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10-Codes - There are 200 10-Codes in current usage, approximately 50 of these are used by the police, fire and other types of radio operators, while others have combined meanings depending on the service.
360degrees - Perspectives on the U.S. criminal justice system.
AJAX - Access to U.S. and international government military and intelligence agencies.
American Mafia - A collection of significant events in the development of the American Mafia from 1282 (in Sicily) through the 1980s. An alphabetical listing of the major characters in organized crime with biographical information, including Morello, Lupo, Terranova, Masseria, Maranzano, Capone, Luciano, Costello, Genovese, Bonanno, etc. Maps of some important cities and descriptions of the events that happened in them. Also see Government Documents, including:
Government Documents - Links to documents created by or for government agencies. Links are also provided for the FBI "vault" of Freedom of Information Act files and for the Mary Ferrell Foundation collection of released government agency documents.
Kefauver Senate Committee, 1950-51: Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce - Interim reports and Virgil Peterson testimony. The U.S. Senate's Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, chaired by Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver, did groundbreaking work in the investigation of the American mob. At a time when the FBI denied the existence of a nationwide criminal conspiracy, the Kefauver Committee uncovered the Syndicate's tentacles in every region of the country.
ArrestRecords - Free database of all state arrest records in the United States. Contains records, mugshots and other information for almost all crimes committed in the United States.
Also read its blog.
Art Loss Register (ALR) - Recovers stolen and missing art and antiques and provides a central clearinghouse for acquirers of art to determine good title thereby deterring theft and the trade in stolen art. ALR art historians register over 10,000 losses from insurers, owners and law enforcement agencies on its database annually.
Article 41-bis of the Prison Administration Act - A provision of Italian law (also known as Italy's "hard prison regime").that allows the Minister of Justice or the Minister of the Interior to suspend certain prison regulations. Currently it is used against people imprisoned for particular crimes: Mafia involvement; drug-trafficking; homicide; aggravated robbery and extortion; kidnapping; importation, buying, possession or cession of huge amounts of drugs; and crimes committed for terrorism or for subversion of the constitutional system. It is suspended only when a prisoner co-operates with the authorities, when a court annuls it, or when a prisoner dies. The Surveillance Court of Rome is the court competent on nationwide level on appeals against the 41-bis decree.
Association for Research into Crimes Against Art (ARCA) - A research and outreach organization which works to promote the study and research of art crime and cultural heritage protection. The Association seeks to identify trends related to the study of art crime and to develop strategies to advocate for the responsible stewardship of our collective artistic and archaeological heritage.
Asset Forfeiture Program - A U.S. Department of Justice law enforcement program carrying out the seizure and forfeiture of assets representing the proceeds of, or used in the facilitation of, federal crimes.
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) - The ACFE established and administers the Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) designation. Globally preferred by employers, the Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) designation denotes proven expertise in fraud prevention, detection, deterrence and investigation. The ACFE is the world's premier provider of anti-fraud training and education. Together with nearly 45,000 members, the ACFE is reducing business fraud world-wide and inspiring public confidence in the integrity and objectivity within the profession.
Black Mafia - A Philadelphia-based African-American organized crime syndicate. The organization began as a small criminal collective, known for holding up neighborhood crap games and dealing in the illegal drug business, but at its height of operation until about 1975, it managed to consolidate power and control a large portion of criminal activity in various African-American neighborhoods throughout Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley.
Broadcastify - The radio communications industry's largest platform for streaming live audio for public safety, aircraft, rail, and marine related communications, a collaborative solution for collecting and disseminating radio communications data for public safety and hobbyist users.
Bureau of Justice Statistics - Statistics about crime and victims, drugs and crime, criminal offenders, the justice system in the United States, law enforcement, prosecution, courts and sentencing, corrections, justice expenditure and employment.
Camorra - An Italian Mafia-type crime syndicate, or secret society, which arose in the region of Campania and its capital Naples. It is one of the oldest and largest criminal organizations in Italy, dating back to the 17th century.
Center on Media, Crime and Justice - The Center provides a non-partisan forum for discussion, networking and information-sharing between the media and the criminal justice community both in the U.S. and abroad, including academics, practitioners and non-government organizations. Offers seminars, training workshops and courses, conferences, specialized research and fellowships for media students, professionals and editors working in print, broadcast, magazine and online. Cutting edge research. Activities include: sponsorship of the annual John Jay Prize for Excellence in Criminal Justice Reporting, and an annual survey of major crime stories and coverage.
Chicago Crime Commission - Founded in 1919 by 35 members of the Chicago business community, it is the oldest and most respected citizens' crime commission in the nation. The Chicago Crime Commission is a volunteer organization comprised of over 200 business and professional leaders from the Chicago metropolitan area. The Commission is not affiliated with any agency of government.
Chicago Syndicate - Current mafia news, additional analysis, background information, reviews of the mafia within pop culture impacting movies, TV, books, and video games.
CNN Justice - Provides latest news and video about crime, law, and the courts. Find breaking Supreme Court news, celebrity lawsuits and criminals, Court TV stories, and more.
Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS) - Section attorneys advise federal prosecutors and law enforcement agents; comment upon and propose legislation; coordinate international efforts to combat computer crime; litigate cases; and train law enforcement groups. Other areas of expertise possessed by CCIPS attorneys include encryption, electronic privacy laws, search and seizure of computers, e-commerce, hacker investigations, and intellectual property crimes.
