and particularly the Office of the Pardon Attorney, for assistance in the exercise of the executive clemency power granted to the President by Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution. Under the Constitution, the President's clemency power extends only to federal criminal offenses. Executive clemency may take several forms, including pardon, commutation of sentence, remission of fine or restitution, or reprieve. All requests for executive clemency for federal offenses are directed to the Pardon Attorney for review, investigation, and preparation of the Department's recommendation to the President, which is signed by the Deputy Attorney General, for the final dispositions of each application. The Office of the Pardon Attorney also prepares the documents the President signs when granting executive clemency and notifies all applicants of the President's clemency decisions.
Prison Activist Resource Center (PARC) - PARC is committed to exposing and challenging the
institutionalized racism of the criminal injustice system and to further developing anti-racism as individuals and throughout our organization. A
progressive and radical information on prisons and the criminal prosecution system.
Prison Arts Coalition (PAC) - Serves as a national network for prison arts in the United States. Through extensive online outreach and organizing, PAC provides support, information, and partnership opportunities within the American prison arts sector. As an advisory body, PAC provides ongoing, personalized guidance to people who are working to develop arts programs or looking to support incarcerated and formerly incarcerated artists. As a resource, PAC compiles publications, artistic works, research, events, and job postings to share with the public.
Prison Books Collective - A Chapel Hill, NC-based anti-prison group that sends hundreds of books to prisoners
in the South each month, maintains an extensive radical zine catalog, widely distributes a monthly poster promoting political prisoner support, and
publishes prisoners' art and writing. It also works to raise awareness about the prison-industrial complex in its community and connects with others
seeking to abolish this racist and repressive system.
Prison Culture - Documents how the prison industrial complex operates while underscoring the ways that it structures American society.
Prison Dictionary - Glossary of terms based on prison culture. Many
of the terms relate to specific California procedures - such as 602s. However, since the list was first compiled, it has grown to contain
words and phrases from prisons in various states.
Prison Families Anonymous - A self-help organization whose purpose is to help the families and friends who now have or once had a loved one involved in the criminal or juvenile justice system.
Prison Law Office - Strives to improve the living conditions of California state prisoners
by providing free legal services. Also see Resources page.
Prison Legal News - A monthly journal edited by Washington State prisoner Paul
Wright. The PLN has been regularly published since May of 1990. PLN covers prison-related news
and analysis from across the country and around the world. It's focus is on prison struggle in all arenas.
Prison Policy Initiative - Produces research to expose the broader harm of mass criminalization, then sparks advocacy campaigns to create a more just society.
Prison Profiteers - An ACLU video series profiling the powerful companies and individuals who are profiting off locking up too many people for too long.
Prison Protest - Investigating incarceration and the criminal justice system. Focuses on prison reform, mass incarceration, and the prison industrial complex.
Prison Radio - Challenging mass incarceration and racism by airing the voices of men and
women in prison. A project of the Redwood Justice Fund.
Prisoner Hunger Strike Solidarity (PHSS) - A coalition based in the Bay Area
made up of grassroots organizations and community members committed to amplifying the voices of and supporting the prisoners at Pelican
Bay State Prison and other California prisons while on hunger strike. This website is a place for news on organizing efforts inside and
outside prison regarding the 01 Jul 2011 hunger strike, and its renewed continuation on 26 Sep 2011; a location for research, history and analysis
relevant to this action; and a hub for updates on ways people can be in solidarity with the hunger strikers.
Prisoners of the Census - The Census Bureau counts prisoners as if they
lived voluntarily in the communities where they are incarcerated. And though most states bar prisoners from voting, the inaccurate census figures
allow state lawmakers to pad district populations when drawing legislative maps. This creates prison districts with disproportionate voting power
and drains political influence from the urban districts where most prisoners live.
Project to Enforce the Geneva Convention (PEGC) - This project seeks the appointment of a special
prosecutor to enforce the Geneva conventions and 18 USC 2441 (war crimes) in regard to the Bush administration's current policies and actions regarding
captured enemy combatants and civilians.
