American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (AAPL) - Forensic psychiatry is a medical subspecialty
that includes research and clinical practice in the many areas in which psychiatry is applied to legal issues. While some forensic psychiatrists
may specialize exclusively in legal issues, almost all psychiatrists may, at some point, have to work within one of the many areas in which the mental
health and legal system overlap. AAPL welcomes both the forensic specialist and the general psychiatrist who seeks information and professional
support in those domains in which psychiatry an the law share a common boundary.
American Polygraph Association (APA) - Polygraph professional association, establishing standards
of ethical practices, techniques, instrumentation, research, and advanced training and continuing educational programs.
American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) - An international association composed of
individuals from the U.S. and Canada involved with probation, parole and community-based corrections in adult and juvenile sectors. All
levels of government including local, state/provincial, legislative, executive, judicial, and federal agencies are among its constituents.
American Society of Criminology (ASC) - An international organization concerned with criminology,
embracing scholarly, scientific, and professional knowledge concerning the etiology, prevention, control and treatment of crime and delinquency.
This includes the measurement and detection of crime, legislation and practice of criminal law, as well as the law enforcement, judicial and correctional
Arizona Justice Project - Helping to overturn - and prevent - wrongful convictions in the State
of Arizona. The Justice Project examines claims of innocence and manifest injustice, and provides legal representation for inmates believed
to have been failed by the criminal justice system. Any inmate in the Arizona Corrections System, currently serving a sentence based on
an Arizona conviction and not represented by an attorney, may apply to the Justice Project for assistance.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) - Law enforcement organization within the U.S.
Department of Treasury dedicated to reducing violent crime, collecting revenue, and protecting the public through enforcement of Federal laws
and regulations relating to alcohol, tobacco, firearms, explosives and arson.
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) - BJA's overall goals are to reduce and prevent
crime, violence, and drug abuse and improve the functioning of the criminal justice system. BJA supports law enforcement, courts, corrections,
treatment, victim services, technology, and prevention initiatives that strengthen the nation's criminal justice system. The Bureau of Justice
Assistance (BJA) is a component of the Office of Justice Programs.
California District Attorneys Association (CDAA) - Over 2,300 members strong, operating with a
full-time staff headquartered in Sacramento. CDAA serves as a source of continuing legal education and legislative advocacy for
its membership and provides a forum for the exchange of information and innovation in the criminal justice field.
California Prison Focus - A community of groups working for prisoners' rights, alternatives
to incarceration, prisoner support and prison abolition.
Canadian Police College (CPC) - Provides advanced and specialized training and executive development
to law enforcement officers from all jurisdictions to help them combat crime and increase Canadians' safety.
Central Bureau of Investigation (India) - The Central Bureau of Investigation was primarily
set up to investigate offences relating to bribery and corruption against Central Government/ Public Sector Undertakings employees. However,
over the years it has acquired a much vaster role and today it is investigating into cases pertaining to central fiscal and economic laws, major
economic frauds of the country, terrorist offences and other offences affecting the national security.
Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP) - The United Nations office
responsible for crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform. It pays special attention to combating transnational organized crime,
corruption and illicit trafficking in human beings.
Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) - A non-governmental advocacy and research organization,
was founded in 1974 to work for control of the FBI and CIA and to prevent violations of civil liberties in the United States.
Commercial Crime Bureau (CCB) - CCB was set up primarily as a
service to banks and other financial service providers. It keeps abreast of the growing complexity of frauds and alerts the financial community as
soon as criminal ingenuity devises a new scam to trap the unwary.
Commission for Looted Art in Europe (CLAE) - CLAE is an international, expert and non-profit representative body which researches, identifies and recovers looted property on behalf of families, communities, institutions and governments worldwide. This site provides examples of the Commission's cases, news stories about the Commission's work and details of the international principles which the Commission monitors and promotes.
Conflict Awareness Project (CAP) - An international non-governmental organization dedicated
to investigating, documenting and bringing to justice major arms traffickers, war profiteers, and transnational criminal networks that fuel conflict
around the globe.
Counterfeiting Intelligence Bureau (CIB) - A focal point for industries
exposed to counterfeiting worldwide. CIB provides its members with a confidential monthly bulletin on the provenance and distribution networks
of counterfeit products. Investigators trace products back from point of sale to place of manufacture and provide police with the information they
need to make arrests.
CrimeLynx - News and commentary, legal research and media links, internet forensic and expert
witness and investigative links, and links to informative crime policy sites.