CopNet - Guide to Law Enforcement Resources, Guide to Justice Resources Most Wanted, Crimestoppers, Enhancements, Restricted Area for Law Enforcement Personnel, Showcase of Products and Services, Law Enforcement Newsletter.
CopSeek - A directory of 1000s of law enforcement and police related websites including police news articles, Police job board, forums, and police members network.
Corrections Connection - Weekly news source committed to improving the lives of corrections professionals and their families. An open forum where practitioners exchange ideas and utilize best practices, resources, case studies and new technologies.
Consular Notification and Access for Arrested Foreign Nationals - These web pages contain instructions and guidance relating to the arrest and detention of foreign nationals, deaths of foreign nationals, the appointment of guardians for minors or incompetent adults who are foreign nationals, and related issues pertaining to the provision of consular services to foreign nationals in the United States. If foreign nationals in the United States are arrested or detained, they must be told that they may have their country's embassy or consulate notified, and officials from the embassy or consulate must be allowed access to them upon request. In some cases, the foreign embassy must be notified regardless of the individual's wishes. Notification is also required when a foreign national dies or is involved in an airplane crash or shipwreck, or a guardian is appointed for a foreign national who is a minor or an incompetent adult.
Crime Report, The - Covering the diverse issues of 21st century criminal justice in the U.S. and abroad. Published daily through the year by the Center on Media, Crime and Justice at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York.
Criminal Justice Degree Online - Virtually all criminal justice-related occupations require some amount of formal education, and often many years of vocational training and on-the-job experience. As a result, post-secondary degree programs in criminal justice and related subjects are quite popular, offered on college and university campuses throughout the United States as well as through various online degree institutions. The page provides a brief look at the degree options in criminal justice currently available through distance learning.
Uniform Crime Reports - FBI crime statistics. Several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States, are produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States.
International Crime Victim Survey (ICVS) - Funding was provided by the Ministry of Justice of the Netherlands. The project was set up to fill the gap in adequate recording of offenses by the police for purposes of comparing crime rates in different nations and to provide a crime index independent of police statistics as an alternative standardized measure.
UNODC Homicide Statistics - A collection of statistical data on intentional homicide (unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person). The dataset covers 207 countries and territories and provides data on homicide levels, trends and contextual characteristics drawn from a variety of national and international sources relating to homicide.
World Criminal Justice Library Network: Statistical Resources - Provides links of crime statistics and other criminal justice reports published by agencies, institutes, or organizations of each country. Links of each country are arranged in such categories as administration of justice, correction, law and the courts, police and law enforcement, and so on.
Crime Library - Stories on crime, gangsters, serial killers, terrorists, spies, assassins and classic crime stories. Maintained by TruTV.
Crime Magazine - True crime, organized crime, celebrity crime, serial killers, corruption, sex crimes, capital punishment, prisons, assassinations, justice issues, crime books, crime films and crime studies.
Crime Report, The - Staffed by working journalists in New York, Washington and Los Angeles, it is published daily through the year by the Center on Media, Crime and Justice at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York. TCR's prizewinning coverage includes investigative reports by the some of the nation's most accomplished reporters; analysis, blogs and commentary by leading criminologists, practitioners, law enforcement/corrections professionals, and legal experts; reports on new and cutting-edge research; and daily summaries of the most important news and developments covered by the national and international press.
CrimeLynx - Crime news and commentary of interest to the criminal defense community and journalists covering crime-related news and politics; forensic and expert witness, investigative, crime policy, and legal research links.
Crime Report, The - Designed for those who want to probe beyond the daily crime headlines and political rhetoric, it is the only comprehensive guide to all facets of the U.S. criminal justice system.
CrimeReports - When law enforcement officers respond to a crime, a report is made and kept on file for future reference. Crime reports are public records. CrimeReports.com lets law enforcement agencies manage which types of crime reports (and which details on a report) are shown to the public. Participating law enforcement agencies publish local crime incident data in near real-time to CrimeReports.com, converting raw crime data into easily accessible, actionable information for community members.
Crimes of Persuasion - Schemes, scams, frauds. How con artists will steal your savings and inheritance through telemarketing fraud, investment schemes, and consumer scams.
Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC) - An organization that provides the facilities to unite the criminal intelligence units of Canadian law enforcement agencies in the fighting the spread of organized crime in Canada.
Cybrary - Frank Schmaller's extensive criminal justice directory, now being maintained by Prentice Hall.
Decline of the American Mafia, The - The American Mafia emerged during Prohibition as the wealthier and more violent successor to local city gangs involved in prostitution and gambling. It is thus a contemporary of the Soviet Union, another long-standing problem for the United States government. Coincidentally, the Mafia and Soviet Union have ceased to be significant strategic adversaries at almost the same time. The Mafia is almost extinguished now as a major actor in the United States' criminal world. And, to extend the comparison with the Soviet Union perhaps beyond its fair limits, the Mafia's decline is the result of both its conservatism and of federal government actions.
Defense Tech - Exploring the future of the military, law enforcement, and national security.
