American Board of Criminalistics (ABC) - Provides a peer-developed and peer-reviewed
certification program, based on assessment of competency using written examinations and proficiency testing.
American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO) - Provides standards of qualifications for those who
practice forensic odontology and to certifies as qualified specialists those voluntary applicants who comply with the requirements of the Board.
American Polygraph Association (APA) - Polygraph professional association, establishing standards
of ethical practices, techniques, instrumentation, research, and advanced training and continuing educational programs.
American Society of Criminology (ASC) - An international organization concerned with criminology,
embracing scholarly, scientific, and professional knowledge concerning the etiology, prevention, control and treatment of crime and delinquency.
This includes the measurement and detection of crime, legislation and practice of criminal law, as well as the law enforcement, judicial and correctional
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (ASQDE) - The purposes of the Society and
of its members are to foster education, sponsor scientific research, establish standards, exchange experience, and provide instruction in the field
of questioned document examination, and to promote justice in matters that involve questions about documents.
Axon - Cloud-based evidence management software from Taser smart weapons to police body cameras.
Brain Fingerprinting (Wikipedia) - Controversial forensic science
technique that determines whether specific information is stored in a subject's brain by measuring electrical brainwave responses to words, phrases,
or pictures that are presented on a computer screen. Brain fingerprinting was invented by Lawrence Farwell. The theory is that the brain
processes known, relevant information differently than it processes unknown or irrelevant information. The brain's processing of known information,
such as the details of a crime stored in the brain, is revealed by a specific pattern in the EEG (electroencephalograph). Also see Brain
Cellibrite - Cellebrite's UFED (Universal Forensic Extraction Device), a high-end mobile
forensics solution, extracts, decodes and analyses actionable data from legacy and smartphones, tablets and portable GPS devices for use in law enforcement. Cellebrite also
supports the extraction and analysis of Chinese manufactured phones.
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) - Blends forensic science and computer
technology into an effective tool for solving violent crimes. CODIS enables federal, state, and local crime labs to exchange and compare
DNA profiles electronically, thereby linking crimes to each other and to convicted offenders. The DNA Identification Act of 1994 (Public
Law 103 322) formalized the FBI's authority to establish a national DNA index for law enforcement purposes. In October 1998, the FBI's National
DNA Index System (NDIS) became operational.
CompuForensics for Computer Forensics - Provides the federal law enforcement experience
and skills needed for safely locating and securing evidence at the search site as well as competently analyzing, decrypting and/or restoring data
at the CompuForensics facility.
Counterfeiting Intelligence Bureau (CIB) - A focal point for industries
exposed to counterfeiting worldwide. CIB provides its members with a confidential monthly bulletin on the provenance and distribution networks
of counterfeit products. Investigators trace products back from point of sale to place of manufacture and provide police with the information they
need to make arrests.
Crime Scene Investigation - Information on documenting crime scenes with photography,
video, and diagrams and the collection and preservation of evidence. Includes crime scene investigation resources, training, articles and links to
forensic web pages.
Criminal Profiling - Research, news and articles on offender profiling, forensic psychology,
forensics, victimology, violent crime and the psychology of serial killers and violent offenders.
Daubert on the Web - The law on expert evidence after the Supreme Court's decision
in Daubert, including analysis of the Supreme Court's later decisions in Joiner, Kumho Tire and others. Ref: Daubert
v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals (92-102), 509 U.S. 579 (1993).
Dr. Henry Lee - Over the past 40 years, Lee assisted in the investigations of more than 6,000
cases, including war crimes in Bosnia and Croatia, the suicide of President Clinton's former White House attorney, Vince Foster, review of the JFK assassination,
and the death of JonBenet Ramsey.
Electronic Crime Scene Investigation: A Guide for First Responders (2001)
- One of a series of reference guides regarding practices, procedures, and decision making processes for investigating electronic crime prepared
by technical working groups of practitioners and subject matter experts who are knowledgeable about electronic crime.
Forensic Art - A forensic artist provides many services, described on this site, including
composite drawing, three dimensional facial reconstruction, two-dimensional facial reconstruction, decomposition sketches and computer enhanced reconstructions,
computer and Hand drawn image-enhancement and age progression. Other services include a hand drawn and computer generated crime scenes, charts and
graphs, assemblage of photo lineups, etc.
Forensic Botany - An overview of the developing field of forensic botany,
the application of plant science to the resolution of legal questions.
Forensic Colleges - Examines the career outlook in forensic science and related occupations, as well as accredited educational programs, professional certification, and top employers across four high-growth forensic science subfields: trace evidence, ballistics, toxicology, and DNA.
Forensic Dentistry Online - Devoted to forensic dentistry. Includes information
on identifications, bitemarks, journals and books on the subject.
Forensic Document Examination Services, Inc. - Located in Canada's capital Ottawa. Qualified
experts utilize scientific equipment and proven methods to determine if a contested document is genuine or fraudulent. Also see following descriptions
Forensic Entomology Pages - Forensic entomology is the use of insect
knowledge in the investigation of crimes or even civil disputes.
Forensic Psychology Group of Maastricht - Conducts research that focusing on 1) Memory aberrations and their relevance to the court, such as eyewitness accounts, the culpability of offenders with supposed memory deficits competence of children as eyewitnesses and traumatic memory; 2) Detection of deception and malingering [e.g., personality disorders, psychotic disorders, substance abuse disorders, autism-spectrum disorder]; 3) Mental disorders in forensic settings; 4) How these disorders relate to criminal recidivism and respond to treatment.
Forensic Science Communications (FSC) -
A peer-reviewed forensic science journal published quarterly in January, April, July, and October by FBI Laboratory personnel. It is a means
of communication between forensic scientists.