Criminal Policy Justice Foundation (CJPF) - Provides information to policy makers and the public
to promote innovative ideas about criminal justice issues, including sentencing, drug policy reform, and police policy.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - The new U.S. department's priority is to
protect the nation against terrorist attacks. Component agencies will analyze threats and intelligence, guard its borders and airports, protect its
critical infrastructure, and coordinate U.S. responses to emergencies.
Domestic Security Alliance Council (DSAC) - A strategic partnership between the FBI, the Department
of Homeland Security and the private sector, enhances communications and promotes the timely and bidirectional effective exchange of information
keeping the nation's critical infrastructure safe, secure and resilient. DSAC advances elements of the FBI and DHS missions'
in preventing, deterring, and investigating criminal and terrorism acts, particularly those effecting interstate commerce, while advancing the
ability of the U.S. private sector to protect its employees, assets and proprietary information.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) - Enforces the controlled substances laws and regulations
of the U.S. and brings to the criminal and civil justice system of the U.S., or any other competent jurisdiction, those organizations and principal
members of organizations, involved in the growing, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illicit traffic
in the U.S.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - Investigates federal criminal violations. Investigative
functions include applicant matters, civil rights, counterterrorism, foreign counterintelligence, organized crime/drugs, violent crimes and major
offenders, and financial crime. Also see:
Federal Protective Service (FPS) - Provides law enforcement
and security services to over one million tenants and daily visitors to all U.S. federally owned and leased facilities nationwide.
Fighting Bribery and Corruption FAQs (OECD) -
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) first put international corruption on its agenda in 1989 and evolved two
basic objectives for its work: to fight corruption in intl. business and to help level the competitive playing field for companies. After several
years spent analysing the nature of corruption in international business, the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention was signed in 1997.
Fraternal Order of Police (FOP) - The world's largest organization of sworn law enforcement
officers, with more than two thousand lodges and over 325,000 members.
Homeland Security Investigation (HSI) - HSI's workforce includes special agents, analysts, auditors and support staff. Its men and women are assigned to cities throughout the United States and to offices around the world. HSI’s international force is the department’s largest investigative presence abroad and gives HSI one of the largest international footprints in U.S. law enforcement. Also see HSI's Cyber Crimes Center.
How to Read an FBI File - This document is divided into two
parts. The first covers the actual content of an FBI file -- what's in it, how to make sense of FBI abbreviations, etc. The second
deals with the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), which is likely how the file you're looking at was obtained. That section will help you
understand why some bits of text were blanked out, what the odd little codes in the margin mean, and give you some hints on where you can get more
International Association of Crime Analysts (IACA) - Organized to enhance effectiveness and consistency
in the fields of crime and intelligence analysis. To this end, the IACA is dedicated to advocacy for professional standards, to providing
practical educational opportunities and to the creation of an international network for the standardization of analytic techniques.
International Association for Identification (TIIAI) - Promotes cooperation and coordination of
efforts among members, encouraging research in forensic toxicology. Its over 4000 members members come from the police force, medical examiners and
coroners' laboratories, horseracing and sports doping laboratories, hospitals, departments of legal medicine, pharmacology, pharmacy and toxicology.
International Association of Law Enforcement Planners (IALEP) - People working in the area of
planning and research for criminal justice agencies. IALEP has nearly 1,000 members from around the world. Members hail from Australia,
Bulgaria, Kuwait, Canada, Dominican Republic, Guam, Guatemala, Hong Kong, Iceland, Panama, Philippines, Slovakia, South Africa, and the U.S.. IALEP serves
as a forum to exchange ideas, programs, techniques, and policies.
International Court of Justice (IJC) - The principal judicial organ of the United Nations.
Its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). The Court has a dual role: to settle in accordance with international
law the legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized international
organs and agencies.
International Criminal Court (ICC) - The ICC was established by the Rome Statute
of the International Criminal Court on 17 July 1998, when 120 States participating in the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries
on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court adopted the Statute. This is the first ever permanent, treaty based, international
criminal court established to promote the rule of law and ensure that the gravest international crimes do not go unpunished.
International Maritime Bureau (IMB) - International Chamber of Commerce
(ICC) anti-crime bureau. IMB's task is to prevent fraud in international trade and maritime transport, reduce the risk of piracy
and assist law enforcement in protecting crews. It tracks cargoes and shipments and verifies their arrival at scheduled ports.