DNA Post-Conviction Resources (by Ken Strutin, 09/14/08) - The results of testing genetic material can be exculpatory and support post-conviction relief, such as habeas corpus or clemency. Or they can provide a basis for mitigation or sentence reduction. As DNA technology is refined, the possibilities for reevaluation of early test results or fresh examination of evidence continue to broaden. This article contains a collection of recent and representative web-based materials concerning DNA technology developments and legal research on the impact of wrongful convictions and DNA exonerations on the justice system.
Drugs Fact Sheets - U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration site provides information about the use, effects, and abuse of drugs such as cocaine, heroin, inhalants, marijuana, MDMA (ecstasy), methamphetamine, and steroids and statistics on illicit drug use.
Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG) Program (42 U.S.C. § 3751(a)) - The primary provider of federal criminal justice funding to state and local jurisdictions. Byrne JAG funds may be used for state and local initiatives, technical assistance, strategic planning, research and evaluation (including forensics), data collection, training, personnel, equipment, forensic laboratories, supplies, contractual support, and criminal justice information systems that will improve or enhance many and various law enforcemnt programs, court programs, prevention programs, and more.
EPA Fugitives - Defendants charged with environmental crimes or violations of the U.S. Federal Criminal Code sometimes flee the court's jurisdiction and/or the USA rather than face prosecution or to serve a sentence. When these circumstances occur, the defendants become fugitives from justice. The wanted posters on this site identify fugitives sought by the EPA's Criminal Investigation Division. Each one provides a brief case summary and instructions on how to report information related to their identity and/or current location.
European Arrest Warrant (EAW) -The EAW, applied throughout the EU, replaced lengthy extradition procedures within the EU's territorial jurisdiction. It improves and simplifies judicial procedures designed to surrender people for the purpose of conducting a criminal prosecution or executing a custodial sentence or spell in detention. Also see:
FBI Documents on Threats to Lawmakers (via NYT) - A review of hundreds of cases involving threats to lawmakers from 2000 to 2009 demonstrates the complexity of handling apparently menacing messages. Most of the time, the documents show, investigators decided there was never a real risk of attack and no charges were filed. But in a small number of instances, individuals accused of making a threat ended up being committed to mental institutions or facing a criminal charge.
FBI Organized Crime - Dismantling and disrupting major international and national organized criminal enterprises is a longstanding area of FBI expertise. It has the experience and training to target criminal enterprises, the broad statutory jurisdictions to bring down entire organizations rather than just individuals, and a presence throughout the nation and the world. The FBI defines organized crime as any group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities. Such groups maintain their position through the use of actual or threatened violence, corrupt public officials, graft, or extortion, and generally have a significant impact on the people in their locales, region, or the country as a whole. This site provides extensive resources on cases - past and present, organized crime groups, news and issues, and glossary.
Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center - Maintains the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) database, which contains information about suspects and defendants processed in the Federal criminal justice system. Using data obtained from Federal agencies, the FJSP compiles comprehensive information describing defendants from each stage of Federal criminal case processing.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF) - An inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of its Member jurisdictions. The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system. The FATF is therefore a 'policy-making body' which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) - U.S. agency whose mission is to support law enforcement investigative efforts and foster interagency and global cooperation against domestic and international financial crimes; and to provide U.S. policy makers with strategic analyses of domestic and worldwide money laundering developments, trends and patterns.
Financial Scandals - Summary information and links to details about many of the most significant financial scandals and frauds of recent years.
Financial Services Authority (FSA) - Financial regulator for the UK. Uses a wide range of rule-making, investigatory and enforcement powers to fulfill its statutory objectives, including the investigation of financial crime includes any offence involving money laundering, fraud or dishonesty, or market abuse.
FinCen - Supports and strengthens domestic and international anti-money laundering efforts and to foster interagency and global cooperation to that end through information collection, analysis and sharing, technological assistance, and innovative and cost-effective implementation of Treasury authorities.
FLETC - The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury jointly maintain this site.
Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) - This site is for the Department of Justice The FARA unit. The FARA Act requires every agent of a foreign principal to register with the Department of Justice and file forms outlining its agreements with, income from, and expenditures on behalf of the foreign principal. These forms are public records and must be supplemented every six months.
Forensic Investigative Associates Inc. - The International Group of FIA Companies with offices in the Bahamas, Canada, Cyprus, France, the U.S. and the U.K. offer assistance to companies and industries that are destabilized by organized crime.
Fourth Amendment - Fourth Amendment cases, citations, and links from John Wesley Hall, criminal defense lawyer and search and seizure law consultant in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Fraud!Org - FTC project that provides consumers the information they need to avoid becoming victims of telemarketing and Internet fraud.
Gang Research - Providing quality research on gangs to students, academics, public officials, the media, and the general public.
Gangs - This compilation of resources focuses mostly on youth gangs.
Global Financial Integrity (GFI) - Promotes national and multilateral policies, safeguards, and agreements aimed at curtailing the cross-border flow of illegal money. In putting forward solutions, facilitating strategic partnerships, and conducting groundbreaking research, GFI is leading the way in efforts to curtail illicit financial flows and enhance global development and security.
HackingTeam - Provides effective, easy-to-use offensive technology to the worldwide law enforcement and intelligence communities.