Rendition Project, The -
The product of a collaborative research project between Dr. Ruth Blakeley at the University of Kent and Dr.
Sam Raphael at Kingston University. Funded by the UK's Economic and Social Research Council. Working closely with Reprieve, which has led the way in investigating secret prisons and representing victims of rendition
and torture, the Rendition Project brings together and analyses data on rendition and secret detention in the US-led "War on Terror".
Reprieve - Provides frontline investigation and legal representation to prisoners denied justice by
powerful governments across the world, especially those governments that should be upholding the highest standards when it comes to fair trials.
Reprieve lawyers represent people facing the death penalty, particularly in the USA, or when those facing execution are British nationals.
And Reprieve lawyers represent prisoners denied justice in the name of the 'War on Terror,' including those held without charge or trial
in Guantánamo Bay and the countless secret prisons beyond. None of these prisoners can afford to pay for representation.
Requests for Special Confinement Conditions -
Pursuant to 28 C.F.R. § 501.3, which became effective on May 17, 1996, the Attorney General may authorize the Director of the Bureau
of Prisons (BOP) to implement "special administrative measures" upon written notification to BOPthat there is a substantial risk
that a prisoner's communications or contacts with persons could result in death or serious bodily injury to persons, or substantial damage to property
that would entail the risk of death or serious bodily injury to persons." These special administrative measures ordinarily may be imposed "may
include housing the inmate in administrative detention and/or limiting certain privileges, including, but not limited to, correspondence, visiting,
interviews with representatives of the news media, and use of the telephone, as is reasonably necessary to protect persons against the risk of acts
of violence or terrorism."
Rikers Island Report - Situated in the middle of the East River between Queens and the Bronx lies Rikers Island, home to one of the largest, and most infamous, correctional facilities in the country. Out of sight for all, and out of mind for too many, Rikers has served as the primary jail for New York City for more than 80 years. Read this report [PDF] on Rikers from The Independent Commission on New York City Criminal Justice and Incarceration Reform.
Samidoun: Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network - A network of organizers and activists, based in North America, working to build solidarity with Palestinian prisoners in their struggle for freedom. Samidoun seeks to achieve justice for Palestinian prisoners through events, activities, resources, delegations, research and information-sharing, as well as building bridges with the prisoners' movement in Palestine.
Save Kevin Cooper - Kevin
Cooper is an inmate on death row at San Quentin State Prison. In 1985 he was convicted of the murder of the Ryen family and a houseguest
in San Bernadino county. Much evidence has come forward that was never tested or presented before the jury at Kevin Cooper's trial that
could possibly challenge his conviction. The date for Kevin Cooper's execution has been set for February 10th 2004.
Sentencing Project, The - An independent source of criminal justice policy analysis,
data and program information for the public and policy-makers.
Solitary Watch - Bringing the widespread use of solitary confinement and other forms of torture in U.S.
prisons out of the shadows and into the light of the public square. Its mission is to provide the public-as well as practicing attorneys, legal scholars,
law enforcement and corrections officers, policymakers, educators, advocates, and prisoners-with the first centralized source of background research,
unfolding news, and original reporting on solitary confinement in the United States.