International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) - Independent and quasi-judicial control organ for
the implementation of the United Nations drug conventions. It is the Board's responsibility to promote government compliance with
the provisions of the drug control treaties and to assist them in this effort.
John Jay College of Criminal Justice - John Jay College has many areas of special interest
for local, state and federal law enforcement officials, private security personnel and those interested in fire science, public safety and other
facets of public service.
Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF) - JTTFs are teams of state and local law
enforcement officers, FBI agents, and other federal agents and personnel who work together to investigate and prevent acts of terrorism.
Juvenile Law Center (JLC) - Founded in 1975 as a non-profit legal service, Juvenile Law Center
(JLC) is one of the oldest children's rights organizations in the U.S. JLC work on behalf of children who have come within the purview
of public agencies. For example, abused or neglected children placed in foster homes, delinquent youth sent to residential treatment facilities
or adult prisons, or children in placement with specialized services needs.
Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP) - A 10,000-member organization representing police, prosecutors,
judges, FBI/DEA agents and others from around the world who fought on the front lines of the "war on drugs" and who learned firsthand that
making drugs illegal only serves to make drug addiction and drug market violence problems worse.
Metropolitan Police (UK) - Famed around the world, with a unique place in the history
of policing. It is by far the largest of the police forces that operate in Greater London. News, information, and a comprehensive history of the Metropolitan
Police from 1829 to the present. Also see resources page for links to other UK specialist operations.
National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations (NAGIA) - A cooperative organization composed
of representatives from 17 regional gang investigators associations representing over 15,000 gang investigators across the U.S., as well as federal
agencies and other organizations involved in gang-related matters.
National Black Police Association - An organization of African American Police Associations dedicated
to the promotion of justice, fairness, and effectiveness in law enforcement. The NBPA has several chartered organizations throughout the
U.S., and associate members in Canada, Bermuda, and the United Kingdom.
National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence (NCDSV) - Assists professionals who work with
victims and perpetrators; law enforcement; criminal justice professionals such as prosecutors, judges and probation officers; health care professionals
including emergency response teams, nurses and doctors; domestic violence and sexual assault advocates and service providers; and counselors and
social workers to end violence against women.
National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) - NCPC coordinates the efforts of the McGruff
Campaign (anti-crime advertising campaign), provides comprehensive crime prevention technical assistance and training to communities throughout
the U.S.; develops and implements highly-acclaimed and innovative youth development programs; runs pathbreaking demonstration programs; disseminates
information on effective crime prevention practices to thousands of individuals and organizations every year; and, publishes materials.
National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) - Washington, D.C.-based special interest
group that represents states on crime control and public safety matters. The NCJA's work focuses primarily on helping develop and implement
national policy in the criminal justice field and on helping states address criminal justice-related problems.
National Institute of Corrections (NIC) - An agency within the U.S. Department of Justice. NIC provides
training, technical assistance, information services, and policy/program development assistance to Federal, State, and local corrections agencies.
Through cooperative agreements, NIC awards funds to support its program initiatives.
National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) - A not-for-profit organization that receives support from
approximately 1,000 property/casualty insurance companies. The NICB partners with insurers and law enforcement agencies to facilitate the
identification, detection and prosecution of insurance criminals.
Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) - The federal law enforcement agency charged with conducting investigations of felony-level offenses affecting the Navy and Marine Corps - that is, crimes punishable by confinement for more than one year. NCIS also performs investigations and operations aimed at identifying and neutralizing foreign intelligence, international terrorist, and cyber threats to the Department of the Navy. In addition, it provides warning of threats and specialized defensive force protection support to U.S. naval forces around the world. Also see Report a Crime.
Office of Inspector General (DHS) - Conducts and supervises independent audits, investigations, and inspections of the programs and operations of DHS, and recommends ways for DHS to carry out its responsibilities in the most effective, efficient, and economical manner possible. We also seek to deter, identify and address fraud, abuse, mismanagement, and waste of taxpayer funds invested in Homeland Security. Also see:
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) - A U.S. Department of Justice agency, OJP's
mission is to provide federal leadership in developing the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime, administer justice and assist crime victims.
Its programs include:
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) - The Bureau of State and Local
Affairs coordinates ONDCP relationships and outreach efforts to state and local government agencies as well as public interest groups.
The Bureau of State and Local Affairs consults with state and local agencies to gather input for development of the National Drug
Control Strategy and also works with these agencies to promote the implementation of drug control policies and programs at the State and local
level of government.
