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Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA) - This is a major reform of habeas corpus as used to challenge criminal convictions. Among other provisions, the law limits both the procedural and substantive scope of the writ. Procedurally, it bans successive petitions by the same person, requiring defendants to put all of their claims into one appeal. Substantively, it narrows the grounds on which successful habeas claims can be made, allowing claims only to succeed when the convictions were contrary to 'clearly established federal law" or an "unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence.'
Death Penalty (Council of Europe) - Europe is
today the only region in the world where the death penalty is no longer applied. All the Council of Europe's 47 member states have either abolished capital punishment or instituted a moratorium
on executions. The Council of Europe played a leading role in the battle for abolition, believing that the
death penalty has no place in democratic societies.
Death Penalty Clinic - Under the direct supervision of clinical faculty, students at University of California, Berkeley Law, gather life history documents, interview witnesses, and collaborate with experienced capital investigators and a variety of forensic experts. In response to a critical shortage of qualified and adequately funded counsel for individuals under death sentence, the focus of the clinic's work is representing men and women on direct appeal and in capital post-conviction proceedings in several states, including Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, North Carolina, and California. The Death Penalty Clinic also drafts and files amicus curiae briefs, petitions for writs of certiorari, clemency petitions, and pretrial motions in behalf of capital clients across the country. Clinic students also assist in the representation of clients facing the death penalty at trial, and have done so in Texas, Georgia, Virginia, and Alabama. Through its Lethal Injection Project, the Clinic provides resources and counsel to lawyers in dozens of states challenging the constitutionality of lethal injection as a method of execution.
Death Penalty Focus - Seeks an immediate suspension of all executions in California. The goals of the
campaign are to create grassroots and political pressure statewide to implement a moratorium on executions because: 1) there is a risk of executing
innocent persons; 2) there is discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, geography, or economic status, and 3) unfair and
unreliable death sentences are caused by inadequate representation by defense counsel and/or improper and arbitrary conduct by the police and
prosecution. President: Mike Farrell.
Information Center (DPIC) - Serving the media and the public with analysis and information on issues concerning capital punishment. The Center prepares
in-depth reports, issues press releases, conducts briefings for journalists, and serves as a resource to those working on this issue. Executive
Director: Richard C. Dieter.
Death Penalty: The Moratorium Campaign - A campaign to obtain an immediate moratorium
on the death penalty. The project includes a coordinated global petition drive. Worldwide, over 3.2 million people have signed the petition for
a moratorium and the number is growing.
Federal Death Penalty Resource Project (FDRP) - A community of lawyers, a team of consulting
experts, and an online Web resource dedicated to assisting counsel representing clients in federal capital proceedings. Federal
capital cases have been prosecuted, since 1988, pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 848(e) et seq., the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, and, since 1994,
pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3591 et seq., the Federal Death Penalty Act of 1994. Commonly referred to as the "drug king-pin" statute, the 1988
passage of § 848(e)-(q) ushered in the modern federal death penalty era. Enactment of the 1994 statute marked an unprecedented expansion
of the federal death penalty and revived every pre-Furman death penalty provision still in existence.As
a result of the Federal Death Penalty Act of 1994, virtually every homicide occurring within federal jurisdiction is now death-eligible. Other
statutes relating to the prosecution of capital cases include 18 U.S.C. § 3005 (appointment of two attorneys for defense in capital cases); 18
U.S.C. § 3281 (no time limitation on instituting proceedings in capital cases) and 18 U.S.C. § 3432 (requiring disclosure of government witnesses
and list of veniremen at least three days before trial); 18 U.S.C. § 3235 (venue in capital cases); 18 U.S.C. § 3599(appointment of counsel and
authorization of reasonably necessary investigative, expert and other expenses).
Murder Victims' Families for Reconciliation (MVFR) - A national organization of family members of both
homicide and state killings who oppose the death penalty in all cases. Our mission is to abolish the death penalty. It advocates programs and
policies that reduce the rate of homicide and promote crime prevention and alternatives to violence and supports programs that address the needs
of victims, helping them to rebuild their lives.
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP) - NCADP, a coalition of organizations
and individuals committed to the abolition of capital punishment, provides information, advocates for public policy and mobilizes and supports
people and institutions that share our unconditional rejection of the state's use of homocide as an instrument of social policy.
Texas Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty - Statewide, grassroots membership organization working
to end the death penalty in Texas. TCADP engages in outreach, education, and advocacy aimed at raising awareness of issues related to
the death penalty and mobilizing the citizens of Texas - and their elected officials - to support abolition.
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