Harmful Error: Breaking the Rules - Who suffers when a prosecutor is cited for misconduct? Local prosecutors in many of the 2,341 jurisdictions across the nation have stretched, bent or broken rules to win convictions, the Center for Public Integrity has found. Misconduct by prosecutors led to the conviction of innocent individuals who were later exonerated. Guilty defendants have also had their convictions overturned and are placed back on the street. In addition, the Center found many prosecutors who were cited multiple times for misconduct. These prosecutors give recidivism - a word usually used to describe those they work to put behind bars - a disturbing new meaning. Prosecutor profiles and analyses of misconduct.
Henry A. Wallace Police Crime Database - A project of Philip M. Stinson, Sr., J.D., Ph.D., and his Police Integrity Research Group. The database ncludes summary information on 8,006 criminal arrest cases from the years 2005-2012 involving 6,596 individual nonfederal sworn law enforcement officers, each of whom were charged with one or more crimes. The arrested officers were employed by 2,830 state, local, and special law enforcement agencies located in 1,302 counties and independent cities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Homicide Watch - A community-driven reporting project covering every murder in the District of Columbia. Using original reporting, court documents, social media, and the help of victims' and suspects' friends, family, neighbors and others, it covers every homicide from crime to conviction.
Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) - HSI's workforce includes special agents, analysts, auditors and support staff. Its men and women are assigned to cities throughout the United States and to offices around the world. HSI's international force is the department’s largest investigative presence abroad and gives HSI one of the largest international footprints in U.S. law enforcement. HSI has broad legal authority to enforce a diverse array of federal statutes. It uses this authority to investigate all types of cross-border criminal activity, including: financial crimes, money laundering and bulk cash smuggling; commercial fraud and intellectual property theft; cybercrimes; human rights violations; human smuggling and trafficking; immigration, document and benefit fraud; narcotics and weapons smuggling/trafficking; transnational gang activity; export enforcement; and, international art and antiquity theft.
ICC Commercial Crime Services - The anti-crime arm of the International Chamber of Commerce. The specialist divisions that comprise CCS offer a range of services dedicated to meeting the individual needs of their members. Together, they tackle all types of commercial crime, including malpractice and documentary fraud in international trade, insurance fraud, financial instrument fraud, money laundering, shipping fraud and product counterfeiting.
ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database - This database contains ownership information about companies created in 10 offshore jurisdictions including the British Virgin Islands, the Cook Islands and Singapore. ICIJ plans to include information from the Panama Papers to update this database. The names – with links to more than 200 countries – will be added to the Offshore Leaks database (published in 2013), which already contains more than 100,000 paper companies that ICIJ obtained in a previous leak.
Independent Analysis of Los Angeles Police Department's Board of Inquiry Report of the Rampart Scandal - This report, by Sydney M. Irmas, Professor of Public Interest Law, Legal Ethics and Political Science, University of Southern California, analyzes the Board of Inquiry report and its recommendations. Irmas concludes that the Board of Inquiry report unjustifiably minimized the magnitude of the scandal and failed to recommend the major changes necessary to reform of the Los Angeles Police Department. Also see:
Infobase of State Activities and Research (ISAR) - Online searchable clearinghouse of information on the activities and publications of the state Statistical Analysis Centers (SACs). SACs are state agencies that conduct objective analyses to meet critical planning needs and address statewide and systemwide criminal justice policy issues. There are SACs in 53 states and territories. Some activities in which SACs are involved are research, program evaluation, developing and maintaining information systems, crime mapping, population forecasting, data collection and analysis, legislative tracking, and policy analysis.
Innocence Project, The - A national litigation and public policy organization dedicated to exonerating wrongfully convicted individuals through DNA testing and reforming the criminal justice system to prevent future injustice. Also see California Innocence Project.
Inside the FCA - Written by the False Claims Act litigation attorneys at Bass Berry Sims and offers insights on FCA, healthcare fraud and procurement fraud.
InSight Crime - Research, analysis and investigation on organized crime in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Institute of Criminology - The Institute of Criminology at the University of Cambridge, UK, has a worldwide reputation for excellence in both research and teaching. Information about its teaching and research can be found on the courses and research pages.
Integrated Biometric Technology - Integrated Biometric Technology and Lockheed Martin have teamed to develop biometric technologies that revolutionize electronic livescan fingerprint capture, management, and transmission.
International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR) - Provides capacity building and training methodologies on-site, in South and Eastern countries, in the areas of financial investigations, asset tracing and recovery as well as mutual legal assistance. Provides legal advice and assistance to law enforcement authorities and anti-corruption agencies in handling specific asset recovery cases. ICAR offers IT services including an on-line knowledge centre with comprehensive information on various jurisdictions, legislations and law enforcement agencies that deal with asset recovery processes and anti-money laundering.
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Commercial Crime Services - The anti-crime arm of the International Chamber of Commerce tackling all types of commercial crime, including malpractice and documentary fraud in international trade, insurance fraud, financial instrument fraud, money laundering, shipping fraud and product counterfeiting. Also see its News page.
International Crime Threat Assessment - In 2000, at the direction of the President Clinton, a U.S. Government working group prepared this assessment of the threat posed by international crime to Americans, U.S. businesses and financial institutions, and global security and stability.
International Organization for Migration (IOM) - A Geneva based intergovernmental organization dealing with a wide range of aspects related to legal and illegal migration. The website features a number of downloadable reports and studies on human trafficking.
International Relations and Security Network (ISN) - The ISN is a one-stop information service in the fields of international relations and security. Among the services offered are: an annotated links library, a limited area search tool (ISN LASE), a selection of resources on current world affairs, and specialized fact databases. The ISN also develops educational modules in the fields mentioned and acts as a platform for networking, dialogue, and cooperation within the international security community.