Officer - A leading news and information source for the police, law enforcement community.
Peace Officers Research Association of California (PORAC) - A professional federation of local, state and
federal law enforcement associations. With more than 890 member organizations, representing 62,000 officers, PORAC is not only one of the
largest law enforcement associations in the west, but one of the largest in the nation.
Secret Service Financial Crimes Division - The Financial Crimes Division
(FCD) plans, reviews, and coordinates criminal investigations involving Financial Systems Crimes, including bank fraud; access device
fraud; telemarketing; telecommunications fraud (cellular and hard wire); computer fraud; automated payment systems and teller machines; direct
deposit; investigations of forgery, uttering, alteration, false personation, or false claims involving U.S. Treasury Checks, U.S. Savings Bonds,
U.S. Treasury Notes, bonds, and bills; electronic funds transfer (EFT) including Treasury disbursements and fraud within Treasury payment systems;
fraud involving U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Coupons and Authority to Participate (ATP) cards; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation investigations;
Farm Credit Administration violations; fraud and related activity in connection with identification documents and fraudulent commercial, fictitious
instruments,foreign securities. The Division also coordinates the activities of the U.S. Secret Service Organized Crimes Program,
and oversees money laundering investigations.
Society of Police Futurists International (PFI) - An organization of law enforcement
practitioners,educators, researchers, private security specialists, technology experts and other professionals dedicated to improving criminal and
social justice through the professionalization of policing.
Southern Center for Human Rights - The Center is a non-profit, public interest legal project,
founded in 1976, to enforce the constitutional protection against "cruel and unusual punishment" by challenging excessive and degrading forms of
punishment and cruel and inhuman conditions of confinement.
Task Force on Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region - This site provides information
about the activities and findings of this Danish task force that includes representatives from Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania,
Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, Denmark, the Presidency of the European Union and the European Commission. The task force
deals with international crime issues, including narcotics, illegal migration, stolen vehicles, highly taxed goods, money laundering, and trafficking
U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI) - The Air Force's major
investigative service since 1948. The agency reports to the Inspector General, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. Its primary responsibilities
are criminal investigations and counterintelligence services.
U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (CID) - CID collects, analyzes, processes
and disseminates criminal intelligence; conducts protective service operations; provides forensic laboratory support to all DoD investigative
agencies, and maintains Army criminal records. CID also provides criminal investigative support to all U.S. Army elements and deploys on
short notice in support of contingency operations worldwide.
U.S. Coast Guard Office of Law Enforcement - The specific statutory authority for
the Coast Guard Law Enforcement mission is given in 14 USC 2, "The Coast Guard shall enforce or assist in the enforcement of all
applicable laws on, under and over the high seas and waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States." In addition, 14 USC 89 provides the
authority for U.S. Coast Guard active duty commissioned, warrant and petty officers to enforce applicable U.S. law. It authorizes Coast
Guard personnel to enforce federal law on waters subject to U.S. jurisdiction and in international waters, as well as on all vessels subject
to U.S. jurisdiction (including U.S., foreign and stateless vessels).
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) - One of the Department of Homeland Security's largest and most complex components, with a priority mission of keeping terrorists and their weapons out of the U.S. It also has a responsibility for securing the border and facilitating lawful international trade and travel while enforcing hundreds of U.S. laws and regulations, including immigration and drug laws. This site includes information regarding procedures and systems
related to the processing of carriers, cargo/merchandise, and persons entering and departing the U.S. at ports of entry; assessing and collecting
duties, detecting and intercepting contraband, including drugs, insuring that importations meet the requirements for legal entry, properly classifying
merchandise, and verifying import statistics.
U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Inspector General - Promotes economy, efficiency and
effectiveness within the Department. The Inspector General also enforces criminal and civil laws, regulations and ethical standards
within DOJ by investigating individuals and organizations who allegedly are involved in financial, contractual or criminal misconduct in DOJ programs
U.S. Marshalls Service - The U.S. Marshals Service protects the Federal courts
and ensures the effective operation of the judicial system.
USA for the International Court - Dedicated to building U.S. support for the International
Criminal Court (ICC) to bring to justice criminals responsible for mass murder, genocide and war crimes when nations will not or cannot.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science
and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search
within individual pages.
KWSnet's Twitter Account provides over 20 curated lists/groupings of Twitter accounts -- from Architecture to Travel -- to assist you in your social networking experience.nbsp;
KWSnet's Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to RSS content for the latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and
personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.