Stop the NDAA - The 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) greatly
expands the power of the federal government to fight the so-called War on Terror. It grants what are essentially dictatorial powers to the
federal government to arrest any American citizen (or anyone, anywhere) without warrant and to indefinitely detain them without any charge. Suspects
can be shipped by the military to our offshore prisons and kept there until "the end of hostilities." Section
1021 defines a
"covered person" - one subject to detention - as "a person who was a part of or substantially supported al-Qaeda, the Taliban, or 'associated forces'
that are engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners, including any person who has committed a belligerent act or
has directly supported such hostilities in aid of such enemy forces." The law, however, does not define the terms "substantially supported," "directly
supported" or "associated forces." As it stands, the law violates the 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th and 8th Amendments of the US Constitution and most of the
Bill of Rights. Also see Wikipedia entry on Hedges v. Obama, a lawsuit filed January 13, 2012 against the Obama Administration
and Members of the U.S. Congress by a group including former New York Times reporter and current Truthdig columnist Christopher Hedges challenging
Support for Daniel McGowan - Daniel McGowan is an environmental and social justice
activist from New York City. He was charged in federal court on counts of arson, property destruction and conspiracy, all relating to two actions
in Oregon in 2001. Until recently, Daniel was offered two choices by the government: cooperate by informing on other people, or go to trial and potentially
spend the rest of his life in prison. His only real option was to plead not guilty until he could reach a resolution of the case that permitted him
to honor his principles. Now, as a result of months of litigation and negotiation, Daniel was able to admit to his role in these two incidents, while
not implicating or identifying any other people who might have been involved. Family and Friends of Daniel McGowan will be raising funds
to pay his legal defense, setting up public events about the Green Scare and providing financial, logistical, legal and emotional support
to Daniel throughout his sentence. He will be earning a Master's degree and will hopefully complete a book about his experience while imprisoned.
Surviving the System - Prisoners, inmates and recovering addicts reach out to youth,
sharing their stories on the consequences of substance abuse, various addictions and the truths about prison. Also: prison, correctional facilities,
Torture on Trial - Jesuit Fr.
Steve Kelly and Franciscan Fr. Louis Vitale were arrested as they approached the Fort Huachuca gatehouse on November 19, 2006, as
they sought entry to speak with enlisted personnel and deliver a letter denouncing torture (see letter here) and the Military Commissions Act of 2006 to Major
General Barbara Fast, then commander at the post and a key figure in the torture scandal at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq. When they
were not allowed to pass, they knelt in prayer, and were soon arrested. They both received a federal citation for trespass. They were later sentenced
to five months in prison.
Truth in Justice - An educational non-profit organized to educate the public regarding
the vulnerabilities in the U. S. criminal justice system that make the criminal conviction of wholly innocent persons possible.
U.S. Sentencing Commission - An independent agency
in the judicial branch of government whose principal purposes include establishing sentencing policies and practices fror the federal courts and
to collect a broad array of information on federal crime and sentencing issues.
U.S. Sentencing Commission - An independent agency in the judicial branch of government whose principal purposes
include establishing sentencing policies and practices fror the federal courts and to collect a broad array of information on federal crime and sentencing
United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention - Established
by resolution 1991/42 of the former Commission on Human Rights. It is mandated to o investigate cases of deprivation of liberty imposed
arbitrarily or otherwise inconsistently with the relevant international standards set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
or in the relevant international legal instruments accepted by the States concerned. Also see UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Document Search, a collection of case opinions and reports
the Working Group.
Witness to Mass Incarceration - Dedicated to documenting the history of mass incarceration in the United States through in-depth video-taped interviews with formerly incarcerated people.
World Prison Population List - May 2011: "The number of prisoners held in 218 independent countries and dependent territories is reported. Over 10.1 million people are incarcerated, with 23% held in the Unites States. The U.S. has the highest prison population rate of 743 per 100,000 of its national population followed by Rwanda (595 per 100,000). Rates below 150 per 100,000 are experienced by 54% of the countries reviewed."
World Prisons - Infographic comparing incarceration rates, death sentences imposed and prisons around the world.
Writers in Prison Committee - Works on
behalf of persecuted writers worldwide. Established in 1960 in response to increasing attempts to silence voices of dissent by imprisoning writers,
the Writers in Prison Committee currently monitors the cases of almost 900 writers annually, including writers imprisoned, tortured, threatened,
attacked, disappeared and killed for the peaceful practice of their profession, and lobbies on their behalf.
Youth Portraits - Seeks to give
voice to young people who have been in prison - to give them the tools to tell their own stories, to teach them an important set of skills, and to
empower them to speak up about their own experiences.
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