Involvement of Organized Crime on Wall Street: Testimony of Richard H. Walker before SEC on September 13, 2000 - The government has charged affiliates of organized crime families with securities law violations in several recent cases. While any unlawful activity by organized crime on Wall Street is cause for concern, the Commission believes such activity to be limited and not a threat to the overall integrity of our nation's securities markets. The Commission's experience shows that the activities of organized crime have been confined to the "microcap" securities market1 and taint only a small fraction of that sector. Moreover, through joint prosecutions with various United States Attorney's Offices and state and local prosecutors, as well as the adoption of regulatory initiatives designed to safeguard the microcap market, the Commission has made significant strides in curtailing organized crime activity on Wall Street. This testimony is designed to provide the Subcommittee with (i) a chronological account of enforcement actions by the SEC and other law enforcement and regulatory bodies in response to reported organized crime activity on Wall Street; and (ii) a summary of the recent regulatory initiatives designed to protect the microcap market from fraud.
Join Together - A project of the Boston University School of Public Health and national resource for communities fighting substance abuse and gun violence.
Juvenile Law Center (JLC) - Founded in 1975 as a non-profit legal service, Juvenile Law Center (JLC) is one of the oldest multi-issue public interest law firms for children in the United States. JLC maintains a national litigation practice that includes appellate and amicus work. JLC promotes juvenile justice and child welfare reform in Pennsylvania and nationwide through policy initiatives and public education forums.
Kefauver Reports - The U.S. Senate's Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, chaired by Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver, did groundbreaking work in the investigation of the American mob. At a time when the FBI denied the existence of a nationwide criminal conspiracy, the Kefauver Committee uncovered the Syndicate's tentacles in every region of the country.
KYC News - News on financial crime, investment fraud, money laundering, and white collar crime.
Law Enforcement Product News - Serves over 30,000 upper management and decision-makers in the municipal, county, state, federal and international law enforcement profession. The magazine provides information and data that serves as the most comprehensive product information in the industry. Editorial features range in scope from state-of-the-art 911 communications to software, training, uniforms, vehicles and weaponry.
Law Enforcement Technology - Written with the law enforcement manager in mind and concentrates on emerging trends and technological advances being made in the field of law enforcement as well as focuses on companies that provide leading product categories such as computers and software, uniforms & body armor, communications, vehicles, weaponry, forensics, training, tactical equipment and video imaging products.
LeadsOnline - Online investigative system used to solve crimes - from burglary to identity theft to narcotics crimes. Database already has almost 160 million records. Used by more than 800 law enforcement agencies across the U.S.
Looting Matters - Discussion of the archaeological ethics surrounding the collecting of antiquities and archaeological material.
Mara Salvatrucha - Refers to large notorious gangs involved in criminal activities in Central America and the United States. The gang names are commonly abbreviated as MS-13, Mara, MS, and are composed mostly of Salvadorans, Hondurans and other Central Americans. The MS-13 gangs have cliques, or factions, located throughout the United States and Latin America. Membership is believed to total over 100,000 worldwide. MS-13 criminal activities include drug smuggling and sales, black market gun sales, human trafficking, assassinations for hire, theft, and assaults on law enforcement officials.
Marshall Project, The - News organization dedicated to covering America's criminal justice system - the U.S. court and prison systems. Also see:
The Record - Curation of criminal justice reporting from around the web.
Metropolitan Police Service: Crime Mapping - The purpose of this site is to help show where crime is occurring at a local (London) neighbourhood level. It has been developed by the MPS in conjunction with the Metropolitan Police Authority and the Mayor of London.
Miranda Warning - A warning that is required to be given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial interrogation) before they are interrogated to inform them about their constitutional rights.
Museum Security Network - News pertaining to cultural property protection, preservation, conservation, and security. Information about cultural property incidents, such as art theft, looting of art in wartime, fire, forgery.
Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime - Studies transnational phenomena and normative issues at the intersections of crime, security and human rights, including legal regulation and intelligence governance in relation to terrorism and counter-terrorism.
National Archive of Criminal Justice Data - Preserves and distributes computerized crime and justice data from Federal agencies, state agencies, and investigator initiated research projects to users for secondary statistical analysis.
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL) - A professional bar association founded in 1958, NACDL's more than 12,500 direct members - and 90 state, local, and international affiliate organizations with another 35,000 members - include private criminal defense lawyers, public defenders, active U.S. military defense counsel, law professors and judges committed to preserving fairness within America's criminal justice system.
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP) - A coalition of organizations and individuals committed to the abolition of capital punishment. Provides information, advocates public policy reform, mobilizes and supports people and institutions that share its unconditional rejection of the state's use of homocide as an instrument of public policy.
National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) - The NGIC integrates gang intelligence from across federal, state, and local law enforcement on the growth, migration, criminal activity, and association of gangs that pose a significant threat to the U.S. It supports law enforcement by sharing timely and accurate information and by providing strategic/tactical analysis of intelligence.
National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) - Mandated by the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993 and launched by the FBI on November 30, 1998, NICS is used by Federal Firearms Licensees (FFLs) to instantly determine whether a prospective buyer is eligible to buy firearms or explosives. Before ringing up the sale, cashiers call in a check to the FBI or to other designated agencies to ensure that each customer does not have a criminal record or isn't otherwise ineligible to make a purchase
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) - The research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. Dedicated to researching crime control and justice issues.