Forensic-Evidence - An information center in forensic science, law and public policy
for lawyers, forensic scientists, educators, and public officials. Edited by Andre A. Moenssens, UMKC School of Law.
Government Documents on Forensic Science (Purdue Libraries) - Forensic
science is used by government agencies for a variety of legal, investigative, and public policy purposes. These agencies are as diverse as the Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI), other U.S. Dept. of Justice agencies, the Defense Department, and the U.S. Congress.
Handbook of Forensic Services - Provides
guidance and procedures for safe and efficient methods of collecting and preserving evidence and describes forensic examinations performed by the FBI Laboratory.
Hound Labs - Created a dual marijuana and alcohol breathalyzer to detect and measure recent marijuana and alcohol use in breath.
Innocence Project, The - A national litigation and public policy organization dedicated
to exonerating wrongfully convicted people through DNA testing and reforming the criminal justice system to prevent future injustice.
International Association of Crime Analysts (IACA) - Organized to enhance effectiveness and consistency
in the fields of crime and intelligence analysis. To this end, the IACA is dedicated to advocacy for professional standards, to providing
practical educational opportunities and to the creation of an international network for the standardization of analytic techniques.
International Association for Identification (TIIAI) - Promotes cooperation and coordination of
efforts among members, encouraging research in forensic toxicology. Its over 4000 members members come from the police force, medical examiners and
coroners' laboratories, horseracing and sports doping laboratories, hospitals, departments of legal medicine, pharmacology, pharmacy and toxicology.
International Association of Forensic Toxicologists, The (TIAFTnet) - International association
of over 1400 members from all regions of the world who are actively engaged in analytical toxicology or allied areas. Members come from the police
force, medical examiners and coroners' laboratories, horseracing and sports doping laboratories, hospitals, departments of legal medicine, pharmacology,
pharmacy and toxicology.
International Centre for Research in Forensic Psychology (ICRFP) - Criminological and forensic psychology research. Its work has been funded by: ESRC, Home Office, British Academy, Nuffield Foundation, U.S. Government, Leverhulme Trust, British Psychological Society and Prison Service Headquarters. Several members of the Centre regularly serve as expert witnesses.
Mara Salvatrucha - Wikipedia article: Mara Salvatrucha refers
to large gangs involved in criminal activities in Central America and the United States. The gang names are commonly abbreviated as MS-13, Mara,
MS, and are composed mostly of Salvadorans, Hondurans and other Central Americans. The MS-13 gangs have cliques, or factions, located
throughout the United States and Latin America and parts of Spain as well. Membership is believed to total over 100,000 worldwide. MS-13 criminal
activities include drug smuggling and sales, black market gun sales, human trafficking, assassinations for hire, theft, and assaults on law enforcement
officials. Their activities have caught the eye of the FBI, who in September 2005 initiated wide-scale raids against suspected gang members,
netting 660 arrests across the country. In the United States, the gang's two strongholds have historically been in California (mostly in Los Angeles)
and in Washington, D.C. area.
Medicolegal Death Investigation System: Workshop Summary - An review
of the interface of the medicolegal death investigation system and the criminal justice system in the U.S. conducted by the Institute of Medicine of The
National Academies at the request of the U.S. Department of Justice. The workshop was conducted on 24-25 Mar 2003.
National Association of Medical Examiners (NAME) - The national professional organization of physician
medical examiners, medical death investigators and death investigation system administrators who perform the official duties of the medicolegal investigation
of deaths of public interest in the United States.
Reddy's Forensic Page - Hundreds of links for:
forensics/forensic science, colleges/universities teaching forensic science, forensic home pages, forensic chemistry/narcotics, questioned documents,
digital imaging, image enhancing, arson, DNA, toxicology, fingerprints, crime scene investigation.
Society of Forensic Toxicologists, Inc. (SOFT) - Organization composed of practicing forensic
toxicologists and those interested in the discipline for the purpose of promoting and developing forensic toxicology. Also see following links:
Society of Police Futurists International (PFI) - An organization of law enforcement
practitioners,educators, researchers, private security specialists, technology experts and other professionals dedicated to improving criminal and
social justice through the professionalization of policing.
World Wide Web Virtual Library: Forensic Toxicology - Index covering
the use of toxicology in courts of law, most often understood as the analysis of alcohol, drugs, and poisons in body fluids and the interpretation
of those analytical results for the benefit of the courts.
KWSnet is an Internet subject directory providing special attention to U.S. national and international news, the arts, computing, culture, environment, law, literature, media, politics, science
and technology. Based in San Francisco, California, KWSnet contains over 125,000 annotated links to resources worldwide. Use Search KWSnet, located at the top of each page, to search within this site. Use Ctrl-F (Windows) or ⌘-F (Mac) to search within individual pages.
KWSnet Twitter provides news, culture, environment, media, politics, sci-tech, society, #art, #comics, #politicalcartoon, #illustration, #botd, #obit, but KWSnet is taking an extended leave of absence from the social networking service; it is not posting there at this time.
My Zotero Library provides news articles, primary and secondary sources, and bibliographic information for your research. More information on Zotero, a powerful, easy-to-use research tool, can be found at its site. Also recommended, subscribe to My Zotero Library RSS content for the latest updates.
KWSnet is completely non-commercial. It has no commercial objective or emphasis. Instead, it is intended for educational purposes, research, and
personal use. It is updated regularly.
KWSnet is IPv6 enabled, HTTPS deployed, and fully HTML5 compliant.
KWSnet may be contacted via email with any comments, suggestions or link submissions. KWSnet is designed and maintained, in its entirety, by Kirk W. Smith.