National Institute of Justice International - With the continuous changes in technology - from the growth of air travel to the rapid advancement in electronic communications - crime continues to develop an international face. Criminal enterprises and activities have extended their reach beyond national borders, presenting new challenges for criminal justice systems around the world. To respond to this globalization of crime, the National Institute of Justice created the International Center in 1997.
National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) - U.S. Organization dedicated exclusively to preventing, detecting and defeating insurance fraud and vehicle theft through information analysis, investigations, training and public awareness.
National Registry of Exonerations - A joint project of the University of the Michigan Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law, maintaining an up to date list of all known exonerations in the United States since 1989.
National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) - NW3C is funded by the U.S. Department of Justice to assist state and local agencies with the investigation, prosecution, and prevention of economic and high-technology crime.
Organized crime centered in Calabria, Italy. Despite not being as famous abroad as the Sicilian Mafia, and having been considered more rural than the Neapolitan Camorra and the Apulian Sacra Corona Unita, the 'Ndrangheta became the most powerful crime syndicate in Italy in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Neurolaw and Criminal Justice - This article highlights selected recent publications, news sources and other online materials concerning the applications of cognitive research to criminal law as well as basic information on the science and technology involved.
NYC Surveillance Camera Players - "Only someone completely distrustful of all government<BR> would be opposed to what we are doing with surveillance cameras." - NYC Police Commissioner Howard Safir, 27 July 1999.
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) - U.S. Department of Treasury agency administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, and those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. OFAC acts under Presidential wartime and national emergency powers, as well as authority granted by specific legislation, to impose controls on transactions and freeze foreign assets under U.S. jurisdiction. Many of the sanctions are based on United Nations and other international mandates, are multilateral in scope, and involve close cooperation with allied governments.
Office of Justice Program - Through the programs developed and funded by its bureaus and offices, OJP works to form partnerships among federal, state, and local government officials to control drug abuse and trafficking; reduce and prevent crime; rehabilitate neighborhoods; improve the administration of justice in America; meet the needs of crime victims; and address problems such as gang violence, prison crowding, juvenile crime, and white-collar crime. The functions of each bureau or program office are interrelated. For example, the statistics generated by the Bureau of Justice Statistics may drive the research that is conducted through the National Institute of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) - A joint program of the Center for Investigative Reporting in Sarajevo, Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism, Bulgarian Investigative Journalism Center, Media Focus, the Caucasus Media Investigation Center, Novaya Gazeta and a network of investigative journalists in Montenegro, Albania, Moldova, Ukraine, Macedonia and Georgia. OCCRP seeks to provide in-depth investigative stories as well as the latest news pertaining to organized crime and corruption activities in the Eastern Europe and Eurasia. In addition to the stories, OCCRP is building an online resource center of documents related to organized crime including court records, laws, reports, studies, company records, etc that will be an invaluable resource center for the journalists and public alike.
Organized Crime in California: 1996 (State of California, Dept. of Justice) - The information contained in this annual report on organized crime is designed to help law enforcement and public health officials better understand patterns of organized criminal activity and thereby aid in seeking solutions. Statistics show that both Asian and Russian organized crime groups are continuing to infiltrate California, with serious public safety ramifications. A combination of new technology, expanded recruiting, and increased migration of these organized crime factions have facilitated the establishment of alliances between these emerging groups and traditional crime rings such as La Cosa Nostra (LCN). These criminal networks have already been established in several major California cities, including Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, and Sacramento.
Organized Crime Registry - Articles, links and news related to organized crime, including American Mafia, Russian Mafia, Japanese Yakuza, La Cosa Nostra, Triads, Yardies (posses), South American drug cartels and other crime syndicates.
Organized Crime Resources - This compilation of resources focuses on adult gangs, gangsters, the mafia, and international gangs.
Organized Crime Research - Presents information on organized crime from a social science perspective with a special geographical focus on the U.S. and Germany. Also, a book-review section which features reviews of books on organized crime and related topics.
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) - Focuses on critical issues in policing: identifying best practices on fundamental issues such as reducing police use of force; developing community policing and problem-oriented policing; using technologies to deliver police services to the community; and evaluating crime reduction strategies.
Propaganda Due or P2 - A Masonic lodge operating under the jurisdiction of the Grand Orient of Italy from 1945 to 1976 (when its charter was withdrawn), and a pseudo-Masonic or "black" or "covert" lodge operating illegally (in contravention of Italian laws banning secret lodges, and membership of government officials in secret membership organizations) from 1976 to 1981. During the years that the lodge was headed by Licio Gelli, P2 was implicated in numerous Italian crimes and mysteries, including the nationwide bribe scandal Tangentopoli, the collapse of the Vatican-affiliated Banco Ambrosiano, and the murders of journalist Mino Pecorelli and banker Roberto Calvi. P2 came to light through the investigations into the collapse of Michele Sindona's financial empire.
Public Defense Systems - This is a select collection of resources about public criminal defense systems in the United States. The focus is on key studies, reports, and reference materials published on the web.
RadioReference - The world's largest radio communications data provider, featuring a complete frequency database, trunked radio system information, and FCC license data. RadioReference is also the largest broadcaster of public safety live audio communications feeds, hosting thousands of live audio broadcasts of police, fire, EMS, railroad, and aircraft communications.
Radzinowicz Library - The library was founded in 1960 and named after Sir Leon Radzinowicz, the first Director of the Institute of Criminology (1959-72) and Wolfson Professor (1959-73). The library houses the most comprehensive criminology collection in the United Kingdom and is internationally recognised as a world-class criminal justice resource.
Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN) - Largest U.S. anti-sexual violence organization, RAINN created and operates the National Sexual Assault Hotline (800.656.HOPE and Online RAINN) in partnership with more than 1,100 local rape crisis centers across the country and operates the DoD Safe Helpline for the Department of Defense. RAINN also carries out programs to prevent sexual violence, help victims and ensure that rapists are brought to justice.
Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS) - A federally funded program administered by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Each RISS Center must comply with DOJ, BJA Program Guidelines. Information retained in RISS criminal intelligence databases must also comply with the Criminal Intelligence Systems Operating Policies (Federal Regulation 28 CFR Part 23). In addition to offering access to intelligence databases and connecting disparate systems, RISS provides essential investigative services, including information sharing, analytical support, investigative support and research, equipment loans, confidential funds, training and publications, field staff support, and technical assistance. RISS provides officer safety through RISSafe and extensive gang resources through its RISSGang Program. In many cases, these are services and resources that agencies would not otherwise receive.
Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy - Housed within the Administration of Justice Department of George Mason University, seeks to make scientific research a key component in decisions about crime and justice policies by advancing rigorous studies in criminal justice and criminology and proactively serving as an informational link to practitioners and the policy community. CEBCP engages in a wide variety of projects, including primary research on criminological and criminal justice issues as well as evaluation of interventions for outcome effectiveness
Cochrane Collaboration - An international not-for-profit and independent organization, dedicated to making up-to-date, accurate information about the effects of healthcare readily available worldwide. It produces and disseminates systematic reviews of healthcare interventions and promotes the search for evidence in the form of clinical trials and other studies of interventions.
Russian Organized Crime (CSIS Task Report, 1997) - Composed of senior-level U.S. government representatives and private-sector experts, the task force assesses the breadth and depth of Russian organized crime and corruption, addresses current U.S. policy, and makes recommendations on how best to confront these challenges. The report is divided into five chapters, which in turn, 1) outline the impact of Russian organized crime in both Russia and the United States; 2) provide an in-depth overview of the structures and characteristics of organized crime groups in Russia; 3) analyze trends relating to the modus operandi, sophisticated capabilities, and transnational reach of Russian organized crime; 4) assess the relevance of Russian organized crime for U.S. foreign policy and foreign investment; 5) present a plan for action and a number of specific recommendations to prevent, deter, combat, and mitigate the threat of Russian organized crime. Additionally, appendices identify significant Russian organized crime incidents and examine some of the historical roots of the organized crime phenomenon in Russia.Also see:
Russian Organized Crime - Investigation centered on Russian organized crime's influence in California, conducted by offices of Daniel E. Lungren, Attorney General of California, March 1996.
Threat of Russian Organized Crime - By James O. Finckenauer and Yuri A.Voronin for International Center of the National Institute of Justice - a research arm of DOJ, June 2001. Traces some of the contextual features-historical, political and economic-of Russian organized crime. Looks briefly at moves by the Russian government since 1991 to cope with its crime problem. Then presents a case study of organized crime in the Urals region of Russia.
Sacra Corona Unita - A Mafia-type criminal organization from Apulia (in Italian Puglia) region in Southern Italy. Especially active in the areas of Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto.
Secret Service Criminal Investigations - Criminal investigations can be international in scope. These investigations include: counterfeiting of U.S. currency (to include coins); counterfeiting of foreign currency (occurring domestically); identity crimes such as access device fraud, identity theft, false identification fraud, bank fraud and check fraud; telemarketing fraud; telecommunications fraud (cellular and hard wire); computer fraud; fraud targeting automated payment systems and teller machines; direct deposit fraud; investigations of forgery, uttering, alterations, false impersonations or false claims involving U.S. Treasury Checks, U.S. Saving Bonds, U.S. Treasury Notes, Bonds and Bills; electronic funds transfer (EFT) including Treasury disbursements and fraud within the Treasury payment systems; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation investigations; Farm Credit Administration violations; and fictitious or fraudulent commercial instruments and foreign securities.
Serious Fraud Office - UK government department that investigates and prosecutes serious or complex fraud.
Serious Organized Crime Directory (SOCA) - The UK's SOCA officers have the combined powers of police, customs and immigration officers as well as a substantial range of tools and legislation to target criminals with.
Shielded from Justice - This report examines common obstacles to accountability for police abuse in fourteen large cities representing most regions of the nation. The cities examined are: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, Portland, Providence, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. Research for this report was conducted over two and a half years, from late 1995 through early 1998.
Shotspotter - Gunfire detection and location technology.
Sicilian Mafia - Also known as simply the Mafia or Cosa Nostra ("Our Thing"), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association of criminal groups that share a common organisational structure and code of conduct. The mafia's core activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.
Slavery Footprint - Headquartered in Oakland, California, the Slavery Footprint crew works to engage individuals, groups, and businesses to build awareness for and create action against modern-day slavery.
Smoking Gun, The - Provides documents obtained from government and law enforcement sources, via Freedom of Information requests, and from court files nationwide.
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics - Statistics on a wide variety of crime and criminal justice topics from over 150 sources are presented at this indexed and fully searchable site. Among the statistics available are data on arrests, police, crime, courts, defendants, criminal justice expenditures and employment, sentences, drugs, corrections, prisoners, victimization, and public opinion.
Tobacco Underground: The Booming Global Trade in Smuggled Cigarettes - The illicit trafficking of tobacco is a multibillion-dollar business today, fueling organized crime and corruption, robbing governments of needed tax money, and spurring addiction to a deadly product. So profitable is the trade that tobacco is the world's most widely smuggled legal substance. This booming business now stretches from counterfeiters in China and renegade factories in Russia to Indian reservations in New York and warlords in Pakistan and North Africa. Also listen to NPR's "Tobacco Fuels Addiction, And Terrorism". Also read more here.
TRAC (Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse) - Comprehensive information about the activities of federal enforcement and regulatory agencies: administrative, civil, criminal, people, money, and more. TRAC's general data procedures are to (1) obtain the data (requires background research on agency information systems, informal requests, formal FOIA requests, and sometimes lawsuits), (2) run statistical validity checks, and (3) prepare the data for entry into the warehouse (includes initial preparation to intrepret codes, merge files, and more, plus monthly update preparation of searching for and adding new codes, linking records, etc.).
Transcrime - Provides 1) Analysis of criminal phenomena (organised crime, economic crime, money laundering, illegal markets, urban crime); 2) evaluation of crime prevention policies; 3) analysis and identification of criminogenic opportunities in legislation (crime proofing analysis); and 4) development of risk analysis and prevention of criminal risk models and applications for public (e.g. law enforcement, public entities) and private actors (e.g. banks, professionals, companies).
Truth in Justice - An educational non-profit organized to educate the public regarding the vulnerabilities in the U. S. criminal justice system that make the criminal conviction of wholly innocent persons possible.
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) - Links to primary information for victims of crime, as well as resources on terrorism, civil rights violations, domestic violence, elder justice, youth violence, and fraud, among others. Also see:
Asset Forfeiture Program - Encompasses the seizure and forfeiture of assets that represent the proceeds of, or were used to facilitate federal crimes.
COPS Office - Resource for members of law enforcement looking for the smartest approaches to preventing and reducing crime.The COPS Office works with leading researchers, practitioners, and trailblazers to get effective strategies out to the field.
U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) - Administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, and those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
UN Instruments and Other Relevant International Standards on Money-Laundering and Terrorist Financing - International efforts to curb money-laundering and the financing of terrorism are the reflection of a strategy aimed at, on the one hand, attacking the economic power of criminal or terrorist organizations and individuals in order to weaken them by preventing their benefiting from, or making use of, illicit proceeds and, on the other hand, at forestalling the nefarious effects of the criminal economy and of terrorism on the legal economy.
UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) - A United Nations entity established in 1967 to support countries worldwide in preventing crime and facilitating criminal justice. UNICRI's programmes aim to promote national self-reliance and the development of institutional capabilities. To this end, UNICRI provides a one-stop facility offering high-level expertise in crime prevention and criminal justice problems.
UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (UNODCP) - A global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. The ODCCP is the umbrella organization that makes up the United Nations Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP). It also includes the Terrorism Prevention Branch and Global Programs against Corruption, Money Laundering, Organized Crime and Trafficking in Human Beings.
UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) - Provides information on drug control and crime prevention. Specific topics include drug abuse and demand reduction; drug supply reduction; crime prevention and criminal justice; treaty and legal affairs, analysis and statistics; news and publications; and links to 22 UNODC field offices. Also see the UNODC Legal Library.
USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) - Full text of legislation "to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes."
USACOPS - Homepages of police departments, sheriffs' offices, other law enforcement agencies throughout the United States.
Where the Bribes Are - The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, passed in 1977, has led to more than 200 cases covering activity in about 80 countries. On this map, the darker red that a country appears, the larger the total penalties assessed for FCPA violations in that country. Roll over a country to see the FCPA cases there (the bigger the box, the larger the penalty in that case). Click on each box for case details. Click on the sector list (lower left) for a breakdown by industry.
White-Collar Crime Fighter - Monthly newsletter covering all aspects of fraud for the law enforcement and corporate security communities.
World Check - More than 3000 institutions, including 47 of the world's 50 largest banks and 200 plus enforcement and regulatory agencies, rely on the World-Check database of known heightened-risk individuals and businesses to efficiently screen their customers, associates, transactions and employees for potential risk. This highly-structured database is updated daily in real-time by World-Check's international, research team and is derived from hundreds of thousands of public sources
World Criminal Justice Library Network - Provides links to criminal justice agencies, institutes, or organizations of each country. Links of each country are arranged in such categories as administration of justice, correction, law and the courts, police and law enforcement, and so on.
Zlodzey u zakone (aka Thief in law) - A career criminal who is respected, has informal authority and an elite status within the organized crime environment in the Soviet Union, and currently in the post-Soviet states and respective diasporas abroad. Estimates concerning the number of "Vory" throughout the world range from several hundred to over 10,000. Thieves in law are drawn from many nationalities from a number of post-Soviet states.
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